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12 Principles Behind the Agile Manifesto

Long before Agile came into existence, almost everything was done by the waterfall method. Its rigidity ensured that projects were easy to manage, but that also translated to more time to actually get a product deployed. So, it often happened that by the time the end product was ready to be deployed, the business requirements would have changed, thus making the product redundant. By the start of the millennium, markets had become more volatile, requirements were changing rapidly, and customers wanted quick fixes and accommodation of their changing needs.  That’s when 17 engineers got together and decided to come up with a new approach to software development that would address these problems. They came up with principles and values that would guide iterative software development. This document came to be known as the Agile Manifesto.  The authors of the Agile Manifesto came out with 4 values and 12 principles in order to help the professionals understand it easily and put it into practice. The manifesto created an impact and changed the future of project management. AGILE ESSENTIALS ESSENTIALS INTRODUCTION Agile Essentials is a set of resources intended to bring you up to speed on the concepts and principles of Agile. The Agile Essentials provide an overview of Agile values, principles, concepts, vocabulary, terms and roles to provide an understanding of the breadth of Agile and how it differs from traditional project management practices. AGILE 101:  Agile Development is a set of methods, principles and practices where solutions are integrated through the collaboration of self-organizing, cross-functional Development teams.  Agile methods, values and principles provide guidance on how to create and respond to change, deal with uncertainty and ultimately succeed in an uncertain and tumultuous environment. AGILE MANIFESTO The Agile Manifesto is a brief document built on 4 values and 12 principles for agile software development.  It was the work of 17 software development practitioners and was published in February 2001 to address the increasing need for an alternative to heavyweight software development processes. AGILE GLOSSARY Agile teams have created their own agile terminology to manage all these principles and practices. The glossary consists of 50 Agile Terms. Reference: Check URL for the list of agile terminologies. THE 12 PRINCIPLES The Agile Manifesto drafts out 12 principles for agile development practices. These 12 principles highlight on continuous delivery of valuable software in sprints and attention to technical excellence. The continuous delivery will involve quick feedback from the customer which will help reduce changes at the last minute. THE SUBWAY MAP The Agile subway map is a list of Agile practices grouped under different categories.  It helps to map out a specific practice that could help a team solve its problems.  The below picture depicts practices that are interconnected, while the colors at the bottom indicate each category. HISTORY OF THE AGILE MANIFESTO The vital value of agile development is that it should deliver value faster, ensure quality and certainty, and offer greater aptitude to respond to changes that correspond to market expectations. At a time when industries were growing rapidly and market expectations were changing, software needs and expectations were also changing and becoming more demanding. Agile software development history dates back to when the Agile Manifesto was created and Agile came into existence. In early 2001, a group of 17 developers held the (now famous) two meetings -- the first in Oregon and the second in Snowbird, Utah -- to discuss issues and solutions to overcome existing software development methodologies that were making it difficult to respond quickly to change.  The group comprised of 17 individuals, including Kent Beck, Mike Beedle, Arie van Bennekum, Alistair Cockburn, Ward Cunningham, Martin Fowler, James Grenning, Jim Highsmith, Andrew Hunt, Ron Jeffries, Jon Kern, Brian Marick, Robert C. Martin, Steve Mellor, Ken Schwaber, Jeff Sutherland, and Dave Thomas. All scenarios led to propose a working session. The working session organized by Dave, Robert and Jim had two objectives. Each person in the meeting will present to the group his lightweight method approach to build any complex software. Discuss the flow of heavyweight methods and how to address the complexities arising in the project development life cycle.THE FOUR VALUES OF THE AGILE MANIFESTO The Agile Manifesto thus tabled has 4 foundational values and 12 supporting principles. These values and principles lead to the agile approach to software development.  Agile methodology applies 4 values in different ways and these values guide the development and delivery of high-quality, working software. The four Agile Manifesto values are as follows: Individuals and interactions over processes and tools Working software over comprehensive documentation Customer collaboration over contract negotiation Respond to change over following a plan INDIVIDUALS AND INTERACTIONS OVER PROCESSES AND TOOLS The Agile Manifesto values people higher than processes or tools because it is the people who respond to business needs and drive the development process. If the process or the tools drive development, the team is less responsive to change and less likely to meet customer needs. In case of individuals, communication flows and happens when a need arises. In the case of process, communication is designed and requires specific content. WORKING SOFTWARE OVER COMPREHENSIVE DOCUMENTATION Historically, a mammoth amount of time was spent on documenting the product for development and delivery. Technical specifications, requirements, prospectus, test plans, documentation plans, and interface design were the documents that were created which required lots of time. This mammoth list caused long delays in development. Agile does not eliminate documentation, but provides all the information that is required for the developer to complete the work without getting bogged down in finer points. CUSTOMER COLLABORATION OVER CONTRACT NEGOTIATION  Customers are involved in all the agile phases of the project. There is total transparency. The Traditional methodologies have customers negotiate before the project starts and the project ends. This results in wastage of both time and resources. In the agile development process customers are kept in the loop and information is provided to all stakeholders by the product owner; this ensures that the final product meets all the requirements as per the expectations of the client. RESPOND TO CHANGE OVER FOLLOWING A PLAN Changes should be avoided in Traditional software development as they are considered to be expensive. The intention was to develop elaborate plans, with a well-defined set of features. Higher priority features are developed first and the rest follow. Delivering in the order as prioritized by the product owner will help the team work on itemized sprints. With Agile, the iteration means priorities can be shifted from iteration to iteration and new features can be added into the next iteration as required. Agile accepts changes as they are ways to improve a project/product. THE TWELVE AGILE MANIFESTO PRINCIPLES The Twelve Agile Manifesto Principles are the guiding principles that are included under the title “The Agile Movement”. Agile Manifesto architecture demonstrates the movement’s intent as described by Alistair Cockburn, one of the signatories to the Agile Manifesto, which is to bring development into alignment with business needs. The twelve principles of agile development include: CUSTOMER SATISFACTION THROUGH EARLY AND CONTINUOUS SOFTWARE DELIVERY: Customers will be happy when the software is delivered early for testing and feedback and when they are kept in the loop about the progress, the implementations, and product developers acknowledge the delivery value by fulfilling their top priority requirements first. A completed Iteration has an outcome, a working code to respond to the ever-changing user requirements. ACCOMMODATE CHANGES EVEN LATE IN DEVELOPMENT: Agile methodology stresses on responding to change instead of staying strictly aligned to an approved plan as was the case in the traditional methodology. It is a simplified version of handling changes with no formal documentation or approval. The changes are integrated for the customer’s competitive advantage because it takes care of the market changes in the business to bolster your advantage to emerging opportunities. DELIVERING WORKING SOFTWARE FREQUENTLY: Provide immediate value to the customers by delivering features that are done. The development teams are wholly responsible for completion of sprints. They ensure that each feature developed is tested, and matches the customer’s requirements before it is delivered. The project team needs to focus on the delivery of value to the customer within a fixed delivery timeframe. BUSINESS PEOPLE AND DEVELOPERS WORK TOGETHER DAILY : Agile accepts changes in software development. It is hence important to clarify requirements on a timely basis to always keep all the team members notified and up-to-date during the development of the software. SUPPORT, TRUST AND MOTIVATE TEAM: Agile depends on focused, trusted, and motivated individuals to complete projects as per requirements of the client. Development teams have all the power to select the work they are most interested in by self-organization with no interference from the external management. FACE-TO-FACE CONVERSATION WITH DEVELOPMENT TEAM: Feedback via face-to-face interaction or video conference with development teams in different geographical locations is always encouraged as it assists in easy and smooth transfer of information amongst the members. WORKING SOFTWARE IS THE PRIMARY MEASURE OF PROGRESS: The only way to measure success factors is by delivering a working product that satisfies the customer’s needs. Delivering functional software to the customer is the ultimate way by which progress can be measured. AGILE PROCESSES TO SUPPORT A CONSISTENT DEVELOPMENT PACE: Teams establish the velocity rate at which they can deliver working software, and they follow the same process with each release. Agile methodology aims to keep the work-life balance of development teams and never burden them with huge amount of work, thus keeping them happy and motivated.  ATTENTION TO TECHNICAL EXCELLENCE AND DESIGN: The right technical skills and good design ensures the team can maintain the pace, constantly improve the product, and sustain market changes. SIMPLICITY: Focus on things that are important to add value to the project and customers. Develop the product as required and get the job done correctly. SELF-ORGANIZING TEAM ENCOURAGES GOOD ARCHITECTURE, REQUIREMENTS AND DESIGNS: In Scrum methodology, the team has overall control and is responsible for completing each sprint. The team performs in the best possible way needed to carry out the task. There is no interference of the project manager or from the human resources department. REGULAR REFLECTIONS ON HOW TO BECOME MORE EFFECTIVE: Self-improvement, process improvement, enhancing skills, and techniques help team members work more efficiently. It is imperative for Scrum teams to work and focus as a cognitive unit.  Working out new plans, checking requirements and adapting to changes will help the Scrum team to work more efficiently. THE GREAT AGILE DEBATE Agile development is a method based on iterative and incremental development. The requirements and solutions evolve in short sprint iterations through collaboration within self-organizing, cross-functional teams. The idea of the Agile method is to create a working software, compliant to change, and incorporate Face to Face interactions and collaboration over processes, tools or plans. It’s based on the principle of incremental delivery of the business value as quickly as possible through iterative development of software. The Agile Manifesto is the basis of the Agile practices, processes and principles etc used today. AGILE STRENGTHS:  It breaks tasks into small increments to allow the project to adapt and change quickly with the markets or client’s needs A project is developed in short iterations, or short time frames lasting from one to four weeks.  At the end of each iteration the agile approach allows teams to demonstrate the progress of the project to stakeholders; this ends the risk of bugs. Moreover, changes and additions can easily be adapted in each increment; this closely meets the client’s expectations. THE AGILE INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX The Agile community is now the Agile Industrial Complex.  It is that web of agile institutions, Agile thought leaders and Agile consulting firms that implicitly collude to make normal the very harmful and disrespectful imposition of Agile practices on teams without consent.  According to Martin Fowler agile had become mainstream in 2016. It is no longer exotic or frowned upon on, as in the early days. Growing agile industrial complex scenario: Organizations have spun the simple agile methodologies into complex industrial processes. This complex agile industrial has ballooned up and further used only for commercialization purposes. The agile-industrial complex trains people provide shiny certificates and pushes those people into consulting or managing positions. Focus on methodology: Every organization today focuses on agile methodologies for creating different products. This has resulted in the implementation of agile methodologies in organizations without any technical excellence of able and experienced engineers.  Focus on projects instead of products: Instead of connecting development team with clients and focusing on quality, the deadline and finishing of the project is prized or is given more importance. IS THE MANIFESTO STILL RELEVANT? The Agile Manifesto has made a profound effect on software development, even reaching beyond into the wider world of business. There’s ample evidence that the Agile Manifesto remains relevant in software development even today. The Agile Manifesto established some core elements of the best modern software development practices, which are still industry standard.  Examples of its influence include: Scrum:  A framework for small teams based on Agile Unified Process: A simplified version of The Unified Process (UP), or Unified Software Development Process Dynamic Systems Development:  An approach to project management and solution delivery Agile Alliance - Guide to Agile Practices: A collaboration between the Agile Alliance and PMI The emphasis on fast shipping had a major influence on changing the way physical goods are delivered around the globe.  WHAT DOES IT ALL MEAN? Agility means development with incremental approach, making small changes quickly, and learning from it through stakeholder feedback, making adjustments to our understanding of problems and repeating this many times. What to do: Find out and Plan the development incrementally within sprints. Initiate small steps towards your goal with quick deliveries. Adjust the understanding based on the feedback received. Lessons learnt should be implemented efficiently. Repeat all the steps. Below are a few simple steps that really describe what agile is all about.  Decide the goal to achieve. Perform small changes, test it, learn from it, adjust and repeat. Try to write code in agile way which is easy to change later. Implement small changes, get immediate feedback, initiate small iterations and make decisions that remove impediments for future changes as much as possible. Resolving problems using these basic agile principles, step by step at a time will ensure smooth transitions. The tools and methodologies will help to achieve agility. Avoid adding more processes.  Agile is a simple and fast way of learning and improving by taking small steps, one after the other. CONCLUSIONImplementation of agile values to the project development process promotes communication both horizontally and vertically throughout the organization. It enhances innovation through high-performance multidisciplinary development teams and enhances business value by involving the client throughout the incremental delivery process. Improved communication, teamwork, collaboration, and organizational change improve the business value of products during the preliminary stages and throughout the project development lifecycle stages. Below are the concluding thoughts about Agile implementation Agile was born to simplify the lives of software developers, testers, and organizations. Transition from plan-based approach to Agile should result in the reduction of management overhead and lessen the burden of formalities from the creative development team. Be mindful of eliminating the right column of Agile Manifesto i.e., processes, tools, documentation, contract negotiation and the plan.  Agile methodology leads to avoiding misconceptions and helps in creating complex products. 

