Search

Major Benefits of Earning the CEH Certification in 2020

One of the most popular testing certifications in the market, the Certified Ethical Hacker credential provides the knowledge and skills needed for ‘white hat’ hacking. Certified professionals have the competencies required to anticipate cyber-crime, respond adequately to mitigate risks and control any damages caused due to security breaches.  During the pandemic, leading organizations have turned to the digital world; and their investments in cybersecurity have increased as they have realized the critical importance of being cyber resilient. As a result, plenty of opportunities have opened up for skilled professionals in the cybersecurity wing of business enterprises and government organizations.  In this article we will be discussing the importance of the Certified Ethical Hacking course, and why you should choose this as a career option. We will talk about who is the right audience for this course, what are the benefits of gaining the certification, and what comes next.  What is Ethical Hacking? Let us first understand what ethical hacking is.  Ethical hacking is a process of penetrating  applications/networks/smart devices with official permission for checking vulnerabilities, if any. This analysis helps in taking preventive and corrective measures to improve the cybersecurity of  systems. A Certified Ethical Hacker is a professional who is skilled at understanding the vulnerabilities of various systems and fixing them in an ethical manner.  Purpose of CEH How does CEH certification stand apart from the rest of the certifications?  What can we learn from CEH in 2020?  S.NoObjectiveLearning1.Hacking Challenges on Steroids24 incredible challenges across 4 levels including 18 attack vectors2.Emerging Attack VectorsFile less malware. Targeted Ransomware, Web API threats and web shell3.Enumeration TechniquesNFS, Telnet.SMB, FTP,IPV6,BGP4.Malware Reverse EngineeringStatic and Dynamic malware analysis5.Cloud ComputingContainer Technology, Docker, Kubernetes, Serverless computing, Cloud Hacking methodology6.Hacking web applicationsWeb API.Web hooks, web shell concepts, Web API hacking and security7.Operation TechnologyICS, SCADA,PLC,HMI based attacks, Side-channel attacks8.WPA3Encryption and crackingWhy do we need to choose CEH as a career option? Ethical hacking follows five phases of processes, with each process laying out measurable ways of identifying vulnerabilities. Certified Ethical Hacker is the only certification which offers expertise across all the five phases. It is normally included as a practice in ongoing network assessment, penetration testing, or other risk assessment practices. Expansion of new technologies has increased the risk of cyber-crime, and Ethical hacking is now a standard practice across enterprises, governments, and startups. With increased dependence on data science across industries, the protection of digital and information assets is crucial. Hacking is a malicious act and companies are cognizant of these risks. To avoid attacks by hackers, all  organizations are looking for qualified ethical hackers who can protect and save their digital assets. There is an increase in the job opportunities for ethical hackers, and the industry is estimated to grow exponentially over the next 10 years due to the data surge. CEH is a career that is here to stay! Who is CEH intended for?Anyone who is interested to develop their career in ethical hacking, including the following: Information Security Analyst/Administrator Information Security Officer Information Security Manager /Specialist Information Systems Security Engineer Information Security Professional IT auditor Risk/Threat/Vulnerability Analyst System Administrators Network Administrator Network Engineer Common Job Roles for Certified Ethical Hackers Mid-level information assurance security audit Cybersecurity auditor System security administrator IT security administrator Cyber Defense Analyst Vulnerability Assessment Analyst Warning Analyst Information Security Analyst Security Analyst InfoSec Security Administrator Cybersecurity Analyst Network security Engineer SOC Security Analyst Network Engineer Senior Security Consultant Manual Ethical hacker Information security manager Jr. Penetration Tester Solution Architect Cybersecurity Consultant Security compliance analyst Technology Risk and Cybersecurity Audit Top benefits of CEH Certification  Accreditation program CEH is an ANSI accredited program It is recognized by DoD and GCHQ. The curriculum is regularly updated depending on the market need and recent trends. Exam blueprints are based on 10 different elements including the practical aspects. Rigorous standards are maintained around the development and maintenance of the certification. Global Recognition  Various job roles across the enterprises Certified Ethical Hacker (C|EH) credential is globally recognized by companies and organizations such as Deloitte, IBM, EY, and othersRemuneration  The average payout to a Certified Ethical Hacker is $89,000 per annum CEH has consistently made it to the list of top paid IT certifications over the past decade. Good Corporate Career Standard corporate career designations across  more than 30 different roles Beginner to Senior management roles – Analyst to CISO Good incentives for CEH professionals apart from salaries Strong Global community Good networking opportunity even to start your own company Mapped to Industry Frameworks Mapped to NICE 2.0 Framework Practical course and live case studies Ongoing CPEs  Ease of access Online Proctored Exams  Benefits of Skill upgrade- the CEH Master Program Holders of the CEH credential can take the next step with the CEH Master certification. Comes with practical assessments Global Recognition as an expert in Ethical hacking Performance-based training and certification Conclusion In this article we have seen the scope of CEH as a career option, the various benefits it holds, and why individuals must take this certification. The depth of roles ranges from Beginner to Expert to senior management, and there is growing global recognition for holders of this credential. As a result, you can avail of excellent job opportunities with great salaries. The next step in your learning journey can be the CEH - Master program.  

