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Why Is Retrospection Needed?

The dictionary meaning of Retrospective is “contemplation of the past events”, i.e. revise and analyse the past. Agile Retrospection is a ceremony performed at the end of every sprint to analyse, document and take actions to make the project and the process more transparent and productive. While Retrospection is very important to any project, it is also important to understand the boundaries created for the meeting team. While setting boundaries we should keep in mind that the freedom of speech of the team is not affected. To understand the concept of Retrospection Meetings better let me introduce you to the basics of the meeting first – <iframe width="560" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/-hnD43Gs_ys" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe> The Correct Time – Last day of the sprint is the ideal day to hold the meeting The duration of the meeting – An ideal Retrospection Meeting should not be more than 20-25 minutes Required Members- Scrum Master, Product Owner, Developers The meeting generally starts with the common parameters of the team like velocity, user stories accomplished etc.Then each member of the team comes up with their opinions on –  What went well? What went bad? What should the team continue doing? What should the team stop doing? Points given by each member is noted in a spreadsheet by the Scrum Master, and at the end of the meeting, 3-4 main action items are selected and are used as inputs to work on in further sprints. In every retrospective, the team should look back at the action items from the previous meetings and ensure that the ones that have been worked upon are closed.  While in a new Agile team the members are hesitant to put forward their views openly, in an experienced Agile team it is easier to get the views easily and truly. Having covered all this it is important to understand that sometimes Retrospection meetings are used by employees to cover their mistakes or throw blames at other team members. For e.g. if the work of one developer is dependent on the work of another developer, there might occur a conflict of time or ideas between the two. Similarly, one developer's work might cause an issue in an existent piece of code written by someone else. These conflicts are often pointed at by developers during the retrospect and thus a healthy meeting turns into an introspection of each other’s work in the presence of the whole team and hampers the spirit of Agile. The team participating in the Agile Ceremonies should be trained and coached well to understand the practices advised in Agile and the reason behind them. Many Scrum Masters in today's day come across situations when differences occur between team members which are not good for the team to perform with complete dedication. In such situations, it is the duty of the Scrum Master to understand the differences and solve as quickly as possible to avoid internal conflicts which may eventually lead to bad team performance or delayed commitments. To avoid such introspection and team differences, the Scrum Master should make sure that the team adheres to the below guidelines –  Always check with the teammates for any issues and try to solve in a mature and professional manner Resolve opinion differences regarding technical issues with logics and backing data Also, before starting every sprint it is very important to understand each requirement from business perspective to avoid confusion Also, it is a Scrum Master's duty to maintain a professional environment within the team and the Product Owner's duty to always clarify the business value of each backlog item so that the development team can follow the correct direction from sprint start. There are also some free tools available online like IdeaBoardz, Fun Retro, Reflect, Pointing Poker, Scatter Scope etc. Additionally, below-suggested guidelines for the meeting can help retrospect and come out to better conclusions as to what is best for the team : Each team member should contribute only 2-3 points most important according to their viewpoint When one team member is putting a point others should not contradict or speak in between Everyone should speak when asked to by Scrum Master If a conflict of opinion occurs between 2 team members then the same should be solved with only the concerned members and not to be put in retrospective When a team follows pure Agile, the Retrospective is an important ritual for the team. This helps Continuous Integration and helps the team understand each other’s point of view. A Retrospect could also be accompanied by the achievements of the team in the sprint. The Scrum Master can incorporate the team’s success in the start of the meeting to set a good tone for the meeting. Concluding, I can positively say that while good Retrospection can do wonders for the team, a bad one can break the team which is not good in the long run.  
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Why Is Retrospection Needed?

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Why Is Retrospection Needed?

The dictionary meaning of Retrospective is “contemplation of the past events”, i.e. revise and analyse the past.

Agile Retrospection is a ceremony performed at the end of every sprint to analyse, document and take actions to make the project and the process more transparent and productive. While Retrospection is very important to any project, it is also important to understand the boundaries created for the meeting team. While setting boundaries we should keep in mind that the freedom of speech of the team is not affected.

