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The 4 Pillars Of Cyber Security For Your Organization

It is imperative to understand important cornerstones of cyber security to ensure your organization is least vulnerable to growing cyber-attacks.  Information and data is the lifeline of any business today. From details of your employees to your clients and products, every business detail is in data. Any data theft can not only leave you vulnerable but can also mean clients no longer trust their data with you putting you out of business. It is therefore paramount for enterprises to have cyber security checks in place and be ready for any such data theft attempt. A well devised cyber security plan should be based on the following 4 core pillars ensuring data safety. Pillar I: Policies and Planning Without right policies in place it is difficult to allot the right budget towards cyber security.  The first pillar of having an efficient cyber security is to ensure there is a clear defined cyber security policy in place detailing all aspects.Policies and procedures define how to apply various technological security solutions effectively. With a clearly defined policy, enterprises will not run the risk of low budgets for cyber security or cyber analytics. An ideal security policy should have a defined risk-versus-cost rule that can be applied to other policies and procedures within the enterprise. A policy need not define the technology to be used as technologies keep on changing and getting refined with time. Some enterprises have even adopted multiple security policies, one for every segment or division as per the risk factors of the enterprise and its domain. Pillar II: Use of Technology and Vigilant in-house Security Technology experts should come into play to choose the right set of tools to safeguard organization from any sort cyber breach. Once an organization has a security policy in place, the next step involves looking for an appropriate technology for its security needs. Technology assessment may require the role of cyber security and cyber analytics experts to look for the best tools available. A decision on the use of adequate tools like processes for identification of users, systems, hardware, access control, data encryptions, firewalls, virus protection programs etc all come under the purview of technology. Technology based cyber security tools are proactive as they are constantly monitoring for any change in the normal functionality of processes. On the downside, they can be accessed by hackers. Just one small entry into the security systems or a small breach can be enough to trigger a shutdown of such safety tools. Technology tools require constant monitoring and a vigilant in-house team of security experts to ensure all around data protection. Pillar III: Employee Education and Awareness Well informed employees can help organizations tap the full potential of security policies and technologies. An enterprise may have the right security policy in place and the right technology being used but unless the human resource is aware and motivated it may all come to nothing. Educating and spreading cyber security and cyber analytics associated awareness is therefore another significant pillar for security. Educating the employees on recognizing the ‘bad’ by offering real time information sharing can go a long way in keeping risks at bay. Fraudulent emails, phishing and opening of unwanted email attachments continue to be major reasons allowing entry or access to hackers. With an employee awareness drive, such behavior can be controlled resulting in better security analytics in place. The recently infamous crypto malware or ransomware ‘Wannacry’ is a typical example of a data breach that had its roots in the opening of malicious email attachments. Here the the need of cyber security specialists increases to protect the data from hackers  By keeping the employees aware and educated on cyber security aspects, an enterprise can minimize its security risks substantially. Pillar IV: Backup and Disaster Recovery As no brainer as it sounds, it is most relevant in today’s time of growing cyber-attacks. As a last line of defense against any data attack, your enterprise must have a good business continuity and disaster recovery solution in place. Having copies of data stored in multiple locations that are off-site and backed up hourly every single day should be encouraged. Ensure your data recovery and business development solution provider offers adequate and regular backup check on the recoverability of the data. Stimulate a worst case scenario by shutting off your server and seeking data backup to ensure you are always ready for any data breach eventuality. Stimulation can also ensure there is no panic and every employee knows their role during any cyber attack to ensure minimal downtime and affect on important data and services.  Conclusion: Cyber security is today an essential part of any enterprise functionality. No matter how big or small, every enterprise is vulnerable. By following the four security pillars, an organization can keep its security structure in place to minimize such threats.

The 4 Pillars Of Cyber Security For Your Organization

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The 4 Pillars Of Cyber Security For Your Organization

It is imperative to understand important cornerstones of cyber security to ensure your organization is least vulnerable to growing cyber-attacks. 