Major Benefits of Earning the CEH Certification in 2020

5K
Major Benefits of Earning the CEH Certification in 2020

One of the most popular testing certifications in the market, the Certified Ethical Hacker credential provides the knowledge and skills needed for ‘white hat’ hackingCertified professionals have the competencies required to anticipate cyber-crime, respond adequately to mitigate risks and control any damages caused due to security breaches.  During the pandemic, leading organizations have turned to the digital world; and their investments in cybersecurity have increased as they have realized the critical importance of being cyber resilient. As a result, plenty of opportunities have opened up for skilled professionals in the cybersecurity wing of business enterprises and government organizations.  

In this article we will be discussing the importance of the Certified Ethical Hacking course, and why you should choose this as a career option. We will talk about who is the right audience for this course, what are the benefits of gaining the certification, and what comes next.  

What is Ethical Hacking? 

Let us first understand what ethical hacking is.  Ethical hacking is a process of penetrating  applications/networks/smart devices with official permission for checking vulnerabilities, if anyThis analysis helps in taking preventive and corrective measures to improve the cybersecurity of  systems. 

Certified Ethical Hacker is a professional who is skilled at understanding the vulnerabilities of various systems and fixing them in an ethical manner.  

Purpose of CEH 

Purpose of CEH

How does CEH certification stand apart from the rest of the certifications? 

Major Benefits of Earning the CEH Certification in 2020

 What can we learn from CEH in 2020?  

S.NoObjectiveLearning
1.Hacking Challenges on Steroids24 incredible challenges across 4 levels including 18 attack vectors
2.Emerging Attack VectorsFile less malware. Targeted Ransomware, Web API threats and web shell
3.Enumeration TechniquesNFS, Telnet.SMB, FTP,IPV6,BGP
4.Malware Reverse EngineeringStatic and Dynamic malware analysis
5.Cloud ComputingContainer Technology, Docker, Kubernetes, Serverless computing, Cloud Hacking methodology
6.Hacking web applicationsWeb API.Web hooks, web shell concepts, Web API hacking and security
7.Operation TechnologyICS, SCADA,PLC,HMI based attacks, Side-channel attacks
8.WPA3Encryption and cracking

Why do we need to choose CEH as a career option? 

  • Ethical hacking follows five phases of processes, with each process laying out measurable ways of identifying vulnerabilities. 
  • Certified Ethical Hacker is the only certification which offers expertise across all the five phases. 
  • It is normally included as a practice in ongoing network assessment, penetration testing, or other risk assessment practices. 
  • Expansion of new technologies has increased the risk of cyber-crime, and Ethical hacking is now a standard practice across enterprises, governments, and startups. 
  • With increased dependence on data science across industries, the protection of digital and information assets is crucial. 
  • Hacking is a malicious act and companies are cognizant of these risks. To avoid attacks by hackers, all  organizations are looking for qualified ethical hackers who can protect and save their digital assets. 
  • There is an increase in the job opportunities for ethical hackers, and the industry is estimated to grow exponentially over the next 10 years due to the data surge. 

