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Agile Project Management Vs. Traditional Project Management

In this fast-moving world, project management has become one of the most important pillars that are helping businesses run without any glitch in their processes. Both small- and large-scale organizations around the world depend on project management systems to deliver their products/services successfully. Whether it is team workflow management or timing, these tools help to ensure that the processes flow in a hassle-free manner while achieving the desired goals. Despite the presence of different project management approaches, Agile is considered as one of the most practical and flexible software development mechanisms that exist today. It is capable of executing a variety of tasks. Let us find out what sets it apart from others. Here’s a brief comparison of Agile management and traditional project management software:                                                                                                                    Traditional vs Agile Project Management Overview of Agile and Traditional Project Management What is Traditional Project Management? The traditional Project Management (waterfall) approach is linear where all the phases of a process occur in sequence. Its concept depends on predictable tools and experience. Each and every project follows the same life cycle which includes the stages such as feasibility, planning, designing, building, testing, production, and support, as shown in the figure above.    The entire project is planned upfront without any scope for changing requirements. This approach assumes that time and cost are variables and requirements are fixed. The rigidity of this method is the reason why it is not meant for large projects and leaves no scope for changing the requirements once the project development starts. What is Agile Project Management? When a traditional system focuses on upfront planning where factors like cost, scope, and time are given importance, Agile management gives prominence to teamwork, customer collaboration, and flexibility. It is an iterative approach that focuses more on incorporating customer feedback and continuous releases with every iteration of a software development project. The basic concept behind Agile software development is that it delves into evolving changes and collaborative effort to bring out results rather than a predefined process. Adaptive planning is perhaps the top feature of Agile and one that makes it a favorite among project managers, worldwide. Scrum and Kanban are two of the most widely used Agile frameworks. They are very well known for encouraging decision-making and preventing time consumption on variables that are bound to change. It stresses customer satisfaction and uses available teams to fast-track software development at every stage. The table below shows the major differences between Agile project management and traditional project management.                                                                                Table: Agile project management vs traditional project management   Why is Agile preferred over traditional project management? Agile is preferred by most developers and managers because of a variety of reasons. Let’s have a look at the most common ones: 1. Project complexity Traditional: This method is the best fit for small or less complex projects as it follows a linear approach. Sudden changes in the project or any other complexities can block the entire process and force the team to go back to step one and start all over again. Agile: This is the best methodology to follow in case of complex projects. A complex project may have various interconnected phases and each stage may be dependent on many others rather than a single one as in simple projects. So, Agile methods are preferred for large and complex projects. 2. Adaptability Traditional: This approach works with a belief that once a phase is done, it will not be reviewed again. So, it is not adaptable to rapid changes in the work plan. If any unexpected requirement arises or any variation is needed, the traditional approach fails to adapt to new changes. The only choice is to start from the very beginning once again. This wastes a lot of effort and time in the process. Agile: The adaptability factor is very high in this methodology since it is not linear. Complex projects consist of several interconnected stages, where a change in one stage can cause an effect on another. Project managers can take calculated risks in such scenarios, as there is a chance of high adaptability. 3. Scope for feedback and changes Traditional Each and every process is clearly detailed and defined at the start of the project in the traditional approach. It cannot deal with any big change or feedback that might require a change in the process. Mostly, the project delivery time and budget are fixed and allows change very rarely. Agile There is a high acceptance for feedback and change in this method. The process is very flexible and allows constant feedback that can help provide a better output within the fixed project delivery time. The main reason why managers or developers choose Agile is for the flexibility it offers. Developers working with Agile management are able to respond to customer requests quickly as they are only addressing small parts of the project at a time and the customer validates each iteration or sprint before finalizing. Important characteristics of Agile Below are some key features of Agile project management: Breaks project into parts Agile divides a project into parts (called iterations) where each release is sent to the customer after every single iteration. Additionally, the success of the project can be easily foreseen through the success of these iterations. This removes the need for upfront planning completely. Self-organized As mentioned above, Agile uses a parallel mode of management. Employees of a company are not managed by a central line of control, but by groups. For example, in Agile, there may be eight teams working on a single project. Each team is managed by itself without external guidance. The teams interact with each other for project discussion and process linking as they are otherwise not self-sufficient. Generally speaking, an Agile project consists of three parts: The product owner – the expert on the project (for which the product is being developed) and also the main person who oversees the projects  The scrum master – this person manages the process involved in Agile. He/she looks after the iterations and their completion  The team – individuals who form the backbone of any scrum team or project. Customer Engagement In Agile, customer engagement is at the very top. The customer is regarded highly in its frameworks as after every iteration, feedback is generated and acted upon. Overall, Agile is clearly the winner among project management systems. When compared with other traditional approaches, Agile’s features come to the fore and reiterate why it is one of the top software used by companies globally. Can Agile Coexist with Other Approaches? This is a question asked by many project managers and has created a division of opinions among experts. It is possible for Agile to coexist with traditional project management systems, however caution has to be exercised. For example, using two different approaches on the same project can be counter-productive. As Agile and many other frameworks are totally antagonistic to each other, the projects may go for a toss.    Therefore, it is best to use Agile along with other non-traditional project management methodologies like Lean to avoid any conflict. Agile vs Traditional- Adoption Growth According to a recent online survey of 601 IT and development professionals, it is proved that Agile is the new typical formula for project success. The majority of projects and development teams are now adopting this methodology, while the traditional waterfall approaches have many flaws.    Traditional organizations vs. #Agile organizations #SALC16 pic.twitter.com/bBgxkQB1fI — Scrum Alliance (@ScrumAlliance) January 20, 2016 Agile was first introduced about 15 years ago as a substitute for traditional software development approaches. Many people considered it challenging to implement traditional approach practices. Agile adopters stated that this new style of software development improved team collaboration and was more customer centric.  Though Agile methodologies were present more than a decade ago, majority of organizations have adopted the practice only in the last 5 years. Moreover, the survey reported that Agile adoption saw an inflection point between the year 2009-2010. As shown in the above figure, Agile adoption seems to have slow incremental growth till 2008 and then its growth was accelerated after gaining traction in the market. Reasons for the transition to Agile Most of the organizations that transitioned from traditional to Agile project management have listed the following reasons: Improves collaboration between teams- 54% Enhances the quality level of software in organizations- 52% Results in enhanced customer satisfaction- 49% Speeds time to market- 43% Reduces development cost- 42% The Verdict In traditional software development, the customer is involved only at the start of the development process. Hence, by the time, the project reaches its culmination, a lot of errors and unnecessary expenditure would have happened.   Since Agile software development allows the customer to get involved at each stage, improvisations can be made then and there. This helps us in saving cost. Therefore, Agile project management is the real deal. It not only allows greater team collaboration but also paves way for superior results due to its flexibility.
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Agile Project Management Vs. Traditional Project Management

