HomeBlogSecurityTypes of Information Systems: 6 Information System Types and Applications

Types of Information Systems: 6 Information System Types and Applications

17th Jan, 2024
view count loader
Read it in
13 Mins
In this article
    Types of Information Systems: 6 Information System Types and Applications

    The information system is a very vast concept that encompasses several aspects like database management, the communication system, various devices, several connections, the internet, collection, organization, and storing data and other information-related applications that are typically used in a business forum. Types of information systems and their applications make the operations of businesses smooth and accurate. Because of the change in information technology and its systems, many companies have incorporated these changes and implemented applications that are in accordance with the changing technology.

    The implementation of information technology has increased efficiency, accuracy, and timelines in a business atmosphere. Information system types are very beneficial for companies so that they can perform to their best abilities. To understand more about information system and its types in cyber security and their applications, you must take Cyber Security training course by and gain the required insights.

    What is Information Systems in Cyber Security?

    The collection of multiple information resources is called an information system. Information systems are necessary for maintaining cyber security so that the security of your data remains intact. These information resources can be in the form of Software, hardware, connections, computer system, system housing, computer system information, system users, etc. Types of information systems in business are used for gathering, storing, processing, and disseminating information.

    Information Security and Cybersecurit

    Various tools such as desktops, laptops, smartphones, databases, etc are examples of such information systems. In today's technologically advancing world, everyone relies upon some sort of information system to communicate and transfer data. Even if someone wants to talk to a friend or buy something online or search for something on the internet, all is done with some sort of information system.

    Many companies and business houses incorporate information systems to communicate and associate with their suppliers and customers, run the operations of the company, manage the whole process and maintain every single detail so that there remains no lacuna. Read along to know more about information systems, their types, and applications in recent times. 

    Different types of information systems in the business module have brought in various reactions among the processes that are interrelated and interdependent on each other. These information systems have helped companies to increase their profit and decrease costs and lead time. Therefore, it is very important to understand the importance of information systems and their applications so that you can implement them in a better way. 

    How Information Systems are Used in Cyber Security?

    Incorporating information systems is necessary for maintaining cyber security and eliminating risks of data theft. Information systems are implemented to maintain the efficiency of a company's information networks. It makes sure that the computerized resources and the operations of the online systems are functioning properly. Various information systems in an organization help identify any threat to the security of the data and networks so that it can safeguard the important data from the threat to cyber security. 

    If any vulnerability is found in the security system of a company then the information system with the help of a cyber security specialist resolves the problem and restores the security of the data systems. Enroll yourself for Ethical Hacking certification training to know more about the relationship between information systems and cyber security and how professionals implement information systems in cyber security. 

    3 Dimensions of Information System

    An information system comprises three major elements that are organization Management and technology. These are the combinations that make up the information system. Different types of information systems used in an organization represent the three dimensions of information system which are stated as follows:

    1. Organizational Dimension

    Information systems are an integral part of every organization. The procedure and culture that are followed in an organization will also be followed in an information system. A professional in the information system deals with it in the same manner as it deals with the organization. The organizational dimension of Information systems includes the following: 

    • Organizational hierarchy 
    • Business processes 
    • Organizational culture 
    • Functional specialties 
    • Some political interest groups 

    In today's time, the organizational dimension of the information system impacts a greater part of the company such as the objectives and goals of the company, the organizational structure, and the output. The internet and powerful computer software have played a major role in improving the accuracy and efficiency of information systems in an organization. Different kinds of information systems make the organization's processes more flexible. The organization and its information systems are interdependent on each other for present and future objectives. 

    2. Management Dimension

    Managers in a company set some organizational objectives and think of some strategies so that they can achieve those objectives. The management dimension deals with the objectives of the company and what are the steps and strategies to be taken to achieve those goals. The objectives can be both human and financial.  

    The management dimension of Information systems deals with the following aspects: 

    • Leadership and strategy 
    • Management and behavior 
    • Allocation of resources 
    • Coordination and the monitoring of work 
    • Involved in Decision-making 
    • Making new products and services 

    Management dimension helps to build a team so that they can put in collaborative efforts of achieving the organizational objectives. It includes both managerial strategies and daily operations and the managers seek periodic reports so that they can go through the strategies and operations of the organization. The report can be obtained through human resource systems and also through various other software systems. The prime objective of the managerial dimension is to achieve organizational objectives and keep up with the changing business environment. 

