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The Way Beyond ITIL® Certification

ITIL is a framework of best practices for delivering IT services. It was designed to streamline the selection, planning, delivery and maintenance of IT services, according to the requirements of business. The requirements of business can vary from improving customer relations, creating a stable IT environment to reducing costs.How ITIL certification helps career advancement? 1. Enhanced productivityA certified candidate is trained to understand the ITIL framework thoroughly.They have a great insight into how the concepts.This gives them an edge as they will not only be able to detect the issue but also imply these concepts which will allow them to adequately manage.Also, they are aware of the importance and procedures followed in the ITIL framework, this assists them to be more productive and utilize the resource to their maximum extent.2. Increased Wage A certified candidate is highly valued for his skills and expertise.This is the reason why any IT company will refer the certified professional over a non-certified candidate.Due to the course, a certified candidate has a better understanding of the ITSM, which helps them to be more valuable for the company.Not only is the wage higher, but a certified professional is also expected to have an exponentially higher scale compared to others due to their superior adaptation and learning skills.The average pay for an ITIL certified candidate can grow more than 15%.3. RecognitionHaving the ITIL credentials in your resume is the verification of your advanced management abilities.Not only will your peer groups and colleagues appreciate your value but even your seniors will recognize you for your superior understanding and efficient execution of the tasks.4. Common Terminologies Being aware of the common terminologies which were a part of the course will give a certified candidate an edge over others.This will let them have better communication with the client and improve the customer experience.5. Holistic ViewOne of the most advanced features of ITIL is that it teaches the candidate how to observe.This allows him/her to see the big picture and plan their actions accordingly.Also, this will assist the professional in giving a long term feedbacks and contributions which are highly valued in the industry.6. Generation of IdeaThe holistic view and skills allow the certified candidate to generate better and effective ideas.Since they are equipped with a better sense of understanding of the framework, it allows them to keep a track of how the organization is progressing and what it needs to keep growing.7. Stand outThe framework is established to help the organization to solve the everyday issues and boost their ITSM to gain the maximum profit.Since a certified learner will know how to utilize the framework to its fullest, this will make the professional stand out from the crowd.Not only will this boost their confidence, but will also push them to work more efficiently.8. Prepared for the futureIt has been found out from a survey that ITIL certified professionals have a better chance of getting adapted to new jobs and handle the responsibilities much more efficiently as compared to others.Their adaptation skills are far more superior due to their expertise and high knowledge on the understanding of the process.That was the major benefits of ITIL for individuals. Let's take a look at how the framework helps the organization to lift up their business -1. Better communicationWith the rise of business dependence on IT, having an organization that is well acquainted with the best practices towards ITSM, and having a common framework will remove the additional need for lengthy processes which consume a lot of time and effort.This will allow organizations to work hand-in-hand and to push each other to do their best.Also, this would eliminate the communication gap and work friction as the quality and approach will be similar.2. Advanced productivityUsually, a lot of valuable work hours are lost when in cases of small errors and dysfunctions. Mostly, the employees are not aware of what they have to do. This in turn not just wastes their working hours but also sours the customer experience and ultimately the reputation of the company.But with the correct framework and the knowledge that it provides, it makes it possible for the employees to follow those certain steps in order to finish the task.This saves time which can be used to improve the productivity of the organization.3. FlexibilityThe biggest issue that hits SMBs is that when they try to expand, their systems and procedures are unable to adapt to the massive changes. This puts a sudden halt to the growth of the organization and it takes a considerable amount of time to come out of this.But the best feature of the ITIL framework is that it supports scale and expansion. Due to its flexibility and adaptation, the process and systems remain unaffected.Also, the SMBs suffer massively by the hardware which is associated with their systems.But ITIL framework takes care of this issue through its ITIL- supported service desk which looks after such complications beforehand. This allows the transition to be smooth and efficient.4. Enhanced Service QualityITIL implementation provides the organization with every possible damage-control measures.This allows the employees to understand what needs to be done rather than panicking.Also, as the calmness in the employees makes it possible for them to observe, plan and execute their actions properly.The ITIL frameworks keep track of all the procedures and steps that were followed, this makes sure that lessons are learned from the past mistakes and improve upon them. This ultimately enhances the quality of the service provided by the organization.5. ResultsWith the above enhancements included that the ITIL implementation provides, such as improved service quality, smooth transition, and enhanced productivity, it is a proof that an ITIL assisted organization is far more advanced and likely to achieve their targets than an organization which works randomly.  The ITIL implementation also looks after the cost-reduction methods and time management. Moreover, it gives a priority to the user experience making sure that the customers are satisfied. The smooth flow of work and chaos free work environment promotes productivity and keeps the employees happy.What are the Career Benefits of Each ITIL Certification level?Now, let's look at the career benefits of ITIL certification for each level respectively -Level 1: ITIL Foundation  It is the first-level certification course. In this stage, the generic concepts and factors of ITIL are to the students.These factors are used in the two significant sections of ITIL - The Service Lifecycle and its lifecycle stages.A candidate will obtain general awareness essential for ITIL support and Services Delivery.Level 2: ITIL PractitionerThe certification was designed in 2016. This level features methods to implement the ITIL framework.The process directs on events and conditions in the daily business life cycle.A candidate gets to know some features of crucial concepts.This covers two major areas– Service Capability and Lifecycle.Level 3: ITIL Intermediate This level is divided into multiple sections which demonstrate revised methods for successful implementation of ITSM.This level is more superior than the previous levels.Intermediate certification is globally accepted in the IT sector.Therefore this opens the door many possible positions in IT.Modules are categorized into Service Capability and Lifecycle.The Service Lifecycle modules:Service Design (SD)Service Strategy (SS)Service Operation (SO)Service Transition (ST)Continual Service Improvement (CSI)Service Capability modules:Planning, Protection, and Optimization (PPO)Operational Support and Analysis (OSA)Service Offerings and Agreements (SOA)Release, Control, and Validation (RCV)Students