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  • by Kira Carr
  • 16th Aug, 2017
  • Last updated on 01st Jul, 2020
  • 9 mins read
Agile Project Management Vs. Traditional Project Management

In this fast-moving world, project management has become one of the most important pillars that are helping businesses run without any glitch in their processes. Both small- and large-scale organizations around the world depend on project management systems to deliver their products/services successfully. Whether it is team workflow management or timing, these tools help to ensure that the processes flow in a hassle-free manner while achieving the desired goals.

Despite the presence of different project management approaches, Agile is considered as one of the most practical and flexible software development mechanisms that exist today. It is capable of executing a variety of tasks. Let us find out what sets it apart from others.

Here’s a brief comparison of Agile management and traditional project management software:

brief comparison of Agile management and traditional project management software
                                                                                                                   Traditional vs Agile Project Management

Overview of Agile and Traditional Project Management

What is Traditional Project Management?

The traditional Project Management (waterfall) approach is linear where all the phases of a process occur in sequence. Its concept depends on predictable tools and experience. Each and every project follows the same life cycle which includes the stages such as feasibility, planning, designing, building, testing, production, and support, as shown in the figure above. 
 
The entire project is planned upfront without any scope for changing requirements. This approach assumes that time and cost are variables and requirements are fixed. The rigidity of this method is the reason why it is not meant for large projects and leaves no scope for changing the requirements once the project development starts.

What is Agile Project Management?

When a traditional system focuses on upfront planning where factors like cost, scope, and time are given importance, Agile management gives prominence to teamwork, customer collaboration, and flexibility. It is an iterative approach that focuses more on incorporating customer feedback and continuous releases with every iteration of a software development project.

