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How much do Ethical Hackers Earn?

Technology has flourished at break neck speed in the past decade. Inventions and innovations have transformed the way we live and work. We live in an interconnected world where everything is online. While this has made our lives easier, it has also made us vulnerable to sophisticated cyber criminals, who at their malicious best attack not just an individual but even a company, and in more brazen attacks even a nation's security and financial health.According to the latest report by Verizon, 70% of cybercrimes were caused by malicious hackers and outsiders. With a lot of sensitive data now being present online, the perception threat has steadily grown over the years.One of the foremost methods to prevent cybercrime is to reinforce the security of IT systems. Moreover, adding a dedicated team of ethical hackers to the workforce can help fix loopholes and prevent malicious attacks. With the surge in cybercrime, the need for cybersecurity has increased. This in turn has led to a rise in the demand for skilled ethical hackers and information security professionals.What is the CEH certification?The CEH(Certified Ethical Hacking) credential from EC-Council demonstrates that you have hands-on knowledge of niche techniques used by security professionals and hackers to prevent cyber-attacks. CEH also provides skills to assess the security aspects, scan the infrastructure, and detect vulnerabilities in the organizations. With the CEH course, you can:Enter into the industry as a security professionalLearn the hacker mentality to get a step ahead of cybercriminalsBoost your career in IT securityImprove your skills and knowledge which is a primary requirement for career advancementThe demand for Ethical HackersAccording to Forbes, "in this current year of 2020-21, the Global security market is worth $173 billion and within the next 5 years this will grow to around $270 billion." Statistics by the Australian Cyber Security Growth Network show that organizations across the globe are expected to raise their security budget by 8% annually.Source: austcyber.comMalicious cyber activities are increasing around the world, as cybercriminals are using sophisticated strategies for infiltration of systems and networks. Therefore, the demand for cybersecurity experts or ethical hackers will continue to increase.Opportunities for an ethical hackerIn India alone, more than 20,000 websites faced defacement, DDoS, or ransomware attacks just in 2019 as per the report of CERT(Indian Computer Emergency Response Team).Therefore, from private organizations to government entities, everyone needs an ethical hacker or security professional to counter unauthorized hacking and strengthen their security needs. As per the NASSCOM report, there will be 72000 security professionals in the coming years.Types of roles and responsibilities of an Ethical HackerCybersecurity experts will get various types of work opportunities from small scale organizations to giant tech corporations, government agencies, research organizations, and many others.The work of ethical hackers will differ and is not limited to the size and requirement of the organization, but also the skills and experience of hackers. However, here are some overall responsibilities expected from ethical hackers.To protect IT infrastructures, networks, devices, and data from cybercriminalsMonitor application and network performanceTo perform security tests to validate the strength of application, devices, and networkImplement information security management system to be followed by the entire organizationTo set detection and prevention facilities and make a barrier from outer /unauthorized accessTo stay connected with top management with updated risk management and business continuity plans.To perform all the above tasks and operations there are multiple designations hired by organizations, ranging from entry-level security personnel to CISO (Chief Information Security Officer). This pyramid shows the various levels of roles for cyber security professionals.Job roles and salariesEthical hackers can take on a variety of roles.Consulting - As explained earlier, almost all organizations require security professionals to secure their network,  data, devices, etc. Some organizations prefer to outsource the security solution rather than hire on their own.  In this case, the organization expects customized security solutions and suggestions and advice on protection of their assets against cyber-attacks.Bug bounty - Many organizations and tech giants organize bounty programs for hackers to find out vulnerabilities in their applications or websites and offer attractive cash prices.Training - Ethical hackers can provide training to professionals and students for advancement in their careers. These types of training also help to spread awareness in the society against cybercrime and to keep them secure from any potential fraud.Events - Tech giants like Tesla invites hackers to hack their cars. There are similar events for hackers to perform their skills and earn prizes, or in some cases jobs with handsome packages.The salary range for ethical hackersLucrative salaries are the most attractive part of this profession. Salaries in this field vary based on location, designation, skill, and experience. As we have seen in the pyramid earlier, there are multiple roles in the security field, with packages increasing from bottom to top. All organizations value their security, and are ready to pay top dollar for qualified candidates.As per a survey, the average salary of an ethical hacker or information security officer is INR 12,00,000 per annum with 3-5 years of experience. This is just an average figure. In some cases in New Delhi & Mumbai, suitable candidates got paid as much as up to INR 18,00,000 p.a. even without work experience.The package information mentioned above was just for India. Let's have a look at the below table to understand the worldwide salary ratio based on designation and experience.Do you have the skills for it?Before you decide to pursue ethical hacking as a profession, here are some skills you have to master:FocusPatienceStrategy making abilityGood CommunicationCuriosityDisciplineZest for learningThinking out of the boxPositive attitudeTop 10 technical skills:-Excellent computer skills  LinuxNetworking & InfrastructureProgramming skillsDatabase management systemsCryptographyCloud technologiesWeb applicationWireless technologiesPenetration TestingImportance of ethicsHave you heard the term 'Royal Guards'?  It refers to an elite group of highly skilled warriors who act as a monarch’s personal security guards. The monarch and the kingdom trust them and feel safe while surrounded by royal guards.In this field as well, an ethical hacker or a team of security professionals act as royal guards of the organization. Organizations trust the security professionals expecting security and implicit loyalty. Security professionals must be highly ethical, as they can have access to the most vital information systems, data, or any other assets. An ethical hacker must follow ethical /genuine practices during the entire employment term (and even after leaving a company) and uphold the trust of the management.EC-Council has written 19 steps of  'Code - of - Ethics' which must be followed by all ethical hackers to maintain the dignity of the profession.Below is a sample:As an ethical hacker, you must keep private and confidential information gained in your professional work (in particular as it pertains to client lists and client personal information). You should not collect, give, sell, or transfer any personal information (such as name, e-mail address, Social Security number, or another unique identifier) to a third party without the client's prior consent.ConclusionHighly skilled hackers will always be in demand because in the digital age, all organizations need to stay protected from hackers at any cost. This is a career that is surely future-proof!

