you use. They are used to develop user interfaces of websites. Hence, it becomes important to design user-friendly front-ends. Have you ever thought about what could be the best front-end programming language that developers would prefer over a list of programming languages for front-end development? This article will discuss some of the best front-end programming languages. If you are new to front-end programming, we recommend enrolling in our front-end developer course.
What is Front-End Development?
Developing user interfaces using front-end programming languages or frameworks for web applications is referred to as front-end development. The word “front” stems from the concept that web development may be separated into two major categories: front end and back end. When you launch websites, online applications, or mobile apps, front-end developers create the structure, design, behavior, and movement of everything you see on the screen. The front-end is also known as the "client-side," which refers to the browser and how the user interacts.
Front-end developers build code that the browser reads and then renders the page to match the design. The back-end (server-side) is where persistent data is stored, such as bank account information, cricket player statistics, etc. While back-end developers can transmit whole webpage content to the client to be displayed for the user, many front-end developers do the rendering themselves. This implies that they’d only get data from the backend. The Backend includes the logic of data retrieval and processing. For instance, the Django framework is a Backend framework that provides data to the front end, for instance, React, which is then displayed to the user. The Front End developer's code would use this information to render the page differently to reflect the new (or updated) information.
If you "like" another person's remark or post on a social network, the Front End developer may have created code that alerts the backend that the poster's comment has earned another like, thus boosting the "like" count in the server's database. On the server's end, the information is updated. Still, the front-end developer's code may also put a new number or icon next to the poster's remark to signal that the information has changed. This may get rather complicated, especially when dealing with multiplayer games on the internet and all of the data that is carried back and forth, but the example above should suffice.
(UI/UX) while they may not be able to grasp these principles to the same degree as a full-time designer, they must have a solid basis in them. A Front End developer must also ensure that photos are not overused on the website, as they are the biggest assets. There are design choices instead of constantly assuming that you must add a picture. However, if you add photos, you must know how to compress and optimize them sufficiently so that you do not give the user needlessly huge files, slow download times, use user data, or drain the battery of a user's phone or iPad.
Let us now discuss the front-end programming languages list:
Top 5 Front-End Programming
- Easy to learn for beginners as it does not involve complex programming errors.
- It can run on any browser.
- Does not require any additional setup before usage.
- It is free to use.
- Does not support a good graphical interface and requires CSS for this.
CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheet and is a stylesheet language used to express the presentational semantics of a document written in a markup language like HTML. More precisely, it assists you as a developer make your website look as you want it to look.
- Support graphics development.
- Add text formatting options to enhance our content.
- Easy to use and maintain.
- It can get disturbed when switching from one browser to another. For instance, a CSS block may perform differently on another browser, and you might need to figure out the best configuration to support all the browsers.
- CSS, CSS2, and CSS3 have different specifications, making it difficult to switch versions.
- It is not a class-based object oriented language but has ways to implement object-oriented programming where we can create classes and objects for better performance of our apps.
- Supports logical operations like user authentication, database connection, and communication with APIs
- Available for both client and server sides.
- Can interact with CSS and HTML to make them logically work.
- It is not type safe by default and can create bugs in production servers.
- We need to enable it first one some browsers before using it.
- Supports JSX syntax to describe the appearance of the user interface.
- Supports efficient ways to transfer data between components.
- It has a component-based approach which makes it easy to manage our application.
- Supports virtual DOM.
- Constantly evolving makes it difficult for developers to adapt to new features.
- Requires additional setup.
- Does not have rich documentation.
- Easily integrate with other frameworks.
- Supports two-way binding, which explains the link between model data changes and the user interface (UI), with bound components having data that may be updated regularly.
- Supports Virtual DOM.
- Not highly scalable, hence not recommended for large-scale projects.
- Fewer plugins compared to React or Angular.
Advantages of Front-End Development
An advantage of adopting a framework for front-end development is that the coding is completely secure. You never have to worry about your site not working on any browser. There is nothing like data-stealing on the front-end side. Therefore, we need not worry about encryption and data hiding techniques.
Easy to Learn, Use, and Scale Technologies
Most recent front-end frameworks and technologies have gone through the most rigorous recurrences. As a result, they provide highly user-friendly building layers that are simple to understand and learn. There is a large availability of open source templates and components that we can use in our apps. This avoids us from writing basic templates again and again.
Real-time Programming and live servers
The developer may now monitor the changes in the browser without concern of losing the application's state or having to load the browser pages many times.
Web development may be separated into two major categories: front and back. We discussed the top 5 front-end languages. We first discussed the introduction of front-end languages along with their advantages. Later, we selected the top 5 languages and saw their details, advantages, and disadvantages. So, if the backend also interests you, we suggest you check out our best full-stack developer course to become a full-stack developer and build a full-fledged website.