To understand the concept of Retrospection Meetings better let me introduce you to the basics of the meeting first –

<iframe width="560" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/-hnD43Gs_ys" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe>

The Correct Time – Last day of the sprint is the ideal day to hold the meeting
The duration of the meeting – An ideal Retrospection Meeting should not be more than 20-25 minutes

Required Members- Scrum Master, Product Owner, Developers

The meeting generally starts with the common parameters of the team like velocity, user stories accomplished etc.Then each member of the team comes up with their opinions on – 

What went well?

What went bad?

What should the team continue doing?

What should the team stop doing?


Points given by each member is noted in a spreadsheet by the Scrum Master, and at the end of the meeting, 3-4 main action items are selected and are used as inputs to work on in further sprints. In every retrospective, the team should look back at the action items from the previous meetings and ensure that the ones that have been worked upon are closed. 

While in a new Agile team the members are hesitant to put forward their views openly, in an experienced Agile team it is easier to get the views easily and truly.
Having covered all this it is important to understand that sometimes Retrospection meetings are used by employees to cover their mistakes or throw blames at other team members. For e.g. if the work of one developer is dependent on the work of another developer, there might occur a conflict of time or ideas between the two. Similarly, one developer's work might cause an issue in an existent piece of code written by someone else. These conflicts are often pointed at by developers during the retrospect and thus a healthy meeting turns into an introspection of each other’s work in the presence of the whole team and hampers the spirit of Agile. The team participating in the Agile Ceremonies should be trained and coached well to understand the practices advised in Agile and the reason behind them.



Many Scrum Masters in today's day come across situations when differences occur between team members which are not good for the team to perform with complete dedication. In such situations, it is the duty of the Scrum Master to understand the differences and solve as quickly as possible to avoid internal conflicts which may eventually lead to bad team performance or delayed commitments.

To avoid such introspection and team differences, the Scrum Master should make sure that the team adheres to the below guidelines – 

  • Always check with the teammates for any issues and try to solve in a mature and professional manner
  • Resolve opinion differences regarding technical issues with logics and backing data
  • Also, before starting every sprint it is very important to understand each requirement from business perspective to avoid confusion

Also, it is a Scrum Master's duty to maintain a professional environment within the team and the Product Owner's duty to always clarify the business value of each backlog item so that the development team can follow the correct direction from sprint start.

There are also some free tools available online like IdeaBoardz, Fun Retro, Reflect, Pointing Poker, Scatter Scope etc.

Additionally, below-suggested guidelines for the meeting can help retrospect and come out to better conclusions as to what is best for the team :

  • Each team member should contribute only 2-3 points most important according to their viewpoint
  • When one team member is putting a point others should not contradict or speak in between
  • Everyone should speak when asked to by Scrum Master
  • If a conflict of opinion occurs between 2 team members then the same should be solved with only the concerned members and not to be put in retrospective

When a team follows pure Agile, the Retrospective is an important ritual for the team. This helps Continuous Integration and helps the team understand each other’s point of view. A Retrospect could also be accompanied by the achievements of the team in the sprint. The Scrum Master can incorporate the team’s success in the start of the meeting to set a good tone for the meeting.

Concluding, I can positively say that while good Retrospection can do wonders for the team, a bad one can break the team which is not good in the long run.
 

Shreeti

Shreeti Bhattacharya

Blog Author

Shreeti is a full time Scrum Master with Wipro and aspires to share her knowledge across.

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Guide to a Successful Career Path with the Scrum Alliance Certifications