CEH is a career that is here to stay! 

Who is CEH intended for?

Anyone who is interested to develop their career in ethical hacking, including the following: 

  • Information Security Analyst/Administrator 
  • Information Security Officer 
  • Information Security Manager /Specialist 
  • Information Systems Security Engineer 
  • Information Security Professional 
  • IT auditor 
  • Risk/Threat/Vulnerability Analyst 
  • System Administrators 
  • Network Administrator 
  • Network Engineer 

Common Job Roles for Certified Ethical Hackers 

  1. Mid-level information assurance security audit 
  2. Cybersecurity auditor 
  3. System security administrator 
  4. IT security administrator 
  5. Cyber Defense Analyst 
  6. Vulnerability Assessment Analyst 
  7. Warning Analyst 
  8. Information Security Analyst 
  9. Security Analyst 
  10. InfoSec Security Administrator 
  11. Cybersecurity Analyst 
  12. Network security Engineer 
  13. SOC Security Analyst 
  14. Network Engineer 
  15. Senior Security Consultant 
  16. Manual Ethical hacker 
  17. Information security manager 
  18. Jr. Penetration Tester 
  19. Solution Architect 
  20. Cybersecurity Consultant 
  21. Security compliance analyst 
  22. Technology Risk and Cybersecurity Audit 

Top benefits of CEH Certification  

  • Accreditation program 
    • CEH is an ANSI accredited program 
    • It is recognized by DoD and GCHQ. 
    • The curriculum is regularly updated depending on the market need and recent trends. 
    • Exam blueprints are based on 10 different elements including the practical aspects. 
    • Rigorous standards are maintained around the development and maintenance of the certification. 
  • Global Recognition  
    • Various job roles across the enterprises 
    • Certified Ethical Hacker (C|EH) credential is globally recognized by companies and organizations such as Deloitte, IBM, EY, and others
  • Remuneration  
    • The average payout to a Certified Ethical Hacker is $89,000 per annum 
    • CEH has consistently made it to the list of top paid IT certifications over the past decade. 
  • Good Corporate Career 
    • Standard corporate career designations across  more than 30 different roles 
      • Beginner to Senior management roles – Analyst to CISO 
      • Good incentives for CEH professionals apart from salaries 
  • Strong Global community 
  • Good networking opportunity even to start your own company 
  • Mapped to Industry Frameworks 
    • Mapped to NICE 2.0 Framework 
    • Practical course and live case studies 
    • Ongoing CPEs  
    • Ease of access 
    • Online Proctored Exams  

Benefits of Skill upgrade- the CEH Master Program 

Holders of the CEH credential can take the next step with the CEH Master certification. 

  • Comes with practical assessments 
  • Global Recognition as an expert in Ethical hacking 
  • Performance-based training and certification 

Conclusion 

In this article we have seen the scope of CEH as a career option, the various benefits it holds, and why individuals must take this certification. The depth of roles ranges from Beginner to Expert to senior management, and there is growing global recognition for holders of this credential. As a result, you can avail of excellent job opportunities with great salariesThe next step in your learning journey can be the CEH - Master program.  

KnowledgeHut

KnowledgeHut

Author

KnowledgeHut is an outcome-focused global ed-tech company. We help organizations and professionals unlock excellence through skills development. We offer training solutions under the people and process, data science, full-stack development, cybersecurity, future technologies and digital transformation verticals.
Website : https://www.knowledgehut.com

Join the Discussion

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Suggested Blogs

How much do Ethical Hackers Earn?