12 Principles Behind the Agile Manifesto

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12 Principles Behind the Agile Manifesto

Long before Agile came into existence, almost everything was done by the waterfall method. Its rigidity ensured that projects were easy to manage, but that also translated to more time tactually get a product deployed. So, it often happened that by the time the end product was ready to be deployed, the business requirements would have changed, thus making the product redundant. 

By the start of the millenniummarkets had become more volatile, requirements were changing rapidly, and customers wanted quick fixes and accommodation of their changing needs.  That’s when 17 engineers got together and decided to come up with a new approach to software development that would address these problems. They came up with principles and values that would guide iterative software development. This document came to be known as the Agile Manifesto.  

The authors of the Agile Manifesto came out with 4 values and 12 principles in order to help the professionals understand it easily and put it into practice. The manifesto created an impact and changed the future of project management. 

AGILE ESSENTIALS 

ESSENTIALS INTRODUCTION 

Agile Essentials is a set of resources intended to bring you up to speed on the concepts and principles of Agile. The Agile Essentials provide an overview of Agile values, principles, concepts, vocabulary, terms and roles to provide an understanding of the breadth of Agile and how it differs from traditional project management practices. Agile Essentials

AGILE 101:  

  1. Agile Development is a set of methods, principles and practices where solutions are integrated through the collaboration of self-organizing, cross-functional Development teams.  
  2. Agile methods, values and principles provide guidance on how to create and respond to change, deal with uncertainty and ultimately succeed in an uncertain and tumultuous environment. 

AGILE MANIFESTO 

  1. The Agile Manifesto is a brief document built on 4 values and 12 principles for agile software development.  
  2. It was the work of 17 software development practitioners and was published in February 2001 to address the increasing need for an alternative to heavyweight software development processes. 

AGILE GLOSSARY 

Agile teams have created their own agile terminology to manage all these principles and practices. The glossary consists of 50 Agile Terms. 

Reference: Check URL for the list of agile terminologies. 

THE 12 PRINCIPLES 

The Agile Manifesto drafts out 12 principles for agile development practices. These 12 principles highlight on continuous delivery of valuable software in sprints and attention to technical excellence. The continuous delivery will involve quick feedback from the customer which will help reduce changes at the last minute. 

THE SUBWAY MAP 

  1. The Agile subway map is a list of Agile practices grouped under different categories.  
  2. It helps to map out a specific practice that could help a team solve its problems 

The below picture depicts practices that are interconnected, while the colors at the bottom indicate each category. 

SUBWAY MAP

HISTORY OF THE AGILE MANIFESTO 

The vital value of agile development is that it should deliver value faster, ensure quality and certainty, and offer greater aptitude to respond to changes that correspond to market expectations. At a time when industries were growing rapidly and market expectations were changingsoftware needs and expectations were also changing and becoming more demanding. Agile software development history dates back to when the Agile Manifesto was created and Agile came into existence. 

In early 2001, a group of 17 developers held the (now famous) two meetings -- the first in Oregon and the second in Snowbird, Utah -- to discuss issues and solutions to overcome existing software development methodologies that were making it difficult to respond quickly to change The group comprised of 17 individuals, including Kent Beck, Mike BeedleArie van Bennekum, Alistair Cockburn, Ward Cunningham, Martin Fowler, James Grenning, Jim Highsmith, Andrew Hunt, Ron Jeffries, Jon Kern, Brian Marick, Robert C. Martin, Steve Mellor, Ken Schwaber, Jeff Sutherland, and Dave Thomas. 