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These certifications promote Agile values, principles, and practices, and support in switching to Agile.Bragging over 750,000 certified practitioners widespread, Scrum Alliance, Inc. currently serves as the World’s largest Agile membership organization reporting considerable growth with 5,000 and above new entrants joining a troupe of certified Agile practitioners monthly.Certifications offered by Scrum Alliance   Scrum Alliance offers 8 Scrum team Role-based certifications which include Scrum Master, Product Owner, and Developer certifications track (including foundation and advanced level), 3 Guide level certifications and 2 Agile Leadership certifications. Let us look at the different certifications offered at each level by Scrum Alliance what job roles an individual can play and after which certification, and also will help you to let you know the sequence of the certifications: Fig: Career paths based on roles Before discussing the certifications, let us look at the three categories in which Scrum Alliance certifications are divided: 1. Roles-based certificationsScrum Master track:Certified ScrumMaster®Advanced Certified ScrumMasterCertified Scrum Professional® -ScrumMasterProduct Owner track:Certified Scrum Product Owner®Advanced Certified Scrum Product OwnerCertified Scrum Professional® -Product OwnerDeveloper track:Certified Scrum Developer®Certified Scrum Professional®2. Guide level certificationsCertified Team CoachSM  Certified Enterprise CoachCertified Scrum Trainer®3. 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The certification has no expiry date. The digital badge earned after the certification remarks your start on your agile journey.Career Path after CAL I certificationAfter CAL I certification, you can take CAL II certification to complete your Certified Agile Leadership (CAL) certifications. Career Path after CAL II certificationWith CAL II certification, you will be able to guide leaders in applying, growing, and sharing your Agile leadership journey with the Scrum teams.Prerequisites to attend CAL II certificationTo earn this credential, individuals must have CAL I certification and successful accomplishment of:Advanced Education- additional education on a unique leadership development topic, customized according to your learning journey and taught by an approved CAL educatorValidated Practice- implementing the newly earned skills at work.Renewal Policy of Scrum Alliance certificationsScrum Alliance always aims to keep the certifications and training program updated. According to Scrum Alliance, certification holders need to maintain their certifications by renewing every two years. The fee to renew the level-based certifications are:Foundation level certifications are renewed by paying $100 renewal feeAdvanced level or Professional level certifications are renewed by earning 40 Scrum Education Units (SEUs) and paying $250 as a renewal feeCoach and Trainer based certifications must be renewed annually and are required to meet all the current requirements for each such renewal.Job roles available for Scrum Alliance certified professionalsSome of the common job roles played by the Scrum Alliance certified are transformational leads, transformation coaches, Scrum Masters, developers, managers, engineers, testers, technical writers and architects. Scrum Alliance also maintains its own job panel to assist community members in their job search. If you want to know more about the recent job postings, career news, blogs, and more, you can visit Agile careers section of the Scrum Alliance.    
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All you need to know about Certified Scrum Product Owner