IntroductionTechnology has flourished at break neck speed in the past decade. Inventions and innovations have transformed the way we live and work. We live in an interconnected world where everything is online. While this has made our lives easier, it has also made us vulnerable to sophisticated cyber criminals, who at their malicious best attack not just an individual but even a company, and in more brazen attacks even a nation's security and financial health.According to the latest report by Verizon, 70% of cybercrimes were caused by malicious hackers and outsiders. With a lot of sensitive data now being present online, the perception threat has steadily grown over the years.One of the foremost methods to prevent cybercrime is to reinforce the security of IT systems. Moreover, adding a dedicated team of ethical hackers to the workforce can help fix loopholes and prevent malicious attacks. With the surge in cybercrime, the need for cybersecurity has increased. This in turn has led to a rise in the demand for skilled ethical hackers and information security professionals.What is the CEH certification?The CEH(Certified Ethical Hacking) credential from EC-Council demonstrates that you have hands-on knowledge of niche techniques used by security professionals and hackers to prevent cyber-attacks. CEH also provides skills to assess the security aspects, scan the infrastructure, and detect vulnerabilities in the organizations. With the CEH course, you can:Enter into the industry as a security professionalLearn the hacker mentality to get a step ahead of cybercriminalsBoost your career in IT securityImprove your skills and knowledge which is a primary requirement for career advancementThe demand for Ethical HackersAccording to Forbes, "in this current year of 2020-21, the Global security market is worth $173 billion and within the next 5 years this will grow to around $270 billion." Statistics by the Australian Cyber Security Growth Network show that organizations across the globe are expected to raise their security budget by 8% annually.Source: austcyber.comMalicious cyber activities are increasing around the world, as cybercriminals are using sophisticated strategies for infiltration of systems and networks. Therefore, the demand for cybersecurity experts or ethical hackers will continue to increase.Opportunities for an ethical hackerIn India alone, more than 20,000 websites faced defacement, DDoS, or ransomware attacks just in 2019 as per the report of CERT(Indian Computer Emergency Response Team).Therefore, from private organizations to government entities, everyone needs an ethical hacker or security professional to counter unauthorized hacking and strengthen their security needs. As per the NASSCOM report, there will be 72000 security professionals in the coming years.Types of roles and responsibilities of an Ethical HackerCybersecurity experts will get various types of work opportunities from small scale organizations to giant tech corporations, government agencies, research organizations, and many others.The work of ethical hackers will differ and is not limited to the size and requirement of the organization, but also the skills and experience of hackers. However, here are some overall responsibilities expected from ethical hackers.To protect IT infrastructures, networks, devices, and data from cybercriminalsMonitor application and network performanceTo perform security tests to validate the strength of application, devices, and networkImplement information security management system to be followed by the entire organizationTo set detection and prevention facilities and make a barrier from outer /unauthorized accessTo stay connected with top management with updated risk management and business continuity plans.To perform all the above tasks and operations there are multiple designations hired by organizations, ranging from entry-level security personnel to CISO (Chief Information Security Officer). This pyramid shows the various levels of roles for cyber security professionals.Job roles and salariesEthical hackers can take on a variety of roles.Consulting - As explained earlier, almost all organizations require security professionals to secure their network,  data, devices, etc. Some organizations prefer to outsource the security solution rather than hire on their own.  