have a choice to modules in a single category or modules in both categories for qualification.Level 4: ITIL ExpertThis is the esteemed certification. By this stage, a professional is expected to be well versed in practices to execute various complex concepts to maximize business management.An Expert certification is the roof of tremendous expertise, knowledge and skill base.This certification is assured to provide candidates who know the best practices of the ITIL framework.Level 5: ITIL Master This level comprises comprehensive knowledge of the methods and advanced practices of ITIL.The final stage of the certification which comprises extensive knowledge of the techniques and exceptional methods of ITIL.It also incorporates the high-level process for its associated administration methods.The Master certified professional is highly valued for their experience, skills, and expertise. The certification is the roof that the candidate is the best in his/her domain.Job opportunitiesFollowing are the jobs that you can expect through ITIL certification -Process CoordinatorExperience required is a minimum of two years.Level: Foundation-level to Intermediate-levelResponsibility: Assure that the administrative actions in a process are conducted as planned.Change coordinator, Incident coordinator, and configuration analyst are few of the coordinator positions possible in ITIL®-based IT service management.Managerial RoleExperience - At least eight years of working experience for a certified ITIL professional.Level -This is operated at the mid-management level. Responsibility:The role here is to ensure that activities in the service management are in accordance with the given processes.He/she will be managing the coordinators under you who will directly report to you.The Manager is accountable for their actions and making sure that the work allocated is executed thoroughly.Release manager, Problem manager, and service desk manager are some of the managerial roles.ITIL® consulting roleExperience - This role of Process Consultant requires experience of ten years.Level - An ITIL certified professional.Requirement - The candidate also needs to have certain different abilities with Observation skills being the most dominant traits. Also, they need great “Problem-solving’’ abilities.Responsibility - An ITIL Consultant must have great observation skills as this would allow him to notice inconsistencies in processes and immediately plan about optimization. The consultant must enjoy going into the depth of the issues. Their role is to observe every role assigned under them and guide them to execute the process as smoothly as possible.This is one of the most highly-paid and respectable posts in the industry.Salary Growth In the industry, the salary is directly proportional to the level of certification. The higher the certification is, the higher is the salary. Of course, there are other factors too that influence this growth, such as -Professional experienceKnowledgeThe pace at which you absorb ITIL concepts.The interest you have in IT methods.Below is the average annual salary of some of the ITIL certified jobs, starting from the foundation level and going all the way to the masters.Sr. NoRoleAverage salary per annum in the USAverage salary per annum in India1Service Delivery Manager$82,795INR 13,66,9822IT Analyst$86,361INR 7,32,6123Asset Manager$88,552INR 5,39,5334IT Project Manager$91,257INR 14,33,4725IT Manager$101,181INR 10,82,0296Engineering program manager$106,280INR 18,19,8807Senior  IT Project Manager$112,899INR 18,18,5608Service Transition$117,000INR 13,34,2739Service Operation$117,000INR 6,10,864The growth in the number of professionals doing certificationThe huge demand of ITIL framework is because of the result it has shown over the years. The growth and development have been witnessed in both the organization as well in the individuals.ITIL has helped the learners to get acquainted with the best practice methodology. These methods are not only systematic but are professionally valued too.The course enhances a professional’s ability to design, distinguish and support the IT services in a business producing improved productivity, performance, and competence.It addresses and teaches professionals to focus on the most important aspect of a business, the customer experience.ITIL helps the professional to sort and give priority to what is more valuable according to the business standards. This allows the organization to focus on the priorities more work more efficiently.The reason why ITIL is so much in demand has also to do with the fact that it increases the market value of a certified professionalWhich type of sectors is providing jobs?The reach of the ITIL framework is not just limited to IT sectors. Various sectors depend on the structure and methodologies of ITIL. An ITIL certified professional is given higher reference than a non-certified worker. This is because the ITIL credential in their resume is proof of their credibility and expertise.Their knowledge and experience about the ITIL concepts will help the organization to implement the procedures more efficiently, thus giving them an edge and allowing them to move towards achieving their vision.The methodologies help the organizations to improve their career objectives as well as implementing cost methods. the ITIL certified professionals together with the framework, establish a strong base to uplift the IT service management and therefore, improving the customer experience.Many of the leading companies have made it mandatory for their employees to have ITIL training. Companies from different sectors are hiring ITIL professionals to fulfill their vision. A lot of companies and industries have embraced ITIL globally after realizing its never-ending list of benefits. Some of them are -Technology - The most advanced and leading sector which is upgrading every day has understood the importance and need of the ITIL frameworks.Companies associated with technology that have implemented ITIL are -MicrosoftIBMHPFujitsuRetailers - Retailers are the backbones of the business industry. ITIL was initiated to boost the business sector. So how can the retailers not join the implementation? These are the major retailers who have adopted ITIL framework -WalmartTargetStaplesFinancial Services - Given the benefits of the ITIL framework especially in implementing cost-effective methods which not only saves resources but also the time and effort consumed on it. Some of the leading financial service providers who have adopted the ITIL are -Citi BankBank of AmericaBarclaysEntertainment - Over time, the entertainment business has grown to be one of the biggest industries in the world. As the industry grows, it's only fair to assume that the responsibilities will grow too. Adopting the ITIL framework is the measure taken to ensure the free flow of service and hence, improve the user experience. The entertainment companies that have approved the ITIL are -SONYDisneyManufacturers - The building blocks of the industries are the manufactures. ITIL magnifies the result of both the large business as well as the SMBs. Some of the leading manufacturers are -BoeingBombardierToyotaLife Science - One of the most intellectual and smartest sectors in the world. It's really not surprising that they have adopted the genius of ITIL. The companies that have providers who have adopted the ITIL are -Lilly PfizerTakedaThere are many other companies all over the world that have implemented the ITIL. If one notices, All the above companies are in the to for their game. What do they have in common? The ITIL framework! This itself is the validations of the wonders that ITIL can.Ultimately, it all depends on corporate buy-ins and staffs. The ITIL will be as successful as effectively you allow it to. But if used constructively, it definitely increases the chances of success exponentially.
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The Way Beyond ITIL® Certification