    3. Technology Dimension

    The technology dimension includes everything that is related to technology resources and that are required for the growth of a company. These may include computer software, hardware, different applications, the internet, and so on and so forth. All of these technologies represent the resources that come from the Information technology sector and are used in the business forum.

    The technology dimension of information systems consists of the following aspects: 

    • Software 
    • Computer hardware 
    • Data Management technology 
    • Telecommunication and networking technology 

    Managers in a company use these technological dimensions to keep up with the changing business atmosphere and still maintain the profits of the company. The information technology infrastructure provides the foundation for a company on which it can build the specific information systems that are important for every organization.

    6 Types of Information Systems in Cyber Security

    Information systems are an integral part of every organization especially for maintaining cyber security. There are different types of information systems in cyber security and each of them is equally useful in companies. The different types of information systems with examples are enumerated as follows: 

    1. Transaction Processing System (TPS)

    A transaction processing system is used to automate the process of collection, modification, and retrieval. The distinctive characteristics of this system are that it increases the reliability, continuity, and consistency of various business transactions and increases business performance. It helps companies to improve their daily performance and run their day-to-day operations hassle-free. 

    You will understand the applications of various information systems once you are well-versed in the types of information systems. The transaction processing system makes the collection, modification, and retrieval process very flexible and accurate so that the possibility of errors is diminished.

    2. Office Automation System (OAS)

    An office automation system is used for automating various administrative processes that are involved in an office. Automatic process of office transactions documenting and recording data is very important so that the possibility of errors is reduced and proper recording of transactions takes place. It is a part of the administrative process in an office and the office automation system helps it easier for the supervisors to look into these particular matters. 

    The different kinds of information systems focus on improving every aspect of an organization and the office automation system is one that focuses on the administrative process of a company. It is divided into clerical activities and managerial jobs and the business activities that are done under this information system are stated as follows: 

    • Word processing 
    • Voicemail 
    • E-mail 

    3. Knowledge Work System (KWS)

    A continuous flow of updated and new versions of knowledge is very important in every company. To maintain that all the organizations have different knowledge work systems. A knowledge work system integrates the knowledge and the work system of an organization so that a company can successfully work in a manner that is integrated with knowledge. 

    A knowledge work system also provides a lot of support to various professionals in a company so that new knowledge techniques and strategies can be implemented. These techniques may include group collaboration systems and artificial intelligence applications for sharing knowledge. 

    The following are the aspects of a knowledge work system: 

    • Computer-aided design systems are used to automate the designing process. 
    • Huge amounts of financial data are analyzed by the financial workstations using the knowledge work system. 
    • Graphics and virtual reality systems are used in knowledge work systems to present data. 

    4. Management Information System (MIS)

    Management information system helps a lot in favor of the managers as it automates many processes that are previously done with the help of manual or human resources. Various business activities such as tracking business performance, defining business workflow, making a business plan, decision making, and analysis are now done with the assistance of management information systems. It also provides accurate feedback to the managers after analyzing the roles and responsibilities of the team members. 

    A management information system is considered an important tool for managers because of the following reasons: 

    • A proper report of the organizational performance is generated. 
    • It increases the efficiency and productivity of the organization. 
    • It thrives on improvement and innovation. 
    • It provides assistance for planning and communication in business processes. 
    • The organization gains a competitive advantage. 

    5. Decision Support System (DSS)

    A decision support system helps to analyze the data and business performance so that proper and accurate decisions can be taken for the improvement of the business performance. It helps to automate the decision-making and problem-solving process of the company by analyzing the data and other information-related areas. A decision support system is also used by the managers in the time of advertising their business. 

    Generally, the decision support system analyzes the sales, revenue, and inventory of a company and generates reports accordingly. It is a famous information system used across many industries and companies to achieve efficiency and accuracy. 

    6. Executive Support System (ESS)

    An executive support system is generally used by the stakeholders of a company. The top-level executives use this information system for controlling the workflow and supervising the operations of the whole company. They also make important business decisions so that the company may grow further.  

    An executive support system has the following unique characteristics: 

    • It provides better telecommunication opportunities. 
    • The executives receive effective display options and better computing capabilities. 
    • The reports are based on textual information, static reports, and graphs.  
    • It helps to monitor the performances and direct the course of action.
    • It looks into the competitor's strategies and makes forecasts for future trends.

