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What is AWS Elastic Beanstalk? What are the Benefits AWS Elastic Beanstalk?

AWS Elastic Beanstalk is a service from Amazon used to deploy and scale services and applications using servers like Nginx, Apache, IIS, and Passenger with programming languages like Python, Java, Ruby, .NET, Go, PHP, Docker, and Node.js. You just have to upload your code and all the deployment processes like capacity provisioning, auto-scaling, load balancing, and application monitoring will be automatically handled by Elastic Beanstalk. Also, you will have full access and control over the AWS resources that are powering your applications. Elastic Beanstalk is available for free. You will only have to pay for the resources you are using for storing and running your application. Here are some other benefits of using Elastic Beanstalk:Benefits of AWS Elastic BeanstalkIt is simple and fastWhen it comes to deploying your application on AWS, Elastic Beanstalk is the simplest and fastest way to do so. All you need is the AWS Management Console, an integrated development environment (IDE) like Visual Studio, Eclipse, etc. or a Git repository for uploading your application. All the deployment details like load balancing, auto-scaling, capacity provisioning, and monitoring will be handled by Elastic Beanstalk. You don’t need any resource configuration or infrastructure from your part to make your application ready to use.Increased productivitySince all the provisions and operations regarding the infrastructure and managing the application are handled by the Elastic Beanstalk, you as the developer don’t have to waste your time or learn the skills. Elastic Beanstalk also regularly introduces patches and updates on your platform for keeping it up-to-date. So, instead of giving your time to manage and configure servers, networks, firewalls, databases, and load balancers, you can use this time focusing on writing code.Auto ScalingBased on what the specific needs of your application are, Elastic Beanstalk will automatically scale your application up and down. For this, it uses its Auto scaling settings that you can adjust to suit your needs. For example, Autoscaling actions can be triggered using CPU utilization metrics. Your application will be able to give peak performance and minimize costs in heavy traffic or workload with the help of Elastic Beanstalk.Resource ControlFor all the AWS resources like Amazon EC2 that are powering your application, you will have full control. This will help you take manual control of your application’s infrastructure if and whenever you desire to do so.AWS Elastic Beanstalk ConceptsAs discussed earlier, Elastic Beanstalk helps in managing all the resources that are being used as environments in running your application. Here are a few concepts that you must be aware of to work with AWS Elastic Beanstalk:ApplicationIt is a logical collection of components of Elastic Beanstalk like versions, environments, and environment configurations. You can consider the application as a folder in the Elastic Beanstalk.Application VersionAn application version in elastic beanstalk can be referred to as a labelled and specific iteration of a code that is deployed in a web application. It basically points to Amazon S3 (Simple Storage Service) containing the code that is to be deployed like a Java WAR file. It is a part of an application. Every application version is unique but an application can have many versions. After you have uploaded the application version to the application, you can deploy it any time in any running environment or you can just upload the new application version and deploy it immediately. Many developers often test the difference between different web applications’ version by uploading multiple application version.Elastic Beanstalk ComponentsAll the software components included in the Elastic Beanstalk that are added to the platform for enabling access to the functionalities of Elastic Beanstalk are termed as Elastic Beanstalk Components. For example, to gather and report health information, an enhanced health agent is required.EnvironmentAll the AWS resources that are used for running an application version are collectively termed as an environment. Only one application can be run in one environment at a time. However, different environments can be used for running the same or different application versions simultaneously. While creating a new environment, Elastic Beanstalk provides provisioning of the resources required for running the specified application version.Environment TierThe first step in launching an Elastic Beanstalk environment is selecting the environment tier. The environment tier is responsible for designating the application’s type that will be running the environment. It also decides what resources will be provisioned by the Elastic Beanstalk for supporting the environment. For example, a web server environment tier is required for running the application serving the HTTP requests. A worker environment tier is required for pulling tasks from an Amazon SQS (Simple Queue Service) queue runs.Environment ConfigurationAn environment configuration can be defined as the collection of settings and parameters that will be defining the behaviour of the environment and all the resources associated with it. Once you update the configuration settings of the environment, Elastic Beanstalk will be either deploying new resources according to the changes made or applying the changes to the existing resources automatically.Managed updatesIt is a feature of the Elastic Beanstalk that applies minor and patch updates to the runtime, application server, web server, and operating system. You can configure the settings to apply only minor or patch updates. You can even disable this completely.PlatformA combination of the application server, web server, the runtime of programming language, operating system, and components of Elastic Beanstalk is termed as a Platform. This includes designing and targeting your web application to the platform. There are several platforms available on Elastic Beanstalk that you can use for building your applications.Platform VersionIt is a combination of specific versions of elastic beanstalk components, application server, web server, runtime, and operating system. A platform version is used for creating the Elastic beanstalk environment and then the application is deployed to it. The semantic version number of a platform version is in the form of X. Y. Z. Here X, Y, and Z are major, minor, and patch