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The Way Beyond ITIL® Certification

ITIL is a framework of best practices for delivering IT services. It was designed to streamline the selection, planning, delivery and maintenance of IT services, according to the requirements of business. The requirements of business can vary from improving customer relations, creating a stable IT environment to reducing costs.

How ITIL certification helps career advancement?

 ITIL certification helps career advancement

1. Enhanced productivity

  • A certified candidate is trained to understand the ITIL framework thoroughly.
  • They have a great insight into how the concepts.
  • This gives them an edge as they will not only be able to detect the issue but also imply these concepts which will allow them to adequately manage.
  • Also, they are aware of the importance and procedures followed in the ITIL framework, this assists them to be more productive and utilize the resource to their maximum extent.

2. Increased Wage 

  • A certified candidate is highly valued for his skills and expertise.
  • This is the reason why any IT company will refer the certified professional over a non-certified candidate.
  • Due to the course, a certified candidate has a better understanding of the ITSM, which helps them to be more valuable for the company.
  • Not only is the wage higher, but a certified professional is also expected to have an exponentially higher scale compared to others due to their superior adaptation and learning skills.
  • The average pay for an ITIL certified candidate can grow more than 15%.

3. Recognition

  • Having the ITIL credentials in your resume is the verification of your advanced management abilities.
  • Not only will your peer groups and colleagues appreciate your value but even your seniors will recognize you for your superior understanding and efficient execution of the tasks.

4. Common Terminologies 

  • Being aware of the common terminologies which were a part of the course will give a certified candidate an edge over others.
  • This will let them have better communication with the client and improve the customer experience.

5. Holistic View

  • One of the most advanced features of ITIL is that it teaches the candidate how to observe.
  • This allows him/her to see the big picture and plan their actions accordingly.
  • Also, this will assist the professional in giving a long term feedbacks and contributions which are highly valued in the industry.

6. Generation of Idea

  • The holistic view and skills allow the certified candidate to generate better and effective ideas.
  • Since they are equipped with a better sense of understanding of the framework, it allows them to keep a track of how the organization is progressing and what it needs to keep growing.

7. Stand out

  • The framework is established to help the organization to solve the everyday issues and boost their ITSM to gain the maximum profit.
  • Since a certified learner will know how to utilize the framework to its fullest, this will make the professional stand out from the crowd.
  • Not only will this boost their confidence, but will also push them to work more efficiently.

8. Prepared for the future

  • It has been found out from a survey that ITIL certified professionals have a better chance of getting adapted to new jobs and handle the responsibilities much more efficiently as compared to others.
  • Their adaptation skills are far more superior due to their expertise and high knowledge on the understanding of the process.

That was the major benefits of ITIL for individuals. Let's take a look at how the framework helps the organization to lift up their business -

1. Better communication

  • With the rise of business dependence on IT, having an organization that is well acquainted with the best practices towards ITSM, and having a common framework will remove the additional need for lengthy processes which consume a lot of time and effort.
  • This will allow organizations to work hand-in-hand and to push each other to do their best.
  • Also, this would eliminate the communication gap and work friction as the quality and approach will be similar.

