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SAFe® 5.1 Product Owner Product Manager Certification (POPM) 

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Last updated on
31st May, 2022
31st May, 2022
SAFe® 5.1 Product Owner Product Manager Certification (POPM) 

When a firm decides to develop complicated products gradually, roles such as product managers and business analysts are formed. Although product managers and business analysts appear to collaborate closely on projects, they each have distinct roles that enable people to differentiate between the two. They both go by numerous names, such as engineering manager, project manager, scrum master, and so on, which adds to the complexity. Because of the similarities in job titles, people are often perplexed as to why there is a distinction between a business analyst and a product manager. The following article will describe each job description and highlight some of the critical points of the Product Manager vs Business Analyst debate. But before we get into the product manager vs. business analyst debate, it is important to understand the two roles.

Who Is a Product Manager?

The product manager is the professional behind the product as they visualize it before it was built. They are also the person in charge of a product's market performance. Their primary responsibility is to collaborate directly with the company to gain project-related knowledge and provide explanations to the team for why certain functionalities are included. As the customer's representative, they are expected to explain the product's concept without needing to go into technical aspects. They anticipate customer demands and make the product vision explicit for the developers to know their responsibilities. A product manager's job also entails ensuring that any product enhancement adds value to the product, the company, the industry, and the customers.

The following are some of the most important roles a product manager plays in an organization.

  • The product manager holds the project's overarching roadmap, which shows the entire product over the next few years. The product manager consults and engages with end-users to identify their needs and develop a product strategy. They also put the product's concept into a format that developers can understand, ensuring that all end-user requirements are fulfilled.
  • After the product has been manufactured, the product manager's responsibility includes the examination of the product backlog before each meeting. They must guarantee that the prioritization of demands and the incorporation of input are in place as per the discussions. The product manager is free to re-prioritize the product backlog based on new requirements, updated estimates, and customer feedback. Those adjustments, however, must be carefully considered and should not cause any misunderstanding within the team.
  • Product managers are responsible for overseeing each stage of product development, including planning, refining, reviewing, and sprinting. Working with stakeholders to identify and organize the steps for the next iteration is part of the planning process. Following that, the process is refined, highlighting areas for improvement and the next sprint planning.
  • Product managers must understand the needs of their customers and be able to recommend the critical qualities of their products. During the product development phase, client feedback is extremely valuable. Product managers should be thoroughly informed about market knowledge, current competitors, mentality, and user behavior, and they should recommend the products with the highest potential. To keep yourself informed about the skills and knowledge required for a good product manager position, you can enroll in SAFe POPM training programs and land a respectable job.

Who Is a Business Analyst?

A business analyst is a personnel in charge of matching the client's needs with the product's result. The primary responsibility of a business analyst is to ensure that the team produces goods that the client has ordered and are appropriate for the user. The business analyst's job is to bridge the gap between the organization's technical and business teams by looking for faults and vulnerabilities and analyzing their effects. The business analyst is more likely to associate themself with the technical or Agile side of the team. They have extensive technical analysis and design training, making them less business-savvy than a product manager, but more technologically proficient. If you are inclined toward becoming a business analyst, you can enhance your skills with the best agile courses available.

Business analysts are investigators, researchers, and mediators who collaborate closely with product owners to define the project's scope and visualize the necessary resources and standards. A business analyst is recruited to ensure that the final product meets genuine business demands and is properly integrated into the business environment.

Some of a business analyst's main responsibilities are listed below.

  • A business analyst is responsible for the product's software requirements and system experience. They must guarantee that relevant and appropriate questions are asked so that the product manager can collaborate with the workforce to make the best decisions and respond to those questions. The business analyst enhances product and system knowledge and assists the product manager with analysis, scoping, minimum viable product, user stories, and other activities that value users.
  • When the product manager is unavailable, a business analyst might step in and assist the engineers with ideas and specifications to finish the job. The product manager and business analyst explain the product vision to employees and lead them toward complying with the requirements, flow, difficulty, and constraints.
  • The primary responsibility of a business analyst is to record both formal and informal product specifications as needed by the team. Developing requirements such as user stories as per the acceptance criteria is one of the responsibilities performed by a business analyst. The business analyst's role is to examine the work and ensure that the user story fits all the inclusion criteria if the product manager has already produced the user story.

