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Top 5 Front End Programming Languages

05th Sep, 2023
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Top 5 Front End Programming Languages

you use. They are used to develop user interfaces of websites. Hence, it becomes important to design user-friendly front-ends. Have you ever thought about what could be the best front-end programming language that developers would prefer over a list of programming languages for front-end development? This article will discuss some of the best front-end programming languages. If you are new to front-end programming, we recommend enrolling in our front-end developer course.

What is Front-End Development?

Developing user interfaces using front-end programming languages or frameworks for web applications is referred to as front-end development. The word “front” stems from the concept that web development may be separated into two major categories: front end and back end. When you launch websites, online applications, or mobile apps, front-end developers create the structure, design, behavior, and movement of everything you see on the screen. The front-end is also known as the "client-side," which refers to the browser and how the user interacts.

Front-end developers build code that the browser reads and then renders the page to match the design. The back-end (server-side) is where persistent data is stored, such as bank account information, cricket player statistics, etc. While back-end developers can transmit whole webpage content to the client to be displayed for the user, many front-end developers do the rendering themselves. This implies that they’d only get data from the backend. The Backend includes the logic of data retrieval and processing. For instance, the Django framework is a Backend framework that provides data to the front end, for instance, React, which is then displayed to the user. The Front End developer's code would use this information to render the page differently to reflect the new (or updated) information.

If you "like" another person's remark or post on a social network, the Front End developer may have created code that alerts the backend that the poster's comment has earned another like, thus boosting the "like" count in the server's database. On the server's end, the information is updated. Still, the front-end developer's code may also put a new number or icon next to the poster's remark to signal that the information has changed. This may get rather complicated, especially when dealing with multiplayer games on the internet and all of the data that is carried back and forth, but the example above should suffice.

Front-end web developers deal with a variety of technologies, but the essential three that all current front-end web developers should know are HTML5, CSS, and Javascript. Some will also be familiar with backend languages such as PHP, Ruby, or Python. Still, thanks to new technology, they may also utilize JavaScript on the backend (look up NodeJS for more info). Many people are also familiar with WordPress and design software such as Photoshop or Gimp. A Front End developer must write code that renders and behaves consistently from browser to browser and device to device, ensure that the user experience is relatively pleasant regardless of screen size, and stay up to date on the latest innovative technologies, standards, and best practices in the industry, and grasp important design concepts such as User Interface/User Experience design.

(UI/UX) while they may not be able to grasp these principles to the same degree as a full-time designer, they must have a solid basis in them. A Front End developer must also ensure that photos are not overused on the website, as they are the biggest assets. There are design choices instead of constantly assuming that you must add a picture. However, if you add photos, you must know how to compress and optimize them sufficiently so that you do not give the user needlessly huge files, slow download times, use user data, or drain the battery of a user's phone or iPad. 

Front-end development has evolved into a full-fledged software development position. It used to be synonymous with "designer who can code" (mainly HTML, CSS, and a smattering of JavaScript), but it's now much more. It's only becoming more complicated. 

Let us now discuss the front-end programming languages list:

Top 5 Front-End Programming 


Hyper Text Markup Language is the abbreviation for Hyper Text Markup Language. The term "hypertext" refers to what we currently refer to as "links." It's normally in a file with the.htm or.html extension. HTML is a text-based framework for describing how a web page should appear and what it should say. That is a simple explanation, and it was correct when HTML and the web as we know it today were young. Other languages, such as Javascript and CSS (Cascading Style Sheets), are being used to affect how HTML works. 


  • Easy to learn for beginners as it does not involve complex programming errors. 
  • It can run on any browser. 
  • Does not require any additional setup before usage. 
  • It is free to use. 


  • Does not support logical operations like addition, subtraction, bitwise operations, etc., and requires additional programming languages like JavaScript for the same. 
  • Does not support a good graphical interface and requires CSS for this.  


CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheet and is a stylesheet language used to express the presentational semantics of a document written in a markup language like HTML. More precisely, it assists you as a developer make your website look as you want it to look. 


  • Support graphics development. 
  • Add text formatting options to enhance our content. 
  • Easy to use and maintain. 


  • It can get disturbed when switching from one browser to another. For instance, a CSS block may perform differently on another browser, and you might need to figure out the best configuration to support all the browsers. 
  • CSS, CSS2, and CSS3 have different specifications, making it difficult to switch versions. 


