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Top 10 Project Management Methods, Approaches, and Techniques

The goal of any business is to seek self-sufficient growth and so are the IT businesses. With the increasing technical needs, the IT industry is focusing on improvement for all type of internal processes such as – project management, strategic planning, and implementation of resources. The backbone of an IT business is ‘project’.From business objectives to resource planning, roadmaps to budget allocation – the whole team focuses on everything related to their project. Project managers and business analysts try day and night to find successful project methodologies.In this post, we have tried to put forward How to pick Project Management Methods for successLet’s get started –1.Agile It is most widely used, highly flexible, and value-centered methodology. The project manager sets milestones to divide the project and ask client feedback on every milestone delivery. The changes can be made as per the client’s requirement. The milestones are called sprints which means short delivery cycles. In-house development teams are fond of this methodology because of its transparency, flexibility, and real-time communication.2.Scrum This methodology is based on the Agile framework, as it uses sprints, the objective of scrum approach is to deliver the project in a shorter time because it deals with the proper planning and requirement analysis at the very beginning of the project, which reduces the chance of changes and delay. Agile needs a lot of communication and feedback with the client side. In fact, it’s a development by two sides (development team and client).3.Waterfall  Waterfall methodology is more like a traditional approach as it consists of fixed stages – idea – design- implementation- testing- maintenance. The linear approach is somehow lengthy but good for many industries. The project stages of waterfall methodology are performed one by one sequentially after successful completion of the previous stage. Each step is reviewed and verified thoroughly to proceed to another step. It’s a self-explanatory approach.4.Kanban This methodology is based on stage and passing the task concept. The project manager defines the stages for the team members according to their efficiency. When the team members complete their duties, they mark it done and forward to the next stage to another member. Visual cards are utilized to denote task completion. You can visualize the workflow efficiency and know the area of improvements.5.PERT PERT is a short name for Project Evaluation Review Technique. Many development firms and manufacturing companies follow this approach. Time is a vital element in this method. Every task is identified with the required time limit and then needs to be completed within a set time frame. It helps the project manager to analyse the required budget after time and resource estimation.6.PRINCE2PRINCE is an acronym for Projects IN Controlled Environments. It was developed in 1980 and after getting updated in 1996, it is called as PRINCE2. Previously, government sectors were using this methodology and later on private sectors also adopted it. It emphasizes clear step planning, business scope, cost analysis, and risk mitigation. The core business plan is broken into small plans to achieve speed and efficiency in the tasks.7.Extreme Programming (XP)This methodology shares some traits with the Agile methodology as it is also working on short cycle delivery of the projects. The cycles are organized and defined daily or weekly as per the requirements. It overall improves the quality of process and project and reduces the time. The aim of utilizing this method is to bring the client satisfaction which helps the sustainable growth of any organization.8.AdaptiveWell-understood by its name, the Adaptive methodology is a solution to the problems faced in traditional methodologies. It is hard to analyze all the requirements at the beginning of the project. As the project starts and comes into different phases, some of its requirement changes. Traditional approaches do not allow us to implement new changes in the midway of the project. The adaptive framework allows adopting as much as the changes continuously throughout the process.9.CrystalThis approach is a family of all approach which strongly focuses on the communication between team members to create the most optimized project solution. According to crystal methodology, team communication is a necessary aspect and one should follow it to focus on skill sets rather than tools. Projects are unique and have unique requirements too, so why not we use unique minds in development.10.Critical chainA Critical chain is a combination of PERT and critical path methodology. It uses rigidness of PERT and task order from critical path approach. Project managers use planning methods to assign goals and resources to execute the tasks which makes it faster by 10% to 50% than other traditional approaches. Final NoteEvery business must adopt popular project management methodologies by analyzing their project requirements and resource availability. All these methodologies help us to simplify our tasks and provides a smooth workflow to achieve business goals.Hope you liked the post. Do share your views in the comment section. Also, let us know about your favorite methodology. All the best!!
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Top 10 Project Management Methods, Approaches, and Techniques

29K
  • by Ashley Marsh
  • 20th Dec, 2018
  • Last updated on 15th Jan, 2019
  • 12 mins read
Top 10 Project Management Methods, Approaches, and Techniques

The goal of any business is to seek self-sufficient growth and so are the IT businesses. With the increasing technical needs, the IT industry is focusing on improvement for all type of internal processes such as – project management, strategic planning, and implementation of resources. The backbone of an IT business is ‘project’.

