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Purpose of Sprint Backlog in Scrum: Ultimate Guide

19th Feb, 2024
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    Purpose of Sprint Backlog in Scrum: Ultimate Guide

    The sprint backlog is a crucial aspect of the Scrum methodology. Its primary function is to outline the tasks the development team has committed to achieving within the sprint in order of priority.

    The development team handles managing and monitoring the sprint backlog, which allows them to keep track of their progress and make necessary adjustments throughout the sprint. 

    In this guide, we will discuss the purpose of sprint backlog in Scrum, how it is created and managed, and the benefits it provides to the team and the project. To understand the different concepts of scrum framework, you have to become an exceptional scrum master. Our CSM Certification Training will help you upskill in becoming a good scrum master.

    Purpose of Sprint Backlog in Scrum Framework

    The Sprint Backlog is an essential component of the Scrum framework, which is used to manage the work that needs to be done during a sprint. The Sprint Backlog is a prioritized list of items the team has committed to completing during the sprint.

    The functionality forecasts the team's deliverable task at the end of the sprint and its work to provide that functionality. The Sprint Backlog is owned and maintained by the development team and is used to track progress and manage the work during the sprint.

    The team uses the Sprint Backlog to ensure that the work is focused on delivering the most valuable functionality to the customer and that the work is completed on time and within the sprint's scope. 

    1. Facilitate team discussion

    • Encourage participation: Create a comfortable and open environment where team members can speak and share their thoughts. 
    • Encourage active listening: Team members must listen to one another and respond to what others have said constructively and respectfully. 
    • Set ground rules: Establish ground rules for discussion, such as no interruptions or put-downs, to ensure that the discussion remains respectful and productive. 
    • Encourage brainstorming: Encourage team members to share their ideas, even if they seem unconventional or unrealistic. 
    • Encourage diversity of opinion: Encourage team members to express different perspectives and ideas. This can lead to a more creative and innovative solution. 
    • Keep discussion on track: Make sure that the discussion stays on topic and is focused on something other than unrelated issues. 
    • Encourage follow-up: Encourage team members to follow up on any action items or decisions that come out of the discussion. 

    Summarize and document the key points and decisions made during the discussion, and document them for future reference. 

    2. Provide a single source of truth for the team’s planned work

    A single source of truth (SSOT) is a central repository of information used to ensure that all team members have access to the same accurate and up-to-date information.

    An SSOT can provide a clear and comprehensive view of the team's planned work, including the scope, timelines, and deliverables.

    You can achieve this by using a project management tool that allows team members to access, update, and share information in real time.

    Some examples of tools that the team can use to create an SSOT for planned work include 

    • Project management software: Tools such as Asana, Trello, and Jira can create a central repository of information for planned work, including tasks, timelines, and deliverables. 
    • Collaboration tools: Microsoft Teams, Slack, and Google Workspace can create a central location for team members to share and access information, including planned work. 
    • Document management systems: Tools such as SharePoint and Google Drive can create a central repository for documents and other files related to planned work, making it easy for team members to access and update information. 

    By providing a single source of truth for planned work, teams can ensure that everyone is working with the same information and that any changes or updates are made in real time, reducing confusion and increasing efficiency. 

    3. Make it easier to assign work

    There are several ways to make it easier to assign work to team members: 

    • Define clear roles and responsibilities: Define the roles and responsibilities of each team member so that it is easy to understand who handles what. 
    • Prioritize work: Focus on the work that needs to be done so that it is clear which tasks are the most important and which team members should work on them first. 
    • Use a project management tool: Use a project management tool to assign tasks, set deadlines, and track progress. Using a management tool will make it easy for team members to understand what work has been given and when it is due. 
    • Set clear guidelines for delegation: Establish clear guidelines for how tasks are delegated, who handles what, and how the team will track progress. 
    • Encourage team members to take ownership of their work: Encourage them to take ownership of their work so that they understand that they are responsible for completing their tasks on time and to the best of their ability. 
    • Communicate effectively: Communicate with team members to ensure that everyone is on the same page and that any questions or concerns are addressed. 
    • Review and adjust: Check the assignments and adapt them as needed to ensure that the team is progressing and that everyone works on tasks well suited to their skills and experience. 

    What are the Benefits of a Backlog?

    In Scrum, a sprint backlog is a collection of tasks that a development team has agreed to complete within a specific sprint. The benefits of sprint backlog in Scrum include the following: 

    • It helps to ensure that the team is focused on completing a specific set of tasks during the sprint, which helps to improve efficiency and productivity. 
    • It helps to ensure that the team is aligned on the goals and objectives of the sprint. 
    • It provides a clear understanding of the work that needs to be done during the sprint, which helps to improve communication and coordination within the team. 
    • It allows for easy tracking of progress during the sprint and adjustments to the plan as needed. 
    • It helps ensure that the team delivers working software at the end of each sprint. 
    • It helps keep the team focused on the sprint's goal rather than getting sidetracked by irrelevant tasks. 
    • It enables the team to be more responsive and adapt to changes in the project or market. 
    • It helps to ensure that the team delivers valuable and relevant increments of the product on each sprint. 

