How To Become A QA Engineer?

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Last updated on
13rd Jun, 2022
Published
11st May, 2022
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How To Become A QA Engineer?

A quality assurance engineer is in charge of making sure that new software products function properly before they are released to end-users. They ensure that all software meets company standards by actively looking for problems and testing the application. In other words, they can be considered software test engineers. If you like problem-solving and working with technology, you could do well as a QA engineer. This article will look at how to become a QA engineer and the responsibilities and salary associated with this position.

What Is Quality Assurance?

What Is Quality Assurance?
Quality Assurance (QA) is a method of preventing mistakes and flaws in manufactured products to avoid problems when delivering services and products to customers. It refers to the managerial and procedural operations carried out in a quality system to ensure that the objectives and goals of service, activity, or product are met.

What Is a QA Engineer?

QA engineering includes secondary (analytical) and primary (functional) elements within the context of the system and system integration testing that can be deleted. 

This definition provides a thorough outline of the responsibilities, roles, and necessary skills associated with this critical activity. When designing a product or providing a service to a client, there are numerous factors to consider. It is essential to determine if the ideal goal is to keep the client satisfied and continue to use your product again or to induce revenue.

Specific changes are sometimes required to accelerate the process and save time for everyone involved. Two main criteria are considered when defining what QA engineering is. First and foremost, this will be the goal of your project. Second, this is how you will track your progression towards the said goal. Enroll in a PMP training course to understand how QA engineers play their part in such projects.

What Does a QA Engineer Do?

Quality assurance engineers ensure that code written by other engineers is of high quality. They survey any possible bugs and other problems in a program and then work to resolve them before releasing them for production.

Before any projects begin, QA engineers gather information regarding the project’s goals and prepare to write policies for testing. They also establish procedures to ensure that the code is checked and reviewed. QA engineers even review any product updates. Some other duties that are performed by a QA engineer include:

  • Creating guidelines for company quality standards for the developers
  • Ensuring products are met with the required standards
  • Implementing automated and manual test scripts
  • Identify and research plausible solutions for any software problems or bugs.
  • Follow up on issues to ensure that the software development team makes significant changes to the product before releasing it to the client.
  • Maintain thorough documentation and records for all test cases
  • Make sure the development team adheres to all timelines and deadlines
  • Conduct extensive security testing to make sure the software and system security.
  • Check that the finished product complies with market guidelines and government regulations.
  • Manage the software or application release and look into any further corrections and releases.

Most QA engineers are in the finance or technology industries. These include software publishers, computer design companies, electronic manufacturing, and computer manufacturing. Check out our blog on which one to prioritize, quality assurance or control quality.

How To Become a QA Engineer?

Given below are some steps you can follow to become a QA engineer:

1. Decide which programming language you want to specialize in

It is recommended that QA engineers learn to code in an object-oriented language such as C#, Java, or Python. Try to choose a programming language based on the field you desire to enter, such as software development, web development, or embedded systems. A web QA engineer, for example, would need to be familiar with CSS, HTML, and JS.

2. Learn to code and develop software via a coding boot camp or college

A degree in a technical field like information systems technology, computer science, or software engineering would be a good starting point for a QA engineer position.  

Educational requirements can vary from each employer, but attending a coding Bootcamp to learn a specific language can be an alternative to receiving a traditional college degree. There are fast-paced and highly specialized programs that typically last 3-9 months. So, if you already know what job you want, this may be a viable career option for you.

3. Apply for internships or part-time jobs

While you’re still in school, try to look for internships or part-time jobs. These positions can add weight to your resume. Having a part-time job can be an excellent way to get into the workforce and build a network of connections while still finishing your training.

4. Refine and develop your technical skills

Since technology is a fast-changing field, staying up-to-date on industry advancements and trends is critical. Self-study courses, which can be found online, can help you build your skills and professional development.

5. Get a professional certificate.

Professional certification may open up chances for higher-paying jobs. The American Society of Quality’s (ASQ) Certified Software Engineer (CSQE) is one example of accreditation for a QA engineering position.

6. Create a unique technical resume and portfolio of your work as a software developer

A technical resume helps enhance the details of your technical skills and experience relevant to the job role. Your portfolio highlights your professional accomplishments and projects and your knowledge and abilities for prospective employers. Your resume should include who you are, how to contact you and showcase the best sample of the tasks you may have completed.

7. Start to look for jobs and prepare for a technical interview

As you begin to hunt for a job, consider that a technical discussion can be a complex process. It would help if you were prepared to portray your expertise in areas related to your field of specialization.

Qualifications For Becoming a QA Engineer

There are specific qualifications that organizations look for when searching for a QA engineer. Some familiar qualifications that every organization looks for include:

  1. Utilizing and Understanding QA methodologies
  2. Getting familiar with test planning and testing by using automation scripts and quality management tools.
  3. Capability to execute and create test cases for software development to check for problems and bugs.
  4. Ability to recognize and document any issues or bugs discovered during testing
  5. Applying and understanding agile methodologies that may be required.

Apart from this, QA engineers must also know specific programming languages to create software. These include:

  • C
  • C#
  • Java
  • JavaScript
  • PHP
  • Python
  • Ruby
  • Unix Scripting

Skills Required For a QA Engineer

To become a QA Engineer, a broad range of skills is required. Some of these include:

1. Detailed Attention

A QA engineer needs to spot any bugs or problems in the software. After that, they must go through the entire correcting and re-creating them to ensure that all issues and bugs are fixed. Hence, this requires excellent observational skills, great attention to detail and a deep understanding of the key indicators of project success.

2. Communications Skills

Having strong communication skills can help you present ways to improve the software to other employers. It is equally essential for you to have strong written skills as well. This will assure quality reports and chart progress.  

3. Time-Management and Multitasking  

Time management ensures that you have enough time to complete your tasks to the desired quality standard. Strong multitasking abilities allow you to transition between jobs in the order of their priority without sacrificing the quality of standards.

The Average Salary of a QA Engineer

The average salary for a QA engineer is $57,000 for a junior position. This, however, depends on the details like the company, industry, size of the company, location of the company, the level of experience, and so on. Professional certification like Six Sigma Certifications and CMMI Training also adds to your current salary.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) 

1. Is it hard to become a QA engineer? 

To become a QA engineer generally takes four years. QA engineers can earn a 2-4 year degree from a university or a college. However, with the help of coding boot camps, one can become a QA engineer within three months to less than a year.  

2. How do I become a QA engineer? 

To become a QA engineer, you must have a bachelor’s degree in information systems, computer science, software engineering, etc.

3. Is QA a dead-end job? 

QA can be a dead-end job if you don't have the required skills, expertise, and experience. Since this is a technical field, you must have expertise and experience.  

4. Which is better, QA or developer?

In most instances, test engineers and software engineers are sound. Software developers can develop their test code to remove any defects. While QA helps tackle these defects in customer workflow, the developer could have missed them.  

5. What are the four steps in quality assurance?

There are four main steps in the cycle of quality assurance. These include; Plan, Do, Check, and Act. These steps come into place since it analyzes existing methods and conditions for producing the product/services for its client.

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