DevOps movement tries to eliminate the gap between software development and IT operations. Programming languages act as one of the most important tools in DevOps. To be successful in DeOps and achieve Continuous Integration/Continuous Delivery (CI/CD), making the right choice of a programming language is very essential.
Below discussed are the top 10 DevOps programming languages that you can opt for to become a successful DevOps engineer.
- Ruby: Even though it is considered to be higher-level programming, it is much easier to learn Ruby when learning to code. The top use case of Ruby is its infrastructure management and is very similar to Python. It provides a flexible approach to programming as the developers can make alterations in parts of the language to fit the requirements. Moreover, it allows you to manipulate frameworks and controllers. Hence, it is a very powerful language.
Many infrastructure projects utilise Ruby, like ManageIQ is a Ruby on Rails app.
- C/C++: Even though different programming trends have come and gone and continue to do so, C has remained as one of the most popular programming languages for more than half a century. C/C++ offers multiple benefits like fast and high performance and acts as a foundation for modern computing. Moreover, C is such a language that most programmers already know (to some extent).
However, C/C++ have drawbacks while working in a DevOps environment. Its size is greater in magnitude when compared to languages like Go or Ruby. As a consequence, the compilation time is also greater in C/C++. Also, the application binaries produced by C are not portable. Hence, DevOps has a lesser friendly approach to using C/C++.
- Python: Python is a scripting language that is very useful for managing infrastructure. With a wide range of usage, it is used to build cloud-based infrastructure projects like OpenStack, while it also supports web applications through frameworks like Django. It is even considered as the most popular language for machine learning.
When it comes to DevOps, Python helps reduce maintenance problems with the help of monitoring and deployment tools like Salt, Ansible, etc.
- Go: Due to the fact that Go made its debut in 2009, near about the time when DevOps was hitting the market, DevOps and Go have tended to grow together, side by in various respects. Built on the foundation of C, it emphasises more on lean, network=efficient runtime, which acts as an advantage for DevOps.
Go is an amazing choice of programming language for DevOps as it offers excellent performance. It takes care of concurrency and is highly portable. Also, there isn’t any need for creating dependencies when compiling Go applications and can be built quickly.
- SQL: Structured Query Language (SQL) is a computer language which stores, manipulates and queries data in relational databases.
SQL is used in DevOps due to its container support. SQL Server 2017 supports Linux OS and its containers run on Windows, Linux and macOS.
- Bash: Bash is one of the most frequently used Unix Shell and carries a lot of support. Bash’s Shell and scripting language powers thousands of Linux systems around the world. Moreover, it is available for Windows and Mac too.
- Perl: Perl is a stable, cross-platform programming language which belongs to a family of high-level, general-purpose, dynamic programming language. It is used for simple as well as complex tasks, for small or major projects. Perl provides a quick fix solution for web apps, text processing, GUI development, etc.
Since DevOps is a combination of Software Development and IT Operations, Perl is used more on the application development side.
- Java: Java is an object-oriented, class-based and general-purpose programming language. It is ideal for jobs which are concurrent in nature and requires its implementation dependencies to be reduced. It is widely used due to its versatility and power.
- PHP: PHP is a general-purpose programming language which is used all over the world. PHP covers the internal system right from its early stages up to its implementation.
PHP is perfect to be utilized by your DevOps if you wish to use a programming language for non-specific coding.
It is never too late for a Developer to learn new and different programming languages. Due to the advancement in the technology in automation and operation, you can always opt to work and sharpen new skills and programming languages.