versions respectively.Platform UpdateWhen a new platform version is released, it includes some components of the platform. All the platform updates have to follow the below-mentioned multi-level, semantic versioning taxonomy:Major updateThis kind of update makes the components incompatible with the existing platform versions. You will have to make modifications to your platform and then run it on the new version. A new major platform version number accompanies a major update.Minor updateIn a minor update, functionality is added that makes the existing platform version backwards compatible. No new modifications are required to run the application correctly on the new minor version. There will be a new minor platform version number with the minor update.Patch updateThis kind of update includes maintenance releases like security updates, bug fixes, performance enhancements, etc. that makes existing platform version backwards compatible. There will be a new patch platform version number accompanied with the patch update.Supported Platform versionIf the platform version contains the versions of web server, application server, operating system, and runtime supported by the supplier, Elastic Beanstalk can provide you with supported platform versions for creating the environment.Retired Platform VersionIf the version of the application server, web server, runtime or the operating system has reached EOL (End of Line), they won’t be available in the Elastic Beanstalk environments to be used for existing or new customers.RuntimeThe runtime software including the libraries, framework, vm, interpreter, etc. are used for running the code of the application. The software is programming language specific.Saved ConfigurationA template that is used as a starting point to create different and unique environment configurations is known as a saved configuration. Depending on your needs, these saved configurations can be created or modified. Then, with the help of Elastic Beanstalk console, AWS CLI, EB CLI, or API, these saved configurations are applied to the environments. The saved configurations are referred to as the configuration template by the AWS CLI and the API.Shared Responsibility Model for AWS Elastic Beanstalk Platform MaintenanceTo achieve a high level of software component compliance and security, the responsibilities of the application are shared between the customers and the AWS. This helps in reducing the customer’s operational burden.The managed updates feature of Elastic Beanstalk helps you in carrying out your responsibilities. It will automatically apply minor and patch updates to the supported platform version of the Elastic Beanstalk. Upon failure of a managed update, a notification will be sent to you so that you can take immediate action. Apart from managed updates, Elastic Beanstalk takes off your burden by performing the following tasks:Publishing the retirement schedule for the upcoming year and its platform support policy.All the new updates of the operating system, web server, application server, and runtime are available to the customer within 30 days. Updates to Elastic Beanstalk components present on the supported platform versions are created by Elastic Beanstalk. The other updates are provided by the supplier.As a customer, you will be burdened with the following responsibilities:Updating all the components controlled by you. This includes maintaining the security of your application, any components and the data required, downloaded and loaded by your application.Make sure that supported platform versions are used for running the Elastic Beanstalk environments. If you find an environment that is running on a retired platform, you have to migrate it to a supported version.If there are any failed attempts of managed updates, you have to retry the updates and resolve any issues that might come up.If you haven’t opted for managed updated by the Elastic Beanstalk, you will also have to patch the runtime, OS, application server and web server. To do this, you can either try the manual application of the platform updates or patching the components to the environment resources directly.If you are using any AWS service outside of Elastic Beanstalk, you will have to manage its compliance and security.AWS Elastic Beanstalk Platform Support PolicyWith Elastic Beanstalk come several platforms that you can use to run your application on the AWS platform. There are certain versions of a platform supported by Elastic Beanstalk that is going through minor patches and updates. When any component of a version of the supported platform like the runtime, operating system, web server or the application server is marked EOL (End of Life) by the supplier, it is marked as retired by the Elastic Beanstalk. No existing or new customers of Elastic Beanstalk will have access to these platforms' version for deploying in the new environments. Existing customers will have the retired platforms available to them in the existing environment for 90 days from the retirement date.Because of the retired platform’s version’s component EOL marked by the supplier, Elastic Beanstalk can’t offer technical support, security updates, or hot-fixes. After the 90-day period is over, Elastic Beanstalk automatically removes the components and transfers the support and management responsibility of the application and the AWS resources to the user. You need to regularly update the Elastic Beanstalk environments to get security, functionality, and performance environments of the supported version of the platform.The following platform components are marked as retired or are scheduled to retire in the upcoming 12 months:Operating SystemWindows Server 2008 R2 – 16th October, 2019 (Because of changes in Microsoft's licensing policy)Web ServerNginx 1.12.2 – 1st March, 2020Apache HTTP Server 2.2 – 1st March, 2020RuntimeJava 6 – 1st March, 2020Go 1.3-1.10 – 1st March, 2020GlassFish 4.x – 1st March, 2020Python 2.6, 2.7, 3.4 – 1st March, 2020PHP 5.4-5.6 - 1st March, 2020PHP 7.0-7.1 – 1st March, 2020Ruby 1.9.3 - 1st March, 2020Ruby 2.0-2.3 - 1st March, 2020Node.js 4.x-8.x – 1st March, 2020Application serverTomcat 6 - 1st March, 2020Tomcat 8 - 1st March, 2020I hope that you have a  clear understanding of Elastic Beanstalk and how Beanstalk can be used to deploy applications. Wishing that the blog turned out to be enriching and educative for you. Furthermore, if you aim at taking your Amazon Web Services knowledge to the next level, then feel free to enrol yourself for the AWS Certification Training course by KnowledgeHut.  