Information and data is the lifeline of any business today. From details of your employees to your clients and products, every business detail is in data. Any data theft can not only leave you vulnerable but can also mean clients no longer trust their data with you putting you out of business. It is therefore paramount for enterprises to have cyber security checks in place and be ready for any such data theft attempt. A well devised cyber security plan should be based on the following 4 core pillars ensuring data safety.

Pillar I: Policies and Planning

Without right policies in place it is difficult to allot the right budget towards cyber security. 

The first pillar of having an efficient cyber security is to ensure there is a clear defined cyber security policy in place detailing all aspects.Policies and procedures define how to apply various technological security solutions effectively. With a clearly defined policy, enterprises will not run the risk of low budgets for cyber security or cyber analytics.

An ideal security policy should have a defined risk-versus-cost rule that can be applied to other policies and procedures within the enterprise. A policy need not define the technology to be used as technologies keep on changing and getting refined with time. Some enterprises have even adopted multiple security policies, one for every segment or division as per the risk factors of the enterprise and its domain.

Pillar II: Use of Technology and Vigilant in-house Security

Technology experts should come into play to choose the right set of tools to safeguard organization from any sort cyber breach.

Once an organization has a security policy in place, the next step involves looking for an appropriate technology for its security needs. Technology assessment may require the role of cyber security and cyber analytics experts to look for the best tools available. A decision on the use of adequate tools like processes for identification of users, systems, hardware, access control, data encryptions, firewalls, virus protection programs etc all come under the purview of technology.

Technology based cyber security tools are proactive as they are constantly monitoring for any change in the normal functionality of processes. On the downside, they can be accessed by hackers. Just one small entry into the security systems or a small breach can be enough to trigger a shutdown of such safety tools. Technology tools require constant monitoring and a vigilant in-house team of security experts to ensure all around data protection.

Pillar III: Employee Education and Awareness

Well informed employees can help organizations tap the full potential of security policies and technologies.

An enterprise may have the right security policy in place and the right technology being used but unless the human resource is aware and motivated it may all come to nothing. Educating and spreading cyber security and cyber analytics associated awareness is therefore another significant pillar for security.

Educating the employees on recognizing the ‘bad’ by offering real time information sharing can go a long way in keeping risks at bay. Fraudulent emails, phishing and opening of unwanted email attachments continue to be major reasons allowing entry or access to hackers. With an employee awareness drive, such behavior can be controlled resulting in better security analytics in place.

The recently infamous crypto malware or ransomware ‘Wannacry’ is a typical example of a data breach that had its roots in the opening of malicious email attachments. Here the the need of cyber security specialists increases to protect the data from hackers  By keeping the employees aware and educated on cyber security aspects, an enterprise can minimize its security risks substantially.

Pillar IV: Backup and Disaster Recovery

As no brainer as it sounds, it is most relevant in today’s time of growing cyber-attacks.

As a last line of defense against any data attack, your enterprise must have a good business continuity and disaster recovery solution in place. Having copies of data stored in multiple locations that are off-site and backed up hourly every single day should be encouraged.

Ensure your data recovery and business development solution provider offers adequate and regular backup check on the recoverability of the data. Stimulate a worst case scenario by shutting off your server and seeking data backup to ensure you are always ready for any data breach eventuality. Stimulation can also ensure there is no panic and every employee knows their role during any cyber attack to ensure minimal downtime and affect on important data and services. 

Conclusion: Cyber security is today an essential part of any enterprise functionality. No matter how big or small, every enterprise is vulnerable. By following the four security pillars, an organization can keep its security structure in place to minimize such threats.

Shiva

Shiva Kumar

Blog Author

Shiva is a Digital Marketing Analyst working for <a rel="nofollow" href="http://www.happiestminds.com" />Happiest Minds Technologies</a> who focused on marketing solutions. He writes more about the latest marketing trends which help techies to manage their marketing growth.

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How much do Ethical Hackers Earn?

