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The New ITIL® V4 And Major Reasons To Choose It

ITIL® is the most popular ITSM methodology in the world. One of the main reasons behind its success was its flexibility and adaptability. It was developed by the British government's Central Computer and Telecommunications Agency (CCTA) in the 1980s, but it is now owned, managed, updated, and certified by AXELOS.Last year, AXELOS announced its latest version, ITIL® V4. It was released in the first quarter of 2019, around February. The prime focus was on combining the most efficient ITIL® practices around the world with the ITIL® guidelines.The reason why the latest version is considered to be the best as it has been developed by a team of over 150 professionals which includes content writers, IT professionals, and a newly developed group. This group has more than 2000 members who have served in very large organizations worldwide. Their feedback has been taken into consideration to make sure that this version overcomes any limitations which its predecessors may have faced.Introduction to ITIL®In order to regulate the IT services with the needs of the business, ITIL® was introduced. It is a set of rules and methodologies which consist of the best practices developed over the years in the business industry. The ITIL® V3 (or ITIL® 2011) which turned out to be the most popular version is based on 5 fundamentals -ITIL® Service StrategyITIL® Service DesignITIL® Service TransitionITIL® Service OperationITIL® Continual Service ImprovementFor many years, ITIL® V3 ruled the industry because of its wide application. Even though it was one of the best-selling and globally-adopted versions, to adapt to the new changes in the industry, AXELOS came up with the latest version - ITIL® V4.What is ITIL® V4?The structure of the latest version has been enhanced to manage business companies to request new service management challenges. They also support them efficiently by applying modern technology to its highest ability. Versatility, integration, and organized systems have been given prime importance while composing this version.This methodology can be adjusted and embraced by different types of business to provide the best service and heighten customer experience. This will guide them in not only discussing management challenges but also solving them. It also supervises maturing the concepts so that the organization or the candidate can practically apply them to their daily obstacles and deal with them adequately. ITIL® V4 will also assist in governing as well as managing every possible IT-enabled service.ITIL® V4 is the new revamped version for ITSM to combine modern technology in a more holistic manner. This step was taken to give the best possible outcome from all the resources available.The target audience ranges from students to professionals aiming to get acquainted with the new updates. This is coined to be a huge development as it is not only working on the drawbacks of the earlier versions but is also aiming to get the most powerful methods to promote the business industry.Major elements of ITIL® V4ITIL® SVS or ITIL® Service Value System is one of the principal components of the updates in ITIL® V4. It represents how the different projects and elements of the organization operate collectively to encourage value creation by IT-enabled services.The different features of SVS can be implanted in such a way that it doesn't cause any stress over the organization. This makes it very pliable to adapt. Both the qualities, coordination as well as absorption are needed to keep the organization growing at a constant pace. This helps the system to drive the organization in an instrumental, visionary, and unified direction.ITIL® SVS majorly focuses on these components -  ITIL® service value chainITIL® guiding principlesITIL® practicesGovernanceConstant growthThe ITIL® service value chain demonstrates a working model for the creation, execution, and steady growth of the services. The design consists of 6 chief elements that can be connected synchronically using numerous ways hence creating distinct value streams. To approach the requirements of multimodal service management, the value chain is made flexible enough to be easily adapted through various procedures like centralized IT and DevOps. It is this flexibility that enables the company to concentrate on the steady growth as well as to satisfy the ever-changing interests of the industry.ITIL® practices support in developing the service value chain by extending their flexibility. To support ITSM practitioners with a complete toolset, all ITIL® practice supports multiple service value chain activities.An organization’s performance and fundamental core heavily represent its growth. This is why the ITIL® guiding principles are executed as they aid in building a fruitful environment through daily activities. They also ensure that everyone in their organization are on the same page and is working towards achieving a unified vision.The governing body oversees and shares some specific guidelines and tactics with the organization to improve results. The governance also helps in improving coordination among the divisions of the company and hence raising the company’s value.Why ITIL® V4?The most important reason for developing an advanced version of the ITIL® V3 was because of its certain limitations. These are -Failure to comprehend the current trends in the IT services and software developments.Bad relationship with the ITSM CommunityThe latest version addressed these issues by publishing the updates in the community, thus giving them a heads-up and possibly eliminating any obstacle in the free flow of data. ITIL® V4 has successfully combined the concepts of Agile, DevOps, and Lean with that of the standard ITIL® practices. This makes the new version flexible and keeps it updated for the future.Apart from this, the foundation stage is completely revised to give students and professionals a clear inside view from the very beginning.It is revised based on the needs of modern business. The revisions of the ITIL® V4 are completely practical and are based on the feedback of thousands of ITIL® practitioners.The significant variations which can be witnessed in ITIL® V4 are-Fewer siloesInformation across the whole businessMore allianceCombining Agile and DevOps within ITSM policies.This update has made the ITIL® way more agile, extensible, and collaborative.Principles of ITIL® V4Right from the beginning, ITIL® has always followed certain principles. Similarly, like its predecessors, ITIL® 4 is built upon nine guiding principles. These were borrowed from the most contemporary ITIL® Practitioner Exam.The most fascinating progression of the newer version is that it encourages the alliance of IT department with other departments.This is not only profitable but highly effective too due to the arrival of new technologies and most of the departments depend on it to get their work done. ITIL® V4 works according to the need of public perception and needs. Because of this, customer feedback and satisfaction are top priorities for