A career path in the field of Data Science can be explained in the following ways:
Business Intelligence Analyst: A Business Intelligence Analyst does the analysis of data in order to figure out how the business works and how it can be affected by market trends.
Data Mining Engineer: A Data Mining Engineer is an individual who has the job of examining the data for the needs of the business. He needs to create sophisticated algorithms that further aid in the analysis of data.
Data Architect: The role of Data Architect is to work with database administrators and analysts to secure easy access to company data.
Data Scientist: The main responsibility of a Data Scientist is to pursue a business case by analysis, development of hypotheses as well as the development of an understanding of data, so as to explore patterns from the given data.
Senior Data Scientist: A Senior Data Scientist is tasked with the anticipation of business needs in the future and shaping the projects, systems and data analyses of today to suit those business needs in the future.