What is Full Stack Developer and What Do They Do?

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Last updated on
28th Nov, 2022
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08th Apr, 2022
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What is Full Stack Developer and What Do They Do?

Many web developers specialize in one type of development, such as front-end or back-end development. They may even specialize in a particular type of web development framework. Full-stack developers, on the other hand, do it all. Having full-stack development skills allows designers to create a complete web application from start to finish, which is a skill that is always in demand. 

Is it really necessary for developers to learn the full spectrum of development if they could specialise in frontend or backend development? Here are the top reasons to become a full-stack developer.

What is Full Stack Development? 

The terminology used in the software industry is frequently influenced by English idioms — or expressions that say one thing but mean another. To be clear, it is quite probably that no developer has ever encountered a legitimate 'stack' in their code. These aren't important aspects of coding, whether it's a stack of pancakes or a stack of laundry. 

Having said that, the stack is a useful analogy for describing the layers involved in software development. This idea is based on the fact that software development, rather than being straightforward, build on top of it. 

Let’s consider an example and see what does full-stack developer mean? A full-stack, for example, includes all of the components required for front-end and back-end development. Front-end and back-end are obviously idioms as well, representing different parts of the stack that must be addressed. 

A stack's layers may or may not include databases, DevOps, or features unique to mobile app development, in addition to front-end and back-end development. 

Fullstack developers are also available. While some may regard these individuals as jacks of all trades and masters of none, it is crucial to understand that such developers are frequently masters of a few technologies and pleasant with the rest. 

What is a Full Stack Developer? 

A full stack developer works on both the front end and the back end of a web application. The front end is in charge of the visual look and feel of the website, whereas the back end oversees the site's logic and infrastructure. 

Full Stack Developer is mainly the combination of Front End, Back End, Databases, and DevOps. 

Let’s take a closer look at all the terms: 

Front End Development (Client Side) 

A front end developer creates everything on a web page, from the logo to the search bar, buttons, overall layout, and how the user interacts with the page. Front end developers are in charge of the website's appearance. 

Front end developers must also ensure that the website looks good on all devices (phones, tablets, and computer screens). This is known as Responsive Web Design. 

Back End Development (Server Side)

The element of the application which the user does not see is referred to as the back end. Back end developers are responsible for the site's logic, the creation of servers, and the interaction with databases and APIs (Application Programming Interfaces). 

For example, the content and layout of a form are developed on the client side, but when users submit their information, it is processed on the server side (back end). 

Databases

A full stack developer must work with databases. A database in a web application is a way of storing and organise the data for your project. 

There are many different types of databases to learn, but here are a few popular ones. 

  • SQL 
  • MySQL 
  • NoSQL 
  • MongoDB 

Version Control

Most developers consider it to be a very important tool because of the beneficial role it plays in the development field. It is important for a variety of reasons, some of which are as follows: 

  • It helps in keeping track of project progress. 
  • It facilitates teamwork and collaboration. 
  • It helps in the recovery of lost project files in the event of a deletion. 
  • Git is the most popular and widely used version control system. 

Front End vs. Back End vs. Full Stack Web Developers — What’s the Difference? 

Frontend  vs  Backend  VS Full Stack Developer

Your knowledge of full stack development must include both the front-end and the back-end. But how does it look in practice? To get some ideas, look at the comparison below. 

Full Stack

You've probably heard a lot about full stack development. In any case, for finishing touch, full stack development refers to software development that occurs on both the front-end and back-end of a project. 

Full stack development is a given for the majority of software development projects. Front-end development entails creating a graphical user interface (UI). 

This occurs in parallel with back-end development, which entails writing maintainable code, or business logic, to ensure the application works properly. 

Front-End

As previously stated, front-end development is primarily concerned with controlling what users interact with and that's in a software application. 

It is critical for users to proceed to use your software if your web pages or mobile applications are easily navigable and interactive. Front-end developers are familiar with client software such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. 

Two of the most important technologies for web pages are Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) and Cascading Style Sheets (CSS). The structure of a web page is determined by HTML, and the visual layout is influenced by CSS. 

JavaScript is a programming language that allows for the creation of dynamic web pages. Simple interactions, such as dragging and dropping or scrolling, are all identifiers of JavaScript programming.  

Back-End

Back-end development is responsible for everything that the user cannot see. As a result, back-end developers must play a passive role behind the scenes. However, their work ensures the features of every software project. 

To be straightforward, whatever front-end technology is created for users to see, back-end developers are peeking out from behind the curtain, directing these features with their code. 

Languages that perform well on servers and networking, such as Python or C++, would be used in server software. Query languages for database management are also classified as server software. 

Back-end developers particularly like Node.js. It is a JavaScript framework that allows for back-end development, which means that developers can use JavaScript for both front-end and back-end development — known as full stack development. 

Why Become a Full-Stack Web Developer? 

So, what is a full-stack web developer? A Full Stack Developer is someone who works on both the Back End (or server side) and the Front End (or client side) of an application. 

Why would any developer choose to learn the full spectrum if they could specialize in frontend or backend development? Check out the full stack developer future here.

When you can address and discuss both elements of the web development process and fill the gap, you are more valuable to a team. 

In other words, a developer who can quickly assess and interact how a website should look, feel, and manage data while also understanding the technical constraints of such deployments will be a highly regarded and valued member of any team or company. 

