PRINCE2 Roles and Responsibilities: Major and Minor Roles

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24th Jan, 2023
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PRINCE2 Roles and Responsibilities: Major and Minor Roles

PRINCE2 roles and responsibilities can be confusing to understand. The PRINCE2 methodology defines seven roles, which are organized into two categories: major and minor. The major roles are Project Manager, Executive, Sponsor, and Team Members. The minor roles are Assistant Project Manager, Project Support Officer, and Delegated Accountable Manager. Each role has specific duties and tasks assigned to it. This post will help clarify the roles and responsibilities for each type of role. So, get ready to pack up your skills and opt for a PRINCE2 course to make the best out of this opportunity.   

PRINCE2 Overview

PRINCE2 (PRojects IN Controlled Environments) is a structured project management method and framework that provides guidance for organizations and individuals on how to go about managing successful projects. It is based on seven principles, seven themes, and seven processes. The PRINCE2 system is widely used in the UK and internationally, and has been adopted by both public and private sector organizations.  

PRINCE2 is recognized as a best practice approach to project management by organizations such as the Project Management Institute (PMI) and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). 

PRINCE2 Organization Theme 

The PRINCE2 Organization Theme describes the principles and processes for managing an organization's resources, including people, money, and other assets. This theme is essential for ensuring that a project is properly organized and has adequate resources to meet its objectives. The Organization Theme includes four key sub-themes: structure, culture, management styles, and accountability. Each of these sub-themes has its own set of processes and best practices that should be followed in order to effectively manage an organization's resources.  

By following the PRINCE2 Organization Theme, organizations can ensure that their projects are well-organized and have the necessary resources to succeed. 

PRINCE2 Roles and Responsibilities of Primary Stakeholders 

There are three primary stakeholders in any PRINCE2 project: the business sponsor, the users, and the suppliers. Each of these stakeholders has specific roles and responsibilities that must be fulfilled in order for the project to be successful.  

1. Business Sponsors

The business sponsor is responsible for ensuring that the project meets the organization's strategic objectives. They provide the necessary funding and resources, and they also give the project team the authority to proceed. In addition, the business sponsor represents the interests of the organization and ensures that any risks to the project are minimized.  

2. Users 

Users must define requirements for the project deliverables. As part of the user acceptance testing, they work closely with the project team to meet these requirements. Following the completion of a project, users typically undergo training and support.  

3. Suppliers 

The supplier must provide all of the necessary materials and resources to complete the project. This includes both physical resources (such as equipment) and human resources (such as expert knowledge). Suppliers may also provide training material to the project team. 

PRINCE2 Roles and Responsibilities Matrix 

PRINCE2 roles and responsibilities are clearly defined in the PRINCE2 Roles and Responsibilities Matrix. This helps to ensure that everyone involved in a PRINCE2 project roles is well aware of their work and what is expected of them. The roles and responsibilities are as follows:  

1. PRINCE2 Project Board

This defines three distinct PRINCE2 project board roles that are responsible for different aspects of the project: 

a. PRINCE2 Executive  

PRINCE2 Executive roles and responsibilities ensure that projects deliver value to organizations by ensuring they meet their objectives. They also authorize decisions and milestones. 

b. PRINCE2 Senior User 

PRINCE2 Senior Users define and make sure that the project's requirements are met. Moreover, they approve the project's deliverables. 

c. PRINCE2 Senior Supplier 

The PRINCE2 Senior Supplier roles and responsibilities include delivering the project's outputs and products. Risks and issues are also managed by them throughout the course of the project. 

These three roles in PRINCE2 are responsible for making decisions about the project, monitoring progress, and ensuring that the project stays on track.  

2. Project Manager

The PRINCE2 Project Manager roles and responsibilities involve managing the project and ensuring that it is completed on time and within budget. They also need to ensure that all team members are aware of their roles and responsibilities.  

3. Team Manager

Managing a project team requires the attention of a Team Manager. To achieve the project's completion, they need to make sure everyone is aware of their roles and responsibilities.  

4. Change Authority

The Change Authority approves or rejects project changes. As part of the project management process, they need to look out that all changes are in accordance with the project plan and will not interfere with the overall quality or schedule of the project. 

Asperity of Change RequestDecided By
Level 1Project Support / Help Desk
Level 2Project Manager
Level 3Change Authority
Level 4Project Board
Level 5Corp / Programme Management

5. Project Assurance

This provides independent advice to the Project Manager and Project Board on whether the project is achieving its objectives. Moreover, the PRINCE2 Project Assurance role assists in reviewing progress against the project plan and makes recommendations for improvements where necessary.  

6. Project Support

The Project Support team assists the Project Manager and team with the project's technical, administrative, and logistical aspects. It is imperative that they provide all team members with the resources they need to accomplish their tasks. 