All scenarios led to propose a working session. The working session organized by Dave, Robert and Jim had two objectives. 

  1. Each person in the meeting will present to the group his lightweight method approach to build any complex software. 
  2. Discuss the flow of heavyweight methods and how to address the complexities arising in the project development life cycle.

THE FOUR VALUES OF THE AGILE MANIFESTO 

The Agile Manifesto thus tabled has 4 foundational values and 12 supporting principles. These values and principles lead to the agile approach to software development.  Agile methodology applies 4 values in different ways and these values guide the development and delivery of high-quality, working software. 

The four Agile Manifesto values are as follows: 

  1. Individuals and interactions over processes and tools 
  2. Working software over comprehensive documentation 
  3. Customer collaboration over contract negotiation 
  4. Respond to change over following a plan 

Agile Values

INDIVIDUALS AND INTERACTIONS OVER PROCESSES AND TOOLS 

The Agile Manifesto values people higher than processes or tools because it is the people who respond to business needs and drive the development process. If the process or the tools drive development, the team is less responsive to change and less likely to meet customer needs. In case of individuals, communication flows and happens when a need arises. In the case of process, communication is designed and requires specific content. Agile Values

WORKING SOFTWARE OVER COMPREHENSIVE DOCUMENTATION 

Historically, mammoth amount of time was spent on documenting the product for development and delivery. Technical specifications, requirements, prospectus, test plans, documentation plans, and interface design were the documents that were created which required lots of time. This mammoth list caused long delays in development. Agile does not eliminate documentation, but provides all the information that is required for the developer to complete the work without getting bogged down in finer points. 

Agile Values

CUSTOMER COLLABORATION OVER CONTRACT NEGOTIATION  

Customers are involved in all the agile phases of the project. There is total transparency. The Traditional methodologies have customers negotiate before the project starts and the project ends. This results in wastage of both time and resources. In the agile development process customers are kept in the loop and information is provided to all stakeholders by the product ownerthis ensures that the final product meets all the requirements as per the expectations of the client. Agile Values

RESPOND TO CHANGE OVER FOLLOWING A PLAN 

Changes should be avoided in Traditional software development as they are considered to be expensive. The intention was to develop elaborate plans, with a well-defined set of features. Higher priority features are developed first and the rest follow. Delivering in the order as prioritized by the product owner will help the team work on itemized sprints. 

With Agile, the iteration means priorities can be shifted from iteration to iteration and new features can be added into the next iteration as required. Agile accepts changes as they are ways to improve a project/product. agile Values

THE TWELVE AGILE MANIFESTO PRINCIPLES 

The Twelve Agile Manifesto Principles are the guiding principles that are included under the title The Agile MovementAgile Manifesto architecture demonstrates the movement’s intent as described by Alistair Cockburn, one of the signatories to the Agile Manifesto, which is to bring development into alignment with business needs. 

The twelve principles of agile development include: 

Agile 12 principles

  • CUSTOMER SATISFACTION THROUGH EARLY AND CONTINUOUS SOFTWARE DELIVERY: 

Customers will be happy when the software is delivered early for testing and feedback and when they are kept in the loop about the progress, the implementations, and product developers acknowledge the delivery value by fulfilling their top priority requirements first. A completed Iteration has an outcome, a working code to respond to the ever-changing user requirements. 

  • ACCOMMODATE CHANGES EVEN LATE IN DEVELOPMENT: 

Agile methodology stresses on responding to change instead of staying strictly aligned to an approved plan as was the case in the traditional methodology. It is a simplified version of handling changes with no formal documentation or approval. The changes are integrated for the customer’s competitive advantage because it takes care of the market changes in the business to bolster your advantage to emerging opportunities. 

  • DELIVERING WORKING SOFTWARE FREQUENTLY: 

Provide immediate value to the customers by delivering features that are done. The development teams are wholly responsible for completion of sprints. They ensure that each feature developed is tested, and matches the customer’s requirements before it is delivered. The project team needs to focus on the delivery of value to the customer within a fixed delivery timeframe. 

  • BUSINESS PEOPLE AND DEVELOPERS WORK TOGETHER DAILY : 

Agile accepts changes in software development. It is hence important to clarify requirements on a timely basis to always keep all the team members notified and up-to-date during the development of the software. 

  • SUPPORT, TRUST AND MOTIVATE TEAM: 

Agile depends on focused, trusted, and motivated individuals to complete projects as per requirements of the client. Development teams have all the power to select the work they are most interested in by self-organization with no interference from the external management. 

  • FACE-TO-FACE CONVERSATION WITH DEVELOPMENT TEAM: 

Feedback via face-to-face interaction or video conference with development teams in different geographical locations is always encouraged as it assists in easy and smooth transfer of information amongst the members. 

  • WORKING SOFTWARE IS THE PRIMARY MEASURE OF PROGRESS: 

The only way to measure success factors is by delivering a working product that satisfies the customer’s needsDelivering functional software to the customer is the ultimate way by which progress can be measured. 

  • AGILE PROCESSES TO SUPPORT A CONSISTENT DEVELOPMENT PACE: 

Teams establish the velocity rate at which they can deliver working software, and they follow the same process with each release. Agile methodology aims to keep the work-life balance of development teams and never burden them with huge amount of work, thus keeping them happy and motivated.  

  • ATTENTION TO TECHNICAL EXCELLENCE AND DESIGN: 

The right technical skills and good design ensures the team can maintain the pace, constantly improve the product, and sustain market changes. 

  • SIMPLICITY: 

Focus on things that are important to add value to the project and customers. Develop the product as required and get the job done correctly. 

  • SELF-ORGANIZING TEAM ENCOURAGES GOOD ARCHITECTURE, REQUIREMENTS AND DESIGNS: 

In Scrum methodology, the team has overall control and is responsible for completing each sprint. The team performs in the best possible way needed to carry out the task. There is no interference of the project manager or from the human resources department. 

  • REGULAR REFLECTIONS ON HOW TO BECOME MORE EFFECTIVE: 

Self-improvement, process improvement, enhancing skills, and techniques help team members work more efficiently. It is imperative for Scrum teams to work and focus as a cognitive unit.  Working out new plans, checking requirements and adapting to changes will help the Scrum team to work more efficiently. 

THE GREAT AGILE DEBATE 

Agile development is a method based on iterative and incremental development. The requirements and solutions evolve in short sprint iterations through collaboration within self-organizing, cross-functional teams. The idea of the Agile method is to create a working software, compliant to change, and incorporate Face to Face interactions and collaboration over processes, tools or plans. It’s based on the principle of incremental delivery of the business value as quickly as possible through iterative development of software. The Agile Manifesto is the basis of the Agile practices, processes and principles etc used today. 

AGILE STRENGTHS:  

  1. It breaks tasks into small increments to allow the project to adapt and change quickly with the markets or client’s needs 
  2. A project is developed in short iterations, or short time frames lasting from one to four weeks.  
  3. At the end of each iteration the agile approach allows teams to demonstrate the progress of the project to stakeholders; this ends the risk of bugs. 
  4. Moreover, changes and additions can easily be adapted in each increment; this closely meets the client’s expectations. 

THE AGILE INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX 

The Agile community is now the Agile Industrial Complex.  It is that web of agile institutions, Agile thought leaders and Agile consulting firms that implicitly collude to make normal the very harmful and disrespectful imposition of Agile practices on teams without consent.  

According to Martin Fowler agile had become mainstream in 2016. It is no longer exotic or frowned upon on, as in the early days. 

  1. Growing agile industrial complex scenario: Organizations have spun the simple agile methodologies into complex industrial processes. This complex agile industrial has ballooned up and further used only for commercialization purposes. The agile-industrial complex trains people provide shiny certificates and pushes those people into consulting or managing positions. 
  2. Focus on methodology: Every organization today focuses on agile methodologies for creating different products. This has resulted in the implementation of agile methodologies in organizations without any technical excellence of able and experienced engineers.  
  3. Focus on projects instead of products: Instead of connecting development team with clients and focusing on quality, the deadline and finishing of the project is prized or is given more importance. 

