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Know Everything About PRINCE2® Processes, Process Model & Stage Gates

PRINCE2® is considered the abbreviation of Projects IN Controlled Environments and it is a structured project management process as well as the practitioner certification programme. It lays stress on dividing projects into controllable and manageable stages. There are many countries from all across the globe that adopt PRINCE2® and those countries include Western European countries, the UK, and Australia. The training of PRINCE2® is obtainable in various languages and it was developed in the form of a United Kingdom government standard intended for information systems projects. In the year 2013, the ownership of rights was transferred from HM Cabinet Office to AXELOS Ltd. which is considered a joint venture by Capita and the Cabinet Office to PRINCE2® with 49 percent and 51 percent stakes respectively.PRINCE2® MethodologyPRINCE2® methodology segregates the whole projects into various stages and every stage is managed in a separate manner. With  PRINCE2® methodology, 7 processes are involved:1. Starting up a ProjectThe primary process includes activities that are necessary to make sure that it is a worthwhile and viable project. The activities involved in this process are the following ones:Appointment of the project and executive managerAppoint and design the project management teamCapture previous lessonsPrepare an outline business caseChoose the project approach and accumulate the project briefPlan the initiation stage2. Directing a ProjectThis process includes the project board. In this process, authorization is given to manage a project, to proceed continuously, and provide ad hoc direction when needed. The activities of directing a Project process include the following:Authorize initiationAuthorize the projectAuthorize stage or an execution planProvide ad hoc directionAuthorize project closure3. Initiating a ProjectInitiating a Project procedure is aimed towards the Project Manager, who performs the maximum job in this process. In the other project management methods, this process is termed as planning. It is a time-consuming part of project management and the most important one too. The failure and success of a project are related directly to the planning level that was done. The activities in this step include the following:Agree on tailoring needsPreparing the risk management approachPreparing the change control approachPreparing the quality management approachPreparing communication management approachSet project controlsCreate a project planFormulate the Benefits Management ApproachAssemble the PID or project initiation documentationThe project manager has the responsibility to assemble the PID. It comprises of the following items:Project definitionProject approachBusiness caseTeam structureRole descriptionsQuality management approachChange control approachRisk management approachCommunication management approachProject planProject controls4. Controlling a stageThis process includes making sure that the management stage stays within tolerance. It starts when a stage is authorized to move forward by a project board and its activities are carried out by a project manager.Authorizing a work packageReview status of work packageGet completed work packagesReview management stage statusReport highlightsAssess and capture issues and risksEscalate risks and issuesTake corrective action5. Managing Product DeliveryThis product focuses on the delivery of the end service or product of a project. It is performed by the team manager primarily, the technical manager, who transfers the reports and the project to the project manager. Three major activities in this process are as follows:Accepting a work packagePerform a work packageSend a work package6. Managing State BoundariesAs management stage approaches, this procedure comes in. It is needed so that a project board may review the success of the present stage and approve the succeeding stage. At state boundaries, PID is updated and most project documents are confirmed and reviewed. The activities performed by the project manager are as follows:Planning the succeeding management stageUpdating the project planUpdating a business caseReport Management stageCreate an exception plan7. Closing a ProjectA project is a provisional endeavor. It has a beginning and an end. The project closure jobs are very small and visible to senior management; therefore, they have a vast role in project success. The five activities in Closing a Project process are as follows:Prepare planned closurePrepare premature closureHand over productsEvaluate the projectRecommend project closureThe Project Manager recommends project closure for the Project Board’s approval.PRINCE2® Process ModelYou will get articles on PRINCE2® processes in Portuguese, Spanish, Russian, Italian, Dutch, French, and Polish. A process is recognized as an organized set of activities and their job is accomplishing a particular objective. There are many activities of PRINCE2® meant for Starting Up a project or running a project. It groups them into processes.Actually, PRINCE2® is considered a process-based approach which is highly beneficial for project management, and there are mainly seven processes that will guide a person through the project. Every project does provide a set of activities and these activities aid in directing, managing, and delivering a project. You will get them all in the manual of PRINCE2®.                                                     