In this case, the organization expects customized security solutions and suggestions and advice on protection of their assets against cyber-attacks.Bug bounty - Many organizations and tech giants organize bounty programs for hackers to find out vulnerabilities in their applications or websites and offer attractive cash prices.Training - Ethical hackers can provide training to professionals and students for advancement in their careers. These types of training also help to spread awareness in the society against cybercrime and to keep them secure from any potential fraud.Events - Tech giants like Tesla invites hackers to hack their cars. There are similar events for hackers to perform their skills and earn prizes, or in some cases jobs with handsome packages.The salary range for ethical hackersLucrative salaries are the most attractive part of this profession. Salaries in this field vary based on location, designation, skill, and experience. As we have seen in the pyramid earlier, there are multiple roles in the security field, with packages increasing from bottom to top. All organizations value their security, and are ready to pay top dollar for qualified candidates.As per a survey, the average salary of an ethical hacker or information security officer is INR 12,00,000 per annum with 3-5 years of experience. This is just an average figure. In some cases in New Delhi & Mumbai, suitable candidates got paid as much as up to INR 18,00,000 p.a. even without work experience.The package information mentioned above was just for India. Let's have a look at the below table to understand the worldwide salary ratio based on designation and experience.Do you have the skills for it?Before you decide to pursue ethical hacking as a profession, here are some skills you have to master:FocusPatienceStrategy making abilityGood CommunicationCuriosityDisciplineZest for learningThinking out of the boxPositive attitudeTop 10 technical skills:-Excellent computer skills  LinuxNetworking & InfrastructureProgramming skillsDatabase management systemsCryptographyCloud technologiesWeb applicationWireless technologiesPenetration TestingImportance of ethicsHave you heard the term 'Royal Guards'?  It refers to an elite group of highly skilled warriors who act as a monarch’s personal security guards. The monarch and the kingdom trust them and feel safe while surrounded by royal guards.In this field as well, an ethical hacker or a team of security professionals act as royal guards of the organization. Organizations trust the security professionals expecting security and implicit loyalty. Security professionals must be highly ethical, as they can have access to the most vital information systems, data, or any other assets. An ethical hacker must follow ethical /genuine practices during the entire employment term (and even after leaving a company) and uphold the trust of the management.EC-Council has written 19 steps of  'Code - of - Ethics' which must be followed by all ethical hackers to maintain the dignity of the profession.Below is a sample:As an ethical hacker, you must keep private and confidential information gained in your professional work (in particular as it pertains to client lists and client personal information). You should not collect, give, sell, or transfer any personal information (such as name, e-mail address, Social Security number, or another unique identifier) to a third party without the client's prior consent.ConclusionHighly skilled hackers will always be in demand because in the digital age, all organizations need to stay protected from hackers at any cost. This is a career that is surely future-proof!
2370
How much do Ethical Hackers Earn?

