Manual testing of any web-based application and desktop/standalone application takes time, resources and money. Also. it is not possible to quickly test applications at any random time without any manual intervention. Automation comes into picture here to reduce or eliminate the manual testing as much as possible.
We have so many tools to automate web-based and desktop applications, with Selenium and QTP being one of them. In this article, we will see a comparison between Selenium and QTP so that you can decide the choose the best for your need.
QTP stands for QuickTest Professional which is a product of Micro Focus. It is Intelligent test automation for web, mobile, API, hybrid, RPA, and enterprise apps. Now QTP is known as HPE UFT (Unified Functional Testing). Hence, we will be mentioning UFT instead of QTP in this post from now.
UFT provides functional, regression and API test automation for software applications and environments for enterprise quality assurance. We can test all the three layers of an application: the interface, the service layer and the database layer from a single console of UFT as it provides a graphical user interface.
Automation actions can be performed by an end user on a web-based or desktop application using UFT. We can emulate user’s action like clicking on GUI elements of applications, entering keyboard inputs and much more. In fact, UFT can do it much faster than human if scripted efficiently.
UFT has a long history. UFT was originally developed by Mercury Interactive in May 1998 and the first version of it was known as Astra QuickTest. Later in 2006, HP acquired Mercury Interactive and product was known as HP QTP. In 2011, HP merged two tools named “HP Service Test” and “HP QuickTest Professional‘ and released the tool with a new name, HP Unified Functional Testing 11.5, made available from HP Software Division. In 2016, the entire division was sold to Micro Focus. Since then UFT is designed, supported and maintained by Micro Focus.
The latest stable version of UFT is 14.03 as of March 2018.
UFT is a more powerful tool as compared to Selenium, but because of its higher license cost, many organisations do not adopt this tool for automation. Moreover, the maximum number of tools which could be integrated with UFT are paid as well, reducing its demand and popularity.
If you are a beginner in Automation, UFT is not preferable as chances of getting hired is less as well as you can not learn and practice it well with the limited free trial of 60 days. There are very less efficient and updated tutorials available on UFT online which makes it more difficult to learn.
Selenium is a suite of tools to automate web browsers which means it can be used to automate only the web-based application. More precisely, only the front end of a web application across different browsers and platforms. It can be used with various programming languages and testing frameworks.
Currently, Selenium 4 is about to be launched, with an alpha version already launched as of when this article is being written.
Selenium was developed by Jason Huggins in 2004 at ThoughtWorks in Chicago. Later, it was made open source and it has become a more powerful and popular tool for web application automation.
Selenium is an open source tool which increases its popularity in organisations mainly in Service based. Its flexibility of integration with major programming languages makes it more adaptable.
Selenium has more future growth and a higher number of job openings. You can easily learn and practice as so many free online tutorials and help communities are available.
As we have seen the basic introduction about UFT and Selenium, you must be confused which tool is best and how can you select a tool which suits your requirements well. Don’t worry, we will compare both tools here so that it could solve your problem.
|Comparison Basis||UFT ( QTP)||Selenium WebDriver|
|Software Type||It is a Desktop based Application.||It is a set of APIs.|
|Cost||Paid Tool. You need to purchase a license to use it. It is available as seat-based and concurrent which costs more. You can see pricing here.||Open Source/Free tool. You can download and use it for free. You can download it from here.|
|Application Type||It supports web, mobile, API, hybrid, RPA, and enterprise apps.||Selenium can be used only for Web-based applications. It is a major disadvantage of selenium over QTP.|
|Application Layer||UFT can be used to test all three layers of an application the interface, the service layer and the database layer.||Selenium can be used to test only the front end or interface layer.|
|Supported Browsers||Chrome, Firefox, Safari, IE, and Edge||IE, Firefox, Chrome, Safari, Opera, Headless browsers|
|Supported Operating Systems||Only Microsoft Windows||It supports Microsoft Windows, Apple OS X, Linux|
|Supported IDE||Supports only inbuilt UFT IDE||Eclipse, IntelliJ and any other IDE which supports Java|
|Browser Area Accessibility||UFT can control the menu and toolbars of the browser.||Selenium can control only the visible area of the browser where the web page is loaded.|
|Supported Technology||It supports for nearly every major software application and environment, including SAP, Oracle, Salesforce, mainframes, embedded frameworks, headless browsers, and much more.||Selenium struggles while automating SAP, Salesforce, mainframes applications.|
|Test Execution||Combine it with Micro Focus ALM to execute tests synchronously and ALM is also paid one.||It can run tests synchronously with the integration of test frameworks such as TestNG which is free of cost.|
|Performance Testing||We can mimic user actions in UFT as the basis for performance tests in LoadRunner. LoadRunner is a paid tool.||Selenium is not meant to be performance testing but you can integrate with Jmeter, WebLoad or some paid tool to run your selenium scripts for performance testing.|
|Supported Virtual Environments||Deploy UFT on provisioned Citrix, AWS, and Azure virtual environments, or run web and mobile tests from Docker containers.||Selenium can also be integrated with these environments.|
|Required Coding Skills||You required less knowledge of programming as it offers keyword-driven testing that simplifies test creation and maintenance. Capture flows directly from the application screens and leverage UFT’s robust record/replay capturing technology.||You need a good knowledge of programming language. For each binding of Selenium, you need knowledge of that programming language.|
|Test Execution Performance||It requires more system resources. It can run on Windows VM which uses more resources and needs more maintenance.||Selenium requires fewer system resources and can be used in Windows or Linux VM. Linux VM is lightweight than Windows VM.|
|Object Repository||It comes with built-in Object Repository.||Selenium has no such feature.|
|Data Driven Testing||Provides built-in support for Data Driven Testing by Data tables.||Selenium needs good knowledge in programming and integration with test frameworks to achieve it.|
|Tools Integration||Limited tools and mostly paid.||Can be integrated many paid or free tools.|
|Test Report||Default test reports are generated.||Selenium needs to be integrated reporting tools to generate test reports|
|Support||Since it is a paid tool, so they provide proper support.||Since it is n open source tool, no professional support is provided.|
|Career Growth||Fewer jobs, limited scope||More jobs, more growth|
So we have seen so many differences between UFT and Selenium. The main driving factor is the cost of automation. If you have a project budget and can afford QTP, it is best as it provides various features. If your project has less budget, go for Selenium but you need to put more effort.
Selenium is restricted to the browser. If your test scenarios need to interact with desktop in between like uploading a file, downloading a file and verify, etc, Selenium may not work properly in those scenarios while UFT can easily automate those scenarios. Integrating Selenium with Test management tools is not easier than UFT. Selenium needs to integrate with different tools for reporting and managing data which is available by default in UFT. UFT Scripts will be more stable than Selenium. UFT is rich in features as compared to Selenium.
UFT can reduce the number of resources required as it has many readymade features available and helps to write scripts. In Selenium, you may need a few more resources and need to write more lines of code. But you will get less support available on online public forums on UFT, but it has proper support as it is a paid tool.
UFT(QTP) Vs Selenium : What are the differences you should know?
Selenium vs Testcomplete: What are the differences?
Selenium vs Cucumber: What are the differences?
01 May 2016
20 Jul 2018
16 Aug 2017
26 Dec 2018
23 Oct 2017
31 May 2016