The increase in the number of companies to adopt DevOps to improve their workflow and productivity has led to an increase in the recurring concerns regarding its implementation. The answers to questions such as ‘Where and how do I start with my DevOps adoption?’, ‘What are the challenges that I might face?’ and ‘How do I go about to resolve those challenges?’, are very commonly sought after.
Bringing about such a revolutionary change from the traditional Waterfall approach to DevOps is not an easy process. The following lists some of the major challenges that organisations face while implementing DevOps.
- Change in Culture: The workplace culture undergoes the major amount of transformation while implementing DevOps. It is also one of the most difficult areas of transformation as it is a long term process which also requires a lot of patience and endurance. To make the process a bit easier, enterprises should try and maintain a positive as well as a transparent atmosphere in the workplace.
- Switching from Legacy Infrastructure to Microservices: In order to reduce stability issues, organisations now use infrastructure as code along with microservices for quicker development along with sharp innovations. Moreover, organisations need to update their hardware and software systems according to the latest trends on a regular basis, so that new systems can co-exist with the existing systems.
- Issues with the standards and metrics: Dev and Ops departments have different goals and working systems, hence they have different toolsets as well. It might become very tedious to sit together and integrate the tools. Under such circumstances, it is advisable that the teams agree upon a commonly decided metric system.
- Tool Turbulence: Switching to DevOps practices might make people dependent on the various tools that are available to solve even the smallest of their problems. Due to this, organisations might become addicted to those tools which provide with short-term benefits over the ones which provide with long-term benefits. Some of the tools are open-sourced or SaaS-based and can be easily adopted without any authorization. To make things easier, you can provide teams with a set of library tools from which they can opt for their preferred tools. This will also help the leaders stay up-to-date with the activities of the employees.
- Resistance to Change: You might come across people in your company who might not be supportive of the legacy systems. They are the ones who have become comfortable with their way of working and are not willing to leave their comfort zones. Hence, it is very important that you don’t bend down to such elements but instead bear with the discomfort of change.
- Challenges during the process: Adopting DevOps can prove to be challenging for workers who blindly follow guidelines and stay stuck to the rules, or for companies which follow specific guidelines for software development, as DevOps doesn’t have any fixed framework stating procedures that employees can follow to reach their desired goals.
The teams can decide on their own course of action without any structural approach, giving them opportunities and more scope for innovation.
- Test Automation: Test Automation holds equal importance as CI/CD deployments. It has been commonly observed that companies tend to neglect test automation and focus more on CI/CD deployments. For DevOps to be a success, continuous testing acts as a key.
- Cost and Budget: It is very important to keep in mind that open source does not necessarily mean that it is free of cost. Moreover, factor in integration and operational complexity to your overall costs.
In a Nutshell:
As Heraclitus, a Greek philosopher says that change is the only constant. It might be hard in the beginning, messy during the process, but it is always glorious in the end.
Evolving in the IT culture, DevOps brings you closer to bridge the boundary between business, development and operations. Overcoming these challenges from the root will make the transition process smoother for you.