2. Advanced productivity

  • Usually, a lot of valuable work hours are lost when in cases of small errors and dysfunctions. Mostly, the employees are not aware of what they have to do. This in turn not just wastes their working hours but also sours the customer experience and ultimately the reputation of the company.
  • But with the correct framework and the knowledge that it provides, it makes it possible for the employees to follow those certain steps in order to finish the task.
  • This saves time which can be used to improve the productivity of the organization.

3. Flexibility

  • The biggest issue that hits SMBs is that when they try to expand, their systems and procedures are unable to adapt to the massive changes. This puts a sudden halt to the growth of the organization and it takes a considerable amount of time to come out of this.
  • But the best feature of the ITIL framework is that it supports scale and expansion. Due to its flexibility and adaptation, the process and systems remain unaffected.
  • Also, the SMBs suffer massively by the hardware which is associated with their systems.
  • But ITIL framework takes care of this issue through its ITIL- supported service desk which looks after such complications beforehand. This allows the transition to be smooth and efficient.

4. Enhanced Service Quality

  • ITIL implementation provides the organization with every possible damage-control measures.
  • This allows the employees to understand what needs to be done rather than panicking.
  • Also, as the calmness in the employees makes it possible for them to observe, plan and execute their actions properly.
  • The ITIL frameworks keep track of all the procedures and steps that were followed, this makes sure that lessons are learned from the past mistakes and improve upon them. This ultimately enhances the quality of the service provided by the organization.

5. Results

  • With the above enhancements included that the ITIL implementation provides, such as improved service quality, smooth transition, and enhanced productivity, it is a proof that an ITIL assisted organization is far more advanced and likely to achieve their targets than an organization which works randomly.  
  • The ITIL implementation also looks after the cost-reduction methods and time management. Moreover, it gives a priority to the user experience making sure that the customers are satisfied. The smooth flow of work and chaos free work environment promotes productivity and keeps the employees happy.

What are the Career Benefits of Each ITIL Certification level?

Now, let's look at the career benefits of ITIL certification for each level respectively -

  • Level 1: ITIL Foundation  

    • It is the first-level certification course. In this stage, the generic concepts and factors of ITIL are to the students.
    • These factors are used in the two significant sections of ITIL - The Service Lifecycle and its lifecycle stages.
    • A candidate will obtain general awareness essential for ITIL support and Services Delivery.
  • Level 2: ITIL Practitioner

    • The certification was designed in 2016. This level features methods to implement the ITIL framework.
    • The process directs on events and conditions in the daily business life cycle.
    • A candidate gets to know some features of crucial concepts.
    • This covers two major areas– Service Capability and Lifecycle.
  • Level 3: ITIL Intermediate 

    • This level is divided into multiple sections which demonstrate revised methods for successful implementation of ITSM.
    • This level is more superior than the previous levels.
    • Intermediate certification is globally accepted in the IT sector.
    • Therefore this opens the door many possible positions in IT.
    • Modules are categorized into Service Capability and Lifecycle.
    • The Service Lifecycle modules:
    • Service Design (SD)
    • Service Strategy (SS)
    • Service Operation (SO)
    • Service Transition (ST)
    • Continual Service Improvement (CSI)
    • Service Capability modules:
    • Planning, Protection, and Optimization (PPO)
    • Operational Support and Analysis (OSA)
    • Service Offerings and Agreements (SOA)
    • Release, Control, and Validation (RCV)
    • Students have a choice to modules in a single category or modules in both categories for qualification.
  • Level 4: ITIL Expert

    • This is the esteemed certification. By this stage, a professional is expected to be well versed in practices to execute various complex concepts to maximize business management.
    • An Expert certification is the roof of tremendous expertise, knowledge and skill base.
    • This certification is assured to provide candidates who know the best practices of the ITIL framework.
  • Level 5: ITIL Master 

    • This level comprises comprehensive knowledge of the methods and advanced practices of ITIL.
    • The final stage of the certification which comprises extensive knowledge of the techniques and exceptional methods of ITIL.
    • It also incorporates the high-level process for its associated administration methods.
    • The Master certified professional is highly valued for their experience, skills, and expertise. The certification is the roof that the candidate is the best in his/her domain.

Job opportunities

Job Opportunities ITIL certification

Following are the jobs that you can expect through ITIL certification -

  • Process Coordinator

    • Experience required is a minimum of two years.
    • Level: Foundation-level to Intermediate-level
    • Responsibility: Assure that the administrative actions in a process are conducted as planned.
    • Change coordinator, Incident coordinator, and configuration analyst are few of the coordinator positions possible in ITIL®-based IT service management.
  • Managerial Role

    • Experience - At least eight years of working experience for a certified ITIL professional.
    • Level -This is operated at the mid-management level. 
    • Responsibility:
      • The role here is to ensure that activities in the service management are in accordance with the given processes.
      • He/she will be managing the coordinators under you who will directly report to you.
      • The Manager is accountable for their actions and making sure that the work allocated is executed thoroughly.
      • Release manager, Problem manager, and service desk manager are some of the managerial roles.
  • ITIL® consulting role

    • Experience - This role of Process Consultant requires experience of ten years.
    • Level - An ITIL certified professional.
    • Requirement - The candidate also needs to have certain different abilities with Observation skills being the most dominant traits. Also, they need great “Problem-solving’’ abilities.
    • Responsibility - An ITIL Consultant must have great observation skills as this would allow him to notice inconsistencies in processes and immediately plan about optimization. The consultant must enjoy going into the depth of the issues. 
      • Their role is to observe every role assigned under them and guide them to execute the process as smoothly as possible.
      • This is one of the most highly-paid and respectable posts in the industry.