How much do Ethical Hackers Earn?

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How much do Ethical Hackers Earn?

Technology has flourished at break neck speed in the past decade. Inventions and innovations have transformed the way we live and work. We live in an interconnected world where everything is online. While this has made our lives easier, it has also made us vulnerable to sophisticated cyber criminals, who at their malicious best attack not just an individual but even a company, and in more brazen attacks even a nation's security and financial health.


According to the latest report by Verizon, 70% of cybercrimes were caused by malicious hackers and outsiders. With a lot of sensitive data now being present online, the perception threat has steadily grown over the years.

One of the foremost methods to prevent cybercrime is to reinforce the security of IT systems. Moreover, adding a dedicated team of ethical hackers to the workforce can help fix loopholes and prevent malicious attacks. With the surge in cybercrime, the need for cybersecurity has increased. This in turn has led to a rise in the demand for skilled ethical hackers and information security professionals.

What is the CEH certification?

The CEH(Certified Ethical Hacking) credential from EC-Council demonstrates that you have hands-on knowledge of niche techniques used by security professionals and hackers to prevent cyber-attacks. CEH also provides skills to assess the security aspects, scan the infrastructure, and detect vulnerabilities in the organizations. With the CEH course, you can:

  • Enter into the industry as a security professional
  • Learn the hacker mentality to get a step ahead of cybercriminals
  • Boost your career in IT security
  • Improve your skills and knowledge which is a primary requirement for career advancement

The demand for Ethical Hackers

According to Forbes, "in this current year of 2020-21, the Global security market is worth $173 billion and within the next 5 years this will grow to around $270 billion." Statistics by the Australian Cyber Security Growth Network show that organizations across the globe are expected to raise their security budget by 8% annually.

The demand for Ethical Hackers

Source: austcyber.com

Malicious cyber activities are increasing around the world, as cybercriminals are using sophisticated strategies for infiltration of systems and networks. Therefore, the demand for cybersecurity experts or ethical hackers will continue to increase.

Opportunities for an ethical hacker

In India alone, more than 20,000 websites faced defacement, DDoS, or ransomware attacks just in 2019 as per the report of CERT(Indian Computer Emergency Response Team).

Therefore, from private organizations to government entities, everyone needs an ethical hacker or security professional to counter unauthorized hacking and strengthen their security needs. As per the NASSCOM report, there will be 72000 security professionals in the coming years.

