Information Security vs Cyber Security: The Differences

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Last updated on
01st Jul, 2022
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01st Jul, 2022
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Information Security vs Cyber Security: The Differences

Staying up to date on the latest technological breakthroughs is fundamental if you want to address and prevent an attack on your cyber systems. You must understand how it can occur, how it can be avoided, or at the very least, how it can be minimized. 

This is where information security and cybersecurity come into play. In some ways, they complement each other. They also overlap in protecting against data being accessed, stolen, or changed. But the distinction comes between information security vs. cyber security. 

Does any difference between cybersecurity and information security exist? While these two terms are frequently used interchangeably, there are several distinctions. Some people prefer to interchange the two terms, while others, who understand the distinction between them and IT security vs. information security, prefer to keep it specific.  

One of the primary reasons these two terms are used interchangeably is that both cybersecurity and information security are concerned with safeguarding a computer system from cyber data threats. Amidst this, cybersecurity and information security cannot be considered identical. Let's discuss network security vs. cyber security from scratch. Get to know more about Cyber Security Careers

What Is Cyber Security?

Cyber security involves techniques and best practices that an organization implements to safeguard its servers, systems, networks, devices, programs, and data from cyber-attacks. It provides protection for data and the resources and technologies used to store that data. ICT (information and communications technology) security is a subset of cybersecurity that deals with the protection of information and communications technologies 

Cyber security was considered an extension of the IT department and an IT issue not long ago. However, given the massive increase in the number and complexity of cyberattacks in recent years, the domain has instantly secured its position as one of the major business concerns. If you are looking to build your career in this field, consider taking the IT security training online.  

Threats To Cyber Security

A cyber or cybersecurity threat is a malicious act that seeks to endanger, steal, or disrupt digital life in general. Cyber threats can originate within an organization from trusted users or originate in remote locations from unknown parties. 

Cybersecurity is widely regarded as a target for the following threats: 

  • Social Engineering 
  • Malware Attacks 
  • Poor configuration of Cloud services 
  • Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) 
  • Data breaches 
  • and another attack vector 

Cyber Security: Importance 

Both cyber security and information security are critical for organizations to protect their data from various threats. Some of the significant reasons why cyber security is important in organizations are listed below: 

  • Cyber-attacks have an impact on both individuals and businesses. 
  • The rapid advancements and changes in technology have increased the number of cyberattacks. 
  • Without Cyber Security, hackers and attackers can cause significant damage to the organization and its business and data and job loss. 
  • Cyber-attacks have an impact not only on businesses but also on individuals. 
  • Cyber security can aid in the development of new and improved laws to protect individuals and organizations from potential threats. 

What Is Information Security?

Information security, also known as infosec, is concerned with preventing unauthorized access to data. It is a component of information risk management that entails preventing or reducing the likelihood of unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, deletion, corruption, modification, inspection, or recording. 

If a security incident occurs, information security professionals are involved in minimizing the incident's negative impact. It should be noted that information can be electronic or physical, tangible or intangible. While the primary goal of any information security program is to protect information's confidentiality, integrity, and availability (the CIA triad), sustaining organizational productivity is often an important factor to consider. The knowledgehut IT security training online will help you gain a comprehensive understanding of IT security. Know more about Cyber Security Experts

Information Security Management

Server malfunction, physical theft, and unpatched endpoints are all examples of threats to information security. Data security, application security, network security, computer security, physical security, and data loss prevention concern these information technology security professionals. Recognize that data, applications, and computers are spreading far beyond the traditional definition of a computer. 

Smartphones, tablets, and other mobile devices are computers just like a server or mainframe, and they are vulnerable to malicious cyber-attacks that can allow access to sensitive information, critical information, or information assets. This, combined with the growing number of data breaches, has resulted in increased demand for sophisticated data protection planning and a growing need for cybersecurity professionals (particularly in healthcare) to understand information security. 

There are an increasing number of information security certifications available, and employers frequently prefer employees who have the certification that verifies knowledge of best practices. 

There are broad certifications, such as the Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP), and specific ones covering identity theft, risk assessments, intrusion detection systems, security breaches, and all other security measures. 

Threats To Information Security

Information security aims to protect the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of computer systems and physical data from unauthorized access, whether malicious or not. 

Software attacks, identity theft, sabotage, physical theft, and information extortion are all examples of threats. 

  • Viruses, malware, worms, ransomware such as WannaCry, trojan horses, and other malicious codes that impact information availability are examples of software attacks on information security. 
  • Phishing emails and websites are frequently used to steal intellectual property or log-in credentials to gain unauthorized access. Social engineering is one of the most serious cyber threats, and it is difficult to defend against using traditional security measures. 
  • Sabotage, such as denial of service attacks, frequently aims to reduce the availability of key information assets, lowering confidence or organizational productivity until payment is received in exchange for the organization's service being restored. 
  • Theft of information and facilities is becoming more common, as most devices, such as smartphones and laptop computers, are now mobile. This places more reliance on cloud security than at any other time in history. 
  • Extortion of confidential information entails gaining access to it and holding it hostage until payment is made. 