Salary Growth 

In the industry, the salary is directly proportional to the level of certification. The higher the certification is, the higher is the salary. Of course, there are other factors too that influence this growth, such as -

  • Professional experience
  • Knowledge
  • The pace at which you absorb ITIL concepts.
  • The interest you have in IT methods.

Below is the average annual salary of some of the ITIL certified jobs, starting from the foundation level and going all the way to the masters.

Sr. NoRoleAverage salary per annum in the USAverage salary per annum in India
1Service Delivery Manager$82,795INR 13,66,982
2IT Analyst$86,361INR 7,32,612
3Asset Manager$88,552INR 5,39,533
4IT Project Manager$91,257INR 14,33,472
5IT Manager$101,181INR 10,82,029
6Engineering program manager$106,280INR 18,19,880
7Senior  IT Project Manager$112,899INR 18,18,560
8Service Transition$117,000INR 13,34,273
9Service Operation$117,000INR 6,10,864

The growth in the number of professionals doing certification

The huge demand of ITIL framework is because of the result it has shown over the years. The growth and development have been witnessed in both the organization as well in the individuals.

  • ITIL has helped the learners to get acquainted with the best practice methodology. These methods are not only systematic but are professionally valued too.
  • The course enhances a professional’s ability to design, distinguish and support the IT services in a business producing improved productivity, performance, and competence.
  • It addresses and teaches professionals to focus on the most important aspect of a business, the customer experience.
  • ITIL helps the professional to sort and give priority to what is more valuable according to the business standards. This allows the organization to focus on the priorities more work more efficiently.
  • The reason why ITIL is so much in demand has also to do with the fact that it increases the market value of a certified professional

Which type of sectors is providing jobs?

ITIL jobs in Different sectors

The reach of the ITIL framework is not just limited to IT sectors. Various sectors depend on the structure and methodologies of ITIL. An ITIL certified professional is given higher reference than a non-certified worker. This is because the ITIL credential in their resume is proof of their credibility and expertise.

Their knowledge and experience about the ITIL concepts will help the organization to implement the procedures more efficiently, thus giving them an edge and allowing them to move towards achieving their vision.

The methodologies help the organizations to improve their career objectives as well as implementing cost methods. the ITIL certified professionals together with the framework, establish a strong base to uplift the IT service management and therefore, improving the customer experience.

Many of the leading companies have made it mandatory for their employees to have ITIL training. Companies from different sectors are hiring ITIL professionals to fulfill their vision. A lot of companies and industries have embraced ITIL globally after realizing its never-ending list of benefits. Some of them are -

  • Technology - The most advanced and leading sector which is upgrading every day has understood the importance and need of the ITIL frameworks.Companies associated with technology that have implemented ITIL are -
    • Microsoft
    • IBM
    • HP
    • Fujitsu

  • Retailers - Retailers are the backbones of the business industry. ITIL was initiated to boost the business sector. So how can the retailers not join the implementation? These are the major retailers who have adopted ITIL framework -
    • Walmart
    • Target
    • Staples

  • Financial Services - Given the benefits of the ITIL framework especially in implementing cost-effective methods which not only saves resources but also the time and effort consumed on it. Some of the leading financial service providers who have adopted the ITIL are -
    • Citi Bank
    • Bank of America
    • Barclays

  • Entertainment - Over time, the entertainment business has grown to be one of the biggest industries in the world. As the industry grows, it's only fair to assume that the responsibilities will grow too. Adopting the ITIL framework is the measure taken to ensure the free flow of service and hence, improve the user experience. The entertainment companies that have approved the ITIL are -
    • SONY
    • Disney

  • Manufacturers - The building blocks of the industries are the manufactures. ITIL magnifies the result of both the large business as well as the SMBs. Some of the leading manufacturers are -
    • Boeing
    • Bombardier
    • Toyota

  • Life Science - One of the most intellectual and smartest sectors in the world. It's really not surprising that they have adopted the genius of ITIL. The companies that have providers who have adopted the ITIL are -
    • Lilly Pfizer
    • Takeda

There are many other companies all over the world that have implemented the ITIL. If one notices, All the above companies are in the to for their game. What do they have in common? The ITIL framework! This itself is the validations of the wonders that ITIL can.

Ultimately, it all depends on corporate buy-ins and staffs. The ITIL will be as successful as effectively you allow it to. But if used constructively, it definitely increases the chances of success exponentially.