Types of roles and responsibilities of an Ethical Hacker

Types of roles and responsibilities of an Ethical Hacker

Cybersecurity experts will get various types of work opportunities from small scale organizations to giant tech corporations, government agencies, research organizations, and many others.

The work of ethical hackers will differ and is not limited to the size and requirement of the organization, but also the skills and experience of hackers. However, here are some overall responsibilities expected from ethical hackers.

  • To protect IT infrastructures, networks, devices, and data from cybercriminals
  • Monitor application and network performance
  • To perform security tests to validate the strength of application, devices, and network
  • Implement information security management system to be followed by the entire organization
  • To set detection and prevention facilities and make a barrier from outer /unauthorized access
  • To stay connected with top management with updated risk management and business continuity plans.

To perform all the above tasks and operations there are multiple designations hired by organizations, ranging from entry-level security personnel to CISO (Chief Information Security Officer). This pyramid shows the various levels of roles for cyber security professionals.

Types of roles and responsibilities of an Ethical Hacker

Job roles and salaries

Ethical hackers can take on a variety of roles.

  1. Consulting - As explained earlier, almost all organizations require security professionals to secure their network,  data, devices, etc. Some organizations prefer to outsource the security solution rather than hire on their own.  In this case, the organization expects customized security solutions and suggestions and advice on protection of their assets against cyber-attacks.
  2. Bug bounty - Many organizations and tech giants organize bounty programs for hackers to find out vulnerabilities in their applications or websites and offer attractive cash prices.
  3. Training - Ethical hackers can provide training to professionals and students for advancement in their careers. These types of training also help to spread awareness in the society against cybercrime and to keep them secure from any potential fraud.
  4. Events - Tech giants like Tesla invites hackers to hack their cars. There are similar events for hackers to perform their skills and earn prizes, or in some cases jobs with handsome packages.

The salary range for ethical hackers

Lucrative salaries are the most attractive part of this profession. Salaries in this field vary based on location, designation, skill, and experience. As we have seen in the pyramid earlier, there are multiple roles in the security field, with packages increasing from bottom to top. All organizations value their security, and are ready to pay top dollar for qualified candidates.

As per a survey, the average salary of an ethical hacker or information security officer is INR 12,00,000 per annum with 3-5 years of experience. This is just an average figure. In some cases in New Delhi & Mumbai, suitable candidates got paid as much as up to INR 18,00,000 p.a. even without work experience.

The package information mentioned above was just for India. Let's have a look at the below table to understand the worldwide salary ratio based on designation and experience.

The salary range for ethical hackers

Do you have the skills for it?

Before you decide to pursue ethical hacking as a profession, here are some skills you have to master:

  • Focus
  • Patience
  • Strategy making ability
  • Good Communication
  • Curiosity
  • Discipline
  • Zest for learning
  • Thinking out of the box
  • Positive attitude

Top 10 technical skills:-

  • Excellent computer skills  
  • Linux
  • Networking & Infrastructure
  • Programming skills
  • Database management systems
  • Cryptography
  • Cloud technologies
  • Web application
  • Wireless technologies
  • Penetration Testing

Importance of ethics

Have you heard the term 'Royal Guards'?  It refers to an elite group of highly skilled warriors who act as a monarch’s personal security guards. The monarch and the kingdom trust them and feel safe while surrounded by royal guards.

In this field as well, an ethical hacker or a team of security professionals act as royal guards of the organization. Organizations trust the security professionals expecting security and implicit loyalty. Security professionals must be highly ethical, as they can have access to the most vital information systems, data, or any other assets. An ethical hacker must follow ethical /genuine practices during the entire employment term (and even after leaving a company) and uphold the trust of the management.

EC-Council has written 19 steps of  'Code - of - Ethics' which must be followed by all ethical hackers to maintain the dignity of the profession.

Below is a sample:

As an ethical hacker, you must keep private and confidential information gained in your professional work (in particular as it pertains to client lists and client personal information). You should not collect, give, sell, or transfer any personal information (such as name, e-mail address, Social Security number, or another unique identifier) to a third party without the client's prior consent.

