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What is Cloud Migration? Why Should You Migrate to Cloud?

With almost all companies, the main reason why they decide to move to the cloud is the speed and agility with which they can operate. Cloud computing allows you to make use of thousands of servers within a matter of minutes. There are numerous cloud computing services available nowadays, including everything from storage, databases, and computing to data analytics continuous integration and even artificial intelligence. Hence, the implementation of an idea can be done within a few seconds instead of months. Apart from the speed of operation, there are plenty of other reasons why companies choose to migrate to the cloud. Some migrate primarily to increase their workforce productivity. It is common to see companies with data center rationalization or consolidation projects migrate, particularly the ones preparing for divestiture or acquisition. Sometimes, cloud migration can be a part of a large digital transformation program, which involves companies completely reimagining their business with the use of modern technology. Of course, the reduction in cost is also one of the reasons behind cloud migration. Defining Cloud MigrationThe process that involves companies moving their applications and data to the cloud from their premises is known as cloud migration. This process can involve moving all the services and applications at once. Companies can also opt for a slower approach with some applications remaining on-premise while others are moved to the cloud. Such an approach is known as a hybrid migration. Regardless of the approach, there are many benefits that cloud data warehouses provide over an on-premise solution.A company can perform different types of cloud migrations. The most common model adopted by companies is transferring applications and data from the on-premises local data center to the public cloud. Another type of cloud migration entails moving of application and data from one platform or provider of cloud to another. This model is called cloud-to-cloud migration. There is another type of migration, knowns as uncloud or declouding or reverse cloud migration. It involves applications and data being moved back to the local data center from the cloud. Reasons for migrating to the cloudCompanies are always faced with the challenge to grow their information infrastructure constantly. However, with migration to the cloud, a value is added to their approach. Some major benefits of cloud migration include:Speed and agility: Cloud allows companies to procure storage space or new inventory within a few days, or maybe even hours. Hence, businesses are provided the agility, which helps them to be responsive to the rapidly evolving technological environmentEfficient operations: Cloud solutions offer all the benefits with a level of simplicity, which increases the productivity of teams. Particularly, in the case of distributed teams, regional restrictions and dependencies are removed by the cloud, allowing for a collaborative environment for the team. Security: All the major cloud solutions these days come with robust and safe security programs in-built. Cloud security is further optimized with visibility and security analytics provided across the entire cloud platform. Bundled services: The package solutions offered by cloud providers come with features like automatic logging, continuous deployment, monitor and disaster recovery.High availability of resources: The cloud computing environment comes with the assurance of no-downtime, which allows resources to be available constantly. Better resource availability also results in customer satisfaction and better asset utilization.Cost-effective: As compared to the native data centres, the unit cost of cloud servers is considerably reduced at larger volumes. Companies can also opt for the flexible option of pay as you use model. It allows them to scale down or up as per the requirement of business and effectively handle seasonal demands.Strategies of Cloud MigrationThe following five migration strategies serve as a good starting point: Rehost: It uses IaaS (infrastructure as a service) model. Also known as “lift and shift”, rehosting simply involves taking the data applications that already exist and redeploying these applications on cloud servers. Such a strategy is ideal for beginners who are not completely accustomed to the cloud environment. It is also suited for systems where modification of code is very hard. Refactor: It employs the PaaS (platform as a service) model. Also known as “lift, tinker and shift”, refactoring primarily involve making certain changes and optimizations for the cloud. The core architecture of the applications remains unchanged, although they use cloud-based tools and frameworks, allowing developers to make total utilization of the potential of the cloud.Revise: It is an approach that involves making coding and architectural changes prior to cloud migration, thus adding a layer on top of the previous layers. The goal is to take total advantage of cloud services by optimizing the application, thus requiring major code changes. Implementing such a strategy would require advanced knowledge. Replace: This strategy involves migration from an existing native application to a vendor-based third-party application. Everything will be completely new, although the existing migration data has to be migrated to the new system. Challenges Associated with Migrating to the CloudWhile there are many benefits associated with cloud migration, it can still be a complicated process. Moving to the cloud can turn out to be hard if the company is large and its present infrastructure is complex. Since it is a big change, there are bound to be certain challenges involved with the process: The entire data model needs to be replanned: It is highly likely that you will be required to change your data model. Different schema types are supported by different cloud data warehouses. Data types can be different as well. For instance, semi-structured data can be supported with the use of an array, object, and variantSecurity planning: One of the primary concerns is the maintenance of secure data when it is moved to the cloud since there is less control. Security is a matter of concern both after and during migration. Furthermore, there can be compliance requirements with sensitive data, which may not be supported through the migration process.Stored procedures: For those who use stored procedures, it is worth noting that cloud environments don’t usually support such a solution. It can be a challenge to move the stored procedures to a cloud data warehouse. Considerations