KnowledgeHut

KnowledgeHut

Author

KnowledgeHut is an outcome-focused global ed-tech company. We help organizations and professionals unlock excellence through skills development. We offer training solutions under the people and process, data science, full-stack development, cybersecurity, future technologies and digital transformation verticals.
Website : https://www.knowledgehut.com

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Measuring business outcomes also takes serviced consumption into consideration, not only service delivery. This is what ITIL describes as the “co-creation of value through service relationship” in which “customers are an essential element in the process of creating value”. Considering the example of an airline, it’s now possible to report the availability of business processes, for example, check in passengers, provide the correct meals for special dietary requirements and allocate seats on a flight. This certainly sees a far more customer focused measurement than the previous SLA that measures whether the system overall is available/unavailable. To arrive at this understanding, it’s necessary to decouple the service and look at what you’re measuring. In the airline business, for instance, you recognize that the real value of an SLA is enabling customers to complete their journey. Whether the IT system is “up” for 99.8% is irrelevant. ITIL®: the SLA today and tomorrow ITIL®4 talks about facilitating value co-creation via a service value system: different components and activities working together to facilitate value creation through IT-enabled services. There are different types of end users including front-line staff and operational people and they all have different motivations, limitations and environments.ITIL®4 humanizes the guidance across the board. Applying design thinking to ITIL is more about understanding human behaviour of users. ITIL process owners often make erroneous assumptions about human behaviour, springing from a poor understanding of users’ environments, motivations and their inclination (or disinclination) to call the Service Desk. ITIL 4 emphasizes the importance of collaboration, transparency, automation where possible and working holistically. SLA: An outcome-based future The dream SLA model of the future is an outcome-based agreement by which external or internal service providers understand their role and how they collectively contribute to an organizations’ business outcomes. This approach changes the model from a silo-based, “finger pointing” culture to a more proactive and strategic partnership between IT, their service providers and the business which IT is there to serve. Without this approach, IT will continue to address the issues inadequately and generate reports that offer very little use to anybody. Effective IT organizations must change how they measure in order to be innovative and show the organizations they support how much they’re contributing to business outcomes.
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Measuring outcomes, not IT availability

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Learn Ethical Hacking From Scratch

