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10 Different Types of Operating Systems (OS)

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25th May, 2024
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    10 Different Types of Operating Systems (OS)

    An operating system (OS) is software installed in all the computers that control the system's hardware and software resources and offers standard services to other programs. It's what the user sees when interacting with the computer's hardware. And there are various types of operating system that provide different user experiences and interact with the users with different user interfaces. This article will provide a detailed explanation of the different types of OS in computers. The different types of OS are Batch Operating System, Multi-processor Operating System, Multiprogramming Operating systems, Distributed Operating System, Time sharing Operating System, and many more.

    Here, we will learn about the operating system and its types in detail; every operating system here would make it complex, Let's discuss the top 10 kinds of operating system that are being used readily by different levels of organizations for different purposes.

    What is Operating System (OS)?

    An Operating System (OS) is a piece of software that connects the hardware parts of a computer to the user through the computer's interface or system. Every computer needs at least one operating system to run other programs. Applications like browsers, MS Office, games, and so on need a certain environment to run and do their jobs. An operating system is an important link between the user and the computer. It acts as a way for the user and the computer to talk to each other since the user can't understand or speak the computer's language.

    If a person is interested in pursuing a career in the IT field, then studying the different types of OS is very important and can help engineering students. Learning coding can also be initiated by learning about the various types of OS. Opting for the Best Web Development Course can be very productive for your career and knowledge.

    Different Types of Operating Systems

    The types of operating systems in computers are:

    1. Batch Operating System 
    2. Multi-processor Operating System  
    3. Multiprogramming Operating System  
    4. Distributed Operating System 
    5. Time-sharing Operating System 
    6. Network Operating System  
    7. Mobile Operating System  
    8. Multi-tasking Operating System  
    9. Client/Server Operating System  
    10. Real-time Operating System  

    Types of Operating System

    The main goal of each operating system is to keep the hardware and software of the machine in good shape. Resource managers are in charge of processes, threads, files, devices, and networks. As new hardware is made, operating systems have to change to work with it. Because of this, we now have many options for choosing an operating system that fits our needs. This gives users a better experience and means they don't have to use software or functions that aren't important to them.

    A person with Full Stack Developer Certification should know all these types of operating systems in detail. These different operating systems are developed for different purposes, so if a full stack developer works for certain software, then He/she should know about the different operating systems to ensure the quality and functioning of the product in every computer/system. A list of different types of operating systems, including a full justification, is mentioned below.

    All of these are different types of operating systems in computers that people use for various purposes. These operating systems are important for students who want to build a career in the IT field to learn. Also, if someone wants to stay up-to-date or choose an operating system for their computer for some other business, they can refer to the content of this article too. In the below part of the article, we will discuss in detail the various types of operating systems with examples:

    1. Batch Operating System

    Batch Operating System

    One important type of operating system is the batch operating system. Users of a batch operating system don't have direct contact with the computer. Each user works on a device that is not connected to the computer, like a punch card, and gives it to the computer operator. Jobs with similar needs are grouped and run as a group to speed up the processing. The programmers tell the operator when they're done with their work, and the operator sorts programs with similar needs into groups.

    Advantages:  

    • It can be used by more than one person at the same time.
    • Cut down on how long it takes for the system to run all the programs.

    Disadvantages

    • If a job doesn't work, the other jobs will have to wait for a time that isn't known.
    • Batch systems aren't always cheap.
    • Hard to fix bugs in.

    2. Multi-processor Operating System

    Multi-processor Operating System

    If you have more than one CPU, you may want to consider an OS designed for multiprocessors. Multi-processor systems typically use this operating system. System performance can be enhanced with multiprocessor architectures because numerous processes can be executed in parallel. It cuts down on the total amount of time needed to execute individual jobs.

    Advantages: 

    • It's what makes it possible for the computer to process several tasks at once.
    • Games, scientific calculations, and financial simulations are just a few examples of tasks that can benefit from access to the whole processing power.

    Disadvantages: 

    • They cost more because they need more CPUs and memory units.

    3. Multiprogramming Operating System

    Multiprogramming Operating System

    With a multiprogramming operating system, a single-processor computer can run more than one program at the same time. In a multiprogramming operating system, if one program has to wait for an I/O transfer, the other programs are ready to use the CPU. Because of this, different jobs may share CPU time. Their jobs, on the other hand, don't have to be done at the same time.