With such known details on PRINCE2 roles and responsibilities, it is the perfect time to get your hands on this perfect opportunity with PRINCE2 Foundation course and certification & make yourselves ready for this new challenge. 

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Stage-wise Management for PRINCE2 Project 

There are seven distinct stages in PRINCE2 project management roles and responsibility approaches. They are pre-project, project start-up, initiation, execution, monitoring and control, project close and post-project. Each stage is aimed at achieving specific objectives and deliverables. Here is a brief overview of the key tasks and responsibilities involved in each stage: 

  1. Pre-project: This stage involves carrying out feasibility studies and business case development. The objective is to assess the project's viability and identify any risks that may impact its success. 
  2. Project start-up: During this stage, the project team is assembled and a project plan is developed. Stakeholders' roles and responsibilities must be clearly defined for the project to succeed. 
  3. Initiation involves defining the project's scope, setting objectives, and identifying key deliverables. All stakeholders should be able to understand what needs to be accomplished clearly. 
  4. Execution: The project plan outlines the activities undertaken in this phase. Delivering products and services within the agreed-upon timelines and budget is the goal. 
  5. Monitoring and control: In this stage, progress against objectives is tracked, and corrective action is taken as needed. This stage aims to keep the project on track and achieve its goals. 
  6. Project close: During this phase, all necessary documentation must be completed, funds and resources must be released, and project records must be archived. To ensure the successful completion of the project, all loose ends must be tied up. 
  7. Post-project: During this stage, a project review is conducted to identify lessons learned. This final stage aims to improve future projects by incorporating the best practices learned. 

To get hands-on experience with the PRINCE2 project management stages, it will be ideal to go for a Project Management online class & get started today. 

Conclusion

In this post, we’ve outlined the different PRINCE2 roles and responsibilities. We’ve also looked at how these roles can be broken down into major and minor roles. If you want to get started in PRINCE2 or want a refresher on the different roles, we hope all your doubts have cleared. After understanding all the major and minor roles and if you feel like being a part of such great responsibilities, this is the right time to pursue KnowledgeHut PRINCE2 course and other necessary certifications. Get ready to achieve your goals with top-notch knowledge and perfect execution.  

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. What projects use PRINCE2?

PRINCE2 (Projects in Controlled Environments) is a structured project management method and framework that can be applied to any organization or project. It is widely used in the UK, Europe, and Australia. PRINCE2 is also increasingly being adopted in the USA, Canada, and Asia. The PRINCE2 method consists of seven principles, themes, and processes.  

These provide a flexible and adaptable approach tailored to the specific needs of any organization or project. PRINCE2 is used in many industries, including construction, IT, engineering, and retail. It has also been used in various government projects, such as the London 2012 Olympic Games. 

2. Is PRINCE2 a good qualification?

PRINCE2 (Projects In Controlled Environments) is a project management methodology widely used in the UK. It is designed to help organizations deliver projects in a controlled and consistent manner. PRINCE2 qualifications are offered at Foundation and Practitioner level, and there is also a certification for project managers with significant experience with the methodology.  

The Foundation qualification covers the basic principles of PRINCE2, while the Practitioner qualification covers more advanced topics such as tailoring PRINCE2 to specific projects. There is no one-size-fits-all answer to whether PRINCE2 is a good qualification, but it is generally considered a valuable asset for project management professionals. 

3. What are Project Roles?

In every project, there are a variety of roles that need to be filled for the project to run smoothly. The project manager is responsible for coordinating all the moving parts and ensuring everyone is on the same page. The project sponsor is responsible for providing the financial backing for the project.  

The project team is responsible for carrying out the project's work. And finally, the stakeholders are those individuals or groups with a vested interest in the success or failure of the project. Each of these roles is essential to the success of any project. 

4. Why are Project Roles and Responsibilities important?

For any project to be successful, it is essential that everyone involved understands their roles and responsibilities. By clearly defining the tasks that need to be completed and who is responsible for each, you can avoid confusion and ensure that the project stays on track.  

Furthermore, when everyone knows what is expected of them, they are more likely to work together efficiently and resolve any conflicts. For these reasons, taking the time to establish clear roles and responsibilities from the outset is an essential part of any successful project. 

5. What roles cannot be combined in PRINCE2?

In the PRINCE2 project roles and responsibilities template, seven defined roles ensure the smooth running of a project. However, it is important to note that these roles cannot be combined. For example, the Project Manager cannot also be the Business Case Manager. This is because each role has a specific set of responsibilities that must be carried out for the project to be successful.  

The seven roles are Project Board, Executive, Senior User, Senior Supplier, Team Manager, Change Authority and Project Assurance. By clearly defining these roles and ensuring that they are not combined, PRINCE2 provides a framework for successful project management.

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