Despite the appealing title, ethical hacking or in more technical terms, “Penetration Testing” is not something you can master by reading an article or doing a crash course. There is much more to ethical hacking! In this article, we would have a look at what hacking is, the different types of hackers, steps involved in a hacking or penetration testing activity including common tools and techniques, how the industry looks at ethical hacking and the common certifications related to hacking. Before we jump into the details, let us understand what a vulnerability is, because we would be using this term again and again. Vulnerability is any loophole or a weakness in the system that could be exploited by a hacker. What is hacking and ethical hacking? To understand hacking, let us first understand what a hacker does. Whenever we think of a hacker, we imagine a guy with a hood, sitting in a dark room, having multiple computer screens in front of him and typing something at a blazing speed! We hate to burst your bubble, but most hackers do not fit that preconceived stereotype! A computer hacker is a person with deep domain expertise in computer systems, who is well versed in various methods of overcoming defense mechanisms by exploiting vulnerabilities in a computer system or network. A hacker could be financially or politically motivated or could be working with an organization to help them strengthen their infrastructure. Hacking refers to the activities that can overpower/derail the security mechanisms of digital devices like computers, smartphones, tablets, and even entire networks. It exploits the vulnerabilities present in the system or network to gain unauthorized access to confidential information. Hacking could be for personal benefit or with malicious intent. However, in ethical hacking, the hacker exploits the vulnerability, gains access to the data, but never alters, deletes or uses it for personal or professional gain. The hacker, in this case, will disclose the vulnerability to the owner of the system with a “Proof of Concept” (PoC) and request the owner to get the vulnerability remediated. Generally, ethical hackers have explicit permission to exploit the target from the owner. Who are the different types of hackers? Hackers can be generally categorized into three types based on the kind of work they do and the intent behind their hacking. Black Hat Hackers – These are hackers who attempt to bypass security mechanisms to gain unauthorized access with a malicious intent. Generally, these hackers work with the intent of financial gain and/or causing damage to the target. They may be individuals, self-motivated groups (also known as hacktivists who aim to bring political or social change) or politically motivated groups (state sponsored hackers). White Hat Hackers – These are professionals generally working with or for a company to help strengthen its digital security systems. The white hat hacker has explicit permission from the system or the information owner to attack the system. The intent here is to fix potential vulnerabilities before the black hat hackers could exploit them. Grey Hat Hackers – These individuals operate either as   white hat hackers or black hat hackers, hence the nomenclature. What are the steps involved in hacking? Let us take a deeper dive into ethical hacking and understand the steps involved. Throughout this section, we will look at the steps involved in ethical hacking, and some commonly used tools and techniques which hackers generally use. To illustrate our explanation, let us assume an attacker, Mr. X is targeting an organization TaxiCompany Inc. 1. Reconnaissance or Foot-printing – As per the Oxford dictionary, reconnaissance means, “the activity of getting information about an area for military purposes, using soldiers, planes, etc.”. Similarly, in hacking, reconnaissance means gathering information about your target. This information includes IP address ranges, Network, DNS Records, Websites, or people working with the organization. So, in this step, Mr. X would try to find the details of the key people working for TaxiCompany Inc., its website, etc. Reconnaissance could be active or passive in nature. In active foot printing, Mr. X would directly be scanning the network of TaxiCompany, or its websites using various tools. In passive foot printing, the Mr. X would not directly interact with any infrastructure or person. He would rather look at publicly available information from social media, public websites, etc. Commonly used tools/techniques for reconnaissance:  Who Is: Who is lookup tells you details about the website, the owner, contact number of the owner, and the address where the website is registered? You can simply visit who.is and enter the domain you wish to search for. NMAP: NMAP or the Network Map is a tool widely used for recon and scanning. Hackers can use this tool to find details like IP range, active hosts, open ports, etc. A simple command is nmap to find active hosts is “nmap -sn 192.168.1.1-100”. This command will find all active hosts in the provided IP range. Social Engineering: This is a technique, whereby the attacker engages directly or indirectly with the staff of the target organization and manipulates them psychologically to reveal confidential information. Some other tools which are used for footprinting include social media sites, Nessus, Acunetix, lullar.com 2. Scanning – Once Mr. X has some basic information about the TaxiCompany, he would start to collect in-depth information which could help him penetrate the network and access confidential information. Mr. X is most likely to use port scanners, sweepers and vulnerability scanners of different types. Mr. X could now be targeting the website or the network of the organization. For websites, using scanners like Nessus and Acunetix could give loads of information about the server where the website is hosted, open ports, server version, hosting platform, etc. In case of a network, network mapping and scanning tools will help Mr. X understand the active hosts, services (ports) running on them and with some intense scans, the OS running on the active hosts and even the vulnerabilities present! Kali Linux is a distribution of Linux operating system which is widely used by hackers around the globe for hacking and penetration testing. It contains almost every tool one would need for various steps of hacking. NMAP, wireshark, ncap, metasploit, etc. are pre-loaded in Kali Linux. Now based on the information gathered in the scanning phase, Mr. X can now easily look for vulnerabilities in the OS or the hardware using databases like NVD or CVE. Commonly used tools/techniques for scanning: Apart from NMAP, the below tools are used to perform vulnerability scanning: Nessus: The most famous vulnerability scanner from Tenable, it has 100s of plugins which allows you to make sure all vulnerabilities and misconfigurations are identified. Acunetix: Acunetix is known for its features and capabilities for web application scanning. 3. Gaining Access – Now Mr. X knows the network, active hosts, services running, details of the operating system and the vulnerabilities present. Next, Mr. X would gain access to the assets of TaxiCompany. Mr. X now has several options to penetrate the network. He can send a “Phishing Mail” to some key people (contacted using social engineering) and trick them into clicking a malicious link (and seek username and password). Alternately, he could try tricking them into downloading a malicious attachment and installing a keylogger to get all the keystrokes. This is a fairly easy task. There are certain fake-mailers like zmail or emkei.cz which allow you to send email to anyone using any email ID as the source email. Emkei is a very popular and useful tool for sending fake email and running phishing campaigns. One can design a mail looking exactly like the original one from the same email ID and trick someone into clicking or downloading something. Designing a phishing page or creating a malicious file is also possible using “Metasploit”. Metasploit allows you to create an exploit and using msfvenom (or any similar tool) you can attach this exploit to an innocent looking pdf or excel file! Once the target user inside TaxiCompany opens this attachment, Mr. X gets the meterpreter shell and can now access almost everything on the target machine. Mr. X has now successfully gained the access of a system within TaxiCompany. Now he is free to navigate the system and the network to get the information he is looking for or infect more devices! Commonly used tools/techniques for gaining access: Kali Linux: A fully loaded operating system with all the tools starting from wireshark to Metasploit to burp suite, it contains everything! Phishing: A technique where the users are lured into clicking or downloading something on their computers. It is also possible by phone calls; a common example is fraudsters pretending to be from Bank and asking card details and OTP. 4. Maintaining Access – Once Mr. X has gained access; he would probably like to secure that access or create another one to ensure that he has a persistent access to that machine. This could be done by using Trojans, Rootkits and backdoors. This is generally done to ensure that more information could be gained or to launch attacks using this machine. In a case where attacker controls a machine and uses it to launch further attacks, the machine is said to be a bot. An attacker uses several of these bots, called ‘botnet’, to launch attacks such as Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) wherein thousands of requests are sent to a server at a time, potentially consuming all the bandwidth and forcing the legitimate traffic to drop. 5. Covering Tracks – Now Mr. X has the access to the TaxiCompany’s confidential information and one of the computer systems. He now wants to make sure that he is not caught! This is generally done by corrupting or deleting the logs. While this is done at the end, some precautions need to be taken from the onset, such as using a Virtual Private Network or a VPN. VPN is a tool which encrypts any data between the source and the destination, hence making it very difficult to intercept the data. Also, VPN ensures that your actual public IP address is not visible to the target. There is always a dummy IP address which is visible to the target. So even if someone gets to know the IP of the attacker, that would actually be only the IP address of the VPN service provider! Some common free VPN tools are Hide my Ass, Nord VPN and Express VPN. How does the industry view ethical hacking? Ethical hacking is not only about CTF, HTB and bug bounties. It is much more than that. These days every company hires ethical hackers to make sure that their network, applications and data are secure from cyberattacks. Penetration testers are highly paid within an organization and they play a key role in identifying the security vulnerabilities and helping to fix them. There are various sub domains for ethical hacking which include mobile security, web application security, network penetration testing, API security and system security. Certifications related to ethical hacking If you want to pursue a career in Cyber Security, or to be more precise, in ethical hacking, having a credential is helpful. It affirms your prowess in cyber security and gives you an edge over your counterparts during the hiring process. Below are a few certifications in the field of ethical hacking that are globally acknowledged: EC-Council Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) – The CEH, or Certified Ethical Hacker credential is the number one certification that any aspiring ethical hacker should aspire towards. The most common certification in the field of cyber security, it provides in-depth working knowledge about ethical hacking and the concepts related to it. CompTIA Security+  –  A little less technical than the CEH, CompTIA Security+ aims at imparting fundamental knowledge of security concepts and offers less focus on practical, hands-on skills. Offensive Security’s OSCP – One of the toughest and most reputed certifications in this sector that necessitates passing a 24-hour exam, it aims to test your skill set and understanding of cyber security. KnowledgeHut offers in-depth training that can help you to prep for these sought-after certification exams. Get guidance from the experts—click here to explore ways to crack these exams at your very first attempt!  
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Learn Ethical Hacking From Scratch