IS THE MANIFESTO STILL RELEVANT? 

The Agile Manifesto has made a profound effect on software development, even reaching beyond into the wider world of business. 

There’s ample evidence that the Agile Manifesto remains relevant in software development even today. The Agile Manifesto established some core elements of the best modern software development practices, which are still industry standard.  

Examples of its influence include: 

  1. Scrum:  A framework for small teams based on Agile 
  2. Unified Process: A simplified version of The Unified Process (UP), or Unified Software Development Process 
  3. Dynamic Systems Development:  An approach to project management and solution delivery 
  4. Agile Alliance - Guide to Agile Practices: A collaboration between the Agile Alliance and PMI 
  5. The emphasis on fast shipping had a major influence on changing the way physical goods are delivered around the globe.  

WHAT DOES IT ALL MEAN? 

Agility means development with incremental approach, making small changes quickly, and learning from it through stakeholder feedback, making adjustments to our understanding of problems and repeating this many times. 

What to do: 

  1. Find out and Plan the development incrementally within sprints. 
  2. Initiate small steps towards your goal with quick deliveries. 
  3. Adjust the understanding based on the feedback received. Lessons learnt should be implemented efficiently. 
  4. Repeat all the steps. 

Below are a few simple steps that really describe what agile is all about.  

  1. Decide the goal to achieve. Perform small changes, test it, learn from it, adjust and repeat. Try to write code in agile way which is easy to change later. 
  2. Implement small changes, get immediate feedback, initiate small iterations and make decisions that remove impediments for future changes as much as possible. 
  3. Resolving problems using these basic agile principles, step by step at a time will ensure smooth transitions. 
  4. The tools and methodologies will help to achieve agility. Avoid adding more processes 

Agile is a simple and fast way of learning and improving by taking small steps, one after the other. 

CONCLUSION

Implementation of agile values to the project development process promotes communication both horizontally and vertically throughout the organization. It enhances innovation through high-performance multidisciplinary development teams and enhances business value by involving the client throughout the incremental delivery process. 

Improved communication, teamwork, collaboration, and organizational change improve the business value of products during the preliminary stages and throughout the project development lifecycle stages. 

Below are the concluding thoughts about Agile implementation 

  • Agile was born to simplify the lives of software developers, testers, and organizations. 
  • Transition from plan-based approach to Agile should result in the reduction of management overhead and lessen the burden of formalities from the creative development team. 
  • Be mindful of eliminating the right column of Agile Manifesto i.e., processes, tools, documentation, contract negotiation and the plan.  
  • Agile methodology leads to avoiding misconceptions and helps in creating complex products. 
Rajesh

Rajesh Bhagia

Blog Author

Rajesh Bhagia is experienced campaigner in Lamp technologies and has 10 years of experience in Project Management. He has worked in Multinational companies and has handled small to very complex projects single-handedly. He started his career as Junior Programmer and has evolved in different positions including Project Manager of Projects in E-commerce Portals. Currently, he is handling one of the largest project in E-commerce Domain in MNC company which deals in nearly 9.5 million SKU's.

In his role as Project Manager at MNC company, Rajesh fosters an environment of teamwork and ensures that strategy is clearly defined while overseeing performance and maintaining morale. His strong communication and client service skills enhance his process-driven management philosophy.

Rajesh is a certified Zend Professional and has developed a flair for implementing PMP Knowledge Areas in daily work schedules. He has well understood the importance of these process and considers that using the knowledge Areas efficiently and correctly can turn projects to success. He also writes articles/blogs on Technology and Management

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Best Product Owner Certifications in 2021

