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Frontend Developer vs Backend Developer: Key Differences

18th Sep, 2023
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    Frontend Developer vs Backend Developer: Key Differences


    The most commonly used terms in web development are "front-end" and "back-end." It is very important that each side of the website must communicate and work efficiently as a single unit for apt functionality. You will gain more insight into the activities once you start working as a developer, such as learning various languages, determining if you have a prediction for one side of web development over another or even the front end developer roadmap. To learn front-end development, you can sign up for a front-end web developer online course and improve your skills.

    Frontend Developer vs Backend Developer: Key Differences

    Full Stack Devs can operate with a variety of frameworks and are proficient in both front end and back end languages and they should be familiar with all the layers of the website. There are quite some differences between front-end and back-end languages that are given in this article below. 

    Who is a Front-end Developer?

    Front-end builders are accountable for efficiently enforcing visible additives on an internet site. They additionally carry out crucial internet site improvement responsibilities like navigation, buttons, or something that enables enhancing the website’s typical visibility. This is approximately ensuring the visible components of an internet site are functional.  

    Front-end developers and the frontend online course will help in building elements like buttons, forms, navigation, animations, graphics, etc. HTML, JavaScript, and CSS are frequently utilised for this purpose to ensure that your website functions well. Front-end developers must understand how the different sides of websites work to create a cohesive and easy-to-use product. They must have a strong working relationship with the backend devs who will help them with backend API which they essentially will consume to create a website or an application. The best way to start doing that would be these frontend development projects.

    Who is a Back-end Developer? 

    Backend developers work on server-side development. They are accountable for constructing the shape of a software program application. Back-end devs deal with databases, server side programming languages, and internet site architecture.

    In order to make the server, application, and database sync with each other, backend developers use server-side languages like Python, Java, Go lang etc. to construct an application, and use databases like mysql, oracle postgres to find, save, or information and serve it again to the consumer through front-end interface.

    When a user makes a request to the device through the User Interface Framework, It’s a developer’s obligation to ensure that the software can supply any requested statistics or information. They also make sure that the internet site is scalable enough to survive high internet traffic when a huge number of users start using it.

    Back-end developers also keep an eye on how the site functions and how to make modifications and updates behind the scenes.

    Difference Between Front-end and Back-end Web Developers

    SpecificationsFront-end DevelopersBack-end Developers
    DefinitionThey are concerned with what the user sees.They construct the infrastructure that will allow the front-end to function.
    SkillsetsHTML, CSS, and JavaScript are the languages that a frontend developer should be proficient with.Java, Golang, Python, Dot Net, etc. are back-end programming languages. Knowledge of databases, servers, APIs  should be known by backend dev’s.
    TeamFrontend developers create the appearance of a website by analysing user input and adjusting it accordingly.Backend developers create a program that works in conjunction with the frontend. Security of a program is also part of the backend team.
    Stand-alone ServiceThe service of front-end development cannot be provided on its own.Back-end development can be provided as a stand-alone service in the form of API Service.
    GoalsAll users/devices  should be able to view the website.It should remain responsive on   mobile as well as desktop.They must ensure that the website loads and performs correctly.
    Job RolesThey should know how to work on the UI/UX  design of a website.Developers who work on the back end should be able to implement algorithms and troubleshoot system faults.
    Average SalarySalary differs from company to company.Salary differs from company to company.
    Most popular toolsHTML, CSS, JSDatabases, Any Backend language, Networking Knowledge.
    FrameworksReact, AngularDjango (Python Devs), Spring (Java Devs)
    Added AbilitiesUnderstanding Version control tools like Git, SVN and UX design.Skilled in problem solving and logical reasoning.

    Technologies Needed for Frontend Development 

    Here are important technologies that front-end developers deal with day-in and day-out.

    1. HTML: HyperText Markup Language
    2. CSS: Cascading Style Sheets
    3. DOM: Document Object Model  
    4. JavaScript and JavaScript libraries and frameworks
    5. HTTP: Hypertext Transfer Protocol
    6. URL: Uniform Resource Locator  

    Front-end developers also use a set of frameworks and libraries and here are the two significant ones:  

    1. AngularJS
    2. React.js

    Technologies Needed for Back-end Development 

    There are many languages and frameworks that are used for back-end development. Here, we have provided the list of the same for a better understanding.

    1. Python
    2. Java
    3. Golang  
    4. C#
    5. C ++  
    6. Javascript
    7. Node js
    8. REST and SOAP  
    9. Databases
    10. Writing high-quality unit tests is a must.
    11. Understanding of session management in a distributed system’s context is required.

    The backend developers also use certain frameworks:

    1. Django
    2. Spring
    3. Express

    Roles and Responsibilities of Front-end Developers

    Here are the roles and Responsibilities of Front-end Developers.

    1. Defines additives at the web page with HTML.
    2. Make websites appear alluring with CSS.
    3. Works on interactivity with JavaScript.
    4. Enhances the user  experience by analysing the user interaction on the web pages.
    5. Choosing the structure and appearance of website pages.
    6. Adding new features to improve the user experience.
    7. They also assist in debugging apart from the overall look and feel of the UI interface.
    8. They are also familiar with version control tools like git/svn, chrome developer tools, text editors, and IDE.
    9. They write unit test cases to make sure their code is behaving as intended with all the required parameters and cases.

    Roles and Responsibilities of Back-end Developers

    Here are the roles and Responsibilities of Back-end developers

    1. Working with front-end developers and other members of the team to set goals and design more functional and cohesive codes to improve the user experience.
    2. By keeping an eye on industry developments and trends, coming up with new ideas for new programs, goods, or features.
    3. Concentrate solely on server-side coding and troubleshooting.
    4. Create reusable code.
    5. They are responsible for building or designing system architecture as well.
    6. They build APIs that function on various underlying platforms.
    7. Back-end Devs help in designing prototypes and frameworks.
    8. They are also familiar with version control tools and are responsible for writing unit test cases to make sure no regression issues are found and their code is behaving as intended.

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    Difference between front-end and back-end developers is that they work on different aspects of the website. Front-end development is a type of programming that concentrates on the visual aspects of a website or app that which a user will interact with. They are both important components of web development and are utilized to make websites useful and pleasant. If you are thinking about a career as a web developer but are not sure which part interests you then a full stack developer is a good option as they take benefit from the best of both worlds.  

    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

    1What is the difference between front-end and back-end development?

    Developers on the front-end and back-end of a website work on different aspects of the site. Front-end development is a type of programming that concentrates on the visual aspects of a website or app that a user will interact with and back-end development drives the functionality under the hood.

    2What kind of languages are required for a front-end and a back-end developer?

    HTML, CSS, and JavaScript are used on the front-end, while Java, Golang, and Python are used on the backend.

    3Should I be a front-end or back-end developer?

    It all depends on what you choose. If you want to keep working with both, full stack developer is the best option to go for. However, you cannot truly understand BE or FE unless you are extremely dedicated and spend a significant amount of time researching and keeping up with current approaches, tools, and technology. 

    4Is easier front-end development easier than back-end?

    Front-end development is often easier to get started with than back-end programming and this KnowledgeHut front end online course will help you get started for the same. It is relatively easy as in most cases and all you need to get started with existing frameworks along with IDE.


    Ankur Pandita


    I have been working as a Software Engineer for 8.5 years now, majorly working with Python, Golang and bash. I use tools such as AWS, GCP, OCI for cloud computing and docker, Kubernetes, Terraform for deployment. I have experience working with Networking, Routing, Load balancing, DNS and a good understanding of the IP, TCP, UDP, HTTP, and SSL protocols as well.

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