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Top 10 Trending Courses in Information Technology for IT Aspirants

The best part to jump to the bandwagon of information technology or IT is, there is an enormous possibility for an individual if he or she starts studying a diploma or a degree, does either a master degree or a research course. He or she can get full-fledged engineering degree. We have listed down here in order of priority, top to down for a beginners to advanced level technical course that an IT aspirant look for. Java or J2E and Its Frameworks Java or J2EE is one of the most trusted, powerful and widely used technology by almost all the medium and big organizations around domains, like banking and insurance, life science, telecom, financial services, retail and much, much more. You have many things to learn in Java or J2EE, like the core part – J2SE, JSP, STRUTS, SPRING and/or HIBERNATE. This is one of the best and most advanced sophisticated applications. If you want to learn Java, you need to start from the ab initio to the advanced level step-by-step. There are many different frameworks as well as supporting technologies to learn for Java aspirants but the given things are must learn and highly demanding in current software market. CISCO Technologies Whether you are fascinated about learning network and switching technologies, then CISCO technologies would be your choice. You can learn CCNA, CCNP and more from CISCO academy. These types of certificates are global certifications. You will get global prospects after completing and learning these types of courses. If you are not coming from engineering backgrounds, then also you can learn CCNA or CCNP, or both. Then you need to take some ad hoc classes for non-engineering students. The great number of fresher and experienced candidate, these days, are pursuing networking courses, if you are one of them, then CISCO technologies can be your choice. A majority of CISCO institutes want degree – graduation in any discipline. SAS – Statistical Analysis System SAS is a popular course. This can be your career as SAS consultant that many medium and large organizations looking for fresher and experienced SAS qualified candidates. This is nothing but a data analytics course that can give you global exposure. The demand for SAS – data analytics is growing day-by-day and the business intelligence domain has emerged one of the most trusted and lucrative option for science graduate. These days, SAS is a’ la mode for fresher and experienced science graduate. It is an integrated system of software products that help to perform critical data-entry, data-retrieval, data-management, data-mining, report writing and graphics. DBA – MySQL – SQL Server In this highly competitive as well as dynamic Software/IT industry, there is one course the one course, which is very popular and can give you stable career is, DBA. This is a course or an ad hoc for students who are interested in learning MySQL and SQL server and like to create, manage as well as maintain the huge data files and other database flavors available in the market. DBA can be your best bet for career-oriented course, when you will be conversant with database with other supporting technologies; you can easily and quickly learn MySQL and DB2 in a much shorter period. The demand for DBA courses are increasing day-by-day and the demand shows the popular it is and the effective career you get after completing these technologies. Microsoft Technologies Microsoft technologies are high in popularity these days. You can be a database developer or a MS technology developer after passing one or multiple certifications, like MCSE, MCAD, MCSD, MCDST, MCDBA, MCAS and others. For enterprise and application development MCITP is one of the best for beginners and advanced level developers. Albeit, this type of certification is not at all a programming certification, but a system maintenance kind of, but have good future prospect. Cloud Computing Today’s biggest buzz in all small, medium and large IT town is all about cloud computing. You must use Google, Amazon etc. some of the big gun of cloud technology. If you are thinking of pursuing a course that can set your future-career in cloud computing, then IaaS, PaaS, SaaS, DaaS etc. would be learnt alpha and omega of cloud computing.
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Top 10 Trending Courses in Information Technology ...

The best part to jump to the bandwagon of informat... Read More