What is AWS Elastic Beanstalk? What are the Benefits AWS Elastic Beanstalk?

6K
  • by Joydip Kumar
  • 30th Aug, 2019
  • Last updated on 11th Mar, 2021
  • 8 mins read
What is AWS Elastic Beanstalk? What are the Benefits AWS Elastic Beanstalk?

AWS Elastic Beanstalk is a service from Amazon used to deploy and scale services and applications using servers like Nginx, Apache, IIS, and Passenger with programming languages like Python, Java, Ruby, .NET, Go, PHP, Docker, and Node.js. You just have to upload your code and all the deployment processes like capacity provisioning, auto-scaling, load balancing, and application monitoring will be automatically handled by Elastic Beanstalk. Also, you will have full access and control over the AWS resources that are powering your applications. Elastic Beanstalk is available for free. You will only have to pay for the resources you are using for storing and running your application. Here are some other benefits of using Elastic Beanstalk:

Benefits of AWS Elastic Beanstalk

Benefits of AWS Elastic Beanstalk

  • It is simple and fast

When it comes to deploying your application on AWS, Elastic Beanstalk is the simplest and fastest way to do so. All you need is the AWS Management Console, an integrated development environment (IDE) like Visual Studio, Eclipse, etc. or a Git repository for uploading your application. All the deployment details like load balancing, auto-scaling, capacity provisioning, and monitoring will be handled by Elastic Beanstalk. You don’t need any resource configuration or infrastructure from your part to make your application ready to use.