    Advantages:

    • Reduced reaction time is one of its benefits. 
    • The ability to perform multiple tasks within the same program at once could be useful. 
    • Multiple people can utilize the multiprogramming system simultaneously. 
    • Unlike longer-term projects, short-term tasks can be completed quickly. 
    • This has the potential to speed up the completion of temporary projects. 
    • Increased CPU utilization and zero downtime are the results. 
    • Smart use of resources is evident. 

    Disadvantages: 

    • It's incredibly intricate and complex. 
    • Computer processor scheduling is essential. 
    • Operating systems require memory management since all tasks are kept in system memory. 
    • Managing everything is a more difficult task. 
    • Long wait times for permanent positions are to be expected if there are several available positions. 

    4. Distributed Operating System

    Distributed Operating System

    As the name suggests, a distributed OS can run on a group of computers at the same time. Most of the time, distributed systems are used to spread data and applications. Distributed systems are also used by computer networks to coordinate the parts of their hardware and software that are shared. Users may be in many different places. Multiple computers share a single data link in this type of network. Each system has its own computing power and storage space, which are not linked to each other. Multiple computers in different places share nodes, discs, CPUs, network interfaces, and other hardware parts like CPUs, network cards, and network interfaces. Because of this, more people can get more information.

    Advantages: 

    • It is safer because if one computer fails, it won't affect the other computers or the whole system. 
    • All computers can work on their own. 
    • Since resources are shared, the overall cost is lower. 
    • As more resources are shared, the system runs more quickly. 
    • The load on the host system is lower. 
    • It is easy to add computers to the system. 

    Disadvantages: 

    • High Setup cost. 
    • The whole system will fail if the server fails. 
    • Such a system uses software with a lot of moving parts.

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    5. Time-sharing Operating System

    Time-sharing Operating System
    GeeksforGeeks

    A time-sharing operating system is a program that allows numerous concurrent users with a shared user interface. It enables concurrent access to the same resources, such as files and applications, by several users who are simultaneously logged in. This operating system is most prevalent in businesses, particularly those with many concurrent users. Time-sharing operating systems allow users to complete their tasks concurrently. The time-sharing operating system is the most recent innovation in computer science; it is also gaining widespread acceptance at an accelerating rate.

    Advantages: 

    • It delivers a speedy response. 
    • Reduces idle CPU time. 
    • Each task is assigned a set duration of time. 
    • Less likelihood of duplicate software. 
    • Improves response time. 
    • Friendly and user-friendly. 

    Disadvantages: 

    • It utilizes numerous resources. 
    • Requires hardware with high specifications. 
    • It has a dependability concern. 
    • A problem with the security and integrity of user data and programs. 
    • Probability of data transmission issues. 

    6. Network Operating System

    Network Operating System

    A network operating system, sometimes known as NOS, is software that links several computers and devices to a network and enables those devices to share the network's resources.  

    Advantages

    • It is easy to add new technology and hardware upgrades to the system. 
    • The server can be accessed from different places and different kinds of computers. 
    • The server in the middle is very stable. 
    • The server is in charge of security. 

    Disadvantages: 

    • Most things have to do with the central location. 
    • It costs a lot of money to buy and run servers. 
    • It needs to be looked after and updated regularly. 

    7. Mobile Operating System

    Mobile Operating System
    Scaler

    Another types of operating system is the Mobile operating system. They are a subset of operating systems (OS) developed specifically to run on mobile devices such as smartphones, tablets, and wearables. Android and iOS are two of the most well-known mobile operating systems, although there are many of others, such as BlackBerry, Web, and WatchOS. 

    Advantages: 

    • The ability to do multiple tasks. 
    • Stability and assurance of protection 
    • Utilizing mobility software to provide a great experience for users. 
    • Capability of living up to the standards set by users. 
    • Secure mobile data access. 
    • Improve departmental communications. 
    • Aid for the labor force 

    Disadvantages: 

    • Apps keep running even when you're not using them. 
    • Things are hard for developers. 
    • Smartphones with low specs run slowly. 
    • Defense From Viruses.
    • There are a lot of ads in apps. 
    • It doesn't help older people. 
    • You need a Google account. 
    • Software that has bad content. 