the new version.ITIL® V4 certification levelsThere have been certain updates in the certification level in the new version. Before proceeding to those upgrades, let's take a look at the previous version.The previous version of the ITIL® V3 was divided into 5 levels -FoundationPractitionerIntermediateExpertMaster.Master was the highest level and the foundation was for beginners. With each stage, the depth of understanding of the subject increases.There has been an update in the new scheme of the ITIL® V4. Now, there has been an inclusion of ITIL® Foundation and the ITIL® Master exams.Below are the four certification levels within the ITIL 4 scheme:FoundationManaging ProfessionalStrategic LeaderMaster.After the foundation level are the levels of Strategic Leader and Managing Professional. Both of them have their own modules and exams.ITIL® Managing Professional (MP)ITIL® Managing Professional (MP) is designed for learners who deal with technology and digital teams throughout the organization. They are not just limited to the IT departments. This course offers experience and expertise to run successful teams, IT projects, and workflows.Modules cover ‘ITIL® Specialists’ in -Drive Stakeholder ValueCreate, Deliver and SupportHigh Velocity ITITIL® MasterManagingProfessionalTransitionITIL®  Managing ProfessionalITIL® Strategic LeaderITIL® SpecialistITIL®SpecialistITIL®SpecialistITIL®StrategisITIL®StrategistITIL® LeaderCreate,deliver andsupportDriveStakeholderValueHighVelocityITDirect.Plan andImproveDirect.Plan andImproveDigital & ITStrategyITIL® FoundationITIL® Strategic Leader (SL)This exam is designed for those who engage with “every digitally equipped assistance”. The objective of this ITIL course is to prepare the learner on how to use technology to deliver business procedure. It also explains the role of IT in this process.Syllabus includes -ITIL® Leader – Digital & IT StrategyITIL® Strategist – Direct, Plan, and ImproveBoth of these exams end at the same level which is the ITIL® Master exam. It is the most advanced level in the examination.How to do the transition from ITIL® V3 to ITIL® V4?It is known that ITIL® V3 is the most popular version. Also, the certification is valid forever once you acquire the credentials in your resume. The ITIL® V3  is flexible, which is the reason why it is globally accepted. However, after the release of the new version, many will think of upgrading their certifications. AXELOS has defined paths to upgrade your ITIL® V3 certifications to corresponding ITIL® V4 certificates.  There are numerous ways to get the transition done. Following are the various transition paths -ITIL® V3 Foundation certified Since this is the beginning level, it is advised that the student takes up the ITIL® V4 foundation. The reason being that the foundation process of the ITIL® V4 has witnessed maximum changes.Transition in the early path will be beneficial as the learner will be well versed with the new contents of the latest certification. Also, the material on ITIL® V4 Foundation is vast and hence, it's a great opportunity for the learners to get to know new methods and techniques that are updated and as per current business trends.ITIL® Practitioner/Intermediate level AXELOS doesn't want the learners to waste their time and efforts, therefore if an individual is on the Practitioner or Intermediate level, it is advisable to continue pursuing the current level.Once they have achieved 17 credits, they are eligible for the easy transition to ITIL® 4 and take ITIL® Managing Professional Transition module. This will allow them to earn the ITIL® Managing Professional designation.ITIL® V3 Expert Those who have successfully made it to the Expert level can pursue the ITIL® Managing Professional Transition module, provided, they have received the certification.After acquiring the ITIL® Managing Professional designation, one can pursue the ITIL® Strategic Leader stream. This is completely based on the interest of the person. Fulfillment of either of the streams will lead the student straight to the final level, ITIL® Master.We have briefly summarised the paths into a table for your reference.ITIL® V3 CertificateThe path for transition to V4ITIL® V3 FoundationAcquire ITIL® V4 Foundation certificateITIL® V3 Practitioner1. Begin from ITIL® V4 Foundation2. Continue with the ITIL® V3 modules till intermediate and make a transition to MP under V4.ITIL® V3 IntermediateBeing a V3 intermediate, you can make a transition to V4 by taking up the modules under V4 MP.You don't have to go ahead with the MALC exam.ITIL® V3 ExpertIf you're a V3 Expert, you need to take the V4 MP in order to make a transition to V4 in order to continue with your ITIL® journey.ITIL® V3 Vs. ITIL® V4There is one common question regarding ITIL®, as to how exactly ITIL® V4 and V3 are different from each other.ITIL® V3 was introduced in 2007. The version was revised with some changes four years later in 2011.Whereas AXELOS recently announced the completion of the latest version of the ITIL® V4. The first level of the newer version was released early in 2019 and the higher levels are scheduled to release in the second half of the year.The ITIL® 4 is built upon nine guiding principles. These were borrowed from the most contemporary ITIL® Practitioner Exam.The nine principles are:Device for knowledgeConcentrate on contentExplore holisticallyCommence where you areStudy directlyDevelop iterativelyAssociateBe fairKeep it simpleITIL® V4 works according to public perception and needs. Because of this, customer feedback and satisfaction are top priorities for the new version.In addition to these principles, the ITIL® V4 has major updates like:Outstanding integration besides other successful ITSM practices, including DevOps, Agile, and LeanA broader focus on the meaning of customer experienceThe superior combination of ITIL® and modern business practicesA community-driven focus to render the framework extra flexible and powerfulOther major updates in ITIL® V4 The objective of the new version is to focus on the practical aspects of the business. The course has been kept as compliant as possible to assist the organizations towards being larger, developed and united service providers.The Service Value System (SVS) has also been gradually updated. It now gives a whole end-to-end scenario of what's occurring behind the scenes during the business transactions. This enables the students to gain a sound knowledge and contribute more to the process.A notable challenge was not to make the ITIL® V4 totally independent from its previous versions. This will create chaos in the system between the ITIL® V4 and the ITIL® V3 certified professionals. Keeping this in mind, the version has been designed to have better compatibility with the ITIL® V3.ITIL® V4 owns many of the underlying factors of the V3 as they assist the organizations in implementing efficient IT service management.Conclusively, the brand-new version is developed to meet the ever-growing demands of the digital environment. ITIL® V4 has been developed to provide a practical and flexible basis from the current complex digital environment.

