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INFOGRAPHIC: The Future of IT

Technology is rapidly changing at a staggering pace. The rapid change of technology has driven an increased demand for highly competent IT professionals to meet the needs of the future. Many people now wonder what exactly these professionals need to know to prepare for this future.  In order to determine this we must look at the trends, technologies, and jobs that will dominate the landscape of tomorrow. IT Trends Shaping The Future       There are many mega trends are currently influencing how technology will be used in the future. For example, there is starting to be a greater connection between people and the internet. People now view the internet as more than a piece of technology but as a mental, social, and physical extension of themselves. This means they also expect to have access to technology everywhere and on any device. The “Internet of Things” is another major trend. The internet is now expected to be digitally linked to objects we use on a daily basis. At the same time big data is emerging providing new opportunities and challenges while artificial intelligence is putting computers in the position to make decisions. The shared economy is also creating a need for digital transparency and trust mechanisms that allow direct exchange of goods and services. People also now want to utilize 3D-printing and other technology to create physical materials on the spot. All of these trends are greatly influencing our current and future technology demands and needs.  IT Technology of the Future  Due to the current trends and advancements technology will look a lot different in the future. Here are some of the technologies that will be shaping our world in the future: Space drones: NASA has issued a challenge for designers to develop drones that can operate inside a space station. 760mph trains: PayPal, Tesla and SpaceX founder Elon Musk has been pioneering the new Hyperloop system. These “trains” can travel up to 760mph through a vacuum tube, propelled by compressed air and induction motors. With this technology passengers could travel between San Francisco and LA in 35 minutes. Using sound to fight forest fires: We all know that wild fires are a major problem in many areas of the country. Luckily, these fires will one day be fought by drones that direct loud noises at the trees below. Since sound is made up of pressure waves, it can be used to disrupt the air surrounding a fire, cutting off the supply of oxygen to the fuel. This technology can help fire fighters and ultimately save lives. Breathalyser cars: The US National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has developed devices that can monitor alcohol levels by sniffing a driver’s breath or scanning the blood in their fingertips via the steering wheel. With the technology cars can be immobilized the car if levels are too high. Drivers who use this system could even be offered discounts on insurance premiums. Internet for everyone: Elon Musk is requesting permission to send almost 4,000 small satellites into low-Earth orbit. These satellites would beam back a high-speed wireless signal to everyone on the planet. This would provide wi-fi to everyone in the world opening use of the internet and technology to everyone. Personalities for robots: Google has obtained a patent on robot personalities. Owners could have a personality automatically chosen to match their needs, or select one based on a fictional character, or a loved one. These will definitely be the robots of the future. Self-driving trucks: Driverless trucks are cheaper to run than regular rigs. They drive more smoothly and use less fuel while computers never get tired or need breaks. They can also drive in convoys, nose-to-tail, to minimize wind resistance. This type of technology will most likely be the future of transport. Your brain print as a password: A team at Binghamton University, New York looked at the way volunteers’ brain signals changed as they read a list of acronyms. Each person reacted differently enough for the system to predict who was reading the list with 94% accuracy. In the future a version of this technology could be used to verify who is using a computer. Your brain would ultimately be your password.  IT Jobs in the Future To take advantage of the trends and technologies identified here, we must also know what jobs will be in demand in the future. These include: Cognitive computing engineer/machine learning specialist: Do you remember IBM’s cognitive computing initiative, Watson which became a “Jeopardy” champion? Cognitive systems are becoming a very large part of IBM’s business plan and other companies are following. The demand for cognitive computing skills is growing and colleges are starting to offer courses and programs that address this need. Blockchain engineer: Many startups are recruiting engineers and developers who are familiar with the technologies behind bitcoin. They want people who have experience in cryptography, distributed systems, hash algorithms, and more. In fact, more than 200 companies and open source projects are seeking to apply blockchain technology to applications such as trading platforms , secure identification cards, and self-executing contracts. GPU cluster engineer: GPU computing improves application performance by offloading compute-intensive portions of the application to the GPU, while the remainder of the code still runs on the CPU. This advantage is key to companies like Facebook, China’s Baidu, and Experian that deal with enormous data sets. Virtual reality engineer: Virtual reality is expanding beyond being exclusive to just gamers. For example, the New York Times, is one of the first newspapers to begin using virtual reality (and Google Cardboard) as a storytelling tool. Goldman Sachs predicts that virtual reality will generate $110 billion, compared to television’s $99 billion, in 10 years. Internet of things architect: Everything is starting to connect to the internet of things. Verizon recently posted a job for an “IoT solutions architect.” People who can work with this technology will be able to shape the future and remain in high demand. Computer security incident responder: Cyber security specialist has been an in-demand job for some time. Incident responders are the people who deal with the effects of an attack or an exploit. They understand security information and event management (SIEM) SIEM. combines a number of functions into a single system and centralizes event logs and other security-related documentation for analysis. The future of technology is definitely bright. Those who understands the IT trends, uses, and jobs of the future will remain in high demand. They will be the people who work with the technology that shapes the future of our world.