to Make During Cloud MigrationIf you want to be successful with cloud migration, the following are the major areas that need to be considered and addressed:Deploy a migration architect: The role of a migration architect is to plan and complete all aspects of migration. There are many technical plans and decisions that have to be made throughout the migration process and having a migration architect can be critical to make sure the project is successful. Choose your cloud integration level: There are two ways of migration your application to the cloud from on-premise data centre- deep cloud integration and shallow cloud integration. With deep cloud integration, the application is modified during the process to utilize cloud capabilities. On the other hand, with shallow cloud integration, there are limited or no changes made to the servers to run the application in a new environment, Select multi-cloud or single cloud: Decide whether you wish to go for a single cloud provider or multiple cloud providers. When you take services of a single cloud provider, the application you migrate will be optimized for that single environment. With the multi-cloud option, there are different models you can opt for:Different applications in different cloudSplitting application across different cloud providerBuilding an application that is cloud agnosticEstablish KPIs: KPIs or Key Performance Indicators are metrics about your service or application that show a measure of its performance. KPIs might already be defined but it may change if the service or application is migrated to the cloud. Baselining: This is a process that measures the present performance of your service or application for determining acceptable future performance. It helps in determining whether there are expected improvements in performance after migration. It can also be used for diagnosing problems that might arise during cloud migration. Prioritize components: You can opt to migrate your application entirely at once or one component or service at a time. For prioritizing components, you need to find the dependency between services. A monitoring application can also be used for large complex applications. Perform the required refactoring: Before migrating your application, you may want to work on it to make it more efficient and effective for the cloud. Refactoring of applications may be done for allowing dynamic scaling, improving resource utilization to make use of dynamic-cloud capabilities and moving to service-oriented architectureHave a plan for data migration: A particularly tricky aspect of cloud migration is the migration of data. The location of data can have a significant impact on application performance. You can use cloud data migration service or use a syncing mechanism between your cloud and on-premise database. Data migration is so important that it can even cause the failure of migration if proper attention is not paid to it. Switch over the production system: A key decision is how and when to switch to a new cloud solution from a legacy on-premise version. You can either do it all at once or gradually by parts over time. This decision depends on the architecture and complexity of your application and data. Recheck resource optimization: There are few things to consider even after everything is migrated to the cloud. The most important of all considerations is resource optimization. Make sure your application takes advantage of the dynamic resource allocation offered by the cloud. Other Insights About Cloud MigrationDigital transformation is harder than cloud migration: The basic process of cloud migration is rather simple. It barely involves making cloud instances of things in on-premise servers. However, once the cloud migration is done, the challenge is to adopt the cloud services for speed development, autonomous management of infrastructure and improving customer experience. It involves a cultural change: While the process of cloud migration is majorly a technological change, it involves a cultural shift as well for a lot of companies. There won’t be much productivity improvements if you keep using the same development methodology post cloud migration.The relation between DevOps and Cloud: DevOps practices are implemented by companies commonly for helping them move to the cloud. Interestingly, implementing DevOps practices is also a common reason for companies migrating to the cloud.Managing speed and stability: Companies need to make use of processes for managing and optimizing the stability and speed of cloud environments. This involves making sure there exists a parity between production and staging environments. Visibility of code is important for monitoring cloud applications: You need to make sure the vendor you choose for monitoring cloud applications provides code-level visibility. This is because applications are being embedded with infrastructure as code. That is why deep visibility is essential to understand the cost and health of the infrastructure. An assortment of cloud migration tools is available: You can always be involved with the entire migration process. There are different tools that help you discover, track and plan every step of migration. These tools can be utilized for performing migration readiness, taking inventory, building a pre-migration business case, planning data, and workload migration and validating the success of the migration. User experience metrics are important: A lot of times, companies are only concerned about the consumption metrics such as disk I/O and CPU usage while migrating applications to the cloud. However, the actual performance of the application is indicated by end-user experience metrics like error rate and response time. Save money with pre-migration instrumentation: If you want the migration process to be cost-effective, you should include instrumentation early. It can help you save a huge chunk of your overall migration costs. Consider cloud costs: When it comes to costs, the cloud can be cheaper or even more expensive than on-premise servers. An important thing to note is that on-premise infrastructure is considered capital expenses while cloud infrastructure is considered operating expenses. This difference can be crucial while managing accounting books. It is essential to plan cloud migration taking all factors into consideration. The process can be tricky, so it is important to analyze beforehand. It will help you build a strong foundation and also save costs in the future. I hope that you have a better understanding of cloud migration. Furthermore, if you want to make a career in cloud computing then feel free to enrol yourself for the AWS Certification course.