The New ITIL® V4 And Major Reasons To Choose It

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The New ITIL® V4 And Major Reasons To Choose It

ITIL® is the most popular ITSM methodology in the world. One of the main reasons behind its success was its flexibility and adaptability. It was developed by the British government's Central Computer and Telecommunications Agency (CCTA) in the 1980s, but it is now owned, managed, updated, and certified by AXELOS.

Last year, AXELOS announced its latest version, ITIL® V4. It was released in the first quarter of 2019, around February. The prime focus was on combining the most efficient ITIL® practices around the world with the ITIL® guidelines.

The reason why the latest version is considered to be the best as it has been developed by a team of over 150 professionals which includes content writers, IT professionals, and a newly developed group. This group has more than 2000 members who have served in very large organizations worldwide. Their feedback has been taken into consideration to make sure that this version overcomes any limitations which its predecessors may have faced.

Introduction to ITIL®

In order to regulate the IT services with the needs of the business, ITIL® was introduced. It is a set of rules and methodologies which consist of the best practices developed over the years in the business industry. The ITIL® V3 (or ITIL® 2011) which turned out to be the most popular version is based on 5 fundamentals -

  1. ITIL® Service Strategy
  2. ITIL® Service Design
  3. ITIL® Service Transition
  4. ITIL® Service Operation
  5. ITIL® Continual Service Improvement

For many years, ITIL® V3 ruled the industry because of its wide application. Even though it was one of the best-selling and globally-adopted versions, to adapt to the new changes in the industry, AXELOS came up with the latest version - ITIL® V4.

What is ITIL® V4?

The structure of the latest version has been enhanced to manage business companies to request new service management challenges. They also support them efficiently by applying modern technology to its highest ability. Versatility, integration, and organized systems have been given prime importance while composing this version.

This methodology can be adjusted and embraced by different types of business to provide the best service and heighten customer experience. This will guide them in not only discussing management challenges but also solving them. It also supervises maturing the concepts so that the organization or the candidate can practically apply them to their daily obstacles and deal with them adequately. ITIL® V4 will also assist in governing as well as managing every possible IT-enabled service.

ITIL® V4 is the new revamped version for ITSM to combine modern technology in a more holistic manner. This step was taken to give the best possible outcome from all the resources available.

The target audience ranges from students to professionals aiming to get acquainted with the new updates. This is coined to be a huge development as it is not only working on the drawbacks of the earlier versions but is also aiming to get the most powerful methods to promote the business industry.

Major elements of ITIL® V4

ITIL® SVS or ITIL® Service Value System is one of the principal components of the updates in ITIL® V4. It represents how the different projects and elements of the organization operate collectively to encourage value creation by IT-enabled services.