Scrum as a framework describes roles and rules that help and facilitate people in their own way. As each team consists of people of different skill sets, each project is different. Every company has its own policies, so there are no stringent rules for any type of team or project. It is a simple framework which gives us the boundary to manage complex and unpredictable projects.The best part of Scrum is that during the process, the customer can change the requirement which he wants to see in the final product and Scrum team should be flexible enough to embrace it.“A good team needs both Scrum Master and Product Owner to succeed.”Who is a Product Owner?Product Owner can be any person from the team who has a very strong knowledge of Program Management, Business skills, knows Agile, and Scrum Methodologies as well as has good communication skills to deal with the stakeholders. He/She is a person who makes sure that the team is aimed at the right goal, sets the correct target, and provides a vision for the product. Product Owner is clearly responsible for defining and prioritizing the product backlog which expresses the goal.Responsibilities of a Product OwnerLet's take a look at the responsibilities of the Product Owner:Product Backlog prioritization: Product Owner is clearly responsible for defining and prioritizing the product backlog which expresses the goal.Maximizing ROI: Responsible for ensuring that a project earns a good return on the investment (ROI) made in it.Providing a vision: Responsible for establishing and communicating the vision of the product. Questions could be, what is unique about our product? To whom are we selling? What about other competitors?Sharing a vision is important for motivating a team and creating a long-term connection between those who are developing the product and those using it. Not only Business Analysts, but the Product Owner writes the product backlog as well. Irrespective of who is writing the Product backlog, it is only the Product Owner who is responsible for the product backlog, backlog prioritization, and making sure that the PO delivers the quality products satisfying the customers’ needs.Addressing questions: Product Owner is responsible for answering the questions if the team has any queries related to a user story.For example- Why is this task on high priority? Why are we doing this user story? The Product Owner (PO) can also delegate the questions to someone else but he/she should make sure all the team queries are addressed.Providing boundaries: Vision and boundaries are competing aspects of the project. The vision shows what a product can be. The boundaries describe realities within which the vision must be realized. Boundaries are provided by the Product Owner and often comes in the form of constraints as:It needs to be completed by JulyIt can use only half the memory of the current versionReduce the per unit cost but with the same functionalityRuns at twice the speedThe role is all about giving enough scope to the team so that they feel motivated to solve difficult problems while working on a project. But one should refrain from providing the team with so many boundaries that it becomes impossible to solve the project problems.If this role appeals to you and you like to work as a Product Owner, then you can go for CSPO certification. Here is everything about the Certified Scrum Product Owner (CSPO) that you need to know:What is a Certified Scrum Product Owner® ?CSPO®- Certified Scrum Product Owner®The Certified Scrum Product Owner® Certification from Scrum Alliance is a validation of your commitment to ongoing excellence in your Agile journey and makes you eligible to take on Product Owner responsibilities and lead successful projects. The Product Owner is a key member of the Scrum Team and holds the responsibility of leading the project strategically, collaborating with the customers and team on a daily basis, and managing the business value.Accreditation Body for CSPO®-Scrum AllianceTwo-day Certified Scrum Product Owner® (CSPO®) training classes are delivered by Scrum Alliance Certified Trainers® (CSTs®), which combines classroom study, group discussions, and hands-on practice exercises. The program will provide you with a deep understanding of Scrum from the perspective of a Product Owner, enabling you to be an effective customer to the Scrum team and at the same time maximizing ROI.Key Takeaways of the courseEnhance your skills as a Product OwnerLead Agile teams and motivate your team membersFacilitate smooth communication channel between the Stakeholders and the Scrum teamIncrease Scrum functionalityCreate practical and efficient plans and schedulesReduce risk by pre-planningImprove ROIEnsure maximum delivery.