Conclusion

Highly skilled hackers will always be in demand because in the digital age, all organizations need to stay protected from hackers at any cost. This is a career that is surely future-proof!

KnowledgeHut

KnowledgeHut

Author

KnowledgeHut is an outcome-focused global ed-tech company. We help organizations and professionals unlock excellence through skills development. We offer training solutions under the people and process, data science, full-stack development, cybersecurity, future technologies and digital transformation verticals.
Website : https://www.knowledgehut.com

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Major Benefits of Earning the CEH Certification in 2022

One of the most popular testing certifications in the market, the Certified Ethical Hacker credential provides the knowledge and skills needed for ‘white hat’ hacking. Certified professionals have the competencies required to anticipate cyber-crime, respond adequately to mitigate risks and control any damages caused due to security breaches.  During the pandemic, leading organizations have turned to the digital world; and their investments in cybersecurity have increased as they have realized the critical importance of being cyber resilient. As a result, plenty of opportunities have opened up for skilled professionals in the cybersecurity wing of business enterprises and government organizations.  In this article we will be discussing the importance of the Certified Ethical Hacking course, and why you should choose this as a career option. We will talk about who is the right audience for this course, what are the benefits of gaining the certification, and what comes next.  What is Ethical Hacking? Let us first understand what ethical hacking is.  Ethical hacking is a process of penetrating  applications/networks/smart devices with official permission for checking vulnerabilities, if any. This analysis helps in taking preventive and corrective measures to improve the cybersecurity of  systems. A Certified Ethical Hacker is a professional who is skilled at understanding the vulnerabilities of various systems and fixing them in an ethical manner.  Purpose of CEH How does CEH certification stand apart from the rest of the certifications?  What can we learn from CEH in 2022?  S.NoObjectiveLearning1.Hacking Challenges on Steroids24 incredible challenges across 4 levels including 18 attack vectors2.Emerging Attack VectorsFile less malware. Targeted Ransomware, Web API threats and web shell3.Enumeration TechniquesNFS, Telnet.SMB, FTP,IPV6,BGP4.Malware Reverse EngineeringStatic and Dynamic malware analysis5.Cloud ComputingContainer Technology, Docker, Kubernetes, Serverless computing, Cloud Hacking methodology6.Hacking web applicationsWeb API.Web hooks, web shell concepts, Web API hacking and security7.Operation TechnologyICS, SCADA,PLC,HMI based attacks, Side-channel attacks8.WPA3Encryption and crackingWhy do we need to choose CEH as a career option? Ethical hacking follows five phases of processes, with each process laying out measurable ways of identifying vulnerabilities. Certified Ethical Hacker is the only certification which offers expertise across all the five phases. It is normally included as a practice in ongoing network assessment, penetration testing, or other risk assessment practices. Expansion of new technologies has increased the risk of cyber-crime, and Ethical hacking is now a standard practice across enterprises, governments, and startups. With increased dependence on data science across industries, the protection of digital and information assets is crucial. Hacking is a malicious act and companies are cognizant of these risks. To avoid attacks by hackers, all  organizations are looking for qualified ethical hackers who can protect and save their digital assets. There is an increase in the job opportunities for ethical hackers, and the industry is estimated to grow exponentially over the next 10 years due to the data surge. CEH is a career that is here to stay! Who is CEH intended for?Anyone who is interested to develop their career in ethical hacking, including the following: Information Security Analyst/Administrator Information Security Officer Information Security Manager /Specialist Information Systems Security Engineer Information Security Professional IT auditor Risk/Threat/Vulnerability Analyst System Administrators Network Administrator Network Engineer Common Job Roles for Certified Ethical Hackers Mid-level information assurance security audit Cybersecurity auditor System security administrator IT security administrator Cyber Defense Analyst Vulnerability Assessment Analyst Warning Analyst Information Security Analyst Security Analyst InfoSec Security Administrator Cybersecurity Analyst Network security Engineer SOC Security Analyst Network Engineer Senior Security Consultant Manual Ethical hacker Information security manager Jr. Penetration Tester Solution Architect Cybersecurity Consultant Security compliance analyst Technology Risk and Cybersecurity Audit Top benefits of CEH Certification  Accreditation program CEH is an ANSI accredited program It is recognized by DoD and GCHQ. The curriculum is regularly updated depending on the market need and recent trends. Exam blueprints are based on 10 different elements including