What is Cloud Migration? Why Should You Migrate to Cloud?

7K
  • by Joydip Kumar
  • 30th Aug, 2019
  • Last updated on 11th Mar, 2021
  • 8 mins read
What is Cloud Migration? Why Should You Migrate to Cloud?

With almost all companies, the main reason why they decide to move to the cloud is the speed and agility with which they can operate. Cloud computing allows you to make use of thousands of servers within a matter of minutes. There are numerous cloud computing services available nowadays, including everything from storage, databases, and computing to data analytics continuous integration and even artificial intelligence. Hence, the implementation of an idea can be done within a few seconds instead of months. 

Apart from the speed of operation, there are plenty of other reasons why companies choose to migrate to the cloud. Some migrate primarily to increase their workforce productivity. It is common to see companies with data center rationalization or consolidation projects migrate, particularly the ones preparing for divestiture or acquisition. Sometimes, cloud migration can be a part of a large digital transformation program, which involves companies completely reimagining their business with the use of modern technology. Of course, the reduction in cost is also one of the reasons behind cloud migration. 

Defining Cloud Migration

The process that involves companies moving their applications and data to the cloud from their premises is known as cloud migration. This process can involve moving all the services and applications at once. Companies can also opt for a slower approach with some applications remaining on-premise while others are moved to the cloud. Such an approach is known as a hybrid migration. Regardless of the approach, there are many benefits that cloud data warehouses provide over an on-premise solution.

A company can perform different types of cloud migrations. The most common model adopted by companies is transferring applications and data from the on-premises local data center to the public cloud. Another type of cloud migration entails moving of application and data from one platform or provider of cloud to another. This model is called cloud-to-cloud migration. There is another type of migration, knowns as uncloud or declouding or reverse cloud migration. It involves applications and data being moved back to the local data center from the cloud. 

Reasons for migrating to the cloudReasons for migrating to the cloud

Companies are always faced with the challenge to grow their information infrastructure constantly. However, with migration to the cloud, a value is added to their approach. Some major benefits of cloud migration include:

  • Speed and agility: Cloud allows companies to procure storage space or new inventory within a few days, or maybe even hours. Hence, businesses are provided the agility, which helps them to be responsive to the rapidly evolving technological environment
  • Efficient operations: Cloud solutions offer all the benefits with a level of simplicity, which increases the productivity of teams. Particularly, in the case of distributed teams, regional restrictions and dependencies are removed by the cloud, allowing for a collaborative environment for the team. 
  • Security: All the major cloud solutions these days come with robust and safe security programs in-built. Cloud security is further optimized with visibility and security analytics provided across the entire cloud platform. 
  • Bundled services: The package solutions offered by cloud providers come with features like automatic logging, continuous deployment, monitor and disaster recovery.
  • High availability of resources: The cloud computing environment comes with the assurance of no-downtime, which allows resources to be available constantly. Better resource availability also results in customer satisfaction and better asset utilization.
  • Cost-effective: As compared to the native data centres, the unit cost of cloud servers is considerably reduced at larger volumes. Companies can also opt for the flexible option of pay as you use model. It allows them to scale down or up as per the requirement of business and effectively handle seasonal demands.

Strategies of Cloud MigrationStrategies of Cloud Migration

The following five migration strategies serve as a good starting point: 

  • Rehost: It uses IaaS (infrastructure as a service) model. Also known as “lift and shift”, rehosting simply involves taking the data applications that already exist and redeploying these applications on cloud servers. Such a strategy is ideal for beginners who are not completely accustomed to the cloud environment. It is also suited for systems where modification of code is very hard. 
  • Refactor: It employs the PaaS (platform as a service) model. Also known as “lift, tinker and shift”, refactoring primarily involve making certain changes and optimizations for the cloud. The core architecture of the applications remains unchanged, although they use cloud-based tools and frameworks, allowing developers to make total utilization of the potential of the cloud.
  • Revise: It is an approach that involves making coding and architectural changes prior to cloud migration, thus adding a layer on top of the previous layers. The goal is to take total advantage of cloud services by optimizing the application, thus requiring major code changes. Implementing such a strategy would require advanced knowledge. 
  • Replace: This strategy involves migration from an existing native application to a vendor-based third-party application. Everything will be completely new, although the existing migration data has to be migrated to the new system. 