Technology has flourished at break neck speed in the past decade. Inventions and innovations have transformed the way we live and work. We live in an interconnected world where everything is online. While this has made our lives easier, it has also made us vulnerable to sophisticated cyber criminals, who at their malicious best attack not just an individual but even a company, and in more brazen attacks even a nation's security and financial health.According to the latest report by Verizon, 70% of cybercrimes were caused by malicious hackers and outsiders. With a lot of sensitive data now being present online, the perception threat has steadily grown over the years.One of the foremost methods to prevent cybercrime is to reinforce the security of IT systems. Moreover, adding a dedicated team of ethical hackers to the workforce can help fix loopholes and prevent malicious attacks. With the surge in cybercrime, the need for cybersecurity has increased. This in turn has led to a rise in the demand for skilled ethical hackers and information security professionals.What is the CEH certification?The CEH(Certified Ethical Hacking) credential from EC-Council demonstrates that you have hands-on knowledge of niche techniques used by security professionals and hackers to prevent cyber-attacks. CEH also provides skills to assess the security aspects, scan the infrastructure, and detect vulnerabilities in the organizations. With the CEH course, you can:Enter into the industry as a security professionalLearn the hacker mentality to get a step ahead of cybercriminalsBoost your career in IT securityImprove your skills and knowledge which is a primary requirement for career advancementThe demand for Ethical HackersAccording to Forbes, "in this current year of 2020-21, the Global security market is worth $173 billion and within the next 5 years this will grow to around $270 billion." 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As per the NASSCOM report, there will be 72000 security professionals in the coming years.Types of roles and responsibilities of an Ethical HackerCybersecurity experts will get various types of work opportunities from small scale organizations to giant tech corporations, government agencies, research organizations, and many others.The work of ethical hackers will differ and is not limited to the size and requirement of the organization, but also the skills and experience of hackers. However, here are some overall responsibilities expected from ethical hackers.To protect IT infrastructures, networks, devices, and data from cybercriminalsMonitor application and network performanceTo perform security tests to validate the strength of application, devices, and networkImplement information security management system to be followed by the entire organizationTo set detection and prevention facilities and make a barrier from outer /unauthorized accessTo stay connected with top management with updated risk management and business continuity plans.To perform all the above tasks and operations there are multiple designations hired by organizations, ranging from entry-level security personnel to CISO (Chief Information Security Officer). This pyramid shows the various levels of roles for cyber security professionals.Job roles and salariesEthical hackers can take on a variety of roles.Consulting - As explained earlier, almost all organizations require security professionals to secure their network,  data, devices, etc. Some organizations prefer to outsource the security solution rather than hire on their own.  In this case, the organization expects customized security solutions and suggestions and advice on protection of their assets against cyber-attacks.Bug bounty - Many organizations and tech giants organize bounty programs for hackers to find out vulnerabilities in their applications or websites and offer attractive cash prices.Training - Ethical hackers can provide training to professionals and students for advancement in their careers. These types of training also help to spread awareness in the society against cybercrime and to keep them secure from any potential fraud.Events - Tech giants like Tesla invites hackers to hack their cars. There are similar events for hackers to perform their skills and earn prizes, or in some cases jobs with handsome packages.The salary range for ethical hackersLucrative salaries are the most attractive part of this profession. Salaries in this field vary based on location, designation, skill, and experience. As we have seen in the pyramid earlier, there are multiple roles in the security field, with packages increasing from bottom to top. All organizations value their security, and are ready to pay top dollar for qualified candidates.As per a survey, the average salary of an ethical hacker or information security officer is INR 12,00,000 per annum with 3-5 years of experience. This is just an average figure. 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The monarch and the kingdom trust them and feel safe while surrounded by royal guards.In this field as well, an ethical hacker or a team of security professionals act as royal guards of the organization. Organizations trust the security professionals expecting security and implicit loyalty. Security professionals must be highly ethical, as they can have access to the most vital information systems, data, or any other assets. An ethical hacker must follow ethical /genuine practices during the entire employment term (and even after leaving a company) and uphold the trust of the management.EC-Council has written 19 steps of  'Code - of - Ethics' which must be followed by all ethical hackers to maintain the dignity of the profession.Below is a sample:As an ethical hacker, you must keep private and confidential information gained in your professional work (in particular as it pertains to client lists and client personal information). You should not collect, give, sell, or transfer any personal information (such as name, e-mail address, Social Security number, or another unique identifier) to a third party without the client's prior consent.ConclusionHighly skilled hackers will always be in demand because in the digital age, all organizations need to stay protected from hackers at any cost. This is a career that is surely future-proof!
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How much do Ethical Hackers Earn?