What Does a Full Stack Developer Do? 

 To do the job well, Full Stack Developers must have some knowledge of a wide range of coding specialties, from databases to graphic design and UI/UX management. 

full stack developer roles and responsibilities include the following: 

  • Assisting with software design and development 
  • Software testing and debugging to keep it optimized 
  • Writing clean code for the software's front and back ends 
  • Creating user interactions for the web application 
  • Creating servers and databases for the software's back end 
  • Optimizing and ensuring cross-platform connectivity 
  • Application responsive design testing and maintenance 
  • Collaborating with graphic designers to create new features 
  • API and RESTful service development 
  • Keeping up with the technology progressions in order to improve their software 
  • Communicating the effectivity of emerging technologies to decision makers 
  • When developing, keep security, maintenance, scalability, and other factors in mind. 

Are Full Stack Developers in Demand? 

The demand for Full Stack Developers is increasing. Full-stack developers are in high demand across all industries, from start-ups to multinational corporations. A full-stack developer consistently outperforms partial task professionals, increasing demand from businesses. 

They are valuable assets to the organisation, demonstrating their versatility. Their expertise, knowledge, and skilled technological insight have proven to be extremely valuable to organisations. 

Full Stack Developers all seem to be experts with a wide range of skills and knowledge. The hiring of these professionals is in high demand, according to management. These are aimed at developing the product's end-to-end components. This equates to higher-paying salary structures for professionals. In the United States, the average salary for a full stack developer is $106,167 per year, plus a $4,750 cash bonus. 9.5k salaries were reported as of January 24, 2022. 

With the huge profits which come with hiring a full stack developer, companies, mostly start-ups with a financial clock that is constantly ticking, prefer to hire them over individual stack developers.

What Does a Full Stack Developer Need to Know? 

Asthe demands of a full stack developer's roles will vary depending on their industry and job, all must have the same core set of front and back-end development skills.

Front End Development 

The primary goal of a front-end developer is to create a visually appealing and user-friendly platform. 

Front end development has become more complex as users interact with websites via various devices such as smartphones, tablets, and desktop computers. Developers must now ensure that a site renders correctly across multiple browsers, operating systems, and device types. 

As new technologies are introduced, the demand for front end development change; however, there are a few front-end skills that all full stack developers should perfect. 

This worldwide front end skill set includes the following items: 

  • HTML 
  • CSS 
  • JavaScript 
  • DOM Manipulation 
  • Front End Frameworks  like ReactJS, VueJS, and Angular  

Frameworks are collections of fundamental software modules that includes prepared code that programmers could use to fix common programming tasks like handling AJAX requests or trying to define a file structure. 

ReactJS

It is a well-known front-end JavaScript library for developing user interfaces and related components. It employs the MVC architecture, with a different table of presentation and data availability. One of its distinguishing features is the Virtual DOM and how it handles document access and manipulation. The DOM interacts well with HTML and XML documents, causing them to behave similarly to a tree structure, and each HTML element functions as an object. 

React uses the JSX coding style, with a mix of HTML quotes and tag syntax to create the components. It breaks down larger components into smaller ones that can be managed separately and individually. With this feature, developers' overall productivity is bound to rise. 

Angular

It is a web framework that is dominating the list of web frameworks. It is a framework for creating efficient and advanced single-page applications. It is a Typescript-based development platform developed by Google. It is a component-based framework for developing scalable web applications, as well as a set of tools for developers to use to create, build, test, and modify code, and a collection of well-integrated libraries. 

Angular allows you to scale single-page applications to enterprise-level applications based on your needs. It is currently used by YouTube and Google Translate. It also has a lot of features, making it one of the most popular frameworks. 

Vue.js

It is a modern, progressive MVVM framework that takes advantage of incremental adoption to the greatest extent possible. Vue.js, as one of the best JavaScript libraries, has been creating interactive UI elements that are lightweight and easy to adapt. It provides data-reactive elements through a flexible and straightforward API. It is simple to complete smaller projects and then scale up to larger ones. 

Vue.js is small in size and thus simple to install and download. Small and large level templates can be created, and errors can be identified quickly, saving time and effort. It simplifies the binding of existing applications and provides extensive documentation. It also assists developers in understanding peer frameworks such as Angular.js, React.js, and others. Its MVVM architecture makes it easier to handle HTML blocks. 

Back End Development

Back end development refers to the activity done behind the scenes of a website or application. The term refers to the database, server, and any other software that serves as an intermediary. 

Developers must understand how to organise a system's logic so that the overall programor website can function properly. All frameworks and libraries must be merged into the application and structured in such a way that other developers can maintain the codebase in the future. 

Back end developers must have a strong set of foundational skills to achieve this goal. This should include the following: 

  • Object-Oriented Programming 
  • Object-Oriented Programming 
  • SQL/NoSQL 
  • Python 

Check out online web development certification by KnowledgeHut.

Profile

Abhresh Sugandhi

Author

Abhresh is specialized as a corporate trainer, He has a decade of experience in technical training blended with virtual webinars and instructor-led session created courses, tutorials, and articles for organizations. He is also the founder of Nikasio.com, which offers multiple services in technical training, project consulting, content development, etc.

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