The seven processes of PRINCE2® are:SU (Starting Up a project)IP (Initiating a Project)DP (Directing a Project)CS (Controlling a Stage)MP (Managing Product Delivery)SB (Managing a Stage Boundary)CP (Closing a Project)Summary of the ProcessesThere are 7 management processes in PRINCE2® and each process has the job of one of the management levels, as Project Manager, Team Manager, or Project Board.Directing a Project Process – It has the liability of the Project Board. Directing a Project Process runs from the beginning of the project and continues to live till the last. Starting Up a Project method happens prior to the starting of the project. During Directing a Project procedure, the Project Board does authorize project stages besides managing the general project through the utilization of Management by Exception.The Starting Up a Project process – This is considered the liability of both the Executive and the Project Manager. It is viewed as the very first process and it is recognized as the Pre-Project process as it happens prior to the starting of the project. This is because the project doesn’t start before the Initiation Stage. In this process, the project’s reasons are recognized, the project management team gets assigned, and a Stage Plan gets created for running the Initiation Stage.Initiating a Project Process – This process is the procedure which defines the product quality, Project Product, project timeline, costs, the commitment of resources, risk analysis, and assembles the Project Initiation Documentation (PID). It is also the process where the creation of Project Plan happens and the Business Case meant for the project gets decided. All this information is accumulated into the PID.Controlling a Stage Process – In the process of Controlling a Stage, the Project Manager does the majority of the work. He watches the work closely, takes remedial action, has a communication with the stakeholders, and observes alterations. Every action can get repeated many numbers of times by the Project Manager until the stage becomes complete.The Managing Product Delivery Process – In the process of Managing Product Delivery, the planned components are formed and it becomes the liability of the Team Manager. Here, the compounds are created, the Work Packages are implemented, and work gets accomplished. The Team Manager does receive the Work Packages that are a list of jobs from the Project Manager. After this, he delivers the finished and tested Work Packages to the Project Manager again.The Managing a Stage Boundary Process – This process has got a couple of primary functions. The first one is reporting on the current stage’s performance and the second one is planning the subsequent stage. Hence, the Project Board is liberal to check how good the stage has finished its work against the Stage Plan. So, it can be said that the job of this process is evaluating the stage and preparing the plan meant for the subsequent stage.The Closing a Project Process – This process does cover the job of wrapping up the project. Additionally, this process is considered the concluding portion of the final and last stage. PRINCE2® recommends many activities for preparing the project for the finish, like Lessons Learned Report, Acceptance Record, and End Project Report. The productivity of this process would be fundamental for the confirmation of closure of the Project Board because the Project Board remains responsible for closing a project in place of the Project Manager.PRINCE2® Stage GatesPRINCE2® uses the Stage Gate Model for controlling the progress of a project. It means the work that is to be delivered is broken down into manageable sections each of which is easily understandable. PRINCE2® name these sections as Management Stages. At the end of every Stage or Section, three important checks are done without fail:Look Back- to make sure the work of the present stage is done or nothing is left behind.Look at the Big Picture- review the Project’s viability in a business case, check the project plan’s schedule, and make sure all risks are properly documented and are under control.Look forward- provide a Stage Plan for covering the work in the upcoming stage.The stage is a PhaseProjects should be broken down into phases to make them manageable. In fact, it is a very simple and known principle in any project management. The management stages of PRINCE2® are discrete and sequential sections of a project. The stages are chronological and most cases interdependent. One stage happens only after the earlier one is completed. Stages may involve the same work or different work. There is no rule as to when a stage should end and when the next one begins; however, the stages must be sufficiently small to be manageable and large enough so that micromanaging the resources invested and people involved becomes easy.Choice of StagesStage boundaries are selected based on project phases if they exist. The completion of project deliverables and project life cycle events can make good stage boundaries. The complexity and size of a Project is an important factor in several stages. There are complex and large projects that have more stages and they have more control over project work.All projects basically have two stages: an initiation stage and an execution stage. In the first stage, the project planning activities are done, i.e. the blueprint is developed and in the second stage, project execution happens.Process Model ColorColor plays a vital role in the PRINCE2® process model. There are several processes included in the model and some processes are applied more than another process. For a better understanding of the relationships among different processes, colors are used in the PRINCE2® process model. Following four colors items are found in the whole process model:Blue items: Items with blue shades signify these items are used or executed once in the whole project.Green items: Items with green shades are used once in each stage.Orange items: Items with orange shades can be executed several times in a stage.Dark red items: Items with dark red shades signify it can be implemented several times in a stage.
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Know Everything About PRINCE2® Processes, Process Model & Stage Gates