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Introduction to Vulnerability Analysis in Ethical Hacking

In this article we will discuss the various aspects of Vulnerability analysis in ethical hacking. We will walk you through common examples of vulnerability, various lists and models to prevent them. The models we will be discussing are firewall, password, logical bombing and web hijacking, and in this article, we will talk about the methods to protect systems from these vulnerabilities.What is Vulnerability?Vulnerability can be defined as an issue in the software code that a hacker can exploit to  harm the systems. It can be a gap in the implementation of cybersecurity procedures or a weakness in the controls.What is an example of vulnerability?Examples of vulnerabilities exist in every industry. These include:Unauthorized network access by Hackers due to a weak FirewallCracking of Wi-Fi PasswordsExposure of sensitive data due to lack of application securityCredit card data, Health RecordsSecurity misconfigurationMisconfiguration of passwordsInsecure cryptographic storageWhat are the 4 main types of vulnerabilities?The  4 main types of vulnerabilities are:Faulty defenses – Poor defense measures pave the way for easy intrusion by hackers.  This may be due to weak authentication, authorization, and encryption.Resource management not adequate –The chances of buffer overflow and the potential to have many vulnerabilities are greater when there is inadequate resource management.Insecure connections – If the connection between the system, application and networks is insecure, there is a higher probability of many threats like SQL injection.End user errors and misuse – In many cases, the errors are caused by humans and misuse of the systems.What are vulnerability lists?Below are the various types of Vulnerability lists as per OWASP. There are around 60 in number at present, and the list is growing:Allowing Domains or Accounts to ExpireWhen domain names have expired, the hacker may buy them and set up a mail server. The hacker can find out the incoming mails and get to know the details.Buffer OverflowA process where there is more data added to the buffer and the excess data becomes corrupted and susceptible to vulnerabilities.Business logic vulnerabilityThe software code may be missing a security control like authentications, encryption, or authorization.CRLF InjectionCarriage Return Line Feed – Can be done by modifying the HTTP parameter of the URL.CSV InjectionWhen untrusted CSV files are embedded to the websites causing vulnerabilities.Catch Null Pointer ExceptionWhen the program contains the null pointer, it is highly risky.Covert storage channelThis can help the attackers easily and often happens due to faulty implementation.Deserialization of untrusted dataInjection of malicious data into the applications to stop execution of programs.Directory Restriction ErrorHappens due to the improper use of CHROOT.Doubly freeing memoryThis error occurs when free() is called more than once in the memory address.Empty String PasswordEmpty string password is highly insecure.Expression Language InjectionInjection happens when attacker-controlled data enters an EL interpreter.Full Trust CLR Verification issue Exploiting Passing Reference Types by ReferenceCreate a file called by ValueTypeTest.cs and compile it using csc by Value Type Test.csc.Heartbleed BugCatastrophic bug in OpenSSLImproper Data ValidationMultiple validation forms with the same name indicate that validation logic is not up-to-date.Improper pointer subtractionThe subtraction of one pointer from another to determine the size is dependent on the assumption that both pointers exist in the same memory chunk.Information exposure through query strings in url Information exposure through query strings in URL is when sensitive data is passed to parameters in the URL.Injection problemThe basic form of this flaw involves the injection of control-plane data into the data-plane in order to alter the control flow of the processInsecure Compiler OptimizationImproperly scrubbing sensitive data from memory can compromise security.Insecure RandomnessInsecure randomness errors occur when a function that can produce predictable values is used as a source of randomness in security-sensitive context.Insecure Temporary FileCreating and using insecure temporary files can leave application and system data vulnerable to attacks.Insecure Third-Party Domain AccessOccurs when an application contains content provided from a 3rd party resource that is delivered without any type of content scrub.Insecure TransportThe application configuration should ensure that SSL is used for all access-controlled pages.Insufficient EntropyPseudo Random Number Generators are susceptible to suffering from insufficient entropy when they are initialized, because