IntroductionTechnology has flourished at break nec... Read More

The Top Information Security Certifications to Consider

Cybercrimes have the ability to cripple even robust security systems in a matter of minutes. Malicious hacking has compromised the sensitive data of many individuals and enterprises. The only way to counter malicious hacking is to detect vulnerabilities in systems beforehand and take preventive measures.This is where ‘ethical hackers’ or ‘white hat hackers’ come into the scene. An ethical hacker, according to the EC-Council, is an individual who specializes in ethical hacking tools, techniques, and methodologies to secure an organization’s information systems. They work with organizations to make their security systems more fool proof. Ethical Hackers have become national treasures to governments as well as the most coveted assets to workforces in some of the finest companies across industries.If you are contemplating a career in ethical hacking, below are the top certifications you could consider getting to get a foothold in the ethical hacking industry.Certified Ethical Hacking (CEH)CEH is the oldest and most popular certification in ethical hacking. It is accredited by the prestigious EC-Council and is considered a must-have for aspiring ethical hackers. The latest version is CEH v11 and it trains you in the latest commercial-grade hacking tools, and methodologies every ethical hacker and information security professional should be aware of.On completion of the CEH course, you will have the skill set to detect vulnerabilities in target systems and undertake preventive measures to resolve them for the security of systems. The training will help you develop the mindset of an ethical hacker and validates your credibility as a skilled professional in white hacking.As far as jobs are concerned, the opportunities for CEH certified hackers are numerous. Typical job roles include:Penetration testerNetwork security specialistEthical hackerSecurity consultantSite administrator & auditor.This certification gives you the opportunity to not only work with corporates but also Government organizations. Since the threat of cybercrimes is always present, ethical hacking experts are an asset to the Govt IT sector, National Security Agency (NSA), the Committee on National Security Systems (CNSS) and the Department of Defense (DoD).Certified Information System Security Professional (CISSP)The CISSP certification trains you to design, implement and manage even the most complex cybersecurity programs. Accredited by the (ISC)², it validates your prowess as a security professional. It trains you in different areas like access control systems and methodology, business continuity planning and disaster recovery planning, physical security, operations, security, management practices, telecommunications and networking, security architecture application and systems development, law, and ethics.In order to be eligible for the CISSP credential, you should have a minimum of 5 years of relatable experience or four years of the aforementioned work experience, plus an information security degree from a National Center of Academic Excellence or a regional equivalent.With the CISSP, you become eligible for the following job titles:Security consultantSecurity analyst/ managerSecurity systems engineer/auditorDirector of securityIT manager/DirectorNetwork ArchitectSecurity ArchitectCertified Information Systems Auditor (CISA)People who hold CISA certifications are responsible for implementing the security controls in organisations. CISA is a sought after certification from ISACA, a global association that serves more than 145,000 members in more than 188 countries worldwide. CISA is the gold standard of achievement for professionals trained in auditing, monitoring, and assessing an organization’s business and IT systems. As a CISA certified auditor, you will have adequate knowledge to identify risks in target systems and fix them before malicious attacks occur.Certified Information Security Manager (CISM)The CISM certification, also from ISACA, indicates your expertise in multiple domains like information security governance, program development and management, risk management and incident management. It is highly recommended for security consultants and managers who have technical expertise in information security and controls. CISM is a natural fit after the CISSP certification, especially for a smooth transition into managing and overseeing information security at a strategic level.Certified in Risk and Information Systems Control (CRISC)This certification from ISACA validates your capacity to identify and manage IT risks while implementing and maintaining information systems controls. A highly-valued credential, the course explores various topics like IT Risk Identification, IT Risk Assessment, Risk Response and Mitigation Risk and Control Monitoring and Reporting.ISO 27001:2013 LI/LAISO27001 is a widely recognized certification in the information security industry. It has multiple related modules that explore various information security controls.There are two job titles you can pursue after this certification: Lead Implementer and Lead Auditor. The Lead Implementor is responsible for implementing the security measures in target systems as per ISO 27001:2013 standards. The Lead Auditor is hired by certification bodies to audit organizations that have applied for ISO certification and check if measures have been implemented properly.Certified Penetration Tester (CPT)Issued by the Information Assurance Certification Review Board (IACRB), this program trains you to become a well-versed penetration tester. Penetration testing or pen testing is the assessment of computers, application security architecture, and networks to detect loopholes that are prone to malicious hacking. The course trains you in Pen Testing, Network Testing and attacks, Windows vulnerability, Linux/Unix vulnerability, Enumeration, Web App Testing and Wireless Testing.CompTIA PenTest+This is another leading certification in cybersecurity from CompTIA.org. It offers security+ as a beginner certification, and Pentest+ as an advance level certification. CompTIA Pentest+ covers the entire process of vulnerability assessment starting from information gathering, scanning, exploitation, and reporting.This certificate will give you information about:Exploits and its useVulnerability enumerationInformation about BASH, PowerShell(windows), Python scriptReport CreationLicensed Penetration Tester (LPT)Yet another certification provided by EC-Council, is the Expert level Pen testing certification. This is an intensive certification program meant for expert cybersecurity professionals. Through this course, you will learn how to perform advanced penetration testing concepts such as fuzzing, PowerShell scripting, BASH, Python, Perl, and Ruby environments, scripting, and mobile device penetration testing, among others.Considering the above certifications, the onus to choose the right one is upon every aspiring cybersecurity professional out there. For a smooth learning journey, get started with a basic training program like CEH and gradually move on to the rest. Choose a recognized training provider with years of experience to help you chase your career goals with confidence.
5225
The Top Information Security Certifications to Con...