8806
Know Everything About PRINCE2® Processes, Process Model & Stage Gates

PRINCE2® is considered the abbreviation of Projects IN Controlled Environments and it is a structured project management process as well as the practitioner certification programme. It lays stress on dividing projects into controllable and manageable stages. There are many countries from all across the globe that adopt PRINCE2® and those countries include Western European countries, the UK, and Australia. The training of PRINCE2® is obtainable in various languages and it was developed in the form of a United Kingdom government standard intended for information systems projects. In the year 2013, the ownership of rights was transferred from HM Cabinet Office to AXELOS Ltd. which is considered a joint venture by Capita and the Cabinet Office to PRINCE2® with 49 percent and 51 percent stakes respectively.

PRINCE2® Methodology

PRINCE2® methodology segregates the whole projects into various stages and every stage is managed in a separate manner. 

With  PRINCE2® methodology, 7 processes are involved:

Steps in PRINCE2 Methodology

1. Starting up a Project

The primary process includes activities that are necessary to make sure that it is a worthwhile and viable project. The activities involved in this process are the following ones:

  • Appointment of the project and executive manager
  • Appoint and design the project management team
  • Capture previous lessons
  • Prepare an outline business case
  • Choose the project approach and accumulate the project brief
  • Plan the initiation stage

2. Directing a Project

This process includes the project board. In this process, authorization is given to manage a project, to proceed continuously, and provide ad hoc direction when needed. The activities of directing a Project process include the following:

  • Authorize initiation
  • Authorize the project
  • Authorize stage or an execution plan
  • Provide ad hoc direction
  • Authorize project closure

3. Initiating a Project

Initiating a Project procedure is aimed towards the Project Manager, who performs the maximum job in this process. In the other project management methods, this process is termed as planning. It is a time-consuming part of project management and the most important one too. The failure and success of a project are related directly to the planning level that was done. The activities in this step include the following:

  • Agree on tailoring needs
  • Preparing the risk management approach
  • Preparing the change control approach
  • Preparing the quality management approach
  • Preparing communication management approach
  • Set project controls
  • Create a project plan
  • Formulate the Benefits Management Approach
  • Assemble the PID or project initiation documentation

The project manager has the responsibility to assemble the PID. It comprises of the following items:

  • Project definition
  • Project approach
  • Business case
  • Team structure
  • Role descriptions
  • Quality management approach
  • Change control approach
  • Risk management approach
  • Communication management approach
  • Project plan
  • Project controls

4. Controlling a stage

This process includes making sure that the management stage stays within tolerance. It starts when a stage is authorized to move forward by a project board and its activities are carried out by a project manager.

  • Authorizing a work package
  • Review status of work package
  • Get completed work packages
  • Review management stage status
  • Report highlights
  • Assess and capture issues and risks
  • Escalate risks and issues
  • Take corrective action

5. Managing Product Delivery

This product focuses on the delivery of the end service or product of a project. It is performed by the team manager primarily, the technical manager, who transfers the reports and the project to the project manager. Three major activities in this process are as follows:

  • Accepting a work package
  • Perform a work package
  • Send a work package

6. Managing State Boundaries

As management stage approaches, this procedure comes in. It is needed so that a project board may review the success of the present stage and approve the succeeding stage. At state boundaries, PID is updated and most project documents are confirmed and reviewed. The activities performed by the project manager are as follows:

  • Planning the succeeding management stage
  • Updating the project plan
  • Updating a business case
  • Report Management stage
  • Create an exception plan

7. Closing a Project

A project is a provisional endeavor. It has a beginning and an end. The project closure jobs are very small and visible to senior management; therefore, they have a vast role in project success. The five activities in Closing a Project process are as follows:

  • Prepare planned closure
  • Prepare premature closure
  • Hand over products
  • Evaluate the project
  • Recommend project closure

The Project Manager recommends project closure for the Project Board’s approval.

PRINCE2® Process Model

You will get articles on PRINCE2® processes in Portuguese, Spanish, Russian, Italian, Dutch, French, and Polish. A process is recognized as an organized set of activities and their job is accomplishing a particular objective. There are many activities of PRINCE2® meant for Starting Up a project or running a project. It groups them into processes.