“Defining the boundaries is a debatable topic but it is important to be done by a Product Owner for the success of the product.”Is CSPO® = Future?As the popularity of SCRUM is increasing, there is a high demand in the market for professionals with the Scrum Experience. According to Glassdoor salary website, the salary of the Certified Product Owner ranges from $2,110 - $20,090 per year making an average of $114,130 annually.   CSPO® certification is advisable for individuals who are already in project or product management and now wish to adapt to the new methodology under Scrum. This is for the aspirants who want career growth in project management area with Scrum experience. CSPO® certification is very helpful in gaining the following:You can globally increase your career opportunities across all industry sectorsIt eases you to prove your achievement of core Scrum knowledgeYou will learn the basics of Scrum and the scope of the Product Owner roleEngage with Agile practitioners committed to continuous improvementAccess to local groups, networks, and resources available only to Scrum Alliance members.Who can be CSPO®?Following is the target audience who can take up CSPO® Certification:Project ManagersDevelopersProduct OwnersManagers-Software developmentArchitects-Software developmentProduct ManagersSoftware developersSoftware codersSoftware testersTeam Leads or Team Members who are interested in learning more about Scrum and leading Agile projects.Prerequisites to become a CSPO®The first step needed to become a CSPO®  is to get familiar with the Scrum framework. Then,  attend an in-person two-day (16 hour) CSPO® training course taught by a Certified Scrum Trainer® (CST®) to become eligible for the CSPO® certification.Step-by-Step Process to becoming a CSPO®Step 1: Attend an in-person 2-day CSPO® training taught by a Certified Scrum Trainer® (CST®).Step 2: After successfully completing the course, you will be asked to accept the CSPO® License Agreement and complete your Scrum Alliance® membership profile.Step 3: Login to your Scrum Alliance® account and fill the details.Step 4: Congratulations! You are now CSPO® certified and your certificate is valid for two years.Step 5: Download your CSPO® certificate from Scrum Alliance®.Step 6: Certification renewal process: You can maintain your CSPO® certification by earning Scrum Education Units® (SEUs) and renewing your certification every two years. For more details on CSPO certification renewal process, check the Scrum Alliance® website.Benefits of CSPO® CertificationThe benefits of CSPO certification are so many. Mentioned below are the benefits explained with the statistics of different countries.Most Popular Job for Employees with a Certified Scrum Product Owner (CSPO®) CertificationThough many certifications of SCRUM are getting popular nowadays. CSM® and CSPO® are one of them. The popular designation with Scrum certifications for India, US, and UK are mentioned below.CountryDesignationIndiaProduct Owner, Product Manager, Business Analyst, Senior Product Manager, Project Manager, Senior Business Analyst, Lead Business Analyst.USProduct Owner, Product Manager, CSM, Senior Product Manager, Project Manager, Senior Business Analyst, Software Development Manager, Agile CoachUKProduct Owner, Senior Product Manager, Senior Business Analyst, CSM, Product Manager, Software Development Manager, Senior Product ManagerCSPO® salary by countryThe survey conducted by the Payscale regarding the salary range of Product Owner in different countries is as given in the table below.CountryAverage PayRangeIndia (Rs)1,424,014708,139-2,670,022US ($)83K58K-117KUK (€)40K28K-64KCSPO® salary by experienceYearsIndia RsUS $UK €Less than 1 year-61K36K1-4 years887,23378K38K5-9 years1,195,642100K51K10-19 years2,014,207116K61K>20 years3,000,000127K75KMost popular Employers Name who prefer CSPO® certification.IndiaUSUKOracleAmazonTescoGE General ElectricFidelityPearsonHoneywellIBMCEBDellCapital One financial corpExperianAccentureNikeRegisters of ScotlandEY Ernst & YoungGECambridge University PressWhat next after CSPO® certification?The career path of a Scrum Product Owner® can vary according to the interests of an individual. It could be higher in a Product Management role.So, Are you ready to become a CSPO®?On a Scrum team, individuals are asked to look beyond their explicit role to find ways to help the team accomplish its goals.Product Owner is a very special role in SCRUM and can stand out as the CEO of the product. Certification CSPO® will be an added advantage if somebody is planning to seek this role. The Scrum Product Owner plays a key role in the Scrum team and leads the project strategically, collaborating with the users and team regularly to manage the business value.
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All you need to know about Certified Scrum Product...