The different features of SVS can be implanted in such a way that it doesn't cause any stress over the organization. This makes it very pliable to adapt. Both the qualities, coordination as well as absorption are needed to keep the organization growing at a constant pace. This helps the system to drive the organization in an instrumental, visionary, and unified direction.

ITIL® SVS majorly focuses on these components -  

  • ITIL® service value chain
  • ITIL® guiding principles
  • ITIL® practices
  • Governance
  • Constant growth

Major elements of ITIL

The ITIL® service value chain demonstrates a working model for the creation, execution, and steady growth of the services. The design consists of 6 chief elements that can be connected synchronically using numerous ways hence creating distinct value streams. To approach the requirements of multimodal service management, the value chain is made flexible enough to be easily adapted through various procedures like centralized IT and DevOps. It is this flexibility that enables the company to concentrate on the steady growth as well as to satisfy the ever-changing interests of the industry.

ITIL® practices support in developing the service value chain by extending their flexibility. To support ITSM practitioners with a complete toolset, all ITIL® practice supports multiple service value chain activities.

An organization’s performance and fundamental core heavily represent its growth. This is why the ITIL® guiding principles are executed as they aid in building a fruitful environment through daily activities. They also ensure that everyone in their organization are on the same page and is working towards achieving a unified vision.

The governing body oversees and shares some specific guidelines and tactics with the organization to improve results. The governance also helps in improving coordination among the divisions of the company and hence raising the company’s value.

Why ITIL® V4?

The most important reason for developing an advanced version of the ITIL® V3 was because of its certain limitations. These are -

 reason for developing an advanced version of the ITIL

  • Failure to comprehend the current trends in the IT services and software developments.
  • Bad relationship with the ITSM Community

The latest version addressed these issues by publishing the updates in the community, thus giving them a heads-up and possibly eliminating any obstacle in the free flow of data. ITIL® V4 has successfully combined the concepts of Agile, DevOps, and Lean with that of the standard ITIL® practices. This makes the new version flexible and keeps it updated for the future.

Apart from this, the foundation stage is completely revised to give students and professionals a clear inside view from the very beginning.

It is revised based on the needs of modern business. The revisions of the ITIL® V4 are completely practical and are based on the feedback of thousands of ITIL® practitioners.

The significant variations which can be witnessed in ITIL® V4 are-

  • Fewer siloes
  • Information across the whole business
  • More alliance
  • Combining Agile and DevOps within ITSM policies.

This update has made the ITIL® way more agile, extensible, and collaborative.

Principles of ITIL® V4

Right from the beginning, ITIL® has always followed certain principles. Similarly, like its predecessors, ITIL® 4 is built upon nine guiding principles. These were borrowed from the most contemporary ITIL® Practitioner Exam.

The most fascinating progression of the newer version is that it encourages the alliance of IT department with other departments.

This is not only profitable but highly effective too due to the arrival of new technologies and most of the departments depend on it to get their work done. ITIL® V4 works according to the need of public perception and needs. Because of this, customer feedback and satisfaction are top priorities for the new version.

Guide to ITIL®4.

ITIL® V4 certification levels

There have been certain updates in the certification level in the new version. Before proceeding to those upgrades, let's take a look at the previous version.

The previous version of the ITIL® V3 was divided into 5 levels -

  1. Foundation
  2. Practitioner
  3. Intermediate
  4. Expert
  5. Master.

Master was the highest level and the foundation was for beginners. With each stage, the depth of understanding of the subject increases.

There has been an update in the new scheme of the ITIL® V4. Now, there has been an inclusion of ITIL® Foundation and the ITIL® Master exams.

Below are the four certification levels within the ITIL 4 scheme:

  • Foundation
  • Managing Professional
  • Strategic Leader
  • Master.

ITIL 4 Certification levels

After the foundation level are the levels of Strategic Leader and Managing Professional. Both of them have their own modules and exams.

ITIL® Managing Professional (MP)

ITIL® Managing Professional (MP) is designed for learners who deal with technology and digital teams throughout the organization. They are not just limited to the IT departments. This course offers experience and expertise to run successful teams, IT projects, and workflows.

Modules cover ‘ITIL® Specialists’ in -

  • Drive Stakeholder Value
  • Create, Deliver and Support
  • High Velocity IT

ITIL® Master

Managing
Professional
Transition
ITIL®  Managing ProfessionalITIL® Strategic Leader


ITIL®
 Specialist
ITIL®
Specialist
ITIL®
Specialist
ITIL®
Strategis
ITIL®
Strategist
ITIL® Leader

Create,
deliver and
support
Drive
Stakeholder
Value
High
Velocity
IT
Direct.
Plan and
Improve
Direct.
Plan and
Improve
Digital & IT
Strategy

ITIL® Foundation

ITIL® Strategic Leader (SL)

This exam is designed for those who engage with “every digitally equipped assistance”. The objective of this ITIL course is to prepare the learner on how to use technology to deliver business procedure. It also explains the role of IT in this process.