The basic concept behind Agile software development is that it delves into evolving changes and collaborative effort to bring out results rather than a predefined process. Adaptive planning is perhaps the top feature of Agile and one that makes it a favorite among project managers, worldwide.

Scrum and Kanban are two of the most widely used Agile frameworks. They are very well known for encouraging decision-making and preventing time consumption on variables that are bound to change. It stresses customer satisfaction and uses available teams to fast-track software development at every stage.


The table below shows the major differences between Agile project management and traditional project management.

differences between Agile project management and traditional project management
                                                                               Table: Agile project management vs traditional project management
 

Why is Agile preferred over traditional project management?

Agile is preferred by most developers and managers because of a variety of reasons. Let’s have a look at the most common ones:

Non Agile

1. Project complexity

Traditional:
This method is the best fit for small or less complex projects as it follows a linear approach. Sudden changes in the project or any other complexities can block the entire process and force the team to go back to step one and start all over again.

Agile:
This is the best methodology to follow in case of complex projects. A complex project may have various interconnected phases and each stage may be dependent on many others rather than a single one as in simple projects. So, Agile methods are preferred for large and complex projects.

2. Adaptability

Traditional:
This approach works with a belief that once a phase is done, it will not be reviewed again. So, it is not adaptable to rapid changes in the work plan. If any unexpected requirement arises or any variation is needed, the traditional approach fails to adapt to new changes. The only choice is to start from the very beginning once again. This wastes a lot of effort and time in the process.

Agile:
The adaptability factor is very high in this methodology since it is not linear. Complex projects consist of several interconnected stages, where a change in one stage can cause an effect on another. Project managers can take calculated risks in such scenarios, as there is a chance of high adaptability.

3. Scope for feedback and changes

Traditional
Each and every process is clearly detailed and defined at the start of the project in the traditional approach. It cannot deal with any big change or feedback that might require a change in the process. Mostly, the project delivery time and budget are fixed and allows change very rarely.

Agile
There is a high acceptance for feedback and change in this method. The process is very flexible and allows constant feedback that can help provide a better output within the fixed project delivery time.

The main reason why managers or developers choose Agile is for the flexibility it offers. Developers working with Agile management are able to respond to customer requests quickly as they are only addressing small parts of the project at a time and the customer validates each iteration or sprint before finalizing.



Important characteristics of Agile

Below are some key features of Agile project management:

Breaks project into parts

Agile divides a project into parts (called iterations) where each release is sent to the customer after every single iteration. Additionally, the success of the project can be easily foreseen through the success of these iterations. This removes the need for upfront planning completely.

Self-organized

As mentioned above, Agile uses a parallel mode of management. Employees of a company are not managed by a central line of control, but by groups. For example, in Agile, there may be eight teams working on a single project. Each team is managed by itself without external guidance. The teams interact with each other for project discussion and process linking as they are otherwise not self-sufficient.

Generally speaking, an Agile project consists of three parts:

  • The product owner – the expert on the project (for which the product is being developed) and also the main person who oversees the projects 
  • The scrum master – this person manages the process involved in Agile. He/she looks after the iterations and their completion 
  • The team – individuals who form the backbone of any scrum team or project.

Customer Engagement

In Agile, customer engagement is at the very top. The customer is regarded highly in its frameworks as after every iteration, feedback is generated and acted upon.

Overall, Agile is clearly the winner among project management systems. When compared with other traditional approaches, Agile’s features come to the fore and reiterate why it is one of the top software used by companies globally.

Can Agile Coexist with Other Approaches?

This is a question asked by many project managers and has created a division of opinions among experts. It is possible for Agile to coexist with traditional project management systems, however caution has to be exercised. For example, using two different approaches on the same project can be counter-productive. As Agile and many other frameworks are totally antagonistic to each other, the projects may go for a toss. 
 
Therefore, it is best to use Agile along with other non-traditional project management methodologies like Lean to avoid any conflict.

Agile vs Traditional- Adoption Growth According to a recent online survey of 601 IT and development professionals, it is proved that Agile is the new typical formula for project success. The majority of projects and development teams are now adopting this methodology, while the traditional waterfall approaches have many flaws. 
 

