Scrum and Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe®️), both function under the Agile values and principles. Though there are very small differences between Scrum and SAFe®, it is very important to have a clear understanding of the same. Scrum is a framework which is based on the values and principles of Agile, whereas SAFe® is a framework which implements Scrum at an enterprise level.
Let us have a look at the differences between Scrum and SAFe®.
|1.||Deals will small, collocated, cross-functional teams.||Deals with big, multi-geography teams.|
|2.||Scrum is adopted by the Agile Teams.||Adopted by enterprises as a whole, not just a team. (extension of Scrum)|
|3.||The middle management plays no role.||Program and Portfolio management are two important tiers of SAFe®️.|
|4.||Basic construct is the Scrum Team.||Basic construct is the Agile Release Train. (ART)|
|5.||Scrum misses out various essential aspects.||With SAFe®️, all possible features and aspects of an organisation can be managed.|
While Scrum is an Agile way to manage software development, SAFe®️ is an enterprise-level establishment method.
The major difference between the two depends on the way they choose to handle their work. In simple words, Scrum is basically used to organise small teams, while SAFe®️ is used to organise the whole organization. Moreover, Scrum tends to miss many important aspects that SAFe®️ manages to contain.
Scrum sounds simple in concepts but is hard to execute from the core.
Scrum is an iterative method of product development that breaks down a project into small segments, which are then completed by small cross-functional teams within a defined period of time. It focuses on a regular rhythm of delivery and relies on cross-functional teams, some specific supporting roles and a set of ceremonies to complete the delivery of the project.
To plan, organize, administer, and optimize a process, Scrum heavily depends on three roles:
It stands for ‘Scalable Agile Framework’. It is an approach which consumes the whole enterprise and not just a team. SAFe®️ scales Scrum to make it work for bigger enterprises and has bigger teams working on the same product than what Scrum recommends. SAFe®️ has described three levels in an organisation, viz Portfolio, Program, and Team. This structure is widely accepted in large organizations as it has a tiered approach for delivery of its work. Unlike Scrum, it focuses on retrospect and releases planning as well, so that improvements can be made.
The three important parts of SAFe® are:
To summarize, Agile is a mindset, a way of working; Scrum is a framework based on Agile values and principles, while SAFe®️ is a scaling framework that implements Scrum at an enterprise level.
The major difference between Scrum and SAFe®️ agile methods lie in the way they take into practice. SAFe®️ has been developed in such a manner that it fills the gap that Scrum had left behind. SAFe®️ focuses on release planning and retrospect for improvement, which Scrum lacks.
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