The one person responsible for maximising the product value, representing the stakeholders, prioritizing the backlog, empowering the team, maintaining Agile and Scrum processes and defining the product vision—who is that one superstar on an Agile team who does all this? The Product Owner!Product Owner roles have seen a sharp rise in recent years. If you see yourself as a Product Owner, managing business and stakeholders, then it is prudent that you validate your skills with a Product Owner certification and set yourself up for career success.Product Owners with industry recognised credentials earn upwards of $105,845, significantly more than their peers who are not certified.Irrespective of whether you are a seasoned Product Owner or are just sinking your teeth into the world of Agile and Scrum, a credential in your toolkit will greatly enhance your career prospects. So, here’s a roundup of the most valued Product Owner certifications you can choose from and get ready for 2021.CSPO Certification Training Advanced Certified Scrum Product Owner℠ Training Professional Scrum Product Owner™ (PSPO™) Training PMI-ACP® Certification TrainingSAFe® Product Owner Product Manager1. CSPO Certification TrainingThe Certified Scrum Product Owner certification is an offering from Scrum Alliance. Among the most popular Product Owner certifications, this credential is a validation of your knowledge of Scrum, the scope of the Product Owner’s role and skill in maximizing value and the Scrum team’s work.CSPOs are in great demand across industries as they have the credibility to lead product development initiatives.Other benefits of the CSPO certification include:Training led by Scrum Alliance approved Certified Scrum Trainers® (CSTs)Get a 2-year membership with Scrum AllianceGain access to a number of local groups of Scrum users and social networksQualify for higher certifications such as the A-CSPO®Widen the scope of your career with the knowledge of popular Agile practices.Enhance your repertoire with in-demand Scrum skills and demonstrate your Scrum knowledge.Actively engage with the community of Agile practitioners dedicated to continuous Scrum practice and improvement.Create a better product by leading and implementing Scrum in the team.Define the product vision and direct team members to yield high value at the end.Ensure smooth communication between the stakeholders and team members.Earn higher salaries than your non-certified counterparts (USA: $105,845)Top companies hiring CSPO professionalsFidelity InvestmentsCapital One Financial CorpAmazon.comT-Mobile, IncAmerican ExpressSource: PayScaleWhere to take training for certificationThe training must be taken from a Certified Scrum Trainer (CST) or Registered Education Provider (REP) or a Certified Agile Coach of Scrum Alliance.Who should take the training for CSPO certification?This course can be taken by:Project Managers Developers Product Owners Managers-Software development Architects-Software development Product Managers Software developers Software testers Team leads/Team members interested in learning ScrumWho is eligible for the CSPO certification?There are no eligibility requirements for the CSPO certification.Duration to get CSPO certifiedAll participants need to attend the 2-day in-person or 14 hours live online CSPO training from a CST, at the end of which they will receive their credential. Course/Training fee for CSPO certificationThe course fee depends on the training provider and differs from region to region.In India: INR 24999  U.S: USD 1295Canada: CAD 1495Exam fee for CSPO certification: No exam needs to be taken in order to earn the CSPO credential. Attending a 2-day/14-hour course is mandated to earn the credential.Renewal fee for CSPO certification: $100, every 2 years2. Advanced Certified Scrum Product Owner℠ TrainingThe Advanced Certified Scrum Product Owner℠ (A-CSPO℠) credential is also offered by the Scrum Alliance, and as the name suggests is an advanced course to be pursued after gaining the CSPO. The A-CSPO validates your ability to manage multiple projects and stakeholders and deliver business value. A-CSPO being an advanced level certification is much sought after by organizations who want to hire professionals with advanced Product Owner abilities.Other benefits of the A-CSPO certification include:Training by Scrum Alliance approved Certified Scrum Trainers® (CSTs)2-year membership with Scrum AllianceAccess to a number of local groups of Scrum users and social networksGain enhanced Agile Scrum implementation skillsSet yourself apart from others in the marketplaceAs a highly trained Agile professional, show advanced value to your employerEarn high salaries - 111033 USD (average)Top companies hiring A-CSPO professionalsSAP LabsSalesforceAdobeWikispeedOracleVisteonGEBBCMicrosoftBarclaysRobert BoschWhere to take training for A-CSPO certification?The training must be led by a Certified Scrum Trainer (CST) and delivered by a Registered Education Provider (REP) or a Certified Agile Coach of Scrum Alliance.Who should take the training for A-CSPO certification?Professionals in the following job roles can take this course:Project ManagersDevelopersProduct OwnersManagers-Software developmentArchitects-Software developmentProduct ManagersSoftware developersSoftware testersTeam leads/Team members interested in learning ScrumWho is eligible for the A-CSPO certification?The A-CSPO requires the following eligibility:At least 12 months of work experience specific to the role of Product Owner (within the past five years) and an active CSPO credentialDuration to get A-CSPO certified: All participants need to attend the 2-day in-person or 14 hours live online A-CSPO training from a CST, at the end of which they will receive their credential.Course fee for A-CSPO certificationThe course fee depends on the training provider and differs from region to region.In India: INR 41999U.S.: Will be updated shortlyCanada: Will be updated shortlyExam fee for A-CSPO certification: No exam needs to be taken in order to earn the A-CSPO credential. Attending a 2-day/14-hour course along with the required experience is mandated to earn the credential.Renewal fee for A-CSPO certification: $175, every 2 years3. Professional Scrum Product Owner™ (PSPO™) TrainingProfessional Scrum Product Owner™ Level I (PSPO™) is a credential offered by the Scrum.org. While the certification does not require you to take a training, an assessment needs to be cleared in order to get certified. The PSPO is a reflection of your ability to maximise skills, enhance product value and use Agile perspectives to deliver successful products.The PSPO is highly regarded in the industry as it is a rigorous exam and is based on the objectives outlined in the Scrum Guide.   Other benefits of the PSPO certification include:Own the product visionMaximize your team’s ROIImprove business value and ROIMotivate and lead Agile teams and team membersValidate your commitment to continued excellence and qualityDemonstrate your proficiency in ScrumGrow your career in Scrum with confidence Ace your interviews and get noticed for promotions at your current jobCommand higher salaries than your non-certified peersBe part of a network of industry leaders and Agile professionalsGain a stepping stone for the advanced level Professional Scrum Product Owner™ II Certification (PSPO™ II)Get the PSPO I logo that you can use to identify your achievementGet your name listed on Scrum.orgEarn salaries in the range of $98,612Top companies hiring PSPO professionalsJ.P. Morgan Chase & Co. (JPMCC)Cisco Systems IncImproving EnterprisesUnitedHealth GroupBank of America Corp. (BOFA)Source: PayScaleWhere to take training for the PSPO certification: Take the training from Scrum.org’s Professional Training Network under the guidance of certified Professional Scrum Trainers (PSTs).Who should take the training for PSPO certification?This course can be taken by:Project ManagersDevelopersProduct OwnersManagers-Software developmentArchitects-Software developmentProduct ManagersSoftware developersSoftware testersTeam leads/Team members interested in learning ScrumLeadership Team Who is eligible for the PSPO certification?There are no eligibility requirements for the PSPO certification.Duration to get certified: If you opt for training, you will have to attend two days or 16 hours of PSPO™ I training under a Professional Scrum Trainer (PST). You will then receive a key to the PSPO™ I Assessment. Once you pass the Assessment, you are declared PSPO™ I certified and can download your certificate.Course fee for PSPO certificationThe course fee depends on the training provider and differs from region to region.In India: INR 25999  U.S.: USD 1299Canada: CAD 1499Exam fee for PSPO: $200 USD per attemptPSPO Exam DetailsExam Type: Closed book,Format: Multiple Choice, Multiple Answer and True/FalseDifficulty: IntermediateLanguage: English onlyTime limit: 60 minutesNumber of Questions: 80Passing score: 85%Retake fee for PSPO Exam: $200 USD for each re-take attempt. Participants of Scrum.org classes get free retakes if they take and fail the assessment within a certain time frame. Renewal for PSPO certification: Your PSPO certification has a lifetime validity and does not require renewal4. PMI-ACP® Certification TrainingThe Project Management Institute (PMI)® a world-renowned body known for its flagship project management credentials, now offers professionals a chance to hone their agile skills with the PMI- Agile Certified Practitioner (PMI-ACP)® credential. Its mandatory requirement of real-world Agile expertise and a thorough knowledge of Agile practices, tools and techniques means that holders of the PMI-ACP are Agile experts in every sense of the word.The PMI-ACP has huge demand in Agile organizations as it gives holders a 360-degree view of Agile and adds huge value to the skill set of a product owner.Other benefits of the PMI-ACP certification include:Helps you qualify for Agile jobs with expertise in Agile methods like Scrum, FDD, Kanban, etc. which are in demand in the industryEquips you with knowledge of various Agile methodsMakes you marketable as it opens doors to many project development methodologiesGain soft skills to manage your role eloquently  Earn more than your non-certified peers ($109,556)Top companies hiring PMI-ACP professionalsBooz, Allen, and HamiltonAccentureInternational Business Machines (IBM) Corp.Usaa InsuranceAmazon.com IncSource: PayScaleWhere to take training for the PMI-ACP certification: The training must be taken from an Authorized Training Partner (ATP) of PMIWho should take the training for PMI-ACP certification?This course can be taken by:Project ManagersProject PlannersQuality Assurance StaffDevelopers/ProgrammersDesigners, TestersProject ControllersProduct OwnersScrum MastersScrum Team MembersWho is eligible for the PMI-ACP certification?The PMI-ACP requires the following eligibility:Secondary degree21 contact hours of training in agile practices12 months of general project experience within the last 5 years. A current PMP® or PgMP® will satisfy this requirement but is not required to apply for the PMI-ACP.8 months of agile project experience within the last 3 yearsDuration to get certified: Once you complete the required training you must take time out to vigorously prepare for the exam. You then need to set the date and give the 3-hour exam. Once you pass the exam you may refer to yourself as a certification holder although your certificate package can take six to eight weeks to arrive in the mail.Course fee for PMI-ACP certification:The course fee depends on the training provider and differs from region to region.In India: INR 25999  U.S.: USD 1299Canada: CAD 1499Exam fee for PMI-ACP: $435 (for members), $495 (for non-members)PMI-ACP Exam Details:Exam Type: Closed book Format: Multiple Choice Difficulty: Intermediate Time limit: 3 hours Number of Questions: 120 of which 20 are considered pre-test questions and do not affect the score. Passing score: 85%Renewal for PMI-ACP certification: To maintain your PMI-ACP, you must earn 30 professional development units (PDUs) in agile topics every three years.5. Certified SAFe® Product Owner / Product Manager (SAFe® POPM)If scaling Scrum is your forte, then this is the right credential for you. This credential, an offering from the Scaled Agile, Inc., validates your product owner skills in delivering value by applying the principles of Lean to ensure Agile success at the enterprise scale, improving the Agile Release Train and ensuring customer satisfaction while improving bottom line margins.Considering that the Scaled Agile Framework is widely used in Agile organizations, there is a huge demand for SAFe POPM certified professionals, who can deliver continuous value at the enterprise level.Other benefits of the SAFe POPM certification include:Master key SAFe® product ownership/product management concepts like Lean Agile principles and valuesCollaborate with Agile teams to deliver valueMaster Program Increment PlanningOne-year membership to the SAFe Community PlatformOpen yourself upto new opportunitiesSAFe Product Owner/Product Manager (SPOPM) salary ranges from $83,865 to $124,613Access to Meetup groups and events that connect you with other Certified SAFe ProfessionalsTop companies hiring SAFe POPM professionalsBoschLockheed MartinPepsiCoAnthemCiscoStandard CharteredCapitalOneThalesFitBit  AstraZenecaSource: PayScaleWhere to take training for the SAFe POPM certification: The training must be taken from an authorized training partner of Scaled Agile, Inc. Who should take the training for SAFe POPM certification?This course can be taken by:Program or Project ManagersScrum MastersRelease Train EngineersBusiness AnalystsAgile CoachesSAFe Program ConsultantsDevelopment ManagersCTOsConsultantsArchitectsEngineersDirectorsProduct ManagersProduct OwnersDelivery ManagersSolution Train EngineersSoftware DevelopersWho is eligible for the SAFe POPM certification?The SAFe POPM requires the following eligibility:Two-day training from an authorized training provider of Scaled Agile Inc. Experience in Lean and AgileDuration to get certified: Once you complete the mandatory 2-day training you can set a date to take the 1.5 hrs SAFe POPM exam. On passing the exam, you become a Certified SAFe® 5 Product Owner / Product Manager. You will receive your SAFe®️ 5 Product Owner / Product Manager PDF Certificate and Digital Badge within 5-7 working days.Course fee for SAFe POPM certificationThe course fee depends on the training provider and differs from region to region.In India: INR 55999  U.S.: USD 1099Canada: CAD 1395Exam fee for SAFe POPM: First exam attempt is included as part of the course registration fee if the exam is taken within 30 days of course completion.SAFe POPM Exam DetailsExam Type: Closed book Format: Multiple choice, multiple response Difficulty: Intermediate Time limit: 1.5 hours Number of Questions: 45 Passing score: POPM4 = 35 out of 45 (77%); POPM5 = 33 out of 45 (73%)Retake fee for SAFe POPM Exam: Each retake costs $50Renewal for SAFe POPM certification: SAFe POPM needs to be renewed each year by paying a $100 fee and earning a minimum of 10 continuing education/outreach hours (PDUs).SummaryProduct Owners are the rock stars of an Agile team—confident, articulate, sharp, great communicators and problem solvers! A solid Product Owner certification along with these qualities can give your career a total makeover and make you a team favourite. 
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Best Product Owner Certifications in 2021