  • Increased productivity

Since all the provisions and operations regarding the infrastructure and managing the application are handled by the Elastic Beanstalk, you as the developer don’t have to waste your time or learn the skills. Elastic Beanstalk also regularly introduces patches and updates on your platform for keeping it up-to-date. So, instead of giving your time to manage and configure servers, networks, firewalls, databases, and load balancers, you can use this time focusing on writing code.

  • Auto Scaling

Based on what the specific needs of your application are, Elastic Beanstalk will automatically scale your application up and down. For this, it uses its Auto scaling settings that you can adjust to suit your needs. For example, Autoscaling actions can be triggered using CPU utilization metrics. Your application will be able to give peak performance and minimize costs in heavy traffic or workload with the help of Elastic Beanstalk.

  • Resource Control

For all the AWS resources like Amazon EC2 that are powering your application, you will have full control. This will help you take manual control of your application’s infrastructure if and whenever you desire to do so.

AWS Elastic Beanstalk ConceptsAWS Elastic Beanstalk Concepts

As discussed earlier, Elastic Beanstalk helps in managing all the resources that are being used as environments in running your application. Here are a few concepts that you must be aware of to work with AWS Elastic Beanstalk:

  • Application

It is a logical collection of components of Elastic Beanstalk like versions, environments, and environment configurations. You can consider the application as a folder in the Elastic Beanstalk.

  • Application Version

An application version in elastic beanstalk can be referred to as a labelled and specific iteration of a code that is deployed in a web application. It basically points to Amazon S3 (Simple Storage Service) containing the code that is to be deployed like a Java WAR file. It is a part of an application. Every application version is unique but an application can have many versions. After you have uploaded the application version to the application, you can deploy it any time in any running environment or you can just upload the new application version and deploy it immediately. Many developers often test the difference between different web applications’ version by uploading multiple application version.

  • Elastic Beanstalk Components

All the software components included in the Elastic Beanstalk that are added to the platform for enabling access to the functionalities of Elastic Beanstalk are termed as Elastic Beanstalk Components. For example, to gather and report health information, an enhanced health agent is required.

  • Environment

All the AWS resources that are used for running an application version are collectively termed as an environment. Only one application can be run in one environment at a time. However, different environments can be used for running the same or different application versions simultaneously. While creating a new environment, Elastic Beanstalk provides provisioning of the resources required for running the specified application version.

  • Environment Tier

The first step in launching an Elastic Beanstalk environment is selecting the environment tier. The environment tier is responsible for designating the application’s type that will be running the environment. It also decides what resources will be provisioned by the Elastic Beanstalk for supporting the environment. For example, a web server environment tier is required for running the application serving the HTTP requests. A worker environment tier is required for pulling tasks from an Amazon SQS (Simple Queue Service) queue runs.

  • Environment Configuration

An environment configuration can be defined as the collection of settings and parameters that will be defining the behaviour of the environment and all the resources associated with it. Once you update the configuration settings of the environment, Elastic Beanstalk will be either deploying new resources according to the changes made or applying the changes to the existing resources automatically.

  • Managed updates

It is a feature of the Elastic Beanstalk that applies minor and patch updates to the runtime, application server, web server, and operating system. You can configure the settings to apply only minor or patch updates. You can even disable this completely.

  • Platform

A combination of the application server, web server, the runtime of programming language, operating system, and components of Elastic Beanstalk is termed as a Platform. This includes designing and targeting your web application to the platform. There are several platforms available on Elastic Beanstalk that you can use for building your applications.

  • Platform Version

It is a combination of specific versions of elastic beanstalk components, application server, web server, runtime, and operating system. A platform version is used for creating the Elastic beanstalk environment and then the application is deployed to it. The semantic version number of a platform version is in the form of X. Y. Z. Here X, Y, and Z are major, minor, and patch versions respectively.

  • Platform Update

When a new platform version is released, it includes some components of the platform. All the platform updates have to follow the below-mentioned multi-level, semantic versioning taxonomy:

  • Major update

This kind of update makes the components incompatible with the existing platform versions. You will have to make modifications to your platform and then run it on the new version. A new major platform version number accompanies a major update.

  • Minor update

In a minor update, functionality is added that makes the existing platform version backwards compatible. No new modifications are required to run the application correctly on the new minor version. There will be a new minor platform version number with the minor update.

  • Patch update

This kind of update includes maintenance releases like security updates, bug fixes, performance enhancements, etc. that makes existing platform version backwards compatible. There will be a new patch platform version number accompanied with the patch update.

  • Supported Platform version

If the platform version contains the versions of web server, application server, operating system, and runtime supported by the supplier, Elastic Beanstalk can provide you with supported platform versions for creating the environment.

  • Retired Platform Version

If the version of the application server, web server, runtime or the operating system has reached EOL (End of Line), they won’t be available in the Elastic Beanstalk environments to be used for existing or new customers.

  • Runtime

The runtime software including the libraries, framework, vm, interpreter, etc. are used for running the code of the application. The software is programming language specific.

  • Saved Configuration

A template that is used as a starting point to create different and unique environment configurations is known as a saved configuration. Depending on your needs, these saved configurations can be created or modified. Then, with the help of Elastic Beanstalk console, AWS CLI, EB CLI, or API, these saved configurations are applied to the environments. The saved configurations are referred to as the configuration template by the AWS CLI and the API.

Shared Responsibility Model for AWS Elastic Beanstalk Platform Maintenance

To achieve a high level of software component compliance and security, the responsibilities of the application are shared between the customers and the AWS. This helps in reducing the customer’s operational burden.

