A career path in the field of Data Science can be explained in the following ways:
Business Intelligence Analyst: A Business Intelligence Analyst is an individual who has the job of figuring out the business as well as the market trends.
Data Mining Engineer: A Data Mining Engineer is an individual who has the job of not only examining the data for the needs of the business, but also for a third party.
Data Architect: The role of Data Architect is to work in tandem with system designers, developers and users in order to create blueprints that are used by data management systems.
Data Scientist: The main responsibility of a Data Scientist is to pursue a business case by analysis, development of hypotheses as well as the development of an understanding of data, so as to explore patterns from the given data.
Senior Data Scientist: A Senior Data Scientist is tasked with the anticipation of Business needs in the future and shaping the projects, systems and data analyses of today to suit those business needs in the future.