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Top Scrum Certifications of 2021

A question that plagues most entry-level or even mid-career Scrum professionals is: “is a Scrum credential really worth it?” The answer—it most definitely is! According to the Salary Survey of Scrum Professionals 2017-18 , even entry level professionals, with just one scrum certification, earn much more than their non-certified counterparts. Scrum certifications were also the most requested certifications in 2020 with the Certified ScrumMaster being most in demand, according to employment website Indeed.com. Employers are more than ever before, looking at hiring certified Scrum professionals, a fact validated by  Indeed.com’s survey, which places the CSM above the Project Management Professional (PMP)® credential in its list. So, you know how to future proof your career. Get a Scrum certification!  SourceHere’s a list of the top paying Scrum certifications that will help you in career progression, leverage this hiring demand in 2021-2022 and earn high salaries.CSMCSPOPSMA-CSMPSPOSAFe Scrum Master CertificationPMI-ACPScrum Master by Scrum Inc.™ Certification1. Certified ScrumMaster® (CSM®)  This entry-level Scrum credential from Scrum Alliance, is a great starting point for professionals who want to gain an understanding of Scrum team roles and responsibilities, Scrum events and Scrum artifacts.CSM Demand: CSM, was the 9th most-requested certification this year in the Indeed.com survey. With an average salary of approximately $120K per annum and 24% expected job growth rate in the next 3 years, CSM is indeed the gold standard for Scrum certifications.   Source: Certified Scrum Master (CSM) Schools & Reviews | Indeed.com Benefits Of CSM Gain a high degree of proficiency in executing Scrum. Become an Agile change agent Be a servant leader. Create a highly motivated and high performing team. Open yourself to new opportunities. Earn high salaries. Average salary USD 118,353 Gets you a 2-year membership with Scrum AllianceTop companies hiring CSM professionals Retail E-commerce Energy & Utilities Financial Services such as Insurance and Investments Cos Advertising Marketing Government Institutions. Some of the top companies hiring CSMs includeIBM Tata Consultancy Services CapGemini Honeywell BOSCH Accenture DeloitteWhere to take training for certification: Aspirants must attend a course taught by a Global Registered Education Provider (REP) of Scrum Alliance or by a Certified Scrum Trainer (CST®). KnowledgeHut is a Global Registered Education Provider (REP) of Scrum Alliance. Eligibility for CSM exam: Attending an in-person two day (16 hours) or live online (14 hours) Certified ScrumMaster® course taught by a Certified Scrum Trainer (CST®) is required, to be eligible for the exam. Who should take the CSM training for certificationSoftware Engineers Product Managers Project Managers Team Leaders Business Analysts Product Managers Software Developers Product Owners Software Development Managers Software Architects Software Testers Team Leads QA Managers Development team members Testers Anyone who would like to build a career as a Scrum Master Duration to get certified: Attending a 14-hour live online or 16 hour in-person course is mandatory for appearing for the exam. Once you complete the course, you should reserve some time for ensuring a thorough preparation before attempting the exam. If you successfully pass the exam, you will get your results immediately and you are a qualified CSM. The total duration in order to get CSM certified, including course, study time and exam should take you around a couple of weeks. Course fee for certification: Rs. 23,999/- in India, $ 1295 in the US Application fee for certification: NA Exam fee for certification: Included in course fee Exam Format: Online test comprising of 50 multiple choice questions. Duration: 1-hour Pass mark: 74%  Retake fee for certification: The second attempt is free if you attempt the exam within 60 days of course completion. The retake costs $25 after first two attempts.2. Certified Scrum Product Owner®(CSPO®) Another offering from Scrum Alliance, this credential is for professionals who want to cement their career as Product Owners and want to validate their expertise on Scrum terminology, practices, and principles. CSPO Demand: Product Owners have been recognised for their innumerable contribution to Scrum teams and their role as a bridge between business and development. With 90% modern teams using Scrum for product development, the Product Owner’s role as an intermediary who maximises value and motivates teams, is not lost on recruiters. Which is why the demand for product owner keeps rising and each day hundreds of open positions for product owner roles are added.  Benefits Of CSPO Enhance your knowledge of Agile practices Maximise value and enhance stakeholder satisfaction Grow your network and speak a global product owner language Get a 2-year membership with Scrum Alliance Earn lucrative salaries CSPO salary: $105,845.Top companies hiring CSPO professionals IT Telecom Healthcare Financial Manufacturing Education Some of the top companies hiring CSPOs includeGartner Intel Dell Bosch PayPal Mastercard Axis Bank SAP IBM Where to take training for certification: Aspirants must attend a course taught by a Global Registered Education Provider (REP) of Scrum Alliance or by a Certified Scrum Trainer (CST®). KnowledgeHut is a Global Registered Education Provider (REP) of Scrum Alliance. Eligibility for CSPO exam: There is no exam. Aspirants need to successfully complete a 14 hour live online or 16 hours of in-person training with a CST, or 25 hours of face-to-face interaction with a Certified Agile Coach to be certified as CSPO.  Who should take the training for CSPO certification Project Managers Developers Product Owners Managers-Software development Architects-Software development Product Managers Software developers Software testers Team leads/Team members interested in learning Scrum Duration to get certified: 14 hours or 16 hours or 25 hours, depending on the mode of training you choose.Course fee for certification: Training cost: INR 24999 in India, USD 1295 in US and CAD 1495 in Canada 3. Professional Scrum Master™ (PSM™)The Professional Scrum Master™ I is an offering from Scrum.org, a global organization founded by Scrum co-creator, Ken Schwaber. This credential with its high standards of training and exhaustive assessment, ensures that holders have mastery over the Scrum framework.  PSM Demand: According to the 2019 Scrum Master trends by Scrum.org, PSM I was among the top three certifications among survey participants. Scrum is by far the most commonly used agile framework and its popularity is not going to diminish any time soon.  PSM I is lucrative and career defining. Benefits Of PSM Lead a team of Scrum specialists who bring the benefits of Scrum to projects. Perform the responsibilities of a servant leader Resolve conflicts and tackle challenges to deliver the best at the end of every Sprint. Address organizational challenges in using Scrum effectively Display a high level of Scrum expertise Earn high salaries; upto USD 93,570 on average annuallyTop companies hiring PSM professionals Retail E-commerce Energy & Utilities Financial Services such as Insurance and Investments Cos Advertising Marketing Government Institutions. Some of the top companies that hire PSMs J.P. Morgan Chas & Co Capgemini IBM Sogeti USA LLC Northrop Grumman CorporationWhere to take training for certification: Aspirants must train under PSTs or from a Professional Training Network (PTN) member of Scrum.org. You can attend a face-to-face course taught by Professional Scrum Trainer (PSTs), a private coaching or complete 16 hours of live online training with a PST. KnowledgeHut is a Professional Training Network (PTN) member of Scrum.org. Eligibility for PSM exam: There is no eligibility criteria for appearing for the exam. But aspirants must possess a high level of Scrum knowledge.  Who should take the training for PSM certification Project Managers Scrum Masters Scrum team members Developers Product Owners Software development managers Software Architects Product Managers Software Developers Software Coders Software Testers Team Leads/Team Members Duration to get certified: Passing the assessment is mandatory to gain the certificate. Considering that the assessment is difficult, Scrum.org suggests a thorough preparation that includes attending a course, reading the Scrum Guide and other resources. In all, it may take you 20 hrs including course and study time to get PSM certified. Course fee for certification: USD 1299 Exam format:  80 multiple choice questions and True/False questions Duration: 1 hour Pass mark: 85%   Application fee for certification : NA Exam fee for certification: $150 USD per attempt Retake fee for certification:  Two attempts are permitted within 14 days after you receive your key, at no additional cost.4. Advanced Certified ScrumMaster℠ (A-CSM℠) This is the advanced level credential after the CSM and is offered by the Scrum Alliance. If you want to continue on your agile journey and show your commitment to continued excellence, then this is the right credential for you.   A-CSM Demand: The A-CSM helps you showcase your advanced Scrum implementation skills, and ability to facilitate better dialogue between the Scrum team and stakeholders. These advanced Scrum Master skills are in high demand across Fortune 500 companies, who are ready to pay high salaries for such skills.  Benefits Of A-CSM Enable high performance teams Lead and facilitate change Resolve impediments Manage multiple teams Earn high salaries upto $115K per year Top companies hiring A-CSM professionals Retail E-commerce Energy & Utilities Financial Services such as Insurance and Investments Cos Advertising Marketing Government Institutions Telecom Infrastructure Entertainment Some of the top companies hiring A-CSMs Google Walt Disney LinkedIn Roche BBC GE Adobe Microsoft Spotify eBay Twitter IBM Capgemini Accenture Deloitte Hewlett Packard BAE Systems Lockheed Martin ExxonMobil Verizon Walmart Dow Jones  Tesla  Where to take training for certification: Aspirants must attend a training offered by a Global Registered Education Provider (REP) of Scrum Alliance. Eligibility for A-CSM exam  Hold a Certified ScrumMaster (CSM) certification with the Scrum Alliance.  Attend a certified A-CSM educational offering to gain techniques and skills that go beyond the basics and mechanics of Scrum, expanding into interaction, facilitation, coaching, and team dynamics. Successfully complete all educator-designed components of an approved educational offering. This may include pre- or post-course work as deemed necessary by your approved educator to complete the learning objectives. Accept the A-CSM License Agreement and complete your Scrum Alliance membership profile. Validate at least 12 months of work experience specific to the role of Scrum Master (within the past five years).  