INFOGRAPHIC: The Future of IT

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Knowledgehut infographic

Technology is rapidly changing at a staggering pace. The rapid change of technology has driven an increased demand for highly competent IT professionals to meet the needs of the future. Many people now wonder what exactly these professionals need to know to prepare for this future.  In order to determine this we must look at the trends, technologies, and jobs that will dominate the landscape of tomorrow.

IT Trends Shaping The Future      

There are many mega trends are currently influencing how technology will be used in the future. For example, there is starting to be a greater connection between people and the internet. People now view the internet as more than a piece of technology but as a mental, social, and physical extension of themselves. This means they also expect to have access to technology everywhere and on any device.

The “Internet of Things” is another major trend. The internet is now expected to be digitally linked to objects we use on a daily basis. At the same time big data is emerging providing new opportunities and challenges while artificial intelligence is putting computers in the position to make decisions. The shared economy is also creating a need for digital transparency and trust mechanisms that allow direct exchange of goods and services. People also now want to utilize 3D-printing and other technology to create physical materials on the spot. All of these trends are greatly influencing our current and future technology demands and needs. 

IT Technology of the Future 

Due to the current trends and advancements technology will look a lot different in the future. Here are some of the technologies that will be shaping our world in the future:

Space drones: NASA has issued a challenge for designers to develop drones that can operate inside a space station.

760mph trains: PayPal, Tesla and SpaceX founder Elon Musk has been pioneering the new Hyperloop system. These “trains” can travel up to 760mph through a vacuum tube, propelled by compressed air and induction motors. With this technology passengers could travel between San Francisco and LA in 35 minutes.

Using sound to fight forest fires: We all know that wild fires are a major problem in many areas of the country. Luckily, these fires will one day be fought by drones that direct loud noises at the trees below. Since sound is made up of pressure waves, it can be used to disrupt the air surrounding a fire, cutting off the supply of oxygen to the fuel. This technology can help fire fighters and ultimately save lives.

Breathalyser cars: The US National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has developed devices that can monitor alcohol levels by sniffing a driver’s breath or scanning the blood in their fingertips via the steering wheel. With the technology cars can be immobilized the car if levels are too high. Drivers who use this system could even be offered discounts on insurance premiums.

Internet for everyone: Elon Musk is requesting permission to send almost 4,000 small satellites into low-Earth orbit. These satellites would beam back a high-speed wireless signal to everyone on the planet. This would provide wi-fi to everyone in the world opening use of the internet and technology to everyone.

Personalities for robots: Google has obtained a patent on robot personalities. Owners could have a personality automatically chosen to match their needs, or select one based on a fictional character, or a loved one. These will definitely be the robots of the future.

Self-driving trucks: Driverless trucks are cheaper to run than regular rigs. They drive more smoothly and use less fuel while computers never get tired or need breaks. They can also drive in convoys, nose-to-tail, to minimize wind resistance. This type of technology will most likely be the future of transport.

Your brain print as a password: A team at Binghamton University, New York looked at the way volunteers’ brain signals changed as they read a list of acronyms. Each person reacted differently enough for the system to predict who was reading the list with 94% accuracy. In the future a version of this technology could be used to verify who is using a computer. Your brain would ultimately be your password. 

IT Jobs in the Future

To take advantage of the trends and technologies identified here, we must also know what jobs will be in demand in the future. These include:

Cognitive computing engineer/machine learning specialist: Do you remember IBM’s cognitive computing initiative, Watson which became a “Jeopardy” champion? Cognitive systems are becoming a very large part of IBM’s business plan and other companies are following. The demand for cognitive computing skills is growing and colleges are starting to offer courses and programs that address this need.

Blockchain engineer: Many startups are recruiting engineers and developers who are familiar with the technologies behind bitcoin. They want people who have experience in cryptography, distributed systems, hash algorithms, and more. In fact, more than 200 companies and open source projects are seeking to apply blockchain technology to applications such as trading platforms , secure identification cards, and self-executing contracts.

GPU cluster engineer: GPU computing improves application performance by offloading compute-intensive portions of the application to the GPU, while the remainder of the code still runs on the CPU. This advantage is key to companies like Facebook, China’s Baidu, and Experian that deal with enormous data sets.