Actually, PRINCE2® is considered a process-based approach which is highly beneficial for project management, and there are mainly seven processes that will guide a person through the project. Every project does provide a set of activities and these activities aid in directing, managing, and delivering a project. You will get them all in the manual of PRINCE2®.                                                     

The seven processes of PRINCE2® are:

  • SU (Starting Up a project)
  • IP (Initiating a Project)
  • DP (Directing a Project)
  • CS (Controlling a Stage)
  • MP (Managing Product Delivery)
  • SB (Managing a Stage Boundary)
  • CP (Closing a Project)

Summary of the Processes

There are 7 management processes in PRINCE2® and each process has the job of one of the management levels, as Project Manager, Team Manager, or Project Board.

  • Directing a Project Process – It has the liability of the Project Board. Directing a Project Process runs from the beginning of the project and continues to live till the last. Starting Up a Project method happens prior to the starting of the project. During Directing a Project procedure, the Project Board does authorize project stages besides managing the general project through the utilization of Management by Exception.
  • The Starting Up a Project process – This is considered the liability of both the Executive and the Project Manager. It is viewed as the very first process and it is recognized as the Pre-Project process as it happens prior to the starting of the project. This is because the project doesn’t start before the Initiation Stage. In this process, the project’s reasons are recognized, the project management team gets assigned, and a Stage Plan gets created for running the Initiation Stage.
  • Initiating a Project Process – This process is the procedure which defines the product quality, Project Product, project timeline, costs, the commitment of resources, risk analysis, and assembles the Project Initiation Documentation (PID). It is also the process where the creation of Project Plan happens and the Business Case meant for the project gets decided. All this information is accumulated into the PID.
  • Controlling a Stage Process – In the process of Controlling a Stage, the Project Manager does the majority of the work. He watches the work closely, takes remedial action, has a communication with the stakeholders, and observes alterations. Every action can get repeated many numbers of times by the Project Manager until the stage becomes complete.
  • The Managing Product Delivery Process – In the process of Managing Product Delivery, the planned components are formed and it becomes the liability of the Team Manager. Here, the compounds are created, the Work Packages are implemented, and work gets accomplished. The Team Manager does receive the Work Packages that are a list of jobs from the Project Manager. After this, he delivers the finished and tested Work Packages to the Project Manager again.
  • The Managing a Stage Boundary Process – This process has got a couple of primary functions. The first one is reporting on the current stage’s performance and the second one is planning the subsequent stage. Hence, the Project Board is liberal to check how good the stage has finished its work against the Stage Plan. So, it can be said that the job of this process is evaluating the stage and preparing the plan meant for the subsequent stage.
  • The Closing a Project Process – This process does cover the job of wrapping up the project. Additionally, this process is considered the concluding portion of the final and last stage. PRINCE2® recommends many activities for preparing the project for the finish, like Lessons Learned Report, Acceptance Record, and End Project Report. The productivity of this process would be fundamental for the confirmation of closure of the Project Board because the Project Board remains responsible for closing a project in place of the Project Manager.

PRINCE2® Stage GatesPRINCE2® Stage Gates

PRINCE2® uses the Stage Gate Model for controlling the progress of a project. It means the work that is to be delivered is broken down into manageable sections each of which is easily understandable. PRINCE2® name these sections as Management Stages. At the end of every Stage or Section, three important checks are done without fail:

  • Look Back- to make sure the work of the present stage is done or nothing is left behind.
  • Look at the Big Picture- review the Project’s viability in a business case, check the project plan’s schedule, and make sure all risks are properly documented and are under control.
  • Look forward- provide a Stage Plan for covering the work in the upcoming stage.

The stage is a Phase

Projects should be broken down into phases to make them manageable. In fact, it is a very simple and known principle in any project management. The management stages of PRINCE2® are discrete and sequential sections of a project. The stages are chronological and most cases interdependent. One stage happens only after the earlier one is completed. Stages may involve the same work or different work. There is no rule as to when a stage should end and when the next one begins; however, the stages must be sufficiently small to be manageable and large enough so that micromanaging the resources invested and people involved becomes easy.

Choice of Stages

Stage boundaries are selected based on project phases if they exist. The completion of project deliverables and project life cycle events can make good stage boundaries. The complexity and size of a Project is an important factor in several stages. There are complex and large projects that have more stages and they have more control over project work.

All projects basically have two stages: an initiation stage and an execution stage. In the first stage, the project planning activities are done, i.e. the blueprint is developed and in the second stage, project execution happens.