Agile was first introduced about 15 years ago as a substitute for traditional software development approaches. Many people considered it challenging to implement traditional approach practices. Agile adopters stated that this new style of software development improved team collaboration and was more customer centric. 

Agile usage graph
Though Agile methodologies were present more than a decade ago, majority of organizations have adopted the practice only in the last 5 years. Moreover, the survey reported that Agile adoption saw an inflection point between the year 2009-2010. As shown in the above figure, Agile adoption seems to have slow incremental growth till 2008 and then its growth was accelerated after gaining traction in the market.

Reasons for the transition to Agile

Most of the organizations that transitioned from traditional to Agile project management have listed the following reasons:

  • Improves collaboration between teams- 54%
  • Enhances the quality level of software in organizations- 52%
  • Results in enhanced customer satisfaction- 49%
  • Speeds time to market- 43%
  • Reduces development cost- 42%

The Verdict

In traditional software development, the customer is involved only at the start of the development process. Hence, by the time, the project reaches its culmination, a lot of errors and unnecessary expenditure would have happened.  

Since Agile software development allows the customer to get involved at each stage, improvisations can be made then and there. This helps us in saving cost. Therefore, Agile project management is the real deal. It not only allows greater team collaboration but also paves way for superior results due to its flexibility.

Kira

Kira Carr

Blog Author

Kira Carr is wedded to her job as a part-time editor at WriteMyPaper123. She creates many amazing posts regarding helpful techniques & strategies for students. This girl is an interpreter by education. She goes mad of reading British modern literature.
 

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5 comments

Steffan 07 Aug 2018

Thank you for this. I found it extremely helpful.

Loise N. Angula 10 Aug 2018

Fruitful and interesting topic

kyle 26 Nov 2018

Agile is on the rise because it's flexible and can adapt to changes easily. More companies are using it or part of it. Tools are becoming agile to like Proggio etc. but agile requires highly skilled members that is why learning and training is key.

Setting fat Goals - How Goals Can allow You Shed Maximum Body Fat 21 Jan 2019

Hi there! This is my first comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout out and tell you I really enjoy reading your posts. Can you suggest any other blo.gs/websites/forums that deal with same topics

Renjith P Sarada, CSM, CISM 05 Feb 2019

Thank you Kira! Very articulate.