Challenges Associated with Migrating to the CloudChallenges Associated with Migrating to the Cloud

While there are many benefits associated with cloud migration, it can still be a complicated process. Moving to the cloud can turn out to be hard if the company is large and its present infrastructure is complex. Since it is a big change, there are bound to be certain challenges involved with the process: 

  • The entire data model needs to be replanned: It is highly likely that you will be required to change your data model. Different schema types are supported by different cloud data warehouses. Data types can be different as well. For instance, semi-structured data can be supported with the use of an array, object, and variant
  • Security planning: One of the primary concerns is the maintenance of secure data when it is moved to the cloud since there is less control. Security is a matter of concern both after and during migration. Furthermore, there can be compliance requirements with sensitive data, which may not be supported through the migration process.
  • Stored procedures: For those who use stored procedures, it is worth noting that cloud environments don’t usually support such a solution. It can be a challenge to move the stored procedures to a cloud data warehouse. 

Considerations to Make During Cloud MigrationConsiderations to Make During Cloud Migration

If you want to be successful with cloud migration, the following are the major areas that need to be considered and addressed:

  • Deploy a migration architect: The role of a migration architect is to plan and complete all aspects of migration. There are many technical plans and decisions that have to be made throughout the migration process and having a migration architect can be critical to make sure the project is successful. 
  • Choose your cloud integration level: There are two ways of migration your application to the cloud from on-premise data centre- deep cloud integration and shallow cloud integration. With deep cloud integration, the application is modified during the process to utilize cloud capabilities. On the other hand, with shallow cloud integration, there are limited or no changes made to the servers to run the application in a new environment, 
  • Select multi-cloud or single cloud: Decide whether you wish to go for a single cloud provider or multiple cloud providers. When you take services of a single cloud provider, the application you migrate will be optimized for that single environment. With the multi-cloud option, there are different models you can opt for:
    • Different applications in different cloud
    • Splitting application across different cloud provider
    • Building an application that is cloud agnostic
  • Establish KPIs: KPIs or Key Performance Indicators are metrics about your service or application that show a measure of its performance. KPIs might already be defined but it may change if the service or application is migrated to the cloud. 
  • Baselining: This is a process that measures the present performance of your service or application for determining acceptable future performance. It helps in determining whether there are expected improvements in performance after migration. It can also be used for diagnosing problems that might arise during cloud migration. 
  • Prioritize components: You can opt to migrate your application entirely at once or one component or service at a time. For prioritizing components, you need to find the dependency between services. A monitoring application can also be used for large complex applications. 
  • Perform the required refactoring: Before migrating your application, you may want to work on it to make it more efficient and effective for the cloud. Refactoring of applications may be done for allowing dynamic scaling, improving resource utilization to make use of dynamic-cloud capabilities and moving to service-oriented architecture
  • Have a plan for data migration: A particularly tricky aspect of cloud migration is the migration of data. The location of data can have a significant impact on application performance. You can use cloud data migration service or use a syncing mechanism between your cloud and on-premise database. Data migration is so important that it can even cause the failure of migration if proper attention is not paid to it. 
  • Switch over the production system: A key decision is how and when to switch to a new cloud solution from a legacy on-premise version. You can either do it all at once or gradually by parts over time. This decision depends on the architecture and complexity of your application and data. 
  • Recheck resource optimization: There are few things to consider even after everything is migrated to the cloud. The most important of all considerations is resource optimization. Make sure your application takes advantage of the dynamic resource allocation offered by the cloud. 

Other Insights About Cloud Migration

  • Digital transformation is harder than cloud migration: The basic process of cloud migration is rather simple. It barely involves making cloud instances of things in on-premise servers. However, once the cloud migration is done, the challenge is to adopt the cloud services for speed development, autonomous management of infrastructure and improving customer experience. 
  • It involves a cultural change: While the process of cloud migration is majorly a technological change, it involves a cultural shift as well for a lot of companies. There won’t be much productivity improvements if you keep using the same development methodology post cloud migration.
  • The relation between DevOps and Cloud: DevOps practices are implemented by companies commonly for helping them move to the cloud. Interestingly, implementing DevOps practices is also a common reason for companies migrating to the cloud.
  • Managing speed and stability: Companies need to make use of processes for managing and optimizing the stability and speed of cloud environments. This involves making sure there exists a parity between production and staging environments. 
  • Visibility of code is important for monitoring cloud applications: You need to make sure the vendor you choose for monitoring cloud applications provides code-level visibility. This is because applications are being embedded with infrastructure as code. That is why deep visibility is essential to understand the cost and health of the infrastructure. 
  • An assortment of cloud migration tools is available: You can always be involved with the entire migration process. There are different tools that help you discover, track and plan every step of migration. These tools can be utilized for performing migration readiness, taking inventory, building a pre-migration business case, planning data, and workload migration and validating the success of the migration. 
  • User experience metrics are important: A lot of times, companies are only concerned about the consumption metrics such as disk I/O and CPU usage while migrating applications to the cloud. However, the actual performance of the application is indicated by end-user experience metrics like error rate and response time. 
  • Save money with pre-migration instrumentation: If you want the migration process to be cost-effective, you should include instrumentation early. It can help you save a huge chunk of your overall migration costs. 
  • Consider cloud costs: When it comes to costs, the cloud can be cheaper or even more expensive than on-premise servers. An important thing to note is that on-premise infrastructure is considered capital expenses while cloud infrastructure is considered operating expenses. This difference can be crucial while managing accounting books. 