Scrum as a framework describes roles and rules tha... Read More

Who Is a CSPO? - Roles and Responsibilities

1.1 What is a Product Owner?A Product Owner is a role defined in Scrum. Scrum is a framework for complex product development (*). The Product Owner is responsible for maximising the value of the product resulting from the work performed the Development Team. The role exists in Scrum to have 1 person with a clear accountability of WHAT product or service will be built. The Product Owner role is also used as a title outside Scrum, in other frameworks, but if you want to understand the definition of the role and responsibilities of a Product Owner, you need to start to look and to understand it in the scope of a Scrum Team. (*) (“product”, to be defined in context, this is a generic term for the product or service being developed for the end-users)(*) (“development”, also to be defined in context, this is a generic term for all activities needed to create and deliver value to the end-users)1.2 What’s the job profile of a Product Owner?The Product Owner role is Scrum is a role, both with a tactical, strategical and operational aspect. The Product Owner role is critical as the role is kept by 1 person (and 1 person only) for a specific product. Having 1 person holding the role simplifies the accountability in terms of having 1 spokesperson for product ownership and accountability of maximising value. This doesn’t mean that all activities are to be done by the Product Owner; otherwise the Product Owner could become a bottleneck. The Product Owner does remain accountable at all times. To be able to do the job, the Product Owner has business (domain) knowledge, affinity with end-users, affinity with “development” (activities needed to deliver a piece of value), and knowledge of how to do agile product management. Product management is a multi-disciplinary job, and it involves to understand, empathise, quickly inspect & adapt, each time with the accountability to make the right choices in terms of what to built next, in order to continuously (incrementally) deliver value to end-users. In order to better understand what kind of profile is needed to fulfil the product owner role, it’s valuable to list skills required and activities performed.When looking for a Product Owner, you’re looking for a profile with generic product management skills and product-specific skills.  The generic skills are needed to be able make decisions on a strategic and tactical level.People skills a Product Owner must have:A Product Owner also needs people skills:To empathise with users of the productTo build connections with stakeholders and to create a healthy working relationship with the team building the product. These people skills include- to be able to listen (to stakeholders, end users, team members), to translate information (between people with a different background), to be able to make  informed decisions without undermining longer-term objectives, etc.The product-specific skills are defined by the product or service that’s being built. This includes all the activities to understand the market, the needs, the job the product or service will fulfil, user-journeys, also more technical product-specific knowledge, legislation (if applicable), financial implications and any other constraintIn his book Product Mastery “From Good to Great Product Ownership”, Geoff Watts describes the skills of Product Owners with the acronym “1.3 Product Owner role and responsibilitiesThe role of Product Owner can be quite challenging and high-demanding. When reading The Scrum Guide, it says that product backlog management is the main activity for a Product Owner. The product backlog is a tool to ensure it’s clear what’s needed in the product and what’s the most valuable thing to build next. Managing a backlog, and refining items on the product backlog is a continuous activity.  The Product Owner often serves as the spokesperson of the product. This means he/she needs to be able to answers questions appropriately, for example regarding product vision, roadmap, planning, why certain choices have been made, etc. This also includes NOT answering certain questions, because the Product Owner knows the development team is in a more appropriate position to answer the question more accurately, and as well to facilitate a conversation with the development team involved.Go through other roles and responsibilities of Product Owner here.1.4 How does a Product Owner manage various stakeholders desires for the product?The Product Owner has the challenging task to manage requirements and desires of stakeholders. Each stakeholders will certainly advocate his/her demands are the most important. Here are some recommendations on how a Product Owner can deal with this:Treat requirements & desires as “desirements”, meaning, until by learning or by end-user feedback has been proven that the “desirement” is valuable, treat it as a hypothesisKeep the product backlog and its ordening as transparent as possible to all stakeholdersDon’t be seduced to prioritising in categories such as high, medium, low priority. A product backlog is ordered, no two items can have the same priority.Use techniques to prioritise impacts (impact mapping), simulations to learn stakeholders to prioritise (e.g. buy a feature), techniques to slice for value (user story mapping) 1.5 CSPO vs PSPO CSPO is an abbreviation which stands for Certified Scrum Product Owner. This is a certification offered by the Scrum Alliance, specifically for the Product Owner role. PSPO is an abbreviation which stands for Profession Scrum Product Owner. This is a certification offered by scrum.org, specifically for the Product Owner role.In my opinion, both certifications are equivalent and define a high-quality standard. There’s a difference in the way of obtaining certifications and how to maintain this. Certifications issued by Scrum Alliance are obtained by taking an online exam after mandatory attending a 2-day training given by a Certified Scrum Trainer.Certifications issued by scrum.org are obtained by taking an online exam without the prerequisite of attending a training. Certifications issued by scrum.org do not expire. Of course, to test and validate your knowledge, having a decent understanding of the product owner role is mandatory, therefore preparation and study are key. Participating in a training to learn, and to experience what Scrum is about, is always highly recommended.1.6 Product owner in agile software development The manifesto of agile software development does not specify anything about the Product Owner role. Therefore, it’s perfectly possible to have an agile team without a Product Owner.The manifesto for agile software development does state a few principles which illustrate how we want to work regarding product and value delivery, for example:“Our highest priority is to satisfy the customer through early and continuous delivery of valuable software;”“Welcome changing requirements, even late in development;”“Deliver