Who should take the training for certification Scrum Masters Team Leads Development Managers Delivery Managers Project Managers Agile Coaches Duration to get certified: Once you have satisfied all the eligibility requirements mandated by Scrum Alliance including a minimum of 12 months of Scrum Master experience (within the past five years), you need to attend the 2-day A-CSM℠ course from a Global Registered Education Provider of Scrum Alliance post which you will get your A-CSM credential. KnowledgeHut is a Global Registered Education Provider (REP) of Scrum Alliance. Course fee for certification: USD  775  Application fee for certification: NA Exam fee for certification: There is no exam for A-CSM Retake fee for certification: NA5. Professional Scrum Product Owner™(PSPO) PSPO stands for Professional Scrum Product Owner, a course and certification offered by Scrum.org. This credential helps you develop a solid understanding of the Product Owner responsibilities and maximize value of software products and systems. PSPO Demand:  Product Owner roles are the jobs of the future. Listed by LinkedIn and the World Economic Forum (Jobs of Tomorrow Report 2020) as being among the top emerging job trends, product owner roles are here to stay.  Benefits Of PSPO Own the product vision and maximize your team’s ROI Improve business value Motivate and lead Agile teams Demonstrate your proficiency in Scrum Grow your career in Scrum with confidence  Open yourself up to new opportunities Earn handsome salaries. Certified Product Owners earn $105,399, average salary, much higher compared to non-certified Product Owners Top companies hiring PSPO professionals Telecom Oil & gas Finance Government Healthcare Entertainment and more Some of the top companies hiring PSPOs includeSpotify Twitter Tesla Lockheed Martin Walmart Dow Jones ExxonMobil Where to take training for certification: Aspirants must take their training from a Professional Training Network (PTN) member of Scrum.org. KnowledgeHut is a Scrum.org™ Professional Training Network (PTN) member. Eligibility for PSPO exam: No eligibility requirements. Participants must possess high knowledge of Scrum.  Who should take the training for certification Project Managers Developers Product Owners Managers-Software development Architects-Software development Product Managers Software developers Software testers Team leads/Team members interested in learning Scrum Leadership Team  Duration to get certified: 2 days training plus additional study hours before attempting the exam.  Course fee for certification: USD 999 Application fee for certification: NA  Exam fee for certification: $200 USD Exam Format: 80 multiple choice questions and True/False questions Duration: 1 hour Pass mark: 85% Difficulty Level: Intermediate  Retake fee for certification: You are allowed two attempts within 14 days after you receive your assessment key from Scrum.org at no additional cost.6. SAFe® Scrum Master Certification The SAFe Scrum Master certification certifies an individual as being capable of performing scrum master responsibilities in a scaled agile environment. SSM certified individuals can lead Agile Scrum transformations, create high performing teams and ensure implementation of Scrum practices in the organization.  SSM Demand:  According to the 13th State of Agile Survey Report (2019), the Scaled Agile Framework is the most popular scaling method. With more and more organizations discovering the benefits of scaling agile and harnessing its potential on an enterprise-wide scale, the demand for hiring SAFe certified professionals has increased tremendously.   Benefits Of SSM Perform the responsibilities of a servant leader Successfully carry out Program Increment planning Facilitate Iteration execution Manage the Program Increment Coach a successful Agile team that is highly motivated and high performing Get the Certified SAFe Scrum Master Certificate (PDF format)  Get the Certified SAFe Scrum Master Digital Badge  One-year membership to the SAFe Community Platform Access to SAFe events and MeetUp Groups   Get access to various SAFe learning resources Open yourself to lucrative opportunities and high salaries—as high as $80,000 to $1,10,000 annually Top companies hiring SSM professionals Finance IT Service Industry FMCG Retail Insurance Banks  Some of the top companies hiring SSMs Cisco LEGO digital solutions Barclays Panera Bread Ericsson FitBit Where to take training for certification: Aspirants must attend a training facilitated by an authorized training partner of Scaled Agile.  KnowledgeHut is a Silver Training Partner of Scaled Agile.  Eligibility for SSM exam:  Experience working in a Lean-Agile environment and attending a two-day training delivered by a SAFe Program Consultant (SPC).  Who should take the training for certification Program or Project Manager Scrum Master Team Lead Release Train Engineer Business Analyst Agile Coach Portfolio Manager Consultant Architect Engineer Developer Director Quality Manager Product Manager Product Owner Delivery Manager Program Manager  Duration to get certified:  2-day training followed by study time. On passing the 90 minute SSM exam you will be a Certified SAFe 5 Scrum Master. You will receive your SAFe 5 Scrum Master PDF Certificate and Digital Badge within 5-7 working days.  Course fee for certification: Rs 55999, Cost in the U.S.: USD 1099  Exam format:  Exam type – Multiple choice; Multiple select Exam delivery – Web-based (single-browser), closed book Exam duration – 1.5 hours Number of questions – 45 Passing score – SSM 4 = 33 out of 45 (73%); SSM 5.0 =33 out of 45 (73%) Exam score for SSM 5.0 has been updated effective Feb 28 8pm MST. SSM 5.0 passing score prior to February 28 was 34 out of 45 (75%). Language – English Application fee for certification: NA Exam fee for certification: First exam attempt is included as part of the course registration fee if the exam is taken within 30 days of course completion. Retake fee for certification: $50 for each retake attempt 7. PMI-Agile Certified Practitioner (PMI-ACP)®The PMI-Agile Certified Practitioner, as the name suggests, is an offering of the world-renowned Project Management Institute.  This certification places rigorous standards on participants which is why it is highly acknowledged world over. Holders get a holistic view of carrying out project management practices in Agile environments.  PMI-ACP Demand:  According to a survey in SwarmOS, Agile adoption has helped 98% of organizations in reducing costs, enhancing bottom line margins and deliver successful products. The pandemic has accelerated the adoption rate of Agile and what these Agile organizations need are project managers who understand Agile in a variety of situations and are able to effectively steer projects by applying project management best practices. PMI-ACP professionals are therefore highly sought after by recruiters and organizations.  Benefits Of PMI-ACP Leverage the demand for Agile project managers by getting PMI-ACP certified Show your expertise in a variety of Agile methods like Scrum, FDD, Kanban, and more Make yourself more marketable  Earn lucrative salaries :  $108,000 on an average  Top companies hiring PMI-ACP professionals Aerospace Engineering Manufacturing Construction Pharma Banking Some top companies hiring PMI-ACPs Boeing Booz Allen Hamilton Visa American Express AT&T Wipro Where to take training for certification:  Aspirants must train from an Authorized Training Partner (ATP) of PMI. KnowledgeHut is a Premier Authorized Training Partner (ATP) of PMI.  Eligibility for PMI-ACP exam: General Project Experience 2000 hours of working on project teams within the last 5 years or having an active PMP®/PgMP® credential Agile Project Experience 1500 hours of working on Agile Project Teams or with Agile Methodologies, in addition to “General Project Experience” above; Training in Agile Practices 21 contact hours earned in Agile Practices Who should take the training for PMI-ACP certification Project Managers Project Planners Quality Assurance Staff Developers/Programmers Designers, Testers Project Controllers Product Owners Scrum Masters Scrum Team MembersDuration to get certified: Attending a training workshop of 3 days followed by intense exam preparation that can be from 100-150 hrs in duration is a conservative time to prepare for the PMI-ACP credential. Once you successfully pass the exam, you will be PM-ACP certified.  Course fee for certification: INR 10999, USD 1099 Exam Format:  120 MCQs, each question will have four choices Duration: 3 hours Application fee for certification : For PMI membership: USD $ 129 plus USD $10 for application fee. Exam fee for certification: $435 for PMI members, $495 for non-members Retake fee for certification: $335 for PMI members and $395 for non-members. 8. Scrum Master by Scrum Inc.™ CertificationThis highly regarded and recognised credential is offered by Scrum.Inc. This is the Scrum training developed and promoted by Jeff Sutherland, the co-creator of Scrum, and helps participants implement Scrum practices to bring about innovation, value and project success. Scrum Master by Scrum Inc.™ Certification Demand: Considering that this certification has an agenda backed by the co-founder of Scrum, its demand in the industry is significant. The ability of certified professionals to create self-organized, high value and motivated teams is much appreciated by organizations. This has created a huge surplus of demand for Scrum professionals and this credential will put you in the market for these top roles.  Benefits of Scrum Master by Scrum Inc.™ CertificationDeliver high quality products and reduce costs Scale Scrum and enjoy enterprise-wide advantages Lead high performing teams Deliver products fast Earn high salaries: USD $97319  Scrum Master Certification – Getting Started & Comparison Guide 2021 (knowledgehut.com) Top companies hiring Scrum Master by Scrum Inc.™ professionals Financial Services Construction Engineering Pharma Data Analytics Education Tourism Government Agencies Some top companies hiring Scrum Master by Scrum Inc. Certified professionals Lockheed Martin PepsiCo Anthem Cisco Standard Chartered CapitalOne Thales FitBit Where to take training for certification: Aspirants must take the course from an authorized training provider of Scrum Inc.™. Eligibility for Scrum Master by Scrum Inc.™ exam: Attending a 16-hour Scrum Master course from an ATP of Scrum Inc™ is mandatory for taking the exam. Who should take the training (roles) for certificationProject Managers Scrum Masters Scrum Team Developers Product Owners Software Managers Software Architects Product Managers Testers Team Leads SAFe® practitioners interested in Scrum@Scale PMPs, PMI-ACP Team Leaders Professionals interested in Agile and Scrum methodologies Professionals who wish to explore how Scrum delivers twice the value at half the cost Duration to get certified: You need to attend a 16-hour course and spend some time for exam preparation. Once you take the exam and clear it, you will be Scrum Master certified.  Course fee for certification: $1995  Exam fee for certification: Included in training cost SummaryLinkedIn’s “Most promising jobs of 2017,” states that job openings for Scrum Masters grew 104 percent year-over-year from 2016, with a career advancement score of 8 out of 10; while Scrum Master was listed in the top 10 emerging Product Development jobs list by the World Economic Forum. Not just the number of jobs, but there is also steady increase in the base salary earned by Scrum certified professionals, and this increase based on the number of certifications that one holds.  So, more the number of certifications you add to your resume, the higher your salary goes. At the outset of 2021, there are still thousands of job openings for Scrum professionals. Equip yourself with one or more of these highest paying Scrum certifications and bring value to yourself and your organization.
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Top Scrum Certifications of 2021