The managed updates feature of Elastic Beanstalk helps you in carrying out your responsibilities. It will automatically apply minor and patch updates to the supported platform version of the Elastic Beanstalk. Upon failure of a managed update, a notification will be sent to you so that you can take immediate action. 

Apart from managed updates, Elastic Beanstalk takes off your burden by performing the following tasks:

  • Publishing the retirement schedule for the upcoming year and its platform support policy.
  • All the new updates of the operating system, web server, application server, and runtime are available to the customer within 30 days. Updates to Elastic Beanstalk components present on the supported platform versions are created by Elastic Beanstalk. The other updates are provided by the supplier.

As a customer, you will be burdened with the following responsibilities:

  • Updating all the components controlled by you. This includes maintaining the security of your application, any components and the data required, downloaded and loaded by your application.
  • Make sure that supported platform versions are used for running the Elastic Beanstalk environments. If you find an environment that is running on a retired platform, you have to migrate it to a supported version.
  • If there are any failed attempts of managed updates, you have to retry the updates and resolve any issues that might come up.
  • If you haven’t opted for managed updated by the Elastic Beanstalk, you will also have to patch the runtime, OS, application server and web server. To do this, you can either try the manual application of the platform updates or patching the components to the environment resources directly.
  • If you are using any AWS service outside of Elastic Beanstalk, you will have to manage its compliance and security.

AWS Elastic Beanstalk Platform Support Policy

With Elastic Beanstalk come several platforms that you can use to run your application on the AWS platform. There are certain versions of a platform supported by Elastic Beanstalk that is going through minor patches and updates. When any component of a version of the supported platform like the runtime, operating system, web server or the application server is marked EOL (End of Life) by the supplier, it is marked as retired by the Elastic Beanstalk. No existing or new customers of Elastic Beanstalk will have access to these platforms' version for deploying in the new environments. Existing customers will have the retired platforms available to them in the existing environment for 90 days from the retirement date.

Because of the retired platform’s version’s component EOL marked by the supplier, Elastic Beanstalk can’t offer technical support, security updates, or hot-fixes. After the 90-day period is over, Elastic Beanstalk automatically removes the components and transfers the support and management responsibility of the application and the AWS resources to the user. You need to regularly update the Elastic Beanstalk environments to get security, functionality, and performance environments of the supported version of the platform.

The following platform components are marked as retired or are scheduled to retire in the upcoming 12 months:

  • Operating System
    • Windows Server 2008 R2 – 16th October, 2019 (Because of changes in Microsoft's licensing policy)
  • Web Server
    • Nginx 1.12.2 – 1st March, 2020
    • Apache HTTP Server 2.2 – 1st March, 2020
  • Runtime
    • Java 6 – 1st March, 2020
    • Go 1.3-1.10 – 1st March, 2020
    • GlassFish 4.x – 1st March, 2020
    • Python 2.6, 2.7, 3.4 – 1st March, 2020
    • PHP 5.4-5.6 - 1st March, 2020
    • PHP 7.0-7.1 – 1st March, 2020
    • Ruby 1.9.3 - 1st March, 2020
    • Ruby 2.0-2.3 - 1st March, 2020
    • Node.js 4.x-8.x – 1st March, 2020
  • Application server
    • Tomcat 6 - 1st March, 2020
    • Tomcat 8 - 1st March, 2020

I hope that you have a  clear understanding of Elastic Beanstalk and how Beanstalk can be used to deploy applications. 

Wishing that the blog turned out to be enriching and educative for you. Furthermore, if you aim at taking your Amazon Web Services knowledge to the next level, then feel free to enrol yourself for the AWS Certification Training course by KnowledgeHut.  

Joydip

Joydip Kumar

Solution Architect

Joydip is passionate about building cloud-based applications and has been providing solutions to various multinational clients. Being a java programmer and an AWS certified cloud architect, he loves to design, develop, and integrate solutions. Amidst his busy work schedule, Joydip loves to spend time on writing blogs and contributing to the opensource community.


Website : https://geeks18.com/

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So, here are the suggested AWS certified cloud practitioner books – AWS: The Beginners Guide to Amazon Web Services by Dennis Hutten AWS Basics: Beginner’s Guide by Gordon Wong Learning AWS by Aurobindo Sarkar and Amit Shah Amazon Web Services for Dummies by Bernard Golden Amazon Web Services in Action by Andreas Wittig and Michael Wittig AWS Automation Cookbook – Continuous Integration and Continuous Deployment using AWS Services by Nikit Swaraj Suggestions to Follow While Taking AWS Cloud PractitionerExam: Now that you have prepared for the exam, and registered for the same, it is time to face the music and actually appear for the exams. Don’t be nervous, you have done your best and are absolutely prepared for the tests. Take a deep breath, and follow these tips if you feel unsure or under confident about the papers;  Start the exam by answering the questions you are sure about. Tackle the simplest problems first. You can then have more time on your hands to think about the difficult questions. Also, don’t spend a lot of time on a single question Keep a watch with you and always check the time when you’re at the exam time. Keeping track of how much time you’ve spent is a great way to manage your answers better. This way you can even attempt all the questions Don’t panic, take a deep breath, and avoid rushing into the answers. Don’t try to complete the questions as fast as you can, try to be accurate as well. Although there is no negative marking, it would be better if you get maximum answers correct  The AWS exam lasts for 90 minutes, with enough practice, you can easily solve the papers in the stipulated time. Give mock exams and tests to practice your skills The objective questions are usually the easiest to answer, so do them first, next, pick the questions that have multiple right answers. It is not always the case that only one answer will only be the best answer. Think about all the possible ways in which the question can be answered, and pick the best-case scenario The AWS pattern does have sub questions and sub sections in a single large question. Not every question has the same weightage or answering requirement. Read through the marking scheme and instructions carefully before you answer Don’t rush with the question, read it carefully to understand exactly what is asked of you before you begin with your answer.  The Bottom Line  Preparing for AWS CCP exams are not a piece of cake, however, it is not as difficult as most people make it sound as well. What you need is the right balance of resources and training. Start with the basics and slowly work your way from there. You don’t need to ace the subjects in one go, take your time, be through with your preparation and we’re sure you will be able to crack the exams. Try out the AWS Cloud Practitioner Certification Training course of KnowledgeHut to prepare for the exam. Good luck! 
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How to Pass the AWS Cloud Practitioner Exam?