JavaScript is a popular programming language for web development. Netscape created it to let users add dynamic and interactive features to their websites. While Java influences JavaScript, its syntax is more akin to C and is based on ECMAScript, a Sun Microsystems scripting language. JavaScript is a client-side scripting language, implying that the client’s web browser interprets the source code rather than the web server. This implies that JavaScript functions can be executed after loading a web page without contacting the server. 


  • It is not a class-based object oriented language but has ways to implement object-oriented programming where we can create classes and objects for better performance of our apps. 
  • Supports logical operations like user authentication, database connection, and communication with APIs 
  • Available for both client and server sides. 
  • Can interact with CSS and HTML to make them logically work. 


  • It is not type safe by default and can create bugs in production servers. 
  • We need to enable it first one some browsers before using it.


ReactJS is a free, open-source JavaScript library for building user interfaces, particularly single-page applications. It's a website or web application that interacts with users by dynamically rewriting the current web page with fresh data from the web server. In the classic sense, ReactJS isn't a framework. It's a library designed by Facebook to solve some of our challenges while designing user interface components. 


  • Supports JSX syntax to describe the appearance of the user interface. 
  • Supports efficient ways to transfer data between components. 
  • It has a component-based approach which makes it easy to manage our application. 
  • Supports virtual DOM.  


  • Constantly evolving makes it difficult for developers to adapt to new features.
  • Requires additional setup. 
  • Does not have rich documentation. 

Vue JS

Vue.js is a popular open-source JavaScript framework that is both strong and adaptable. It has been updated and maintained by a core team of experienced developers from big corporations, as well as a huge and expanding worldwide community. 


  • Easily integrate with other frameworks. 
  • Supports two-way binding, which explains the link between model data changes and the user interface (UI), with bound components having data that may be updated regularly. 
  • Supports Virtual DOM.  


  • Not highly scalable, hence not recommended for large-scale projects. 
  • Fewer plugins compared to React or Angular. 

Advantages of Front-End Development


An advantage of adopting a framework for front-end development is that the coding is completely secure. You never have to worry about your site not working on any browser. There is nothing like data-stealing on the front-end side. Therefore, we need not worry about encryption and data hiding techniques. 

Easy to Learn, Use, and Scale Technologies 

Most recent front-end frameworks and technologies have gone through the most rigorous recurrences. As a result, they provide highly user-friendly building layers that are simple to understand and learn. There is a large availability of open source templates and components that we can use in our apps. This avoids us from writing basic templates again and again. 

Real-time Programming and live servers 

The developer may now monitor the changes in the browser without concern of losing the application's state or having to load the browser pages many times. 

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Web development may be separated into two major categories: front and back. We discussed the top 5 front-end languages. We first discussed the introduction of front-end languages along with their advantages. Later, we selected the top 5 languages and saw their details, advantages, and disadvantages. So, if the backend also interests you, we suggest you check out our best full-stack developer course to become a full-stack developer and build a full-fledged website.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1What languages are used for the front end?

Developers use several front-end languages to make robust, interactive, and attractive user interfaces. Some popular front-end languages used are: 

HTML, CSS, JavaScript, React, Vue, Angular, jQuery.

2Which front-end technology is best?

The usage of front-end technology varies with use cases. However, React is used by millions of developers worldwide and has rich community and plugin support. 

3Which is the best front-end programming language?

Typescript is best suited for front-end programming as it supports object-oriented design, strict typing, and other rich features. It also supports JSX and has the ability to save model mutability. 

4Is JavaScript a front-end language?

JavaScript can be used both on frontend and backend language. On the backend, it is usually referred to as Node.js. Node.js is an open source cross-platform runtime environment that executes JS code outside the browser.

5Is PHP a front-end language?

PHP is a backend programming language. However, PHP can still be used to perform client-side rendering of codes. 


Simran Kaur Arora

Trainer & Consultant

Experienced Senior Content Developer with a demonstrated history of working in the computer software industry. Enthusiastic and dedicated person in the field of Computer Science. Skilled at my work area and believe in working with passion and work ethics. Have a good understanding of programming languages, operating systems, and databases. I have good communication skills and interested in staying updated with technology and learning new things.

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