    8. Multi-tasking Operating System

    Multi-tasking Operating System
    Javatpoint

    Operating systems that support multi-tasking are built with the intention of allowing numerous applications to execute at the same time. Operating systems that support multitasking make it possible for numerous people to collaborate simultaneously on the same document or programme. 

    Advantages: 

    • Better response. 
    • Each task gets an equal opportunity. 
    • CPU idle time decreases, which boosts the performance. 

    Disadvantages: 

    • Since a single processor will be running multiple tasks, the CPU will be busy and may get hot. 
    • Memory Boundation: During multitasking, the main memory (RAM) has to hold more than one process, so there could be a memory limit. 

    9. Client/Server Operating System

    Client/Server Operating System

    Client/server network operating systems refer to networks with two types of nodes, namely servers and clients. Users' apps and services are hosted on servers, while clients utilise these programmes. Both the server and client computers in a client/server system must have particular software installed in order to communicate safely across a network connection.

    Client-server networks are a form of computer network that connects multiple computer systems via a telecommunications network. Clients are the computers that utilize the network to access the server's services. The servers are the computers that deliver network services. Client/server networks are typically employed in corporate and government applications.

    Advantages:

    • Allows companies to boost computing resources without buying new hardware. 
    • Client-server systems can swiftly adapt to changing business needs. 
    • Dedicated server solutions are less stable and harder to maintain. 
    • Cheaper operations. 
    • More stable and manageable than dedicated server systems 

    Disadvantages

    • These operating systems require more sophisticated management and networking technology, longer start-up times, and increased attack susceptibility. 
    • Less secure than systems with dedicated servers. 
    • More difficult to scale than standalone server systems. 

    10. Real-time Operating System

    Real-time Operating System
    GeeksforGeeks

    A real-time operating system is an OS for real-time applications that need to process data and events in a very specific amount of time. It is used when we need to look at data in real-time. This type of Operating System is mainly used for traffic control systems and medical systems. Real-time OS are of two types:- 

    1. This Hard Real-time operating system is used when even a small delay can cause a major issue. The time restrictions are extremely stringent. 
    2. We utilize this Soft Real-time operating system when a minor delay is tolerable and does not significantly damage anything. 

    Advantages: 

    • Utilization of technology and resources to their fullest extent. 
    • This system is nearly error-free. 

    Disadvantages: 

    • Real-time Operating System employs very complicated algorithms. 
    • Limited duties. 
    • Use Significant System resources.

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    Conclusion

    In this article, we have tried to explain different types of operating systems in an easy and understandable manner; after reading this article, you should be able to conclude that the operating system is an integral part of the computer system, without which a user cannot use the system. The article also talks about ten different types of operating systems that are mostly used in different sectors. in order to become an expert in operating systems and other computer-related stuff that is mandated to pursue a career in IT sector, you should opt for KnowledgeHut’s best Web Development course, the course is about helping students from any background to become a full-fledged web developer and secure a high paying job. 

    This article explains the basic knowledge of different kinds of operating systems. After reading the article, a person should be able to list the types of operating systems required for a certain operation. Types of operating systems in PCs should be selected by keeping the requirements, cons, and pros of the operating system in mind to make the best decision. 

    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

    1What Type of Computer Operating System Would Be Best for a Large Corporation?

    In my opinion, Windows 10 is still the best operating system for larger enterprises. It remains the preferred option for many enterprises. As the majority of individuals are already familiar with Windows, learning a new system poses little difficulty. It is also easier to install than certain Linux-based distributions.  

    2What are the Types of Gui Operating System?

    You may already be familiar with a variety of graphical user interfaces (GUIs), including those seen in popular desktop and mobile operating systems like: 

    Desktop operating systems 

    • Microsoft windows 
    • macOS 
    • Linux 

    Mobile operating systems 

    • Android 
    • Apple iOS 
    3Which Type of Operating System Runs on a Firewall Router or Switch?

    Some firewall appliances use Linux or BSD, but most hardware firewalls rely on specialised, proprietary operating systems built solely for the purpose of running the firewall software. Not all networking features available on a general-purpose OS are included in proprietary ones

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    Program Director, FSD

    With 20+ yrs of industry experience in media, entertainment and web tech, Sachin brings expertise in hands-on training and developing forward-thinking, industry-centric curricula. 30k+ students have enrolled in his tech courses.

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