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Anyone can suggest items to be added in the list but the final say will always be on the Product Owner.  Example of a Product Backlog Let’s look at an example to further understand it better: Build a mobile application for a local bank so that the users can access the bank on the go. Product Backlog would look like: S. No.RequirementPriority1Create a sign in page for the usersHigh2Create a logout pageHigh3Create a home page to land after successful sign in to the applicationHigh4Create a page for AccountsMedium5Create a page for Money TransferMedium6Create a page for LoansMedium7Create a page for User ProfileLow8Create a page for 'Contact Us' sectionLowThere can be multiple other requirements both front-end and back-end to get this mobile application delivered, but, here for understanding, we are just taking a few of them. Each item in the list will have a priority attached to it, this makes it easy for the development team to pick work once they are done with the one in hand. Product Backlog can also be termed as the master list of requirements. Sprint Backlog What is a Sprint Backlog? Sprint Backlog is a list derived from the product backlog or the master list. When teams start working in Scrum, they have sprints which are a timebox for delivery, it defines when a customer can expect the shipment and at what intervals. The period can range from a week to a months’ timeline. Here, in sprints, the team pulls the work from the product backlog as per the priority and their capacity and put it in a smaller bucket called ‘Sprint Backlog’. It is like delivering the big Product Backlog in chunks called “Sprint Backlog’. The Sprint Backlog can also be defined as a subset of superset ‘Product Backlog’. For a successful product delivery, both are essential, and hence the need to keep them healthy.  Who owns the Sprint Backlog? Sprint backlog is owned by the scrum team, and together, they create their sprint board which consists of the user stories, bugs (if any), and spikes. It is the development team who determines the Sprint Backlog. Here, the Scrum Master can facilitate the Sprint Planning meeting to help the team come up with the Sprint Backlog. The scrum team utilizes the sprint planning meeting to discuss on the sprint goal and the commitment they can make for the upcoming sprint. They pull the items to discuss from the top of the list and create their sprint backlog according to the capacity and complexity of parameters.  Example of a Sprint Backlog So, the sprint backlog is a subset of product backlog and going back to our example let's create a Sprint backlog now: S.No.RequirementPriority1Create a sign in page for the usersHigh2Create a logout pageHigh3Create a home page to land after successful sign-in to the applicationHighIn our example, we have pulled the sprint backlog items from the master list which was already in a prioritized state. Product Backlog vs Scrum Backlog: Understanding the difference The Scrum Master can help the development team understand the difference between Product Backlog and the Sprint Backlog, this can be done through coaching the teams about the process and the Scrum artifacts and can help the Product owner in maintaining a healthy backlog. The team uses Product Backlog to create their sprint backlog. During the Sprint planning meeting, the development team should talk about the complexity and the efforts needed to get the job done. They pull the items from the product backlog to the Sprint Backlog to be completed in the sprint time-box. How to create a more effective Product Backlog? Effective Product Backlog depends on a clear understanding of the result and the need. The Product Owner must clearly define the requirements that have details enough for the team to get a clear picture of what is needed to be done. The product backlog needs to be a thorough list of all the work that must be done to get the project delivered successfully. Once a high-level list is created, the development team can help in further refining and creating an exhaustive backlog with all the technical aspects needed to deliver the functional side. Creating a backlog should be a collective team effort, this also helps in bringing about the ownership and collaborative environment amongst the group. Though the development team can help the Product Owner in creating a proper efficient Product Backlog, the sole responsibility for the Product Backlog lies with the Product Owner. How to create a better Sprint Backlog? Once you have a good Product Backlog, pulling out the Sprint Backlog gets easy. Sprint Backlog gets its shape during the sprint planning meeting which is the first thing in a new iteration where the team sits together, either, physically or virtually, to discuss the requirements they can work on in a new sprint. Essentially the discussion circles the functionalities, the technical aspect around it, and how much they can load in an iteration. Here, the Scrum Master can help the team with excellent facilitation skills to come up with a sprint goal as a joint team effort. The team pulls up the highest priority items from the product backlog to discuss functionality and complexity, they also converse on the steps they could take to reach the goal. What are the benefits of Backlog prioritization? Prioritization is one of the critical aspects of a Product Backlog that helps in keeping it in a healthy state. Let’s look at a few of the benefits of prioritizing the backlog: Helps in the Sprint Planning with the story selection as the Product Backlog is already Prioritized. Better visibility to pull items during the iteration if the team has the bandwidth. Effective risk management due to pre-known issues during the grooming of the backlog Improved supervision of dependencies Early return of investment as the requirement follows value-based delivery.What are the different prioritization techniques or methods of prioritizing the Backlog?After talking about the Backlog and its benefits, let’s look at the various techniques of prioritization:Tool 1: MoSCoW Method – Developed by Dai Clegg, this is the most widely used model while prioritizing the backlog. The name itself has the meaning - Must Have, Should Have, Could Have, and Won’t Have.Tool 2: Kano Model - In the 1980s Kano Model was developed by Professor Noriaki Kano. Under the Kano Model, items are categorized according to the requirements and opportunities of the stakeholders. The categories are – ‘Basic expectations’, ‘Satisfiers’, ‘Delighters’.Tool 3: Stack Ranking – During Stack Ranking the items are placed in the order of priority which starts with one and goes up to the number of items in the backlog. Tool 4: Cost Of Delay – To measure the cost of delay one needs to understand: “What will be the cost per time unit if we delayed delivery?” This is difficult to measure sometimes if you don’t use the correct parameters. This figure states how much money every month it will cost your organization to delay the delivery of the finished project. In practical life, we all have experienced ‘cost of delay’ whether it is starting late for work or starting up late with a new assignment.Conclusion In conclusion, we have seen that both the Product Backlog and Sprint Backlog are different entities tied together to the same group. It plays a crucial role in software delivery and helps the team deliver efficient solutions through effective backlog management tools and techniques. If the teams understand and use their backlog in a desired way, they can help the customers and the management in better delivery and gaining of new opportunities. 
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Scrum Product Backlog and Agile Product Backlog Pr...

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What is Agile? What is Scrum?