Virtual reality engineer: Virtual reality is expanding beyond being exclusive to just gamers. For example, the New York Times, is one of the first newspapers to begin using virtual reality (and Google Cardboard) as a storytelling tool. Goldman Sachs predicts that virtual reality will generate $110 billion, compared to television’s $99 billion, in 10 years.

Internet of things architect: Everything is starting to connect to the internet of things. Verizon recently posted a job for an “IoT solutions architect.” People who can work with this technology will be able to shape the future and remain in high demand.

Computer security incident responder: Cyber security specialist has been an in-demand job for some time. Incident responders are the people who deal with the effects of an attack or an exploit. They understand security information and event management (SIEM) SIEM. combines a number of functions into a single system and centralizes event logs and other security-related documentation for analysis.

The future of technology is definitely bright. Those who understands the IT trends, uses, and jobs of the future will remain in high demand. They will be the people who work with the technology that shapes the future of our world.

KnowledgeHut

KnowledgeHut

Author

KnowledgeHut is an outcome-focused global ed-tech company. We help organizations and professionals unlock excellence through skills development. We offer training solutions under the people and process, data science, full-stack development, cybersecurity, future technologies and digital transformation verticals.
Website : https://www.knowledgehut.com

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3 comments

Krishna 03 Jan 2017

Interesting read.

Johnette 11 Jan 2017

It's impvratiee that more people make this exact point.

Jennifer Bradley 26 Feb 2019

Thanks for a very interesting read. It is safe to say that the one who understands the current IT trends, uses and the required skill sets for the same is going to be high in demand.

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Introduction to Hacking Web Applications