It is essential to plan cloud migration taking all factors into consideration. The process can be tricky, so it is important to analyze beforehand. It will help you build a strong foundation and also save costs in the future. 

I hope that you have a better understanding of cloud migration. Furthermore, if you want to make a career in cloud computing then feel free to enrol yourself for the AWS Certification course.

Joydip

Joydip Kumar

Solution Architect

Joydip is passionate about building cloud-based applications and has been providing solutions to various multinational clients. Being a java programmer and an AWS certified cloud architect, he loves to design, develop, and integrate solutions. Amidst his busy work schedule, Joydip loves to spend time on writing blogs and contributing to the opensource community.


Website : https://geeks18.com/

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This also allows large organizations to innovate more quickly.Most Recent Changes in SAFe® series - SAFe® 4.6Because Scaled Agile continues to improve, new changes have been incorporated with SAFe® 4.6. with the addition of five core competencies that enable enterprises to respond to technology and market changes.Lean Portfolio Management: The information needed for how to use a Lean-Agile approach to portfolio strategy, funding, and governance.Business Solutions and Lean Systems: Optimizing activities to Implement large, complex initiatives using a Scaled Agile approach while still addressing the necessary activities such as designing, testing, deployment, and even retiring old solutions.DevOps and Release on Demand: The skills needed to release value as needed through a continuous delivery pipeline.Team and Technical Agility: The skills needed to establish successful teams who consistently deliver value and quality to meet customer needs.Lean-Agile Leadership: How leadership enables a successful agile transformation by supporting empowered teams in implementing agile practices. Leaders carry out the Agile principles and practices and ensure teams have the support they need to succeedSAFe® Agilist (SA) Certification exam: The SAFe® Agilist certification is for the change leaders in an organization to learn about the SAFe® practices to support change at all levels: team, program, and portfolio levels. These change agents can play a positive role in an enterprise transition to SAFe®.In order to become certified as a SAFe® Agilist (SA), you must first take the Leading SAFe® class and pass the SAFe® certification exam. To learn more about this, see this article on How To Pass Leading SAFe® 4.5 Exam.SAFe® Certification Exam: KnowledgeHut provides Leading SAFe® training in multiple locations. Check the site for locations and dates.SAFe® Agile Certification Cost: Check KnowledgeHut’s scheduled training offerings to see the course cost. Each course includes the opportunity to sit for the exam included in the cost.Scaled Agile Framework Certification Cost: There are multiple levels of SAFe® certification, including Scrum Master, Release Train Engineer, and Product Owner. Courses range in cost, but each includes the chance to sit for the corresponding SAFe® certification.SAFe® Classes: SAFe® classes are offered by various organizations. To see if KnowledgeHut is offering SAFe® Training near you, check the SAFe® training schedule on our website.TrainingKnowledgeHut provides multiple Scaled Agile courses to give both leaders and team members in your organization the information they need to for a successful transition to Scaled Agile. Check the site for the list of classes to find those that are right for your organization as you make the journey.All course fees cover examination costs for certification.SAFe® 4.5 Scrum Master with SSM Certification TrainingLearn the core competencies of implementing Agile across the enterprise, along with how to lead high-performing teams to deliver successful solutions. You’ll also learn how to implement DevOps practices. Completion of this course will prepare you for obtaining your SAFe® 4 Scrum Master certificate.SAFe® 4 Advanced Scrum Master (SASM)This two-day course teaches you to how to apply Scrum at the enterprise level and prepares you to lead high-performing teams in a Scaled Agile environment. At course completion, you’ll be prepared to manage interactions not only on your team but also across teams and with stakeholders. You’ll also be prepared to take the SAFe® Advanced Scrum Master exam.Leading SAFe®4.5 Training Course (SA)This two-day Leading SAFe® class prepares you to become a Certified SAFe® 4 Agilist, ready to lead the agile transformation in your enterprise.  By the end of this course, you’ll be able to take the SAFe® Agilist (SA) certification exam.SAFe® 4.5 for Teams (SP) This two-day course teaches Scrum fundamentals, principles tools, and processes. You’ll learn about software engineering practices needed to scale agile and deliver quality solutions in a Scaled Agile environment. Teams new to Scaled Agile will find value in going through this course. Attending the class prepares you for the certification exam to become a certified SAFe® 4 Practitioner (SP). DevOps Foundation Certification trainingThis course teaches you the DevOps framework, along with the practices to prepare you to apply the principles in your work environment. Completion of this course will prepare you also to take the DevOps Foundation exam for certification.
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A Glimpse Of The Major Leading SAFe® Versions

A Quick view of SAFe® Agile has gained popularit... Read More

How Start Ups Can Benefit From Cloud Computing?