The Difference Between Product Manager and Business Analyst

By looking at the above job descriptions of a business analyst and a product manager, it can be stated that there is not much of a distinction between a business analyst and a product manager in the current corporate climate. They are two separate sides of a coin, but they go together. As a result, knowing the difference between a product manager and a business analyst is critical. Below are some crucial differences between a product manager and a business analyst.

Product Managers
Business Analysts
Product managers find out what is going on inside and outside the business (i.e., market developments or shifts in customer preferences).On the other hand, business analysts are frequently exclusively focused on enhancing an organization's internal procedures.
Only by examining all relevant elements (while considering constraints such as finances and engineering capability) can product managers maximize product output.They consider roles (and duties), tools, time utilization for each process stage, and associated costs.
Product managers prefer to look more towards the market and communicate with customers to assess prospects.The goal is to identify inefficiencies in the value chain and either remove them or reduce the time and money spent on them.
The major focus of product managers is the product itself and how consumers engage with it.Their top priorities are to build the strongest possible support for product managers' ideas on behalf of the market.

The product manager oversees maximizing the value of the product. As a result, the product manager determines the strategic and tactical direction, such as which characteristics to develop. Meanwhile, a business analyst frequently only provides data and recommendations to senior employees, and they include a cost-benefit analysis, a list of stakeholders, and various scenarios to consider. The choice would then be made by a manager, executive, panel, or the board.

The distinction between a product manager and a business analyst in terms of business criteria is that product managers oversee identifying the most practical challenges to tackle and guaranteeing that the crew is developing a comprehensive solution. Throughout the project, product managers ask "why" to discover the most suitable solution to assist the audience and market. On the other hand, business analysts are in charge of acquiring technical specifications to build the product. Business analysts are responsible for determining the "how" of a solution from the user's perspective. They inquire about internal business difficulties that may impose technical constraints on the project and possible remedies.

Product Manager vs. Business Analyst: Which One to Choose?

Between the professions of product managers and business analysts, there are more similarities than differences, and the shift from a business analyst to a product manager can be easy. Being a product manager is a distinguished career move because it requires a lot of cross-over abilities and serves multiple functions. Product manager positions are growing by leaps and bounds regarding growth possibilities and salary. The role of product management was placed fifth on Glassdoor's 2019 list of highly required profiles in America, with over 11,000 opportunities.


Agile companies have become popular in recent years, as have job prospects in Agile methodology. An Agile organization's key members include business analysts and product managers. Although most people believe both occupations have identical responsibilities, it is crucial to remember that a business analyst is more concerned with the technological part of product development. In contrast, a product manager is more engaged with providing the product's value to the company. In addition, KnowledgeHut's SAFe POPM online training can help you improve your skills and land a great product manager or a business analyst job.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1: Is a product manager better than a business analyst?

Although both the roles depend on how the company views the responsibilities, product manager positions are growing in possibilities and salary.

Q2: What is the significant difference between a business analyst and a product manager?

The main distinction between a business analyst and a product manager is that a business analyst is more engaged with the technological aspects of product development. In contrast, a product manager focuses on providing the product's highest value to the company and ensuring consumer satisfaction.

Q3: What are the roles and responsibilities of a business analyst?

A business analyst's job is to identify a company's needs and difficulties by evaluating and upgrading its current processes. In other words, a business analyst is in charge of bringing about change in a company by identifying problems and offering solutions.

Q4: What are the roles and responsibilities of a product manager?

A product manager's job is to lead a cross-functional staff through a project from inception to completion. A product manager is a person who is in charge of analyzing market trends, identifying product features and functions, and overseeing product development.


Mounika Narang


Mounika Narang is a project manager having a specialisation in IT project management and Instructional Design. She has an experience of 10 years 
working with Fortune 500 companies to solve their most important development challenges. She lives in Bangalore with her family.