working software frequently, from a couple of weeks to a couple of months, with a preference to the shorter timescale;”“Business people and developers must work together daily; ““Working software is the primary measure of progress;”You can interpret these principles as following, in what you should NOT be doing…Waste time & effort creating long-term plans, long cycle times, etc without actually delivery usable product increments to the end-users, …Waste time & effort on unnecessary specifications; unfinished product (“inventory”); or unvalidated requirements (which are assumptions in disguise), …Waste time & effort on unnecessary handovers between business people and development teams, …Waste time & effort on assuming what’s valuable for the end-users, and not verifying this by letting end-users try out working software and based upon their feedback, inspect & adapt, improve the product together, …Wasting time & effort in demanding upfront detailed estimates for unreasonable long periods (e.g. all estimates for the next year…)Wasting time & effort on detailed long-term planning, fixing agreements, treating change as evil, …1.7 Product owner in Scaling AgileLets first make the statement that you need to consider it twice before blindly scaling up any development efforts. In general, we are trying to deliver value by keeping things simple, simplify working processes, and collaborate to maximise effectiveness and customer satisfaction. In case you need to align several development teams to work together on the same product, take the following into account:A product has 1 product owner, this means in case of several teams developing on the same product, there’s 1 product ownerA product is defined as something meaningful and valuable for a customer or end-user, not a technical componentA product has 1 product backlog, as long the product lives, the product backlog existsA product owner can delegate areas of the product to other product owners, but take care to not have “proxy” product owners, with a mandate to decide. The ‘chief’ product owner remains accountable for overall prioritisation. Some scaling frameworks make a distinction between “product management” and “product ownership”, in any case ensure there’s alignment regarding product management, no conflict in priorities, and no unnecessary handovers of information.1.8 Who is accountable for the business value delivered by a Scrum team?The Product Owner is responsible for maximising the value. A Scrum Team collaborates to deliver value together. The Product Owner remains  accountable.1.9 What exactly is the role of the Product Owner during the Daily Scrum?The Product Owner is not required to attend the Daily Scrum. The Daily Scrum is an inspect & adapt time-boxed event for the development and performed by the development. This is defined in this way because otherwise the Daily Scrum will quickly be run as a status meeting (and not a daily planning event). Of course, the Product Owner can be present during the Daily Scrum, as it’s a great moment to check-in with a team, listen how a team is synchronising, ask and answer questions - after the Daily Scrum. The Product Owner, nor the Scrum Master should be leading the Daily Scrum. They can be present, but the Daily Scrum is an activity (‘Scrum’ metaphor of Rugby), for and by the development team. The Product Owner defines a sprint goal (a sprint is a time-boxed iteration to deliver a potentially shippable product increment); the Development Team inspects its progress on a daily basis towards that sprint goal, using the sprint backlog.1.10 What are certain anti-patterns regarding Product Owner?Some example anti-patterns regarding Product Owners; this can be used in an exercise to coach Product Owners. Ask what should be done to be the WORSE Product OwnerIdentify what’s actually being done of that listIdentify what should be STOPPED doing, in order to improveSome anti-patterns of Product Ownership Becoming a bottleneck in communication, so that’s there’s a delay in the flow of value between the development team, end-users, and stakeholders, …Taking decisions in isolation, so that the reason why decisions are taken are not known, nor understood, …Specifying technical solutions, and not articulating the business value, … (technical solutions are the responsibility of a development team)Pressuring the speed of delivery, resulting in less quality and inability to validate if value is being delivered, …Not listening to the product development team’s recommendations, not engaging in any healthy dialogue, …Not articulating the product’s vision, and/or strategy, resulting in development teams functioning as “feature factory”, without investigating what’s valuable and what’s not, …Inadequate product backlog management, resulting in unready items to plan, long inventory, unclear prioritisation, …Not accepting or rejecting work according to the definition of done, resulting in unclear standards of what’s a done product increment, …Not thinking how to delivery slices of value, forcing development teams to deliver components, instead of ready-to-use product increments, …Not facilitating a sprint reviewNot participating in any retrospectiveNot updating any forecast after finishing a sprintNot engaging with end-users / customers to get feedback etc2 What is the process to get a CSPO certificate?You can also follow the below steps to understand clearly.Find a Certified Scrum Product Owner course on the Scrum Alliance websiteRead and understand the Scrum GuideRead and understand the manifesto for agile software developmentRead and understand the learning objectives of a CSPO courseAttend the 2-day CSPO courseComplete the online CSPO exam, the fee is included in the course price. After completing the course, your Scrum Trainer will upload your user information into the system of Scrum Alliance, next you’ll receive an invite to do the online exam. Recommended books and material to read and further prepare:Articles by Roman Pichler,Book Product Mastery, by Geoff Watts,  Path forward after CSPO at Scrum AllianceCertification gives you access to a renewable, two-year membership with Scrum Alliance. As a Certified Scrum Product Owner (CSPO™), you can continue your educational development to become an:Advanced Certified Scrum Product Owner (A-CSPO™)Certified Scrum Professional - Product Owner (CSP-PO™)Certified Team Coach (CTC™)Certified Enterprise Coach (CEC™) Certified Scrum Trainer (CST™)Remember, if you’re starting as Product Owner, the CSPO certification is only the start of your journey!ConclusionBeing a product owner is a satisfying job! You are the main spokesperson for the product. You act as a catalyst between the Development Team and the outside world. You take decisions to maximise product value while taking into account various constraints.
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Who Is a CSPO? - Roles and Responsibilities

1.1 What is a Product Owner?A Product Owner is a r... Read More

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