Each of us is always a part of some group whether we are at home or at work or wherever we are and I believe that the results are maximized when we work together in achieving our project goals. Quite the same is the case of a Scrum Master, who is also known as the “Servant Leader”. A leader who leads and serves at the same time. This article mostly revolves around the different aspects of a servant leader’s role. The first and the most essential step is to understand the “serve” model followed by a Scrum Master.
Go through the SERVE model provided below, which was created by the author and renowned management expert Ken Blanchard. This model will let you execute Servant Leadership practices in the organization. SERVE is an acronym for:
S – See the future,
E – Engage and Develop Others
R – Reinvent Continuously
V – Value Results and Relationships
E – Embody the Values
The term “Servant-Leadership” was first coined by Greenleaf (1904–1990) in 1970, in his essay titled "The Servant as a Leader."
What does a Servant Leadership mean?
‘The servant-leader is a servant first’. The motto behind the philosophy is to stay focused on the needs of others, caring for people, providing an environment where the competent and impotent support each other to build a good community.
Servant leadership is most likely associated with the participative leadership style. The definition of Servant Leadership can be put as a lifelong journey that includes the discovery of one’s self, an enthusiasm to serve others, and a commitment to lead, keeping a focus on the satisfaction and the performance of the employees
Servant Leaders lead with others in mind.
In modern days, you’ve got to produce more for less, and with greater speed than you’ve ever done before. The only way you can do that in a sustained way is through the empowerment of people. And you will get empowered through the high-trust cultures and encourage, support, enable subordinates to unfold their full potential and abilities.
9 qualities required by a Servant Leader
Ten characteristics required for a Servant Leader as suggested by Robert Greenleaf are as follows:
Servant Leader needs to have a long way commitment to listening attentively to others.
The ear of the leader must ring with the voices of the leader.
The following 10 guidelines, adopted from Thill and Bovee’s book, will enable you to improve as an audience-
Minimize both internal and external distractions
Adjust your listening to the situation
Show that you are listening through your non-verbal communication
Determine the pivotal points and plan a procedure to recall them
Show your concern
Do not jump into giving advice
Do not interrupt
Do not prejudge an individual’s message by his appearance
Stay focussed on the subject
Remain clear headed even if the topic is emotional.
Servant Leader needs to accept and recognize people for their special and unique spirits. Empathy is- “Seeing with the eyes of the another, Listening with the ears of another, and feeling with the heart of another”.
Here are a few hacks to develop empathy-
Imagine you being the other person;
Practice caring behavior
Converse with people with no personal expectations or goal of fixing them
Identify with their experiences by relating to a similar situation which you have been through
Heal past damages.
Robert K. Greenleaf in 1970 proposed servant leadership as a way of life in which the focus is on the betterment of others.
Healing yourself is connected with healing others.
Following are the few ways that will help you to build healing capabilities-
Learn how to deal with difficult situations in terms of serving the common goods
Recognize an opportunity to complete those people and organizations you are professionally associated with
Care for people and their welfare
Choose your words wisely as people may be suffering from lots of personal and professional disturbances on a daily basis
Respond to other’s needs
Servant leaders need to be aware of their strength and weaknesses. Awareness aids understanding the issues like ethics and values. It lends itself to being able to view most situations from more integrated and holistic position.
Let us not look back in anger, nor forward in fear, but around in awareness.
The following are the few ways to develop awareness-
If you are not perfect at anything, still you can perform at a high level
Make wise and fair decisions without getting influenced by self-emotions and biases
Identify your strengths and accept your weaknesses
Build the strengths and accept the weaknesses of others
Encourage people instead of judging them.
An efficient Servant Leader builds group consensus smoothly, clearly, and persistently. The servant leader does not exert group compliance through position power.
The following are the ways to develop persuasion capabilities-
Utilize personally, instead of applying power to influence followers and achieve the organizational objectives
Build the culture of consensus for group decision making
Be friendly and always be ready to guide others
Believe in learn-error-learn (try and error method)
Make people believe that they are accepted and trusted.
There is nothing worse than a brilliant image of a fuzzy concept.
The act of conceptualization is an act of thinking through, seeing beyond the existing, and discovering something new. Servant leaders keep up a delicate harmony between conceptual thinking and an everyday-centered approach. The servant leader must have a dream and an ability to portray it in a vivid language. For any great things to happen, there must be a great dream. Dreams raise the thinking power of the people. The greatest leaders are those who are able to put their dream clearly to the listeners, keep up a fragile harmony between calculated reasoning and an everyday-centered approach.
Foresight is an attribute that allows the servant-leader to grasp knowledge from the experiences, the present facts, and the likely effect of the future decision.
One can have only as much preparation as he has foresight.
Here are the ways to build foresight-
Identify the changing trends, its cause and impact
Explain the vision to the team to engage themselves in achieving the vision;
Identify different scenarios and check if anything can be done today which can help them tackle future scenarios.
Servant leadership is like a stewardship, which assumes commitment as a foremost part to accomplish the need of others. It additionally stresses the utilization of receptiveness and influence instead of control. Stewardship as a leadership behavior leads to successful organizational performance.
Whatever you are, be a good one.
Go through the following ways that will help you to develop Stewardship qualities-
Leader’s success always depends on the team’s success
Committing to the organizational goals that will help you achieve success
Help organizations to become a center of learning and collaboration;
Being responsible and accountable for results;
Utilizing and managing all resources.
9.Commitment to the growth of the people:
Servant leaders trust that individuals have an inherent value beyond their unmistakable commitments as workers. Therefore, the servant leader is profoundly dedicated to the development of every individual inside the organization.
Stay committed to your decision, but stay flexible in your approach.
Following are the ways to develop commitment to team-
Appreciate the ideas and suggestions given by the employees
Encourage team involvement in decision making
Identify growth opportunities for the team members
Encourage and motivate people in achieving organizational goals
Be committed to helping the team members grow
Connect to the others’ developmental needs and actively find ways to meet those needs.
Servant leaders believe that organizations need to function as a community. A servant leader instills a sense of community spirit in the workplace.
Strength lies in differences, not in similarities.
-Stephen R. Covey
By following ways you can build the community-
Develop the culture of knowledge sharing
Develop a learning community
Treat everyone equally
Build the team to support each other
Socially connect with each other
Care for each other
Appreciate each other’s success
Always be there for each other
Summing it up:
At last, Leadership is a choice. Before trying to become a servant leader, you should remember that an effective Servant leader always understands every aspect of the business deeply without distracting in attaining long-term goals.
Sandeep is an Agile mentor with more than 12 years of experience as a Developer, Test Engineer, Automation Engineer, Scrum Master and an Agile Coach. He is presently working as an Agile Coach at Knowledgehut Solutions Pvt Ltd. Up until this point, he has prepared 800+ programming experts and trained more than 450+ programming experts in Agile journey at different organizations.