Syllabus includes -

  • ITIL® Leader – Digital & IT Strategy
  • ITIL® Strategist – Direct, Plan, and Improve

Both of these exams end at the same level which is the ITIL® Master exam. It is the most advanced level in the examination.

How to do the transition from ITIL® V3 to ITIL® V4?

It is known that ITIL® V3 is the most popular version. Also, the certification is valid forever once you acquire the credentials in your resume. The ITIL® V3  is flexible, which is the reason why it is globally accepted. However, after the release of the new version, many will think of upgrading their certifications. AXELOS has defined paths to upgrade your ITIL® V3 certifications to corresponding ITIL® V4 certificates.  

There are numerous ways to get the transition done. Following are the various transition paths -

ITIL® V3 Foundation certified 

  • Since this is the beginning level, it is advised that the student takes up the ITIL® V4 foundation. The reason being that the foundation process of the ITIL® V4 has witnessed maximum changes.
  • Transition in the early path will be beneficial as the learner will be well versed with the new contents of the latest certification. Also, the material on ITIL® V4 Foundation is vast and hence, it's a great opportunity for the learners to get to know new methods and techniques that are updated and as per current business trends.

ITIL® Practitioner/Intermediate level 

  • AXELOS doesn't want the learners to waste their time and efforts, therefore if an individual is on the Practitioner or Intermediate level, it is advisable to continue pursuing the current level.
  • Once they have achieved 17 credits, they are eligible for the easy transition to ITIL® 4 and take ITIL® Managing Professional Transition module. This will allow them to earn the ITIL® Managing Professional designation.

ITIL® V3 Expert 

  • Those who have successfully made it to the Expert level can pursue the ITIL® Managing Professional Transition module, provided, they have received the certification.
  • After acquiring the ITIL® Managing Professional designation, one can pursue the ITIL® Strategic Leader stream. This is completely based on the interest of the person. Fulfillment of either of the streams will lead the student straight to the final level, ITIL® Master.

We have briefly summarised the paths into a table for your reference.

ITIL® V3 Certificate

The path for transition to V4
ITIL® V3 Foundation
Acquire ITIL® V4 Foundation certificate
ITIL® V3 Practitioner1. Begin from ITIL® V4 Foundation
2. Continue with the ITIL® V3 modules till intermediate and make a transition to MP under V4.
ITIL® V3 IntermediateBeing a V3 intermediate, you can make a transition to V4 by taking up the modules under V4 MP.
You don't have to go ahead with the MALC exam.
ITIL® V3 ExpertIf you're a V3 Expert, you need to take the V4 MP in order to make a transition to V4 in order to continue with your ITIL® journey.

ITIL® V3 Vs. ITIL® V4

There is one common question regarding ITIL®, as to how exactly ITIL® V4 and V3 are different from each other.

  • ITIL® V3 was introduced in 2007. The version was revised with some changes four years later in 2011.
  • Whereas AXELOS recently announced the completion of the latest version of the ITIL® V4. The first level of the newer version was released early in 2019 and the higher levels are scheduled to release in the second half of the year.

The ITIL® 4 is built upon nine guiding principles. These were borrowed from the most contemporary ITIL® Practitioner Exam.

Principles on which ITIL 4 is build

The nine principles are:

  • Device for knowledge
  • Concentrate on content
  • Explore holistically
  • Commence where you are
  • Study directly
  • Develop iteratively
  • Associate
  • Be fair
  • Keep it simple

ITIL® V4 works according to public perception and needs. Because of this, customer feedback and satisfaction are top priorities for the new version.

In addition to these principles, the ITIL® V4 has major updates like:

  • Outstanding integration besides other successful ITSM practices, including DevOps, Agile, and Lean
  • A broader focus on the meaning of customer experience
  • The superior combination of ITIL® and modern business practices
  • A community-driven focus to render the framework extra flexible and powerful

Other major updates in ITIL® V4 

The objective of the new version is to focus on the practical aspects of the business. The course has been kept as compliant as possible to assist the organizations towards being larger, developed and united service providers.

The Service Value System (SVS) has also been gradually updated. It now gives a whole end-to-end scenario of what's occurring behind the scenes during the business transactions. This enables the students to gain a sound knowledge and contribute more to the process.

A notable challenge was not to make the ITIL® V4 totally independent from its previous versions. This will create chaos in the system between the ITIL® V4 and the ITIL® V3 certified professionals. Keeping this in mind, the version has been designed to have better compatibility with the ITIL® V3.

ITIL® V4 owns many of the underlying factors of the V3 as they assist the organizations in implementing efficient IT service management.

Conclusively, the brand-new version is developed to meet the ever-growing demands of the digital environment. ITIL® V4 has been developed to provide a practical and flexible basis from the current complex digital environment.