the practical aspects. Rigorous standards are maintained around the development and maintenance of the certification. Global Recognition  Various job roles across the enterprises Certified Ethical Hacker (C|EH) credential is globally recognized by companies and organizations such as Deloitte, IBM, EY, and othersRemuneration  The average payout to a Certified Ethical Hacker is $89,000 per annum CEH has consistently made it to the list of top paid IT certifications over the past decade. Good Corporate Career Standard corporate career designations across  more than 30 different roles Beginner to Senior management roles – Analyst to CISO Good incentives for CEH professionals apart from salaries Strong Global community Good networking opportunity even to start your own company Mapped to Industry Frameworks Mapped to NICE 2.0 Framework Practical course and live case studies Ongoing CPEs  Ease of access Online Proctored Exams  Benefits of Skill upgrade- the CEH Master Program Holders of the CEH credential can take the next step with the CEH Master certification. Comes with practical assessments Global Recognition as an expert in Ethical hacking Performance-based training and certification ConclusionIn this article we have seen the scope of CEH as a career option, the various benefits it holds, and why individuals must take this certification. The depth of roles ranges from Beginner to Expert to senior management, and there is growing global recognition for holders of this credential. As a result, you can avail of excellent job opportunities with great salaries. The next step in your learning journey can be the CEH - Master program.  
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Continuously monitoring for new security vulnerabilities and reacting as needed is an important step towards avoiding unnecessary surprises. Reviewing old code is very important, and timely changes in the code are highly recommended as technologies keeps changing. The versions, functions, and extensions require regular upgrades. Older versions or codes are quite vulnerable and might be unable to maintain the integrity of your application. How to detect SQL injection vulnerabilitiesAs a pentester, you can use two techniques to find SQL injection vulnerabilities with high efficiency - manual and automated testing.Manual Testing During application development there are set of tests performed on each level, that help to detect any SQL injection vulnerability, if it exists. Check with the single ' character ‘ and look for errors or other anomalies. The tester can add some SQL specific syntax into code that can evaluate the original value of the entry point and other values, and check for different responses by the application. Another method is to create a Boolean condition, for example “OR 1=1” and “OR 1=2”, and check again to see if the application response is different.  There are some payloads available that are designed to trigger time delays if executed in SQL query, and you can check if there is any delay in response. Automated TestingThere are many good tools and frameworks available in the market. Here is the list of some of the best tools for SQL injection detection. SQLMap Appsider by Rapid7 Accunetix Wapiti Netsparker etc.How to prevent SQL injection vulnerability? To prevent or avoid SQL injection vulnerability, we must first understand why it occurs, and why it is listed as one of the vulnerabilities in the OWASP top 10.  The SQL injection is so easy to perform, that even a script kiddie can make an attempt.  Another reason is the treasure of critical data that lures the attacker to use SQL injection.  Below is the vulnerable code for SQL injection where the user input is concatenated directly into the query: String query = “;SELECT * FROM products WHERE category = ‘";+ input + "’" Statement statement = connection.createStatement(); ResultSet resultSet = statement.executeQuery(query); Check out the code below that helps to prevents the user input from interfering with the query structure: PreparedStatement statement = connection.prepareStatement("SELECT * FROM products WHERE category = ?");  statement.setString(1, input);  ResultSet resultSet = statement.executeQuery(); Primary recommendations: Use Parameterised queries  Least Privilege Use stored procedures if required White listing the input fields Avoid displaying detailed error messages that are useful to an attacker. It is also important to get patch updates regularly, as every day there are many new vulnerabilities that are found.  It is also recommended to use a Web Application Firewall to protect your application, which can help you to filter and find malicious data.  Where Do We Go Next? It is very important to identify and mitigate this notorious vulnerability and take immediate actions to keep your systems secure. Many skilled attackers are waiting to take advantage of your mistakes, like poor code, so that they can hack into the database. We know this vulnerability is very old but we have to be aware of the outcomes of this type of vulnerability and try to prevent this during the development phase, rather than covering up the liability later.  
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What Is SQL Injection (SQLi)

In today’s world cyber-attacks are triggered to ... Read More