Cybercrimes have the ability to cripple even robus... Read More

Introduction to Vulnerability Analysis in Ethical Hacking

IntroductionIn this article we will discuss the various aspects of Vulnerability analysis in ethical hacking. We will walk you through common examples of vulnerability, various lists and models to prevent them. The models we will be discussing are firewall, password, logical bombing and web hijacking, and in this article, we will talk about the methods to protect systems from these vulnerabilities.What is Vulnerability?Vulnerability can be defined as an issue in the software code that a hacker can exploit to  harm the systems. It can be a gap in the implementation of cybersecurity procedures or a weakness in the controls.What is an example of vulnerability?Examples of vulnerabilities exist in every industry. These include:Unauthorized network access by Hackers due to a weak FirewallCracking of Wi-Fi PasswordsExposure of sensitive data due to lack of application securityCredit card data, Health RecordsSecurity misconfigurationMisconfiguration of passwordsInsecure cryptographic storageWhat are the 4 main types of vulnerabilities?The  4 main types of vulnerabilities are:Faulty defenses – Poor defense measures pave the way for easy intrusion by hackers.  This may be due to weak authentication, authorization, and encryption.Resource management not adequate –The chances of buffer overflow and the potential to have many vulnerabilities are greater when there is inadequate resource management.Insecure connections – If the connection between the system, application and networks is insecure, there is a higher probability of many threats like SQL injection.End user errors and misuse – In many cases, the errors are caused by humans and misuse of the systems.What are vulnerability lists?Below are the various types of Vulnerability lists as per OWASP. There are around 60 in number at present, and the list is growing:Allowing Domains or Accounts to ExpireWhen domain names have expired, the hacker may buy them and set up a mail server. The hacker can find out the incoming mails and get to know the details.Buffer OverflowA process where there is more data added to the buffer and the excess data becomes corrupted and susceptible to vulnerabilities.Business logic vulnerabilityThe software code may be missing a security control like authentications, encryption, or authorization.CRLF InjectionCarriage Return Line Feed – Can be done by modifying the HTTP parameter of the URL.CSV InjectionWhen untrusted CSV files are embedded to the websites causing vulnerabilities.Catch Null Pointer ExceptionWhen the program contains the null pointer, it is highly risky.Covert storage channelThis can help the attackers easily and often happens due to faulty implementation.Deserialization of untrusted dataInjection of malicious data into the applications to stop execution of programs.Directory Restriction ErrorHappens due to the improper use of CHROOT.Doubly freeing memoryThis error occurs when free() is called more than once in the memory address.Empty String PasswordEmpty string password is highly insecure.Expression Language InjectionInjection happens when attacker-controlled data enters an EL interpreter.Full Trust CLR Verification issue Exploiting Passing Reference Types by ReferenceCreate a file called by ValueTypeTest.cs and compile it using csc by Value Type Test.csc.Heartbleed BugCatastrophic bug in OpenSSLImproper Data ValidationMultiple validation forms with the same name indicate that validation logic is not up-to-date.Improper pointer subtractionThe subtraction of one pointer from another to determine the size is dependent on the assumption that both pointers exist in the same memory chunk.Information exposure through query strings in url Information exposure through query strings in URL is when sensitive data is passed to parameters in the URL.Injection problemThe basic form of this flaw involves the injection of control-plane data into the data-plane in order to alter the control flow of the processInsecure Compiler OptimizationImproperly scrubbing sensitive data from memory can compromise security.Insecure RandomnessInsecure randomness errors occur when a function that can produce predictable values is used as a source of randomness in security-sensitive context.Insecure Temporary FileCreating and using insecure temporary files can leave application and system data vulnerable to attacks.Insecure Third-Party Domain AccessOccurs when an application contains content provided from a 3rd party resource that is delivered without any type of content scrub.Insecure TransportThe application configuration should ensure that SSL is used for all access-controlled pages.Insufficient EntropyPseudo Random Number Generators are susceptible to suffering from insufficient entropy when they are initialized, because