KnowledgeHut

KnowledgeHut

Author

KnowledgeHut is an outcome-focused global ed-tech company. We help organizations and professionals unlock excellence through skills development. We offer training solutions under the people and process, data science, full-stack development, cybersecurity, future technologies and digital transformation verticals.
Website : https://www.knowledgehut.com

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Evolution Of Technology, It’s Important To Life

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The use and abuse of natural resources brought about rapid growth and prosperity to countries but with such terrible side effects as pollution and depletion of resources. And as we go into the 21st century, technology has reached a whole different level. Communication as we knew it, has changed and has turned passive and more indirect. Pagers, desktop computers and telephones have now been replaced with laptops, tablets and smartphones. People would rather message each other on various platforms rather than talk face to face. In fact, there are almost as many cell phone subscriptions (6.8 billion) as there are people living on this planet (7 billion). By 2014 there were more than 3.8 billion email accounts and this number only keeps growing. Technology today has increased our independence. Need to know where you get the best cakes in town? Just search on the internet. Don’t know how to get to the new mall? Let your GPS take you. 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Our conflicting views on whether technology is a b... Read More

Top 10 Trending Courses in Information Technology for IT Aspirants

The best part to jump to the bandwagon of information technology or IT is, there is an enormous possibility for an individual if he or she starts studying a diploma or a degree, does either a master degree or a research course. He or she can get full-fledged engineering degree. We have listed down here in order of priority, top to down for a beginners to advanced level technical course that an IT aspirant look for. Java or J2E and Its Frameworks Java or J2EE is one of the most trusted, powerful and widely used technology by almost all the medium and big organizations around domains, like banking and insurance, life science, telecom, financial services, retail and much, much more. You have many things to learn in Java or J2EE, like the core part – J2SE, JSP, STRUTS, SPRING and/or HIBERNATE. This is one of the best and most advanced sophisticated applications. If you want to learn Java, you need to start from the ab initio to the advanced level step-by-step. There are many different frameworks as well as supporting technologies to learn for Java aspirants but the given things are must learn and highly demanding in current software market. CISCO Technologies Whether you are fascinated about learning network and switching technologies, then CISCO technologies would be your choice. You can learn CCNA, CCNP and more from CISCO academy. These types of certificates are global certifications. You will get global prospects after completing and learning these types of courses. If you are not coming from engineering backgrounds, then also you can learn CCNA or CCNP, or both. Then you need to take some ad hoc classes for non-engineering students. The great number of fresher and experienced candidate, these days, are pursuing networking courses, if you are one of them, then CISCO technologies can be your choice. A majority of CISCO institutes want degree – graduation in any discipline. SAS – Statistical Analysis System SAS is a popular course. This can be your career as SAS consultant that many medium and large organizations looking for fresher and experienced SAS qualified candidates. This is nothing but a data analytics course that can give you global exposure. The demand for SAS – data analytics is growing day-by-day and the business intelligence domain has emerged one of the most trusted and lucrative option for science graduate. These days, SAS is a’ la mode for fresher and experienced science graduate. It is an integrated system of software products that help to perform critical data-entry, data-retrieval, data-management, data-mining, report writing and graphics. DBA – MySQL – SQL Server In this highly competitive as well as dynamic Software/IT industry, there is one course the one course, which is very popular and can give you stable career is, DBA. This is a course or an ad hoc for students who are interested in learning MySQL and SQL server and like to create, manage as well as maintain the huge data files and other database flavors available in the market. DBA can be your best bet for career-oriented course, when you will be conversant with database with other supporting technologies; you can easily and quickly learn MySQL and DB2 in a much shorter period. The demand for DBA courses are increasing day-by-day and the demand shows the popular it is and the effective career you get after completing these technologies. Microsoft Technologies Microsoft technologies are high in popularity these days. You can be a database developer or a MS technology developer after passing one or multiple certifications, like MCSE, MCAD, MCSD, MCDST, MCDBA, MCAS and others. For enterprise and application development MCITP is one of the best for beginners and advanced level developers. Albeit, this type of certification is not at all a programming certification, but a system maintenance kind of, but have good future prospect. Cloud Computing Today’s biggest buzz in all small, medium and large IT town is all about cloud computing. You must use Google, Amazon etc. some of the big gun of cloud technology. If you are thinking of pursuing a course that can set your future-career in cloud computing, then IaaS, PaaS, SaaS, DaaS etc. would be learnt alpha and omega of cloud computing.
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Top 10 Trending Courses in Information Technology ...