entropy data may not be available to them yet.Insufficient Session-ID LengthSession identifiers should be at least 128 bits long to prevent brute-force session guessing attacksLeast Privilege ViolationThe elevated privilege level required to perform operations such as chroot () should be dropped immediately after the operation is performed.Memory leakA memory leak is an unintentional form of memory consumption whereby the developer fails to free an allocated block of memory when no longer needed.Missing Error HandlingMust define a default error page for 404 errors, 500 errorsMissing XML ValidationFailure to enable validation when parsing XML gives an attacker the opportunity to supply malicious input.Multiple admin levelsMultiple level admins may alter the login credentialsOther list of VulnerabilitiesNull DereferenceOWASP .NET Vulnerability ResearchOverly Permissive Regular ExpressionPHP File InclusionPHP Object Injection PRNG Seed ErrorPassword Management Hardcoded PasswordPassword Plaintext StoragePoor Logging PracticePortability FlawPrivacy ViolationProcess ControlReturn Inside Finally BlockSession Variable OverloadingString Termination ErrorUnchecked Error ConditionUnchecked Return Value Missing Check against NullUndefined BehaviorUnreleased ResourceUnrestricted File UploadUnsafe JNIUnsafe Mobile CodeUnsafe function call from a signal handlerUnsafe use of ReflectionUse of Obsolete MethodsUse of hard-coded passwordUsing a broken or risky cryptographic algorithmUsing freed memoryVulnerability templateXML External Entity (XXE) ProcessingWhat is Vulnerability Analysis?Vulnerability analysis is a procedure to check all the vulnerabilities in the systems, computers and other ecosystem tools. The vulnerability analysis helps in the analyzing, recognizing and ranking of the vulnerabilities as per the severity. It helps with the identification and assessment of threat details, enabling us to keep a resolution to protect them from hackers. The analysis can be done for every industry from Healthcare to Retail to IT.Objectives of the Vulnerability analysisTo identify vulnerabilities – Configuration, system, Design, Code, ProcessDocumenting the vulnerabilitiesPreparation of guidance to mitigate the vulnerabilitiesImportance of Vulnerability AnalysisDeep dive insights of the security issuesHelps us understand the risks associated with the entire ecosystemFor security breachesAssets that are prone to cyber attacksSteps for the vulnerability AnalysisHow to check if the organization requires Vulnerability AnalysisTypes of Vulnerability AssessmentNetwork Based ScansTo identify network vulnerabilities. This scan helps to find the vulnerable systems in the wired and wireless networksHost Based ScansThis scan is to identify vulnerabilities in the ports, configuration, server workstations, other hosts and patch historyWireless Network ScansComplete scan on wireless networks to find the vulnerabilitiesApplication ScansTo test all portals and mobile applications for vulnerabilitiesDatabase ScansTo scan all the databases for potential vulnerabilitiesModels of Vulnerability in Ethical HackingFirewall modelInsider attacks -  A Perimeter firewall should be decided and this can take care of the external attacksMissed security patchesWhen the patch management of firewall has not happenedConfiguration issuesIf there are faults in the configuration of firewallDDOS attacksOnly allow legitimate traffic to avoid these attacksPassword modelTo crack the password the hacker uses any of the following – Dictionary, Hybrid model and Brute forceLogical BombingThis usually happens when the hacker uses a malicious code to inject the web application or the cloud infrastructureWeb HijackingThis happens when an unauthorized user tries to access the application bypassing the authorization mechanismProtection from HackingWe need to follow some simple steps to prevent hackingUpdating of Operating systemsInstallation of the proper firewall to prevent intrusionDestroying all personal information from all the web sourcesNo use of Open Wi-FiPassword – Strong password which is not easy to find outSmart emailing – Avoid opening of phishing mailsKeep the sensitive data in the protected environmentIgnore spamShut down the systems after useSecure the networkBack up the dataConclusionIn this article we have discussed the various vulnerabilities that hackers can exploit to gain unauthorized access to a system. Best practices and techniques on how to find the vulnerabilities are also discussed. We have discussed the analysis of vulnerabilities and how it helps in preventing the system from being hacked. Finally, we have discussed models of vulnerabilities in ethical hacking and the ways to keep ourselves protected from hacking.
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Introduction to Vulnerability Analysis in Ethical ...