From nebulous beginnings, the cloud has grown to a platform that has gained universal acceptance and is transforming businesses across industries. Companies that have adopted cloud technology have seen significant payoffs, with cloud based tools redefining their data storage, data sharing, marketing and project management capabilities. The easy availability of affordable cloud infrastructure has made it so easy to set up new businesses that the economy is all set for a start up boom which has its head, so to speak, in the cloud! With the advent of this new technology, complete newbie’s in the market are able to hold their own against established market players—by achieving an amazing quantum of work using skeleton manpower resources. Recently, a popular ad doing the rounds on TV showed a long haired youth conducting business from a cafe on his HP Pavilion laptop, where he is ridiculed by some well heeled middle aged businessmen on their coffee break. Back at their office, they find that this youngster is the new investor that their boss has been heaping accolades on. “Where’s your office?” one of them asks the young man…to be laughingly told that he carries his entire office in his laptop! And that, typically, is how the new-age start up business looks. We have heard many stories of how a clever idea has turned a tidy profit for a smart entrepreneur working out of his laptop. While cloud computing is pushing the boundaries of science and innovation into a new realm, it is also laying the foundation for a new wave of business start ups. New ventures in general suffer from a lack of infrastructure, manpower and funding…and all these three concerns are categorically addressed by the cloud. Moving to the cloud minimizes the need of huge capital investments to set up expensive infrastructure. For nascent entrepreneurs, physical hardware and server costs used to be formidable given the limited budgets at their disposal. Seed money was also required to hire office space, promote the business and hire workers. Today, thanks to cloud technology, getting a new business off the ground and running costs virtually nothing. Most of the resources and tools that new ventures need are available on the cloud at minimal costs, in fact quite often at zero costs, making this a powerful value proposition for small businesses. A cloud hosting provider such as AWS can enable you to go live immediately, and will even scale up to your requirement once your business expands. Small businesses can think and dream big with the cloud. When it comes to manpower resources, it takes just a handful of people to work wonders using the online resources that are at their disposal. If you have a brilliant idea and have a workable plan for execution, you can comfortably compete neck to neck with market leaders. The messaging sensation WhatsApp was started in 2009 by just two former Yahoo employees who leveraged the power of the internet – and this goes to show that clever use of technology can completely eliminate the need for a sizeable manpower pool. Start ups have always been more agile than their large scale counterparts, and the cloud helps them take this a step further. Resources can be scaled up or down in no time, whereas in traditional environments it would have taken many days, considerable planning and funds to add hardware and software. Cloud computing also helps improve collaboration across teams, often across geographies. Data sharing is instantaneous, and teams can work on a task together in real time regardless of their location. Powered by the cloud, small businesses operate with shoestring budgets and key players in different continents. All their accounting, client data, marketing and other business critical files can be stored online and are accessible from anywhere. These online tools can be accessed and utilised instantly, and underpin all the crucial processes on which these businesses thrive. Strategic financial decisions are made after garnering insights from cloud-based accounting software. E-invoicing helps settle bills in a fraction of the time of traditional billing systems, and client queries are answered quickly through cloud-based management systems—saving precious time and increasing customer satisfaction levels to an all-time high. Whether at home, on vacation or on the phone, businesses can oversee sales, replenish products and plan new sales strategies. That’s a whole new way of doing business, and seems to be very successful! An estimate by Cloudworks has put the anticipated cloud computing market at over $200 billion by the year 2018. As Jeff Weiner, CEO of LinkedIn, succinctly put it, the cloud “makes it easier and cheaper than ever for anyone anywhere to be an entrepreneur and to have access to all the best infrastructure of innovation.” With cloud technology rapidly levelling the playing field between nascent and established businesses, it is anybody’s guess as to just how many new start ups will burst into the scene in the next few years. Hoping that the blog has helped you gain a clear understanding of the importance of Cloud Computing.  To gain more knowledge on what cloud computing has to offer, take a look at other blogs as well as the AWS certifications that we have to offer or enrol yourself for the AWS Certification Training course by KnowledgeHut.  
How Start Ups Can Benefit From Cloud Computing?