    What are the Main Applications of Information Technology?

    Information technology applications are applied to get the best and most accurate results. The following are the main applications of information technology:

    1. Information/ Data Storage

    When a company has good and accurate Information systems, it also needs a reliable space for storing the data and information. It should allow rapid access to the data when required, and the storage space should be cost-effective which can be more profitable for the company. A good information storage system also helps companies to keep a tab on the essential activities and store the valuable assets of the company. Properly storing data and business information allows companies to track the problems and roadblocks in their operations and get an idea of how to solve them. 

    2. Rolling Out New Products and Services

    Any company that wants to be completed in the business market should make better business decisions and incorporate new products and services in the market as per the needs and demands of the customers. The ever-increasing wants of the customers are what drive a business. Information systems help to keep track of the new business processes that may come into the market. Information systems assist companies in how they can design and introduce new products and services in the market. 

    3. Simplified Decision-making

    Decision-making is a very challenging and complex process. You can never know whether you are making an accurate decision or not. But Information systems help you to analyze and see the reports before coming to a decision. In a way, the information system has assisted the stakeholders of the company in making simple and better decisions. As it offers information easily and rapidly, it helps companies to make more confident decisions. 

    4. Improving Employee Behavior and Attitudes

    Information systems are used to have a better communication system between the employer and the employees. Companies can empower employees by providing them with a more accessible and reliable information system. The employees will feel they are important as they are a part of the decision-making process. The feeling of empowerment will boost the morale of the employees and they will be more committed to the company.

    Unlock Your Potential with ITIL V3 Foundation Certification - The Key to Success in the Digital Era! Enroll Today!

    Download Types of Information System PDF

    Information systems are important and you may want to keep a handy copy of what information systems and their types are. You can download a printable PDF of information systems and their type and keep it for yourself so that whenever you need to get the hang of it, you will get it with just a tap on your phone. Click here to download a printable copy of the types of information systems and their applications. 


    Information is what runs the business world nowadays and that is why information systems are one of the most integral parts of every company which cannot be neglected. It helps in cyber security and keeps your data safe. It constantly keeps a tab on the information and data that is received and stored so that data that cannot take place. If you want to pursue a career as a cyber security professional, we can help you start your career in this field. The KnowledgeHut Cyber Security training online helps you learn the necessary skills to become an expert and cyber security. Take the opportunity for yourself before someone else grabs the chance.

    Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

    1Is cyber security part of information systems?

    Cyber security is a particular information system focused on protecting electronic data. It devises certain measures so that unauthorized access to data can be restricted to keep the organizational data and systems secure.

    2What is the goal of information systems security?

    The three major goals of information system security are as follows: 

    1. Preventing the loss of availability of systems and data. 
    2. Preventing the loss of confidentiality of data and systems. 
    3. Preventing the loss of integrity of systems and data.
    3How does cybersecurity protect us?

    Cyber security protects us by keeping our confidential data safe and secure. It protects the integrity, availability, and confidentiality of various organizational networks, systems, and data from unauthorized accesses and Cybercrimes. 

    4Which course is best for cyber security?

    Various complete ethical hacking courses are the best for understanding and dealing with cyber security and the threats to cyber security.


    Vitesh Sharma

    Blog Author

    Vitesh Sharma, a distinguished Cyber Security expert with a wealth of experience exceeding 6 years in the Telecom & Networking Industry. Armed with a CCIE and CISA certification, Vitesh possesses expertise in MPLS, Wi-Fi Planning & Designing, High Availability, QoS, IPv6, and IP KPIs. With a robust background in evaluating and optimizing MPLS security for telecom giants, Vitesh has been instrumental in driving large service provider engagements, emphasizing planning, designing, assessment, and optimization. His experience spans prestigious organizations like Barclays, Protiviti, EY, PwC India, Tata Consultancy Services, and more. With a unique blend of technical prowess and management acumen, Vitesh remains at the forefront of ensuring secure and efficient networking solutions, solidifying his position as a notable figure in the cybersecurity landscape.

    Share This Article
    Ready to Master the Skills that Drive Your Career?

    Avail your free 1:1 mentorship session.

    Your Message (Optional)

    Upcoming Cyber Security Batches & Dates

    NameDateFeeKnow more
    Course advisor icon
    Course Advisor
    Whatsapp/Chat icon