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Top It-security Certification Courses in Demand As of 2019

The field of information technology seems a bit of isolated and saturated when it comes to any innovation in that regard. This is not the case at present, though it seems a bit monotonous there are several IT security certification courses that you can do to not only boost your income but also to make sure that you excel in your department. With a lot of security breaches happening in the past, IT security has become one of the most demanding fields as far as the security and its maintenance is concerned. Here is a detailed list of the Top IT-Security certification courses in Demand in 2017. We’ve covered almost all the aspects of the certificate course details. Let us proceed further and understand each one of these certification courses. Information Systems Security Engineering Professional (ISSEIP/CISSP) Certification Course This was developed in conjunction with the NSA (National Security Agency, USA) this CISSP certification course mainly focusses on the integration of security methodologies and best practices in the information systems. There are several added applications of it in the business practices, several other private and government based projects. EC- Council Licensed Penetration Tester Certification Course The License Penetration Tester certification demonstrates the ability of the professional to audit the security of the network, penetration testing performance and recommending a suitable correction for whatsoever weaknesses found. The two-part EC-Council certified security analyst (CSA) and Licensed Penetration Tester (LPT) is a comprehensive and standard based, intensive training program that teaches IT security professionals to conduct the tests and find the errors or weaknesses in the systems. Later on, they are asked to perform the required rectification protocols. GIAC certified penetration tester Certification Course The GPEN Certification is for the IT security personnel who can assess the target networks for all sorts of vulnerabilities including Virus, various Malwares & Ransomwares. These certified pros are capable of knowing the ins-and-outs of the penetration testing methodology. There are also aware of the legal issues that are related to the penetration testing also. Also, they are very much expert in knowing, how a successful penetration test can be conducted with the technical and non-technical techniques that are related to the penetration testing. GIAC Security Essentials Certification Course The GSEC certification allows the security professionals to demonstrate the hands-on application of security tasks related to the broad range of the IT systems. The candidates are required to demonstrate a proper understanding of IT security that is beyond simple terminologies and concepts, and they must prove the theory into practice. Cybersecurity Forensic Analyst Certification Course The CSFA or the Cybersecurity Forensic Analyst proves that certification holders can do a scheduled and comprehensive analysis of the systems. Then can properly interpret the evidence and deliver the so formed investigation results in an effective and efficient manner to the stakeholders of the company. This will be going to be a time bound job, so it is very much necessary that these professionals can perform the analysis as fast as they can. EC-Council Certified Secure Programmer Certification Course You might have known that most of the software-related vulnerabilities are caused because of some programming errors. The EC-council certified secure programmers (ECSP), they have proven that they can develop some top quality codes that can be later on used so that the system can be protected from such vulnerabilities. These certifications are available for .Net and Java programming languages. Check Point Certifies Security Expert Certification Course CCSE or the Check Point Certifies Security Expert program ensures that they professionals are being taught, how to build, modify, deploy and troubleshoot some of the many checkpoint security systems. There are several hands-on lab exercises developed for them to take part in and they are taught how they can debug firewall processes, optimise the VPN performance and upgrade management servers for getting the optimal security. Certified Security Software Lifecycle Professional Certification Course The CSSLP or the Certified Secure Software Lifecycle Professional certification course validates the ability of a professional so that he can develop application and software for security protocols. These can later on used as an add-on to reduce the security system vulnerabilities. And then can lock down all the potential breach points throughout the software development lifecycle (SDLC). Conclusion These are some of the most popular IT-security certification courses that can be done in the year 2017. The data we’ve got is valid since the year 2015, and there are only a minor ups and downs in the percentage of market change in individual sectors since then. These IT security certification courses enhance one’s capability to such an extent that they can easily foresee any security any inbound security breached, beforehand and will make them potent enough to strategize a plan to counteract the threat.
Top It-security Certification Courses in Demand As...

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