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Business Transformation through Enterprise Cloud Computing

The Cloud Best Practices Network is an industry solutions groups and best practices catalogue of how-to information for Cloud Computing. While we cover all aspects of the technology our primary goal is to explain the enabling relationship between this new IT trend and business transformation, where our materials include: Core Competencies – The mix of new skills and technologies required to successfully implement new Cloud-based IT applications. Reference Documents – The core articles that define what Cloud Computing is and what the best practices are for implementation, predominately referring to the NIST schedule of information. Case studies – Best practices derived from analysis of pioneer adopters, such as the State of Michigan and their ‘MiCloud‘ framework . Read this article ‘Make MiCloud Your Cloud‘ as an introduction to the Cloud & business transformation capability. e-Guides – These package up collections of best practice resources directed towards a particular topic or industry. For example our GovCloud.info site specializes in Cloud Computing for the public sector. White papers – Educational documents from vendors and other experts, such as the IT Value mapping paper from VMware. Core competencies The mix of new skills and technologies required to successfully implement new Cloud-based IT applications, and also the new capabilities that these platforms make possible: Virtualization Cloud Identity and Security – Cloud Privacy Cloud 2.0 Cloud Configuration Management Cloud Migration Management DevOps Cloud BCP ITaaS Procurement Cloud Identity and Security Cloud Identity and Security best practices (CloudIDSec) provides a comprehensive framework for ensuring the safe and compliant use of Cloud systems. This is achieved through combining a focus on the core references for Cloud Security, the Cloud Security Alliance, with those of Cloud Identity best practices: IDaaS – Identity Management 2.0 Federated Identity Ecosystems Cloud Privacy A common critcal focus area for Cloud computing is data privacy, particularly with regards to the international aspects of Cloud hosting. Cloud Privacy refers to the combination of technologies and legal frameworks to ensure privacy of personal information held in Cloud systems, and a ‘Cloud Privacy-by-Design’ process can then be used to identify the local legislated privacy requirements of information. Tools for designing these types of privacy controls have been developed by global privacy experts, such as Ann Cavoukian, the current Privacy Commissioner for Ontario, who provides tools to design and build these federated privacy systems. The Privacy by Design Cloud Computing Architecture (26-page PDF) document provides a base reference for how to combine traditional PIAs (Privacy Impact Assessments) with Cloud Computing. As this Privacy Framework presentation then explains these regulatory mechanisms that Kantara enables can then provide the foundations for securing the information in a manner that encompasses all the legacy, privacy and technical requirements needed to ensure it is suitable for e-Government scenarios. This then enables it to achieve compliance with the Cloud Privacy recommendations put forward by global privacy experts, such as Ann Cavoukian, the current Privacy Commissioner for Ontario, who stipulates a range of ‘Cloud Privacy By Design‘ best practices Cloud 2.0 Cloud is as much a business model as it is a technology, and this model is best described through the term ‘Cloud 2.0′. As the saying goes a picture tells a thousand words, and as described by this one Cloud 2.0 represents the intersection between social media, Cloud computing and Crowdsourcing. The Social Cloud In short it marries the emergent new online world of Twitter, Linkedin et al, and the technologies that are powering them, with the traditional, back-end world of mainframe systems, mini-computers and all other shapes and sizes of legacy data-centre. “Socializing” these applications means moving them ‘into the Cloud’, in the sense of connecting them into this social data world, as much as it does means virtualizing the application to run on new hardware. This a simple but really powerful mix, that can act as a catalyst for an exciting new level of business process capability. It can provide a platform for modernizing business processes in a significant and highly innovative manner, a breath of fresh air that many government agency programs are crying out for. Government agencies operate many older technology platforms for many of their services, making it difficult to amend them for new ways of working and in particular connecting them to the web for self-service options. Crowdsourcing Social media encourages better collaboration between users and information, and tools for open data and back-end legacy integrations can pull the transactional systems informtion needed to make this functional and valuable. Crowdsourcing is: a distributed problem-solving and production process that involves outsourcing tasks to a network of people, also known as the crowd. Although not a component of the technologies of Cloud Computing, Crowdsourcing is a fundamental concept inherent to the success of the Cloud 2.0 model. The commercial success of migration to Cloud Computing will be amplified when there is a strong focus on the new Web 2.0 type business models that the technology is ideal for enabling. Case study – Peer to Patent One such example is the Whitehouse project the Peer to the Patent portal, a headline example of Open Government, led by one its keynote experts Beth Noveck. This project illustrates the huge potential for business transformation that Cloud 2.0 offers. It’s not just about migrating data-center apps into a Cloud provider, connecting an existing IT system to a web interface or just publishing Open Data reporting data online, but rather utilizing the nature of the web to entirely re-invent the core process itself. It’s