Over the decades, companies across the globe have been adopting different project management frameworks and methodologies they feel are best suited to the nature of work they do. Be it IT, healthcare, fast-moving consumer goods, electronics, or automobile, organizations across domains adopt frameworks that enable them to achieve their organizational goals and best fulfil their customers’ needs.  Much before the birth of the term ‘Agile’, several project management practices like Waterfall, Kanban and XP were being followed. However, there was a wide dissatisfaction with the rigidity of some of these practices. Over the years, academicians and leaders in the industry began to discuss the need for processes that would give them more flexibility and enable them to ship software on time.  After much planning, seventeen innovative industry leaders, many of them from the software community,gathered in February of 2001 at the famous Snowbird Ski Retreat at the Wasatch mountains of Utah, US. This small, three-day retreat ended up shaping much of software is imagined, created, and delivered - and probably even how the world works. What is Agile Methodology? Agile is a mindset, a methodology that provides different frameworks working in an iterative and incremental manner to arrive at a solution.The Agile methodology focuses on creating a red-carpet, a smooth path for teams to work and deliver exceptional results to satisfy customer needs. Over the last two decades, the Agile methodology has dominated the IT industry in a big way. Not only is the Agile methodology customer focused, but it also helps teams to scale up, learn and grow. There was a time when organizations thought about Agile as a fairy-tale wand, something that could magically fix all their problems. Thankfully, with much help fromthe Agile front-liners, the enchanted fairy dust has now evaporated. People now understand that it indeed takes a lot of effort, awareness, coaching, and dedication to fix problems through Agile. Like any other method, Agile too takes time, but if applied in its true sense, the results can be very fulfilling. The Magic Potion: Agile Values and Principles With the coining of the term ‘Agile’, its foundation was laid, the beautiful truth on how to move forward and abide by the rules and values of Agile. At the Snowbird retreat, the seventeen leaders put together a manifesto. The Agile Manifesto is unique among typical manifestos in that it does not declare truths self-evident. Rather, it compares: We value this over that. At Snowbird, the leaders began to lay out what they had in common and when they compared how they did their work, they were amazed at the things that were the same. They went on to finalize the four lines of the manifesto which forms the backbone of all the frameworks that come under the Agile umbrella. Every line has deep meaning associated with it and you will be surprised by its wide-spread relevance across domains. So, what is the Agile manifesto? The preamble reads, “We are uncovering better ways of developing software by doing it and helping others do it.” It then lays out the four core values: Image: At the Snowbird retreat in 2001, 17 leaders came together to "uncover better ways of developing software by doing it and helping others do it". The Agile Manifesto was thus born.The document concludes that “while there is value in the items on the right, we value the items on the left more.” Although the words can be interpreted differently, the basic gist is this: Put people over process. Focus on making software that works, not documents about that software. Work with your client rather than fight over a contract. And along the way, be open to change. With the above four core values, the authors also devised twelve principles that help teams to understand and adopt Agile as their way of working. Even if teams are yet to learn how to use any of the frameworks or how to work around the ceremonies, if they understand and adopt the four values and twelve principles, the battle is won. The 12 Principles of the Agile ManifestoHere are the twelve principles laid out in the Agile Manifesto:Our highest priority is to satisfy the customer through early and continuous delivery of valuable software. Welcome changing requirements, even late in development. Agile processes harness change. for the customer's competitive advantage. Deliver working software frequently, from a couple of weeks to a couple of months, with a preference to the shorter timescale. Business people and developers must work together daily throughout the project. Build projects around motivated individuals. Give them the environment and support they need and trust them to get the job done. The most efficient and effective method of conveying information to and within a development team is face-to-face conversation. Working software is the primary measure of progress. Agile processes promote sustainable development. The sponsors, developers, and users should be able to maintain a constant pace indefinitely. Continuous attention to technical excellence and good design enhances agility. Simplicity--the art of maximizing the amount of work not done--is essential. The best architectures, requirements, and designs emerge from self-organizing teams. At regular intervals, the team reflects on how to become more effective, then tunes and adjusts its behavior accordingly. What are the various Agile Methodologies? Under the overarching Agile umbrella, many frameworks operate and cater to different industries and market needs. Let us look at some of the most widely used Agile frameworks: ScrumScrum is an incremental and iterative way of working in a time-boxed manner to solve complex adaptive problems. It is a widely used approach as per the 14th Annual Report by VersionOne and has 58% on the total market share in terms of framework adoption. KanbanIt is a concept of a scheduling system for lean manufacturing and just-in-time manufacturing. Derived from a Japanese word, it signifies a signboard or the physical board with lanes to track the activity. This system helps to improve and optimize the flow of work items.  