A question that plagues most entry-level or even m... Read More

Writing Effective User Stories in JIRA

User stories are one of the main methods of communicating requirements to developers/development team in an Agile project. It is important for the individual tasked with documenting the requirements to be able to write effective and detailed enough user stories. The user stories are required to be comprehensive enough to enable the developer/development team to start analyzing, designing and developing the required functionality, feature or requirement stated in the user story.     This article while intending to guide individuals on how to write effective user stories is also intended to advise on the best practices of creating user stories using JIRA as a requirements management tool for creating stories and tasks. What is a User Story?   User stories are short, simple descriptions of a feature in the system under development told from the perspective of the person who desires this new capability. This person is normally a user of the system or even a customer who pays for the solution.  User stories typically follow a simple template as below. As a , I must be able to so that I can .  User stories are often written on index cards or sticky notes and pasted on an information radiator or in other words a scrum board. This article is however on maintaining user stories using JIRA and on how the tool can be used to ensure regular conversation.  Writing user stories on an index card is actually the ‘Card’ part of the 3 C’s in user stories. It is said that a user story should be long enough to fit into an index card and be detailed enough to arouse discussion. Writing user stories in JIRA A new user story in JIRA can be created by selecting the option to create a new issue of type ‘Story’ as shown below.  The user story in the format listed above can be written in the summary field of the new issue creation screen.  User story definition should satisfy the INVEST criteria which implies that the user stories should be: Independent (of all other user stories and be able to exist on its own) Negotiable (not a specific contract for features but be able to be used to facilitate discussion among relevant stakeholders) Valuable (create some business value) Estimable (to a good approximation) Small (so as to fit within an iteration) Testable (in principle, even if there isn’t a test for it yet)   Trace your Customer Requirements to user stories in Agile through the integration with JIRA. https://t.co/esXyAJykZy pic.twitter.com/DZoa1tJrjL — Visure Solutions (@VisureSolutions) 21 November 2017   JIRA also provides the option to set priority of user stories which might have been done based on the MoSCoW criteria, due dates, assign the story to a team member of the project, allocate a story point/hour based effort estimation for the story, tag the user story to a component level feature or in other words ‘Epic’ and be able to assign the story to a sprint during which the story is required to be implemented. Adding description to user stories The 2nd C of the 3 C’s in user stories that is ‘Confirmation’ is used to specify the acceptance criteria of the user story. An acceptance criterion is used to ascertain when a particular user story can be marked as done and is normally used by the product owner to validate the same. The acceptance criteria also help the development team implement the business rules, functionality and will be the single point of reference for the Quality Assurance Team. The description field in JIRA issue creation provides space for the user to specify the acceptance criteria.   Gearset’s Jira Self-hosted (on-prem) and Jira Cloud integration lets you automatically post deployment updates to your tickets & keep up-to-date with the progress of your user stories. https://t.co/qvDlNK5LLr pic.twitter.com/yh8RmUL1Gm — Gearset (@GearsetHQ) 29 January 2018 Enabling discussion Another main aspect of writing requirements as user stories is to enable conversation about the feature among relevant stakeholders. This is known as the ‘Conversation’ component of user stories which is the 3rd C in the 3C’s.  Often user stories are accompanied with a process diagram, UI wireframe or a mockup, data dictionary etc. which can be added as attachments in JIRA or even be associated with the story as comments, wiki page links maintained in confluence. Conclusion Writing user stories is an easy method of maintaining requirements in a dynamic environment of an Agile project. JIRA, as explained above, provides a powerful and rich set of features which helps manage requirements in an efficient and convenient manner.    
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Writing Effective User Stories in JIRA

User stories are one of the main methods of commun... Read More