about moving the process into the Cloud. In this 40 page Harvard white paper Beth describes how the US Patent Office was building up a huge backlog of over one million patent applications due to a ‘closed’ approach where only staff from the USPTO could review, contribute and decide upon applications. To address this bottleneck she migrated the process to an online, Open version where contributors from across multiple organizations could help move an application through the process via open participation web site features. Peer to Patent is a headline example of the power of Open Government, because it demonstrates its about far more than simply publishing reporting information online in an open manner, so that they public can inspect data like procurement spending numbers. Rather it’s about changing the core decision-making processes entirely, reinventing how Government itself works from the inside out, reinventing it from a centralized hierarchical monolith to an agile, distributed peer to peer network. In essence it transforms the process from ‘closed’ to ‘open’, in terms of who and how others can participate, utilizing the best practice of ‘Open Innovation‘ to break the gridlock that had occured due the constraints caused by private, traditional ways of working. Open Grantmaking – Sharing Cloud Best Practices Beth has subsequently advised further on how these principles can be applied in general across Government. For example in this article on her own blog she describes ‘Open Grantmaking‘ – How the Peer To Patent crowdsourcing model might be applied to the workflows for government grant applications. She touches on what is the important factor about these new models, their ability to accelerate continual improvement within organizations through repeatedly sharing and refining best practices: “In practice, this means that if a community college wins a grant to create a videogame to teach how to install solar panels, everyone will have the benefit of that knowledge. They will be able to play the game for free. In addition, anyone can translate it into Spanish or Russian or use it as the basis to create a new game to teach how to do a home energy retrofit.” Beth describes how Open Grantmaking might be utilized to improve community investing in another blog, describing how OG would enable more transparency and related improvements. Cloud 2.0 As the underlying technology Cloud 2.0 caters for both the hosting of the software and also the social media 2.0 features that enable the cross-enterprise collaboration that Beth describes. Cloud Configuration Management CCM is the best practice for change and configuration management within Cloud environments, illustrated through vendors such as Evolven. Problem Statement One of the key goals and perceived benefits of Cloud computing is a simplified IT environment, a reduction of complexity through virtualizing applications into a single overall environment. However complexity actually increases.  Virtual Machines (VMs) encapsulate application and infrastructure configurations, they package up a combination of applications and their settings, obscuring this data from traditional configuration management tools. Furthermore the ease of self-service creation of VMs results in their widespread proliferation, and so actually the adoption of Cloud technologies creates a need for a new, extra dimension of systems management. This is called CCM, and incorporates: Release & Incident Management The increased complexity therefore increases the difficulties in trouble-shooting technical problems, and thus requires an updated set of tools and also updates to best practices like the use of ITIL procedures. ‘Release into Production’ is a particularly sensitive process within software teams, as major upgrades and patches are transitioned from test to live environments. Any number of configuration-related errors could cause the move to fail, and so CCM software delivers the core competency of being better able to respond quicker to identify and resolve these issues, reducing the MTTR significantly. DevOps DevOps is a set of principles, methods and practices for communication, collaboration and integration between software development and IT operations. Through the implementation of a shared Lean adoption program and QMS (Quality Management System) the two groups can better work together to minimize downtimes while improving the speed and quality of software development. It’s therefore directly linked to Business Agility. The higher the value of speed and quality = a faster ability to react to market changes, deploy new products and processes and in general adapt the organization, achieved through increasing the frequency of ‘Release Events’: It’s therefore directly linked to Business Agility. The higher the value of speed and quality = a faster ability to react to market changes, deploy new products and processes and in general adapt the organization, achieved through increasing the frequency of ‘Release Events’: ITaaS Procurement The fundamental shift that Cloud Computing represents is illustrated in one key implementation area:   Procurement. Moving to Cloud services means changing from a financial model for technology where you buy your own hardware and software, and pay for it up front, to an approach where instead you access it as a rental, utility service where you “PAYG – Pay As You Go”. To encompass all the different ‘as a Service’ models this is known at an overall level as ‘ITaaS’ – IT as a Service. Any type of IT can be virtualized and delivered via this Service model. Towards the end, I hope that you have gained a clear understanding of How Business Transforms Through Enterprise Cloud Computing. If this article has helped you clear your fundamentals and if you wish to learn more about Cloud computing by getting certified, then you can undertake the AWS certification course offered by KnowledgeHut.
Business Transformation through Enterprise Cloud C...

The Cloud Best Practices Network is an industry ... Read More