Process Model Color

Color plays a vital role in the PRINCE2® process model. There are several processes included in the model and some processes are applied more than another process. For a better understanding of the relationships among different processes, colors are used in the PRINCE2® process model. Following four colors items are found in the whole process model:

PRINCE2® Process Model Color

  • Blue items: Items with blue shades signify these items are used or executed once in the whole project.
  • Green items: Items with green shades are used once in each stage.
  • Orange items: Items with orange shades can be executed several times in a stage.
  • Dark red items: Items with dark red shades signify it can be implemented several times in a stage.
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Planning, Inspection, Adaptation    4. Respect For People, Kaizen, Eliminating Waste    5. Planning, Demonstration, RetrospectiveCorrect answer: 1Question 3:The maximum length of the Sprint Review (its time-box) is:4 hours for a monthly Sprint. For shorter Sprints, it is usually shorter.As long as needed.2 hours1 day.4 hours and long as needed.Correct answer: 1Tips to pass PSM The best way to be well prepared for the PSM official exam is to work on the Scrum Open Assessment.You can consider that you are ready once you get 100% at every attempt.Salary of the Professional Scrum MasterSalaries of the PSM can vary a lot according to level of experience, industry, company size and location. Here is a table with most common figures:USFranceUnited KingdomSingaporeJunior70,000-115,00030,000-40,00040,000-70,00080,000-100,000Mid-Senior(more than 3 years with SM experience)90,000-135,00035,000-55,00060,000-110,00095,000-125,0005. Is the PSM I certification worth investing?CSM vs PSM exam:"Differences to note" CSM PSM Passing ScoreMinimum 69%(24 out of 35 questions)Minimum 85%Exam patternMultiple choiceMultiple choice,Multiple Answers and True/False questions.Exam durationNo time limit,35 questions60 minutes to complete 80 questionsCertification Validation2 yearsLife timeCertification cost                      1200$2nd attempt is free in within 60 days        25$ for  additional  attempt.             150$(one  attempt)Exam  Level2 Days training + Exam           Much  harder than CSM       Require experience,and deep         Theoretical knowledge.The first goal at Scrum.org is to make candidates understanding how to get valuable software thanks to a high level of maturity in Agile using Scrum. In order to achieve that, Scrum.org deliver assessments to examine, improve and certify candidates’ knowledge of Scrum. On top of that, the Scrum Guide and the Nexus Guide serve as the main background for all Scrum.org assessments. Individuals that are successful at the PSM 1 certification demonstrate a fundamental level of Scrum mastery: they understand Scrum as described in the Scrum Guide and the concepts of applying Scrum. The PSM 1 certification is considered significantly more valuable than other options for Scrum.6. What next after PSM?People who follow Scrum.org courses can claim Project Management Institute (PMI) Professional Development Units credit: 14 PDUs after attending a two-day Professional Scrum Master (PSM). Keep in mind that PMI PDUs are earned for course attendance and not for passing a Scrum.org assessment.7. How much should I pay to renew PSM certification?There is no need to renew PSM certification: Scrum.org certificates are lifelong and do not require any additional payments or renewals.Career benefits of PSM certifiedConsequently, becoming now a certified and experienced professional in Agile expertise seems to be an interesting option to stay at least “employable” and marketable. Still being realistic, professionals in Agile will be directly requested either to perform the Agile transformation in many big (old) organizations or to build the Agile culture from scratch in new companies and startups. Attractive and valuable challenges are in perspective.
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Everything you need to know about PSM certificatio...

1. Introduction to Professional Scrum MasterWho is... Read More

How To Handle a Project Management Crisis?