XP (Extreme Programming)Originated by Kent Beck, Extreme Programming is a software development methodology conceived to improve the quality of the product and its capability to suitably adjust to the shifting needs of the stakeholders. It is a set of engineering practices. FDD (Feature Driven Development)It is customer-centric, iterative, and incremental, to deliver tangible software results often and efficiently. FDD in Agile encourages status reporting at all levels, which helps to track progress and results.  DSDM (Dynamic System Development Method)This has been developed to work on usual problems confronted by projects such as late delivery, rate overruns or the final outcome not being accepted by the clients. It is an Agile-based approach that is collaborative and flexible, yet remaining attentive on reaching goals and sustaining the suitable level of excellence and consistency.  What is the Scrum Methodology? Scrum is an agile project management framework that revolves around an incremental and iterative approach where the focus is on delivering increments in a time-boxed manner. Scrum supports the collaborative approach of working towards a solution and is based on the Agile Manifesto and principles. The Scrum framework comprises of: Three rolesScrum Master, development team and the product owner Scrum EventsSprint Planning, Daily Standup, Sprint Review, and Sprint Retrospective. ArtifactsProduct Backlog, Sprint Backlog, Task-Board, Burndown charts, Sprint Goal  Agile vs. Scrum: Similarities and Differences While Agile provides an umbrella for different frameworks that share common values and principles as prescribed by the Agile Manifesto, Scrum is a subset of Agile and has inherited the foundation and beliefs from its superset. Let us look at some of the similarities and differences between Agile and Scrum: AreaAgileScrumIs a Mindset/philosophyYesIs a FrameworkYesHas events/ceremoniesYesHas ValuesYesYesHas defined rolesYesFocus on Continuous ImprovementYesYesFocus on Faster DeliveryYesYesTransparencyYesYesCustomer SatisfactionYesYesBest practices in Agile Though Agile has certain principles and values to define how teams should function, it is also necessary to adhere to the best practices to get the finest implementation of the methodology. Here are some of them: Deliver in IncrementsIncrementing helps the teams and stakeholders stay in control of the development step-by-step. They discover and refine the backlog as they move forward rather than create a huge backlog upfront as was the case traditionally.  Frequent InteractionsCommunication is the key to success. The more collaboratively the team works along with the client, the more the satisfaction on both ends. This helps to meet the expected requirements and greater clarity on the next assignment. ReflectionIt is critical to introspect as an individual and retrospect as a team to see how they are functioning and what can be improved to make it much better. Best Practices in Scrum With extensive use of Scrum, organizations now have their own success stories along with a bundle of learning on what went well and where they had to struggle. This paved way for expanding the list of best practices one can follow to stay on track with the framework. To list out few: StoryBoardHave a live storyboard, let the team update their deliverables. The Scrum Master can help the team understand the value they can derive from it. Productive EventsStick to the agenda of the scrum ceremonies, make it timeboxed Capacity PlanningPlan your sprint as per the available capacity so that the teams are not overburdened. BlockersMake the impediments very much visible to all the stakeholders and the management. Backlog ManagementEffectively manage the backlog, as much as possible, refine, and prioritize. Strong AtmosphereCreate a collaborative healthy environment where the individuals can voice out their concerns. ImprovementContinuously improve the way team interacts and communicates with the clients Mirror Your workBe transparent and honest with the metrics and burndown charts amongst the team Follow scrum valuesThey really help in the long run. And last, but not the least, be agile! Conclusion Every framework is different and applying each one in the right spirit and context is the key to success.The Agile methodology is a fantastic way of working and is helpful to everyone involved. Best of all, it aims to help individuals attain their highest potential in terms of capacity and capability.  It is worthwhile reiterating that Agile is not limited to software development; it is a mindset and a way of life. And with the world constantly adapting to newer ways of working, Agile is the way to go
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What is Agile? What is Scrum?

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