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What Is the Recommended List of AWS Whitepapers?

Amazon Web Services has become an integral part of the IT sector. These services form the building blocks of the applications deployed in the cloud. Because of the benefits these services offer, the professionals with expertise in the AWS are highly in demand. And what is the best way to prove your expertise other than getting AWS certifications? There are 11 certifications offered by AWS categorized according to their expertise level. AWS offers classroom and digital courses to help you prepare for these certification exams. Apart from this, AWS also recommends some whitepapers that can help you get a better grasp of the AWS concepts:1. AWS Certified Cloud Practitioner Certification ExamAWS Certified Cloud Practitioner Certification is the foundational level certification exam that will help you validate your skills and knowledge of the AWS cloud. Also, it is a prerequisite alternative for some of the AWS specialty exams. The following whitepapers are recommended for this course:Overview of Amazon Web Services – Covers all the cloud-based products offered by AWS for computing, storing, networking, analysis, databases, developing, managing, security, IoT, etc.Architecting for the Cloud – This whitepaper provides advice and guidance on architecture and how it is applied in cloud computing. You will be introduced to all the basic concepts required to design AWS solutions.How AWS Pricing works – In this whitepaper, you will learn about how AWS services are priced. It covers on-demand, reservation-based, pay-as-you-go payment model that provides the best ROI.2. AWS Certified Solutions Architect – AssociateAWS Solutions Architect certification exam validates your skills in designing distributed applications. This includes knowledge of building secure and reliable applications using the AWS platform, troubleshooting, disaster recovery, data security practices, deployment of hybrid systems, etc. To prepare for this certification exam, you must study the following AWS whitepaper:AWS Well-Architected – This whitepaper was created to help the cloud architects in building resilient, efficient, high-performing, and secure infrastructure for their system and applications. The framework provided by the AWS is based on the five pillars – Reliability, Operational Excellence, Performance Efficiency, and Cost Optimization. With this whitepaper, you will be able to learn how to use a consistent approach for evaluating architectures and implementing designs.3. AWS Certified Developer- AssociateAWS Developer certification is an associate-level certification is all about developing and maintaining applications using the AWS platform. This also covers other AWS services like storage, databases, workflow, notifications, and change management services. To ace this certification exam, you need to go through the following AWS whitepapers:AWS Security Best Practices – It is for professionals working on designing and configuring the infrastructure and applications deployed on the AWS platform. It includes the best practices used in defining the Information Security Management System (ISMS) for protecting your data and assets.Practicing Continuous Integration and Continuous Delivery on AWS – It covers the concepts and advantages of continuous integration and continuous delivery used as a part of the DevOps initiative.Implementing Microservices on AWS – This whitepaper includes how to use microservices for speeding up deployment cycles, improving scalability and maintainability, etc.Serverless Architecture with AWS Lambda – This whitepaper aims to give an overview of AWS lambda and the best practices used to build serverless applications on AWS.Optimizing Enterprise Economics with Serverless Architecture – This whitepaper is created to help the senior architects, Chief Technology Officers (CTOs), and Chief Information Officers (CIOs) get an understanding of the impact of serverless architecture on IT economics, team agility, and market.Running Containerized Microservices on AWS – It guides developers and architects on running containerized applications on the AWS platform. This includes security, lifecycle management, and architectural design patterns for containerized applications deployed on the AWS.Blue/Green Deployments on AWS – This whitepaper covers the Blue/Green deployment technique that shifts traffic between identical environments of application’s different versions to release application.4. AWS Certified SysOps Administrator -  AssociateCreated for system administrators,  AWS SysOps Administrator certification requires knowledge in operational as well as technical aspects of AWS. You must know how to deploy applications on the AWS platform, transfer data between data centers and the AWS, select the right AWS service, secure and manage the system. You can try the following whitepapers to get a better grasp of these concepts:Architecting for the Cloud – Made for developers and solutions architects, this whitepaper includes concepts on how to build solutions that can be deployed on the AWS platform. You will be learning about the benefits of attributes specific to cloud computing like infrastructure automation and elasticity.Amazon Web Services: Overview of Security Processes – This whitepaper covers the operational security and physical processes that are used for describing the server and network architecture of the AWS platform. You will be learning how to ensure the security of the data and application deployed on the AWS platform.Development and Test on Amazon Web Services – In this whitepaper, you will learn how AWS adds value to the different aspects of the software development cycle. For development, it will cover how to manage version control, project management tools, AWS environment, build process, and the best practices used on the AWS platform. For the test, it includes managing testing environment, running tests like fault tolerance testing, acceptance testing, load testing, etc. Studying this whitepaper will help you select the right scenario for your project. This whitepaper is meant for project managers, system architects, developers, and testers.Backup, Archive and Restore approaches on AWS – This whitepaper deals with solutions used for backing up your data on the cloud. There are discussions on the best practices used for protecting data on the AWS platform. You will learn about backing up, archiving, and restoring data. This whitepaper is meant for IT administrators, backup architects, and solutions architects that are working in the field of securing data in the IT environment.Amazon Virtual Private Cloud Connectivity Options – Created for Amazon VPC administrators, corporate network engineers, and architects, this whitepaper reviews the connectivity options available on the AWS. You will get an overview of all the options that can be used for facilitating network connectivity.5. AWS Certified Solutions Architect – ProfessionalFor  AWS Solutions Architect – Professional certification, a candidate must know best practices used for implementing AWS-based applications and cost-optimization. Also, they must have the skills required for migrating complex applications to the AWS platform and must be able to make architectural recommendations. Go through the following whitepapers to prepare for this certification exam:Encrypting Data at Rest – This whitepaper covers all the government or industry regulations, organizational policies involved in encryption at rest for protecting the data. You will learn about the different options that you can use for data encryption at rest available today.Web Application Hosting in the AWS Cloud – Meant for System architects and IT managers working to use the cloud for achieving scalability for meeting their computing needs, this whitepaper covers methods for achieving scalable and highly available web hosting. Migrating AWS resources to a new AWS Region - This whitepaper is created for customers of AWS who want to transfer their existing resources to a new region of AWS. It is not a definitive guide containing steps for the migrating process. However, it contains different methods and options that you can use for migrating different services to a new region.6. AWS Certified DevOps Engineer – ProfessionalThis certification demonstrates your skills of provisioning, managing, and operating applications on the AWS platform. It focuses on the fundamentals of using the DevOps movement required for automating processes and continuous delivery. You must know about implementing different methodologies