When a project hits a barrier, it can take an entire team into crisis mode. Alarm bells will ring, coworkers will panic and the shareholders rush towards the project manager – means you. This is a perfect time to come into limelight. The key to success in this role is, you should be able to handle sensitive situations with a time-conscious, and solution-based approach. A successful project manager is one who is proficient in using a variety of approaches during periods of high-pressure to ensure that the team remains motivated and engaged, ultimately driving the project forward. Project management training helps you to ensure your project will move along smoothly and you can lead your project to success. The best-laid projects are always the one which are prone to issues and problems. In this situation, if you fail to stay green not knowing how to handle project management crisis, it can result in loss of a company, public distrust, and other problems in future projects. With regards to it, this article has been written to guide how you can gracefully handle project management crisis by following these steps. Tips for Successfully Handling Your Next Project Management Crisis 1.    Notice the Early Signs Being a project manager you ought to be vigilant enough to smell any minor warning or sign gesturing towards a big crisis going to happen. Even challenges that appear unexpectedly can have warning signs and take notice of these will make or break the project deadline. Remaining mindful of bits of gossip, following insights nearly, and distinguishing even minor partner concerns are certain quick approaches to continue best of an issue. Walking out on an issue, regardless of how little it starts, will just abandon it to become greater while you aren’t looking. 2.    Develop Detailed Contingency Plans with your Crisis Management Team Always assign at least one person, either from department heads or management staff, per each department to be trained and accountable for vindicating an effects of crises in their respective sectors. These should include at the very least, in addition to the CEO, heads of: HR Marketing Sales IT Nevertheless, it’s your responsibility to handle matters being a project manager, still the fact is only best managers know when to ask for help. If you amass your group when you take the administrative rules, not exclusively will you be better arranged for when emergency strikes, however, your associates will be inspired with your proactivity and early administration sharpness. 3.    Communicate With Your Team Communication is the best way to coordinate, and remain involved with your team.  Open correspondence effectively heads out any disarray and uncertainty, keeping specialists refreshed with changes as they happen. At times, even expert professionals get panic and become negative under mounting pressure – it is up to the project manager to implement a positive and centered viewpoint consistently to help oversee push. 4.    Identify the Cause The primary step for solving your project crisis is, try to identify the root case. How to identify the root cause? Find the division in which the root issue surfaced. Once you take the control of the root cause and cease crisis from further spreading than it already was, so it’ll become easier to repair the damage done and get your team back on track.  Don’t simply single out colleagues that committed an error. Survey the realities, and hold a meeting to generate new ideas with the entire group, examining how to best keep this emergency from rehashing itself. 5.    Be Optimistic & Keep Your Cool Head Never let your courage get down at a time of crisis, and stay optimistic as you have to lead the ship In the face of disaster. Panic does nobody any good and exacerbates an already tumultuous time. If you lose your cool, so will your team. Your group and associates will be seeking you for direction and good help. Show others how it’s done. In the event that your group sees that you are concerned, centered, yet quiet and gathered, they will imitate your aura. If you manage to stay calm at this time, your group will feel persuaded to buckle down at settling what is tormenting your association. In no way, shape or form give anybody false expectation, yet positive thinking is infectious and inspires your group. 6.    Find the Silver Lining at time of Crisis As it is said that everything happens for a reason, and every cloud has a silver lining, etc. these all sayings has a certain truth behind them until and unless a person doesn’t recognize it in worst time. After you’ve survived a few crises, and have thoroughly kept records of your crisis management, you will not only do a better job at monitoring and prevention but the next time a crisis rears its ugly head you will be prepared with the tools to solve it in the most expedient manner possible. Do not welcome crisis, but take advantage of the one benefit it does offer you: that is an experience. 7.    Update with the Bad Be realistic with your team, it will make certain that the expectations are clear, as we understand nobody ever likes to hear more bad news during a time of crisis. Being project manager, never get afraid of delivering issues to patrons and highlighting when a problem is urgent. Indeed, they will value being kept tuned in and working nearby an expert group that is straightforward and reliable. 8.    Be Solution-Focused Not only planning and particular tactics work to handle any challenging situation, but I believe one’s personality and specific qualities also work as a weapon to fight as a warrior in these circumstances. A leading project manager will need to work tirelessly to ensure their teams stay positive and enthusiastic in searching for a solution. Be solution focused no matter what problem you are going through. Concentrating on understanding the reason for the issue will convey you substantially nearer to finding an answer than a passing fault, which could convey the venture to a stop. Encouraging negative correspondence will have no pick up for you or your associates. 9.    Prevention Is Better Than Cure This is not only an idiom, but an ultimate and evergreen guidance to follow in all aspects of life.  It’s wise to kill the problem before it grows bigger. It may require an in-depth research, fine attention to detail, and an excellent communication. Obviously, there will dependably be circumstances that can’t be predicted and in such cases, a venture director should utilize the test as an opportunity to exceed expectations and guarantee a similar issue does not occur once more.
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How To Handle a Project Management Crisis?

When a project hits a barrier, it can take an enti... Read More