Our life as a developer seems to be quite competitive in a world where the use of different programming languages is constant. In this era of programming, web languages are difficult yet progressive choices for extensive learning and career growth.
In this article, you will read about the topmost Front End Developer skills which will help you upscale your expertise in web development. Along with that, here we also have provided the top technical and non-technical Front End Developer skills for better growth in your career.
Who is a Front-end Developer?
Front-end Developer Skills
Let us move toward the skills required for becoming a front-end developer:
The learning skills in flowchart model are:
Technical Front End Developer Skills
1. Beginner’s Technical Skills:
- HTML: HTML or HyperText Markup Language is the basic building block of any web page. This is the only language well understood by web browsers. All web pages in the world consist of HTML.
- HTML5: HTML5 is the latest version of HTML. It contains a lot of extra tags like <HEADER>, <FOOTER>, <SECTION>, <ASIDE>, <NAV>, etc. There are some shortcut tags as well like <!Doctype HTML> tag.
- CSS: CSS or Cascading Style Sheet is the styling part of the web page. It beautifies the website by providing many formats, positioning, font styles, and color. The Box style with borders is becoming a trend nowadays.
- CSS3: CSS is just the basic version of styling. Whereas CSS3 is the advanced version of CSS with responsive design. It also provides splitting up styles into modules. To learn CSS, See Section: “Who is a front-end developer?”
3. Intermediate Technical Skills:
The website designers who are equipped with the basic skills can move to the next level where they can learn about JQuery, TypeScript, AJAX, JSON. Let us discuss these languages in brief:
4. Responsive Technical Skills:
Nowadays people are very fond of tablets and mobiles. Responsive websites can be opened on different devices like computers, laptops, notebooks, tablets, smartphones, etc. A responsive website works on display screen size with formats for menus, tables, images, animation, and more. To make a website responsive, we require to know a different set of skills like Bootstrap, Foundation, HTML5 Boilerplate, UIKit. Let us discuss these skills in brief:
- HTML5 Boilerplate: This Library is very popular for its cross-browser compatibility. According to Wikipedia, “Boilerplate code or just boilerplate are sections of code that are repeated in multiple places with little to no variation”. A boilerplate is a template rather than a library. An HTML5 boilerplate is added at the start of any web project and henceforth added to all its HTML pages. HTML5 Boilerplate can be downloaded from https://html5boilerplate.com/.
- UIKIT: A UIKIT is a library or tool which helps web developers to develop module-based websites. It has a modular based approach to website designing. We use UIKIT in two ways. For Rapid Prototyping where we use UI KIT to mock-up web pages. And for Final Product Designing where we use UI KIT to create our own customized kits according to our project needs. UI KIT can be downloaded from https://getuikit.com/.
5. Advance Technical Skills:
As we move further to skill ourselves fully in front-end website development, we usually start working with modular programming. We divide our website into components, services, libraries, modules, etc. Some of the advanced technical skills required for understanding this approach are Angular, React.js, Vue.js, Node.js, etc. Let us brief about each of these technologies:
- Angular: Angular is a free and open-source framework that is built for developing web applications. Angular is a rewrite from the team that built AngularJS. It is a typescript-based framework constructed by the Angular Team at Google and supported by a community of individuals and corporations who constantly groom the framework. Angular CLI can be downloaded and installed from node.js by the command “npm install -g @angular/cli”.
Non-Technical Front End Developer Skills
As we have already discussed technical skills in our previous topic, let us go through some of the non-technical skills in brief:
1. Web Security:
Hacking into web servers is the most common security threat for businesses having an online presence. Web security is the protective measures taken against web-related cybercriminals and threats to web communication. Web Security deals with the stack of protocols in HTTPS. It is a must for any transaction-related online activity. Some sectors using Web Security skills are Banking, Insurance, Law and Order, E-commerce, personal mail accounts, personal profile maintenance account, etc.
Single Page Applications is the method in which only one page is dynamically loaded and re-loaded for every request made to the website. It is a preferred skill for web applications. Angular, React, etc. are all specifically designed for SPA.
UI stands for User Interface and UX for User Experience. UI/UX skills make the end web projects very user-friendly. Here we understand the marketed audience and design our web apps according to the need and ease of the client.
4. Progressive Web Apps:
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