    What are the Effects of Sprint Backlog?

    The effects and importance of sprint backlog in the Scrum framework can include the following: 

    • Improved efficiency and productivity: By focusing on specific tasks during each sprint, the team can complete more work in a shorter period. 
    • Increased alignment and focus: By understanding the goals and objectives of the sprint, the team can stay aligned and focused on the work that needs to be done. 
    • Improved communication and coordination: A sprint backlog provides a clear understanding of the work that needs to be done, which can help enhance team communication and coordination. 
    • Increased flexibility and adaptability: A sprint backlog allows for easy tracking of progress and adjustments to the plan as needed, which can help the team be more responsive to changes in the project or market. 
    • Increased transparency and accountability: The sprint backlog makes it easy to track progress and measure performance, which can increase transparency and accountability within the team. 
    • Improved quality and customer satisfaction: The team can improve the product's quality and increase customer satisfaction by delivering working software at the end of each sprint. 
    • Better risk management: The team can identify and mitigate risks by breaking the work into smaller chunks. 
    • Increased stakeholder engagement: The sprint backlog makes it easy for stakeholders to understand the team's progress and priorities, which can increase engagement and buy-in. 

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    How do you Manage Backlog Effectively?

    Managing a sprint backlog in Scrum involves several key steps: 

    1. Prioritize the backlog: Focus on the items based on their value to the project and the team's capacity to complete them. This ensures that the most critical work is done first and that the team is well-rested. 
    2. Break down the work: Break down large items in the backlog into smaller, more manageable tasks. This helps ensure the team can understand and complete the work. 
    3. Assign tasks to team members: Assign tasks to specific team members based on their skills, expertise, and availability, ensuring that the work is completed. 
    4. Track progress: Use tools like burndown charts to track progress on the sprint backlog. Tracking helps ensure the team is on track to meet its goals and objectives. 
    5. Communicate with stakeholders: To keep them informed of the team's progress and any changes to the sprint backlog. Communication helps ensure that stakeholders are engaged and their needs are met. 
    6. Reflect and adapt: Hold regular retrospectives to reflect on the team's performance and identify areas for improvement. Use this feedback to adapt and adjust the sprint backlog as needed. 
    7. Update the backlog: Ensure that the backlog is updated and refined during each sprint. It helps to ensure that the backlog is up-to-date and relevant. 
    8. Empower team members: Encourage them to take ownership of the sprint backlog and make decisions about the items in it. It helps to ensure that the team works together and that everyone focuses on delivering value to the customer. 


    The sprint backlog is vital in Scrum and Agile project management. It acts as a dynamic list of tasks and goals to be achieved during a sprint, owned and managed by the development team for planning and organization.

    The sprint backlog also enables the team to focus on priority tasks, track progress, and make necessary adjustments to meet the sprint goal. Having a good grasp on the sprint backlog is essential for any team implementing Scrum and aiming for success in Agile project management

    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

    1How does a Scrum team know when a backlog item is done?

    A Scrum team knows that a backlog item is "done" when it meets the definition of done established by the group, which should be specific, measurable, and verifiable. This definition includes requirements met, testing, integration, review by the Product Owner, and readiness for deployment.  

    2What is the purpose of sprint backlog in the Scrum framework?

    The purpose of sprint backlog is to serve as a clear and prioritized list of tasks that the development team is committed to completing within a sprint.

    3What is the benefit of a backlog in Agile?

    A backlog in Agile allows for the prioritization of work based on its value to the project, ensuring that the most critical tasks are completed first and providing a clear understanding of the project's scope and what work needs to be done to achieve it. 

    4What is backlog creation in Scrum?

    Backlog creation in Scrum refers to identifying, defining, and prioritizing the achievable work in a project and adding it to a backlog. The Product Owner usually leads this process, which involves input from the development team and other stakeholders. The backlog is a living document updated and refined throughout the project. 


    Lindy Quick

    Blog Author

    Lindy Quick, SPCT, is a dynamic Transformation Architect and Senior Business Agility Consultant with a proven track record of success in driving agile transformations. With expertise in multiple agile frameworks, including SAFe, Scrum, and Kanban, Lindy has led impactful transformations across diverse industries such as manufacturing, defense, insurance/financial, and federal government. Lindy's exceptional communication, leadership, and problem-solving skills have earned her a reputation as a trusted advisor. Currently associated with KnowledgeHut and upGrad, Lindy fosters Lean-Agile principles and mindset through coaching, training, and successful execution of transformations. With a passion for effective value delivery, Lindy is a sought-after expert in the field.

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