entropy data may not be available to them yet.Insufficient Session-ID LengthSession identifiers should be at least 128 bits long to prevent brute-force session guessing attacksLeast Privilege ViolationThe elevated privilege level required to perform operations such as chroot () should be dropped immediately after the operation is performed.Memory leakA memory leak is an unintentional form of memory consumption whereby the developer fails to free an allocated block of memory when no longer needed.Missing Error HandlingMust define a default error page for 404 errors, 500 errorsMissing XML ValidationFailure to enable validation when parsing XML gives an attacker the opportunity to supply malicious input.Multiple admin levelsMultiple level admins may alter the login credentialsOther list of VulnerabilitiesNull DereferenceOWASP .NET Vulnerability ResearchOverly Permissive Regular ExpressionPHP File InclusionPHP Object Injection PRNG Seed ErrorPassword Management Hardcoded PasswordPassword Plaintext StoragePoor Logging PracticePortability FlawPrivacy ViolationProcess ControlReturn Inside Finally BlockSession Variable OverloadingString Termination ErrorUnchecked Error ConditionUnchecked Return Value Missing Check against NullUndefined BehaviorUnreleased ResourceUnrestricted File UploadUnsafe JNIUnsafe Mobile CodeUnsafe function call from a signal handlerUnsafe use of ReflectionUse of Obsolete MethodsUse of hard-coded passwordUsing a broken or risky cryptographic algorithmUsing freed memoryVulnerability templateXML External Entity (XXE) ProcessingWhat is Vulnerability Analysis?Vulnerability analysis is a procedure to check all the vulnerabilities in the systems, computers and other ecosystem tools. The vulnerability analysis helps in the analyzing, recognizing and ranking of the vulnerabilities as per the severity. It helps with the identification and assessment of threat details, enabling us to keep a resolution to protect them from hackers. The analysis can be done for every industry from Healthcare to Retail to IT.Objectives of the Vulnerability analysisTo identify vulnerabilities – Configuration, system, Design, Code, ProcessDocumenting the vulnerabilitiesPreparation of guidance to mitigate the vulnerabilitiesImportance of Vulnerability AnalysisDeep dive insights of the security issuesHelps us understand the risks associated with the entire ecosystemFor security breachesAssets that are prone to cyber attacksSteps for the vulnerability AnalysisHow to check if the organization requires Vulnerability AnalysisTypes of Vulnerability AssessmentNetwork Based ScansTo identify network vulnerabilities. This scan helps to find the vulnerable systems in the wired and wireless networksHost Based ScansThis scan is to identify vulnerabilities in the ports, configuration, server workstations, other hosts and patch historyWireless Network ScansComplete scan on wireless networks to find the vulnerabilitiesApplication ScansTo test all portals and mobile applications for vulnerabilitiesDatabase ScansTo scan all the databases for potential vulnerabilitiesModels of Vulnerability in Ethical HackingFirewall modelInsider attacks -  A Perimeter firewall should be decided and this can take care of the external attacksMissed security patchesWhen the patch management of firewall has not happenedConfiguration issuesIf there are faults in the configuration of firewallDDOS attacksOnly allow legitimate traffic to avoid these attacksPassword modelTo crack the password the hacker uses any of the following – Dictionary, Hybrid model and Brute forceLogical BombingThis usually happens when the hacker uses a malicious code to inject the web application or the cloud infrastructureWeb HijackingThis happens when an unauthorized user tries to access the application bypassing the authorization mechanismProtection from HackingWe need to follow some simple steps to prevent hackingUpdating of Operating systemsInstallation of the proper firewall to prevent intrusionDestroying all personal information from all the web sourcesNo use of Open Wi-FiPassword – Strong password which is not easy to find outSmart emailing – Avoid opening of phishing mailsKeep the sensitive data in the protected environmentIgnore spamShut down the systems after useSecure the networkBack up the dataConclusionIn this article we have discussed the various vulnerabilities that hackers can exploit to gain unauthorized access to a system. Best practices and techniques on how to find the vulnerabilities are also discussed. We have discussed the analysis of vulnerabilities and how it helps in preventing the system from being hacked. Finally, we have discussed models of vulnerabilities in ethical hacking and the ways to keep ourselves protected from hacking.
1222
Introduction to Vulnerability Analysis in Ethical ...

IntroductionIn this article we will discuss the va... Read More