used for automating the production operations. Here is a list of whitepapers you need to study to ace  AWS DevOps Engineer – Professional certification:Microservices on AWS – In this whitepaper, you will learn how to use microservices as an organizational and architectural approach for development. All the characteristics of microservices are summarized in this whitepaper including the challenges faced while building microservices. You will also learn how you can leverage the AWS as a product team to overcome these challenges.Running Containerized Microservices on AWS – In this whitepaper, there are discussions about the best architectural practices used for adopting containers on AWS. You will learn about leveraging the Microservices’ principles of Martin Fowler and mapping them to real-life considerations and twelve-factor app pattern. With this whitepaper, you will be able to use the best software design patterns and practices to build microservices.Infrastructure as Code – This whitepaper covers the Infrastructure as Code, the best practice used for automating the provision of infrastructure services. It covers the advantages of using Infrastructure as Code and leveraging the AWS’s capabilities for supporting the DevOps initiatives. This practice acts as a catalyst to attain a velocity that is more responsive to customer’s needs.7. AWS Certified Big Data – SpecialtyAWS Big Data – Specialty certification is for professionals working in the field of data analysis with experience in designing and architecting big data solutions. You must have the skills in using the AWS tools for automating the process of data analysis, security practices, architectural practices, designing and maintaining big data, etc. Following is a list of whitepapers that will help you prepare for this certification exam:Streaming Data Solutions on AWS with Amazon Kinesis – This whitepaper is created for data analysts, data engineers, and big data developers who want to shift from batch to real-time analytics. It covers the analytics’ evolution and how AWS services like Amazon Kinesis Analytics, Amazon Kinesis Firehose, and Amazon Kinesis Streams can be used for implementing real-time applications.Big Data Analytics Options on AWS – It covers big data analytics services offered by the AWS cloud. Created for data scientists, architects, and developers, this whitepaper ends with scenarios showcasing the different analytics options in working.AWS Database Migration Service Best practices – This paper gives an overview of all the best practices used for AWS DMS. This service allows the organization to minimize their associated downtime while changing database engines and migrating the database workloads to the AWS platform.Migrating Applications to AWS – In this whitepaper, you will learn how to use AWS Data Migration Service and AWS Schema Conversion Tool for transferring the on-premise database to the Amazon Relational Database Service. It covers all the features and benefits of using these tools and a step-by-step guide for migrating the database to the Amazon RDS. There are discussions on data migration and schema processes irrespective of the target database.8. AWS Certified Advanced Networking -  SpecialtyTo ace  AWS Advanced Networking -  Specialty certification, you must know how to use the AWS platform for performing complex networking tasks using the hybrid IT networking architecture. You should know how to architect and implement network solutions using AWS services. Also, you must be an expert in implementing compliance, automating tasks, optimizing the network, troubleshooting, etc. The following list of whitepapers will help you prepare for this exam:AWS Best Practices for DDoS Resiliency – This whitepaper will help you improve the application's resiliency against the Distributed Denial of Service attacks. You will be learning about the attacks, the capabilities of AWS, DDoS-resilient reference architecture, and migration techniques. This paper is created for security engineers and IT decision-makers working in the field of security, networking, and AWS.An Introduction to High-Performance Computing on AWS – In this paper, you will cover the benefits of using HPC workloads for computing on AWS. You will learn about how cloud services are used by organizations for gaining access to the most advanced computing capabilities.Integrating AWS with Multiprotocol Label Switching - This whitepaper covers the best high-availability architectural practices used for integrating the Amazon Virtual Private Cloud to the Multiprotocol Label Switching network.9. AWS Certified Security – SpecialtyTo prepare for  AWS Security – Specialty certification, you must know the basics of security and the security services offered on the AWS platform like data encryption, identity, and access management, monitoring, incident response, logging, data protection, etc. Here is a list of whitepapers that will help you get a clear understanding of the above-mentioned concepts:AWS Key Management Service Best Practices – This whitepaper covers the usage of AWS KMS, the difference between different customer master keys, auditing the use of keys, ensuring least privilege using AWS KMS key policies, etc.AWS Security Best Practices – In this whitepaper, you will get an overview of topics like identifying, protecting, and categorizing assets of AWS and managing the AWS resources’ accessing details. You will also learn how you can secure data, application, operating system and the infrastructure.Security at Scale: Governance in AWS -  This whitepaper will help you learn how to use the resources of AWS to achieve high-level governance. You will go through the features and governance related to the services of AWS. Using the AWS platform for building your integrated environment is also covered in this whitepaper.Security at Scale: Logging in AWS – This whitepaper covers all the logging requirements of common compliance. You will also learn about all the features of AWS CloudTrail and how it satisfies the logging requirement.AWS Security Best Practices – This whitepaper provides an overview of security topics like identification, categorization, and protection of assets on AWS, management of access to AWS resources, and discussions on different ways used for securing data, operating system, application, and the overall infrastructure.Security at Scale: Governance in AWS -  This paper covers methods of achieving high-level governance using the AWS resources. With the help of this paper, you will be able to understand the features of security and governance incorporated in the AWS services and how you can build your integrated environment on the AWS platform.Security at Scale: Logging in AWS – With this whitepaper, you will get a complete overview of the requirements of common compliance in relation to logging. Apart from this, you will also learn about the different features of AWS CloudTrail and how it can be used for satisfying the logging requirements.10. AWS Certified Machine Learning – SpecialtyThis  AWS Machine Learning – Specialty certification is for professionals who know how to create, implement, and maintain Machine Learning solutions. The exam validates your skills to design secure, reliable, cost-optimized, and scalable solutions for machine learning problems. You should also know how to identify the right AWS service. The following whitepapers will help you ace this certification:Machine Learning Foundations – This paper will help create a foundation of Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence and how technicians and researchers can use AWS services for deploying machine learning solutions.Managing Machine Learning Projects – This whitepaper covers the best practices used to manage machine learning projects. You will learn to manage and mitigate the risks involved in the deliverance of the complex machine learning systems. It is intended for software development engineers, data scientists, managers, and business stakeholders.Power Machine Learning at Scale – It includes the best practices used for the execution of machine learning workflows. You will learn about the recommended solutions, challenges, and end-to-end considerations as well as execution of parallelized modeling at scale thorough high-performance computing on AWS.These whitepapers will aid in expanding the knowledge of the AWS cloud. The technical content of these whitepapers including the guides, reference material, and reference architecture diagrams is written by the AWS community.
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What Is the Recommended List of AWS Whitepapers?