The best part to jump to the bandwagon of informat... Read More

Learn Ethical Hacking From Scratch

Despite the appealing title, ethical hacking or in more technical terms, “Penetration Testing” is not something you can master by reading an article or doing a crash course. There is much more to ethical hacking! In this article, we would have a look at what hacking is, the different types of hackers, steps involved in a hacking or penetration testing activity including common tools and techniques, how the industry looks at ethical hacking and the common certifications related to hacking. Before we jump into the details, let us understand what a vulnerability is, because we would be using this term again and again. Vulnerability is any loophole or a weakness in the system that could be exploited by a hacker. What is hacking and ethical hacking? To understand hacking, let us first understand what a hacker does. Whenever we think of a hacker, we imagine a guy with a hood, sitting in a dark room, having multiple computer screens in front of him and typing something at a blazing speed! We hate to burst your bubble, but most hackers do not fit that preconceived stereotype! A computer hacker is a person with deep domain expertise in computer systems, who is well versed in various methods of overcoming defense mechanisms by exploiting vulnerabilities in a computer system or network. A hacker could be financially or politically motivated or could be working with an organization to help them strengthen their infrastructure. Hacking refers to the activities that can overpower/derail the security mechanisms of digital devices like computers, smartphones, tablets, and even entire networks. It exploits the vulnerabilities present in the system or network to gain unauthorized access to confidential information. Hacking could be for personal benefit or with malicious intent. However, in ethical hacking, the hacker exploits the vulnerability, gains access to the data, but never alters, deletes or uses it for personal or professional gain. The hacker, in this case, will disclose the vulnerability to the owner of the system with a “Proof of Concept” (PoC) and request the owner to get the vulnerability remediated. Generally, ethical hackers have explicit permission to exploit the target from the owner. Who are the different types of hackers? Hackers can be generally categorized into three types based on the kind of work they do and the intent behind their hacking. Black Hat Hackers – These are hackers who attempt to bypass security mechanisms to gain unauthorized access with a malicious intent. Generally, these hackers work with the intent of financial gain and/or causing damage to the target. They may be individuals, self-motivated groups (also known as hacktivists who aim to bring political or social change) or politically motivated groups (state sponsored hackers). White Hat Hackers – These are professionals generally working with or for a company to help strengthen its digital security systems. The white hat hacker has explicit permission from the system or the information owner to attack the system. The intent here is to fix potential vulnerabilities before the black hat hackers could exploit them. Grey Hat Hackers – These individuals operate either as   white hat hackers or black hat hackers, hence the nomenclature. What are the steps involved in hacking? Let us take a deeper dive into ethical hacking and understand the steps involved. Throughout this section, we will look at the steps involved in ethical hacking, and some commonly used tools and techniques which hackers generally use. To illustrate our explanation, let us assume an attacker, Mr. X is targeting an organization TaxiCompany Inc. 1. Reconnaissance or Foot-printing – As per the Oxford dictionary, reconnaissance means, “the activity of getting information about an area for military purposes, using soldiers, planes, etc.”. Similarly, in hacking, reconnaissance means gathering information about your target. This information includes IP address ranges, Network, DNS Records, Websites, or people working with the organization. So, in this step, Mr. X would try to find the details of the key people working for TaxiCompany Inc., its website, etc. Reconnaissance could be active or passive in nature. In active foot printing, Mr. X would directly be scanning the network of TaxiCompany, or its websites using various tools. In passive foot printing, the Mr. X would not directly interact with any infrastructure or person. He would rather look at publicly available information from social media, public websites, etc. Commonly used tools/techniques for reconnaissance:  Who Is: Who is lookup tells you details about the website, the owner, contact number of the owner, and the address where the website is registered? You can simply visit who.is and enter the domain you wish to search for. NMAP: NMAP or the Network Map is a tool widely used for recon and scanning. Hackers can use this tool to find details like IP range, active hosts, open ports, etc. A simple command is nmap to find active hosts is “nmap -sn 192.168.1.1-100”. This command will find all active hosts in the provided IP range. Social Engineering: This is a technique, whereby the attacker engages directly or indirectly with the staff of the target organization and manipulates them psychologically to reveal confidential information. Some other tools which are used for footprinting include social media sites, Nessus, Acunetix, lullar.com 2. Scanning – Once Mr. X has some basic information about the TaxiCompany, he would start to collect in-depth information which could help him penetrate the network and access confidential information. Mr. X is most likely to use port scanners, sweepers and vulnerability scanners of different types. Mr. X could now be targeting the website or the network of the organization. For websites, using scanners like Nessus and Acunetix could give loads of information about the server where the website is hosted, open ports, server version, hosting platform, etc. In case of a network, network mapping and scanning tools will help Mr. X understand the active hosts, services (ports) running on them and with some intense scans, the OS running on the active hosts and even the vulnerabilities present! Kali Linux is a distribution of Linux operating system which is widely used by hackers around the globe for hacking and penetration testing. It contains almost every tool one would need for various steps of hacking. NMAP, wireshark, ncap, metasploit, etc. are pre-loaded in Kali Linux. Now based on the information gathered in the scanning phase, Mr. X can now easily look for vulnerabilities in the OS or the hardware using databases like NVD or CVE. Commonly used tools/techniques for scanning: Apart from NMAP, the below tools are used to perform vulnerability scanning: Nessus: The most famous vulnerability scanner from Tenable, it has 100s of plugins which allows you to make sure all vulnerabilities and misconfigurations are identified. Acunetix: Acunetix is known for its features and capabilities for web application scanning. 