A web application is a program or software that runs on a web browser to perform specific tasks.  Any web application has several layers – web server, the content of the application that is hosted on the web server and the backend interface layer that integrates with other applications. Web application architecture is scalable and has components which have high availability.Hacking is the process of the appropriating the web application from its actual user by tinkering in various ways.  The web application hacker needs to have deep knowledge of the web application architecture to successfully hack it. To be a master, the hacker needs to practice, learn and also tinker with the application.Web application hacking requires tenacity, focus, attention to detail, observation and interfacing. There are many types of web application hacking, and many defense mechanisms available to counter and to protect the application from being hacked.Core defense mechanismsThere are four categories in which we can protect the web application:User access handling to the application data and functionalityUser input handling  Suitable defensive and offensive measures to frustrate the hackerApplication configuration to get the alert in case of unauthorized accessUser AccessA web application provides different roles for user access depending on the business requirement and use cases.  A classic example is a digital banking scenario, where the customer wants to access the banking functions to get the balance from his account or transfer the cash to someone else. Another example is a scenario where a Linux administrator wants to provide privileges and rights to authorized users.The web application uses the below security mechanisms:AuthenticationSession managementAccess controlAuthentication is identifying a user to whom the credentials belong. This can be done using is a user name and password.  Additional authentication can be done through the user’s mobile number or biometrics.Session management is the process of the user being signed in throughout, while using the web application.  Every time the user logs in to use the application, it is recorded as a session. Sessions can vary depending on the use case and application.Access control is a process of protecting the HTTP requests in Web application. This is the last layer of defense in the user access.User InputAll the user inputs in the web application are always untrusted. A web application should have defense mechanisms in place to prevent the user from writing malicious code or breaking the website.  We can handle the user input validation at various levels based on the need of the business.Input handling to reject all words related to hacking- this is a process of blacklisting them which the web server will check and confirm. These are called Semantic Checks.Also creating a set of rules to accept the user inputs – for example, only numbers that are safe for Bank account access can be used. This is called Safe Data Handling.We need to have multi-step validation where every component is checked for user inputs in the web application.We can have boundary validation to check all the external interfaces with the applications.Handling HackersTo get more sensitive alerts in the web application we need to have followingAudit logs recordsIP address blockingIntrusion Detection systemsFirewallsWe need to have application configuration with the key alert that has to be notified immediately when any hacker gets into the web application.Web application technologiesThe top web technologies that developers are using for web development are as below:HTMLCSSProgramming LanguagesJavaScript Coffee Script Python Ruby PHP GO Objective C SWIFT JavaFrameworks Node.JS Ruby on Rails Django Ionic Phonegap Bootstrap Foundation Wordpress Drupal .NET Angular JS Ember JS Backbone JSLibraries J Query UnderscoreDatabase MongoDB Redis Postgres SQL MySQL Oracle SQL ServerData Formats JSON XML CSVProtocols HTTP DDP RESTDigital Technologies for Web ApplicationsWeb Assembly – similar to JavaScript Movement UI Design Chabot’s Artificial Intelligence Dynamic Web Applications – PWA Blockchain Single Page Applications Web Server Software Computerized Transformation AMP Wins VR and AR Symfony LaravelBypassing client-side controlsThe process of sending data from server to client is very common in web applications.  The reverse is also true when client sends the data to the server. It is normal for software developers to assume that the client will not modify the data.  Avoiding the storage of data within the user session can help in security and also increase performance. Modifying the data stored in the client side is easy in comparison to the server side by the hacker.Two ways exist for bypassing: Application relies on client-side data to restrict the user input. So, restricting the client side controls the security. Application gathers data that is entered by user, the client implements methods to control the previous data.For both the options, the following are the techniques to by-pass client side controls: HTML form features Client Side Scripts Thick Client technologiesAuthentication and AuthorizationWeb applications have both authentication and authorization as key concepts supporting the web applications.Authentication refers to any verification process that checks whether a human or automated system is who or what it claims to be. Authentication is the process of verifying the identity of the individual. A unique identifier is added for the web application like Password, Login or username.  We can use OpenID, OAUTH, and SAML. The entire Authentication depends on the HTTP/HTTPS implementation.Authorization is a process in which we have controls to allow or restrict resources. It is entirely dependent on business use cases and it varies end to end.  For strengthening the authorization we should implement logging for all privileged actions. Invalid sessions should be made to log out. So we need to have strict controls on both the concepts to prevent hacking of web applications.XSS – Cross site scriptingThis is a type of injection in which malicious scripts are injected to trusted websites.  A hacker uses a web application to send malicious code. This is in the form of browser-side script. The end user has no way to know that a hacker has entered into the web application and he continues to execute the script. Script can access cookies, session tokens and all other sensitive information and even have the capability to rewrite the entire HTML page content.Types of XSS Stored XSS Reflected XSS DOM based XSSAll these can occur in Client XSS or Server XSS.Bypassing blacklists and whitelistsBlacklist refers to the practice of not allowing certain addresses and blocking them based on the need and requirement. They can be IP address, Networks and URLs.Whitelist indicates that a server would only allow through requests that contain a URL on an accepted list, and other requests will fail.Whitelist are harder to bypass as they are default controls in the web application.  The concept is that it redirects to the internal URL. We can bypass a blacklist byFooling it with redirects Tricking with DNS IPV6 address usage Switching out the encoding Hex Encoding Octal Encoding Dword Encoding URL Encoding Mixed EncodingCSRF – Cross site request forgeryCSRF is an attack that forces an end user to execute unwanted actions on a web application which is already authenticated. The hacker can send a link via an email and chat, and may trick the users of a web application into executing actions. In case the attack is on an administrator account the entire web application can be compromised. Unvalidated redirects These are possible when a web application accepts untrusted input. This can cause the web application to redirect the request to a URL containing untrusted inputs. Through the modification of the Untrusted URL input to a malicious site, the hacker launches a phishing attack and steals the user credentials.These redirects using credentials can also give the hacker the privilege functions which normally they cannot access.We need to have the user provide a short name, ID or token which is mapped server-side to a full target URL and this gives protection to the entire process.SQL injectionSQL injection is a process of injecting the malicious SQL query via the input data from the client to the web application.SQL injection can modify, read, and delete the sensitive information from the Databases. Has the ability to issue commands to the operating system Administration controls on the operations of the database Done through simple SQL commandsFile upload vulnerabilitiesWeb applications have these functionalities and features of uploading files.These files can be text, pictures, audio, video and other formats.We need to be careful while uploading files.A hacker can send a remote form Data POST request with mime type and execute the code.With this, the files upload will be controlled by the hacker.Attacking the application serverThe various formats of the attacks on the application server are listed below:Cross-Site Scripting (XSS)SQL Injection (SQLi)File upload  Local File Inclusion (LFI)Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS)Web application hacker’s toolkitThe hacker’s toolkit is as given below:Intercepting Web proxy – Modifies all HTTP messaging between browser and web applicationWeb application scanner -  For the hacker to get the entire information about the web application.A few of the tools which belong to the above two categories:Kali LinuxAngry IP ScannerCain & AbelEttercapBurp SuiteJohn the RipperMetaspoiltWeb application hacker’s methodologyConclusion:In this article, we have covered the entire hijacking web application concepts end to end. We have discussed the concepts of web applications and covered topics such as - Core defense mechanisms, Web application technologies, Bypassing client-side controls, Authentication and authorization, XSS – Cross site scripting, Bypassing blacklists and whitelists, CSRF – Cross site request forgery, Unvalidated redirects, SQL injection, File upload vulnerabilities, Attacking the application server, Web application hacker’s toolkit, and Web application hacker’s methodology.
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