Information Security: Importance

Information security, like cyber security, is critical in businesses when it comes to protecting data. The following are some of the important roles of information security: 

  • It protects data that organizations collect, store, and use. 
  • It enables organizations to run applications securely in their IT systems. 
  • It safeguards the organization's technology. 

Cyber Security vs. Information Security

What is the difference between information security and cyber security that must have popped into your head so many times, so cybersecurity is concerned with preventing data in electronic form from being compromised or attacked? Cybersecurity professionals play a more active role in protecting servers, endpoints, databases, and networks by identifying security gaps and misconfigurations that result in vulnerabilities. They also determine the critical data's nature and location, and its risk exposure and related technology. 

While both cybersecurity and network security are concerned with protecting a company's information, their approaches differ. The cybersecurity professional's sole responsibility is to defend and protect the system. They must be experts in threat recovery, response, and detection. Some cybersecurity professionals also act as ethical hackers for their organizations to detect security flaws in their systems more effectively. Consider checking the duration of an ethical hacking course if you plan to enroll in one. 

As they are more proactive in leveraging tools to prevent an attack, network security professionals take more offensive measures. These professionals install data security tools and focus on defending a company's IT infrastructure. They are in charge of password security, firewalls, and encryption. 

Cybersecurity and network security both seek to improve a company's security system. They use various methods and goals to keep a system safe. Take a quick revision of infosec vs. cybersecurity. 

Difference between network security and cyber security 

Network/Information Security 

Cyber Security 

Aids in the security of data access networks 

Secures data in cyberspace 

Misinformation and entry must be protected. 

Malware and network attacks promote major risks. 

Takes compliance and policies into consideration 

Encrypted data is much more secure. 

Where Do Cybersecurity And Information Security Overlap? 

There is some overlap between cybersecurity and information security, which leads to some understandable confusion between the two terms and gives rise to something other than cyber security vs. information security. The majority of information is digitally stored on a network, computer, server, or in the cloud. Criminals can gain access to this information and use it to their advantage. Both cybersecurity and information security have a physical security component. 

If you have a box full of confidential paper documents, you need some physical security to keep people from rummaging through the information. As more data becomes digital, the process of protecting that data necessitates the use of more sophisticated IT security tools.  

So, while you can't physically lock a desktop computer, you can lock the door to your server room. In other words, whether your data is physically or digitally stored, you must ensure that appropriate physical controls are in place to prevent unauthorized individuals from having access. 

The data valuation is the most important factor to consider for both types of security. The primary concern in information security is ensuring the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of data. Whereas, the primary concern in cybersecurity is preventing unauthorized electronic access to data.  

In both cases, it is critical to understand what data, if accessed without authorization, is most damaging to the organization so that a security framework with appropriate controls in place can be established to prevent unauthorized access. In some cases, an information security professional will assist a cybersecurity professional in prioritizing data protection; the cybersecurity professional will then determine the best course of action for data protection. 

Where dedicated resources exist in separate teams, both teams will likely collaborate to develop a data security framework. The information security team prioritizes the data to be shielded, and the cybersecurity team develops the data protection protocol. 

To Sum Up 

Cyber security vs. information security has been covered along with the fundamentals of both sectors while highlighting the key differences between them. A newcomer to the IT industry can pursue a career in either of these fields. However, the market is still slightly biased toward security. 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) 

Q1. Is information security analyst the same as cyber security? 

Answer: Cybersecurity is intended to protect cyberspace assets such as data, storage sources, and devices from cyberattacks. In contrast, information security is designed to protect data from any type of threat, whether analog or digital. 

Q2. Does information security require coding?

Answer: Most cyber security and information security do not require coding. But proficiency in at least one object-oriented language will be considered beneficial to your career. 

Q3. Does cybersecurity require coding?

Answer: No. However, writing and understanding code may be required for some mid-level and upper-level cybersecurity positions that you will qualify for after gaining some experience. 

Q4. Does cybersecurity require a lot of math? 

Answer: There are a lot of graphs and data analysis, but the math required isn't particularly difficult. You can thrive if you can handle basic programming and problem-solving. 

Q5. Does cybersecurity have a future?

Answer: The largest and fastest-growing market segment worldwide is security services. The increased number of cyberattacks, particularly ransomware, has fueled the cyber insurance market. 

Q6. Is a cybersecurity degree hard?

Answer: Learning cybersecurity can be difficult, but it doesn't have to be, particularly if you're interested in technology. 

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Abhresh Sugandhi

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Abhresh is specialized as a corporate trainer, He has a decade of experience in technical training blended with virtual webinars and instructor-led session created courses, tutorials, and articles for organizations. He is also the founder of Nikasio.com, which offers multiple services in technical training, project consulting, content development, etc.