3. Gaining Access – Now Mr. X knows the network, active hosts, services running, details of the operating system and the vulnerabilities present. Next, Mr. X would gain access to the assets of TaxiCompany. Mr. X now has several options to penetrate the network. He can send a “Phishing Mail” to some key people (contacted using social engineering) and trick them into clicking a malicious link (and seek username and password). Alternately, he could try tricking them into downloading a malicious attachment and installing a keylogger to get all the keystrokes. This is a fairly easy task. There are certain fake-mailers like zmail or emkei.cz which allow you to send email to anyone using any email ID as the source email. Emkei is a very popular and useful tool for sending fake email and running phishing campaigns. One can design a mail looking exactly like the original one from the same email ID and trick someone into clicking or downloading something. Designing a phishing page or creating a malicious file is also possible using “Metasploit”. Metasploit allows you to create an exploit and using msfvenom (or any similar tool) you can attach this exploit to an innocent looking pdf or excel file! Once the target user inside TaxiCompany opens this attachment, Mr. X gets the meterpreter shell and can now access almost everything on the target machine. Mr. X has now successfully gained the access of a system within TaxiCompany. Now he is free to navigate the system and the network to get the information he is looking for or infect more devices! Commonly used tools/techniques for gaining access: Kali Linux: A fully loaded operating system with all the tools starting from wireshark to Metasploit to burp suite, it contains everything! Phishing: A technique where the users are lured into clicking or downloading something on their computers. It is also possible by phone calls; a common example is fraudsters pretending to be from Bank and asking card details and OTP. 4. Maintaining Access – Once Mr. X has gained access; he would probably like to secure that access or create another one to ensure that he has a persistent access to that machine. This could be done by using Trojans, Rootkits and backdoors. This is generally done to ensure that more information could be gained or to launch attacks using this machine. In a case where attacker controls a machine and uses it to launch further attacks, the machine is said to be a bot. An attacker uses several of these bots, called ‘botnet’, to launch attacks such as Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) wherein thousands of requests are sent to a server at a time, potentially consuming all the bandwidth and forcing the legitimate traffic to drop. 5. Covering Tracks – Now Mr. X has the access to the TaxiCompany’s confidential information and one of the computer systems. He now wants to make sure that he is not caught! This is generally done by corrupting or deleting the logs. While this is done at the end, some precautions need to be taken from the onset, such as using a Virtual Private Network or a VPN. VPN is a tool which encrypts any data between the source and the destination, hence making it very difficult to intercept the data. Also, VPN ensures that your actual public IP address is not visible to the target. There is always a dummy IP address which is visible to the target. So even if someone gets to know the IP of the attacker, that would actually be only the IP address of the VPN service provider! Some common free VPN tools are Hide my Ass, Nord VPN and Express VPN. How does the industry view ethical hacking? Ethical hacking is not only about CTF, HTB and bug bounties. It is much more than that. These days every company hires ethical hackers to make sure that their network, applications and data are secure from cyberattacks. Penetration testers are highly paid within an organization and they play a key role in identifying the security vulnerabilities and helping to fix them. There are various sub domains for ethical hacking which include mobile security, web application security, network penetration testing, API security and system security. Certifications related to ethical hacking If you want to pursue a career in Cyber Security, or to be more precise, in ethical hacking, having a credential is helpful. It affirms your prowess in cyber security and gives you an edge over your counterparts during the hiring process. Below are a few certifications in the field of ethical hacking that are globally acknowledged: EC-Council Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) – The CEH, or Certified Ethical Hacker credential is the number one certification that any aspiring ethical hacker should aspire towards. The most common certification in the field of cyber security, it provides in-depth working knowledge about ethical hacking and the concepts related to it. CompTIA Security+  –  A little less technical than the CEH, CompTIA Security+ aims at imparting fundamental knowledge of security concepts and offers less focus on practical, hands-on skills. Offensive Security’s OSCP – One of the toughest and most reputed certifications in this sector that necessitates passing a 24-hour exam, it aims to test your skill set and understanding of cyber security. KnowledgeHut offers in-depth training that can help you to prep for these sought-after certification exams. Get guidance from the experts—click here to explore ways to crack these exams at your very first attempt!  
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Learn Ethical Hacking From Scratch

Despite the appealing title, ethical hacking or... Read More

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