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What Are the Roles and Responsibilities of AWS Certified Solutions Architect?

A solution architect is an AWS solutions Architect Certification holder, who is usually a part of the solution development team, has the responsibility of designing one or more services or applications within an organization. The solution architect is required to have both business and technical skills in the right balance. He or she will often have to work with an enterprise architect for strategic direction. The focus is mainly on the technical decisions regarding the solution and the impact they have on business outcomes. The information is used by the development team for implementation of a solution.Solution architects require process as well as people skills. More often than not, they are required to explain complex problems to management in the simplest possible terms. They need to explain the same thing in a different manner, depending on their audience. Of course, they would have to understand the processes of the business well for creating a cohesive product vision.What does a Solutions Architect do?The position of a solution architect is one of the most sought-after positions among developers. They are responsible for building and integration of computer systems and information for meeting specific needs. Typically, this involves the integration of hardware and software for meeting the customer-defined purpose. Examination of current systems and architecture is also one of their responsibilities. They work with technical and business staff for recommending solutions for more effective systems. The project involvement of the solution architect starts when the requirements are being developed by the computer systems analyst. Thereafter, their involvement continues throughout the rest of the project. The task of development is organized by them, motivating and guiding the development time during the systems development life cycle. Ultimately, their main responsibility is regarding the vision underlying the solution and how to execute that vision. A solution architect may also have to look after programming, testing, and integration of software systems and devices. They use processes that usually involve the selection of technology that is suitable for a problem. They also need to maintain a balance between enterprise concerns and architectural concerns. Most of the solution architects have years of experience in software development, which equips them with tools that can help them be more productive and effective. The main focus of a solution architect is on:The use of technology for finding a solution to business problemsWhich platform, framework or tech-stack should be used for the creation of a solution? The appearance of the application, what modules to use and the interaction between those modules. Scaling for future and its maintenanceDetermining the risk associated with third-party platforms or frameworksFinding solutions to business problemsThe difference between an enterprise architect, a solution architect and a technical architectEnterprise architects are responsible for building complex enterprise ecosystems and solving high-level strategic problems. The strategic directions of business architecture are defined by enterprise architecture. It provides an understanding of the technical facilities that are needed for supporting the architecture. The gap between technology solutions and business problems are bridged by solution architecture. The entire process is quite complex and it includes several sub-processes. It includes:Finding which tech solution is the best for the solution of current business problemsDescription of the characteristics, structure, behavior and other such software aspects to stakeholders of the projectDefinition of the features, requirements, and phases of solutionProvision of specifications for defining, managing and delivering the solution. Technical architects, on the other hand, are primarily responsible for software architecture and engineering problems. A solution architect describes the use of different components of technology, information and business architecture for a specific solution. They address business problems by focusing on details and solution technologies. Hence, solution architecture serves as a channel between technical architecture and enterprise architecture. All these have to be combined effectively by companies for ideal solutions. Primary Processes Covered by Solution ArchitectureWith a solution architecture that is well-built, teams can develop products within the required time and budget constraints. It also ensures the solution of the problem is exactly what it needs to be. The tasks carried out by solution architects include:Envisioning solutions according to the corporate environment: Generally, companies already have an information context, integration requirements, and operating systems. The solution architect has to make sure the new system fits the environment that already exists in the system. To do this, they need to understand how different parts of a business model work together, including operating systems, application architecture and processes. Through an understanding of these processes, they will be able to design a solution best fit for the environment.Meeting stakeholders’ requirements: A particularly challenging aspect of software product development is to meet the requirements of stakeholders. A product usually has many technical and non-technical stakeholders. The aim of a solution architecture is to make sure all their requirements are taken into consideration. Stakeholders need to be informed about the processes, budgeting, and costs of product development on a regular basis. A solution architect performs this task by translating the technical details of the project into a language that non-technical stakeholders and management can understand.Taking project constraints into account: There are always certain limitations or constraints associated with a project, including:technologyscoperisks cost timequality    resourcesFor example, the technologies used for building a product should suit the requirements of its modules. The software documentation defines the scope of a project, which includes its goals, features, functions, and tasks. There is also a budget allocated for every project.Aspects like these are project constraints and they have their own limitations. A solution architect needs to understand all the constraints and compare them for making managerial and technological decisions as per the project goals.Selecting the technology stack for the project: A vital task performed by solutions architect is to select the right technologies for the development of products. The strategy of technical architecture depends directly on the technology stack that is chosen. Several different practices exist with regards to platforms, tools and programming languages. The function of a solution architect is finding which of these practices are most suitable for the project. It is a complicated task that requires assessing and comparing technology.Complying to the non-functional requirements: There are non-functional requirements as well that a software project has to meet. These requirements describing the system characteristics are called quality attributes. Non-functional requirements can differ according to the complexity of the product. The common requirements include security, maintainability, performance, usability, reliability, and scalability of a product. All these non-functional requirements are analyzed by the solution architect for ensuring product engineering meets these requirements. Main Roles and Duties of a Solution ArchitectConducting architectural evaluation, analysis, and design of enterprise-wide systemsStimulating appropriate design discipline and design tools like IBM RationalEnsuring delivery of robust system solutions by the application architecture team to the architect businessDeveloping, enhancing and maintaining established process and procedure of service design for assuring appropriate and robust service designWork with the enterprise architect for making sure the architecture and strategic blueprints are complied withForming part of a high-performance solution architecture team that supports the developmental effort of a business-oriented projectPlanning, designing and executing complex company level solution configurationPreparation and presentation of a test plan, lab reports, technical presentations and analyst briefings for covering different solution areasBe responsible for the best current practices and suggestionsCollaboration with the IT development team for ensuring suitable translation of architectural solution into robust and effective implementationMaking sure configuration management continues the way it shouldIdentification of customer requirements, analysis of alternatives and conducting product recommendations associated with platform, software and network configurationsWork with sales department for performing demonstration and conversing requirementsInitiate contact with the client to provide a complete team effortPrimary responsibilities:Understanding the needs of the company for defining system specificationsPlanning and designing the technology solution structureCommunication system requirements to the software development teamEvaluation and choosing suitable hardware or software and suggesting methods for integrationOverseeing assigned programs and guiding the team membersProviding assistance when technical problems ariseMaking sure the agreed infrastructure and architecture are implementedAddressing the technical concerns, suggestions, and ideasMonitoring systems to make sure they meet business goals as well as user requirementsSkills Required to become a Solution ArchitectThe role of a solution architect is a technical one and involves the translation of functional requirements into robust solutions. Individuals looking to get a job as a solution architect must possess AWS solutions architect certification and have a relevant degree along with certain skills, including:Technical literacy: A high level of technical literacy is required to become a solution architect. It allows them to figure out how a particular solution fits with the current structure of the organization. They also need to assist the development of requirements and specificationsAnalytical assessment: Solution architects are required to examine the current system of the client, which involves extreme analysis. They also need to analyze to determine the overall scope and requirements of the projectManaging schedule: Right time management skills are required for determining milestones and schedules for development and ensuring timely completion of deliverablesLeading the team: Solution architects need to know how to motivate and lead since they directly oversee development teams throughout the development lifecycles of projectsCommunication skills: Excellent verbal and written communication skills are also required since the role involves communication with clients, external vendors and team membersSolving problems: The system limitations or client specification can change during development. Solution architects need to use their problem-solving skills for changing directions quickly as per the updated limitations or specifications.When is Solution Architecture Needed by a Company?Technology consulting organizations can introduce solution architecture to the corporate structure if the integration process of the software system is not systematic. A solution architect is not required for all the projects. Solution architecture won’t be required if a single proven tech module is being implemented. However, it is advisable to consider solution architecture services when the projects grow to be more complicated, entailing different risks and processes. A solution architect is needed when:It is unknown which solution is the best fit for the company ecosystem: It is important that there exists a link between a particular project and enterprise architecture. Solution architectures make sure company environment standards are met by the solutionA digital transformation project is being run: Projects involving digital transformation requires businesses to reevaluate what they deliver to customers or how they deliver it. It cannot be done without linking business and technological tasks, which is what a solution architect doesThere are a lot of risks involved: In projects that involve different technological risks, uncertain requirements, implementation of multiple products or unapproved underlying technologies, it is necessary to have a solution architectA future product has to be presented to investors: In this case, solution architects help suggest suitable technologies for matching production requirements. They also communicate in clear and understandable business termsCommunications between engineers and stakeholders have to be set up: There can be a communication gap between a non-technical and technical specialist. Solution architects help bridge that gapThe project involves multiple teams: Larger projects require someone for managing the designers, business or technical architect teams for producing quality outcomes. To sum it all up, solution architecture forms the underpinning of all IT projects, regardless of whether the company actually adopts this practice or not. Deliberate introduction of solution architecture allows the building of the framework that aligns with skills, resources, and technology of defined business goals. Conventionally, mid-size and small companies do not practice solution architecture. The problems related to solution architecture are delegated across different roles with the product and development team. It is a good option for small projects that have predictable outcomes. However, a specialist will definitely be required if the enterprise architecture itself is complex with multiple software products being introduced into the ecosystem. A solution architect is a specialist for such needs.
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What Are the Roles and Responsibilities of AWS Cer...

A solution architect is an AWS solutions Architect... Read More