From business objectives to resource planning, roadmaps to budget allocation – the whole team focuses on everything related to their project. Project managers and business analysts try day and night to find successful project methodologies.

In this post, we have tried to put forward How to pick Project Management Methods for success

Let’s get started –

1.Agile 

It is most widely used, highly flexible, and value-centered methodology. The project manager sets milestones to divide the project and ask client feedback on every milestone delivery. The changes can be made as per the client’s requirement. The milestones are called sprints which means short delivery cycles. In-house development teams are fond of this methodology because of its transparency, flexibility, and real-time communication.

2.Scrum 

This methodology is based on the Agile framework, as it uses sprints, the objective of scrum approach is to deliver the project in a shorter time because it deals with the proper planning and requirement analysis at the very beginning of the project, which reduces the chance of changes and delay. Agile needs a lot of communication and feedback with the client side. In fact, it’s a development by two sides (development team and client).

3.Waterfall 

Waterfall

 

Waterfall methodology is more like a traditional approach as it consists of fixed stages – idea – design- implementation- testing- maintenance. The linear approach is somehow lengthy but good for many industries. The project stages of waterfall methodology are performed one by one sequentially after successful completion of the previous stage. Each step is reviewed and verified thoroughly to proceed to another step. It’s a self-explanatory approach.

4.Kanban 

This methodology is based on stage and passing the task concept. The project manager defines the stages for the team members according to their efficiency. When the team members complete their duties, they mark it done and forward to the next stage to another member. Visual cards are utilized to denote task completion. You can visualize the workflow efficiency and know the area of improvements.

5.PERT 

PERT is a short name for Project Evaluation Review Technique. Many development firms and manufacturing companies follow this approach. Time is a vital element in this method. Every task is identified with the required time limit and then needs to be completed within a set time frame. It helps the project manager to analyse the required budget after time and resource estimation.

6.PRINCE2

PRINCE is an acronym for Projects IN Controlled Environments. It was developed in 1980 and after getting updated in 1996, it is called as PRINCE2. Previously, government sectors were using this methodology and later on private sectors also adopted it. It emphasizes clear step planning, business scope, cost analysis, and risk mitigation. The core business plan is broken into small plans to achieve speed and efficiency in the tasks.

7.Extreme Programming (XP)

Extreme programming


This methodology shares some traits with the Agile methodology as it is also working on short cycle delivery of the projects. The cycles are organized and defined daily or weekly as per the requirements. It overall improves the quality of process and project and reduces the time. The aim of utilizing this method is to bring the client satisfaction which helps the sustainable growth of any organization.

8.Adaptive

Well-understood by its name, the Adaptive methodology is a solution to the problems faced in traditional methodologies. It is hard to analyze all the requirements at the beginning of the project. As the project starts and comes into different phases, some of its requirement changes. Traditional approaches do not allow us to implement new changes in the midway of the project. The adaptive framework allows adopting as much as the changes continuously throughout the process.

9.Crystal

This approach is a family of all approach which strongly focuses on the communication between team members to create the most optimized project solution. According to crystal methodology, team communication is a necessary aspect and one should follow it to focus on skill sets rather than tools. Projects are unique and have unique requirements too, so why not we use unique minds in development.

10.Critical chain

A Critical chain is a combination of PERT and critical path methodology. It uses rigidness of PERT and task order from critical path approach. Project managers use planning methods to assign goals and resources to execute the tasks which makes it faster by 10% to 50% than other traditional approaches. 



Final Note

Every business must adopt popular project management methodologies by analyzing their project requirements and resource availability. All these methodologies help us to simplify our tasks and provides a smooth workflow to achieve business goals.

Hope you liked the post. Do share your views in the comment section. Also, let us know about your favorite methodology. All the best!!

Ashley

Ashley Marsh

Blog Author

Ashley Marsh is a Senior- Content Writer at Maan Softwares Inc.  She has been with this company for past four years. She is specialized in the technical writing genre especially in mobile development, web design, and, latest technologies. According to her, it has been a great exposure for her as each day the technology is updating itself resulting in new ideas that keep her fresh daily.

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